The ground-up seeds of a small shrub which is cultivated on a large scale in Brazil, the East and West Indies, Ceylon, India, Kenya and Uganda. Each coffee berry or fruit contains two seeds, called beans. When the fruit is ripe the beans are knocked out and allowed to ferment for a time. They are next dried in the sun and passed through a machine which removes a hard parchment-like skin enclosing each bean. The beans are then ready for market.