The Avocado

An evergreen tree of the laurel family that bears a pulpy edible fruit. Avocados are a thick-skinned tropical fruit, often served at the beginning of a meal or in a salad. The flavor is an acquired taste amd the fruit is regarded as a delicacy.

They may be round, oval, or pear-shaped. It is 2 to 8 inches (5-20 cm) long and weighs a few ounces to 4 pounds (2 kg). The skin may be green, purple, deep red, or maroon and is usually thick and leathery. Enclosed in the shell-like skin is a greenish-yellow pulp, which surrounds a single large seed about the size of a plum. The pulp, which contains from 5 to 25 percent oil, is rich in protein, fats, and several vitamins. It has a buttery texture and a nutty flavor. Avocados are usually eaten raw in salads, desserts, and cold soups.

One variety grown in Australia is sometimes called the "avocado pear" because it is pear-shaped. But the avocado is not related to the pear. It belongs to the laurel family, Lauraceae. Avocados originally grew in tropical South and Central America. There are many kinds of avocado trees, each bearing fruit of a different size.

The avocado tree may grow 60 feet (18 meters) high and have wide-spreading foliage. It has dark-green, oval-shaped leaves 4 to 8 inches (10-20 cm) long, and it bears clusters of small greenish flowers. Leading producers of avocados are Mexico, the Dominican Republic, and Brazil. In the United States, they are produced chiefly in California and Florida. Most Australian avocados grow in Queensland, but they are havested as far south as the Murray-Darling river system.

How to cut and slice an Avocado

More by this Author

  • The Many Uses Of Cork
    5

    Cork is the thick, spongy bark of the cork oak, a tree which grows mainly in Portugal and Spain. Half the world's supplies come from Portugal, where the cork oaks are grown either in plantations or in natural forests....

  • Scones
    10

    For a really traditional Devonshire tea you can't beat warm, freshly baked scones split open and served with fruity jam and lots of whipped cream.

  • Dactylography: The Scientific Study of Fingerprints
    20

    Fingerprints are an excellent means of identifying persons because each individual's fingerprints are unique and remain unchanged throughout his lifetime.


Comments 2 comments

Trsmd profile image

Trsmd 8 years ago from India

Very Nice informative page..


francetales profile image

francetales 8 years ago from Toulouse, France

I love avocados, it's morning here in France but I could eat avocados all day long.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working