Prune

A prune is the dried fruit of certain varieties of the common, or European, plum. Prunes have a thick wrinkled dark-blue skin and a firm pulp. They are eaten fresh or cooked and are used to make prune juice. They are rich in iron and carbohydrates.

Plums grown for use as prunes are raised in the same way as other plums except that the branches are usually not thinned and the trees are allowed to grow larger. The fruit is left to ripen on the tree and either drops naturally or is shaken down. It is picked by hand, put in boxes, and carried to a building where it is dipped in hot water or in a hot lye solution. This helps to make the fruit dry more quickly. The skin may also be pricked to speed up evaporation. The fruit is then spread in a single layer on trays and dried in the sun or by hot-air treatment. Sun drying usually takes from 10 to 14 days. During this time the prunes are turned one or more times to ensure even drying. Hot-air drying requires about 36 hours at temperatures ranging from 135° F. to 180° F. (57° C. to 82° C.). After drying, the prunes are passed through boiling water to clean them. They are then dried briefly, packed, and sold.

California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and Michigan are among the major prune-producing states in the United States. The varieties most widely grown are Agen prunes and Italian prunes. Large numbers of prunes are also produced in several European countries.

More by this Author

  • Truffles
    0

    A truffle is any of various fungi whose fruiting bodies (also called truffles) are formed underground and are prized as food delicacies. Truffles contain nearly twice the amount of dietary essentials found in mushrooms....

  • Types of Beer
    0

    Beer is an alcoholic beverage usually made from malted barley, corn or rice, and hops. The hops produce the tangy flavor characteristic of many beers. Beers usually contain from 2 to 6 percent alcohol by volume and...

  • The White House
    0

    The White House as it appears from the north. Photograph by David Lat. The White House is the official residence of the President of the United States, located in Washington, D.C. It is on Pennsylvania Avenue facing...


Comments 2 comments

Betty Reid profile image

Betty Reid 6 years ago from Texas

I would like to add that if you had beans for lunch, you should not have prunes for dessert.


Bits-n-Pieces profile image

Bits-n-Pieces 6 years ago Author

So true!

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working