Mikhail Botvinnik

Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (1911-1995) was a Russian chess grand master and world champion. He won the USSR tide seven times, beginning in 1931, and was world chess champion for most of the period from 1948 to 1963. (He lost to Vassili Smyslov of Moscow in 1957 and to Mikhail Tahl of Riga in 1960, but defeated each in return matches the following year.) He lost finally to Tigran Petrosian of Tiflis in 1963 and, afterward, was denied a reĀ­turn match. In protest in 1965, he declined to take further part in the world championships.

Botvinnik was born in St. Petersburg (now Leningrad), Russia, on Aug. 17, 1911. Having won or tied for first in four great international tournaments, he was invited to the world chess championship tournament in 1948, sponsored by the Federation Internationale de fichecs (FIDE) after the death of the world champion Alexander Alekhine. He won the title, playing against some of the world's leading grand masters: Paul Keres and Smyslov (USSR), Samuel Reshevsky (United States), and Max Euwe (Netherlands).

Botvinnik graduated in 1932 from the LeninĀ­grad Industrial Polytechnic Institute and obtained a doctor of technical science degree in 1952. He emphasized the strategic aspect of chess play. He wrote Championship Chess (Eng. tr., 1951) and One Hundred Selected Games (Eng. tr., 1960).

More by this Author

  • Pyrrhus

    Ruler of Epirus, in north-west Greece, He sided with the town of Tarentum in Sicily against Rome in 280 BC, and in 279 won a victory at Heraclea at such a cost that he is said to have remarked that another such victory...

  • Pierre Navarre

    Pierre Navarre born in Detroit, Michigan, March 28, 1790, was an American fur trader and scout in the War of 1812 When Navarre was a child his family moved to the River Raisin country, and about the year 1807 he and...

  • Edme Bouchardon

    Edme Bouchardon (1698-1762) was a French sculptor, noted for his public monuments in Paris. His works, based on long study of antique art, are decidedly academic, even neoclassical. He helped to break the dominance of...


No comments yet.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article