The World’s Largest Video Game Screen

Why do people like to play video games?

Why do people like to play video games? Because it’s fun and entertaining. Personally, everyone has different reason for playing video games. The most common reason is video games are fun. The technology of video games gets better and better, including the graphics as well. It’s also good to relieve stress or to relax. The range segment is between 15 to 65 years old. I heard that many game for nostalgic reasons. For those who played video games for a very long time, when a new game releases in the franchise, they must buy it. The fact about video game is 62% of video gamers are male and then 38% are female. Most of them play online at least four hours per week. That’s why many people love to play video game start from young to old and from male to female. We can also find the video games from smartphone, like: Angry Birds, Plants vs. Zombies and Words with Friends. Games like these are getting a lot of attention. They can play anywhere and type of this game has rank among the top purchased app lists week after week.

KIds, teenager, older love to play video games

Source
Source
Source

A little history of video game

The history of video games began in the 1947 when Thomas T. Goldsmith, Jr. and Estle Ray Mann filed invention the cathode ray tube amusement device. But the device didn’t reach the popularity until the 1970s and 1980s. The era when the gaming consoles, arcade video games, and home computer games introduced to the public. Started from this era, video gaming has become a popular as one of the best entertaining system and a part of modern culture.

Source

The history of game console

  • 1967 (Brown Box) – Ralph Baer (German-born television engineer) and his coworkers design the first video-game console. This game works on standard television. He called this “chase games”. And then he designed vacuum-tube circuit that connects to a television. It allows players to control square chasing each other on the screen with the total 12 games in it. That what becomes known as the Brown Box.
  • 1972 (Odyssey) – Magnavox Odyssey is the first commercial video-games console. The game console marketed in Magnavox TV leadership at the beginning 1972. It uses 12 cartridges to play up to 12 games featuring lines and dots on the screen.
  • 1975 (Pong) – It’s an arcade game after Nolan Bushnell founds Atari in 1972. The home version of “Pong” marketed under the Sears Tele-Games label. Pong has unique feature like a single chip that produces both an on-screen score and the sound.
  • 1977 (Atari 2600 VCS) – Stella is a project from Atari that can play multiple games. The company realized that single games popularity cannot last. After Bushnell sells Atari to Warner communication, the project is forwarded by releasing Atari 2600 VCS. It has various games, like: Breakout, Space Invaders, Missile Command and Combat.
  • 1980 (Intellivision) – It has better graphics than the Atari 2600 and the pioneer of synthesized voices in video games.
  • 1985 (Nintendo Entertainment system = NES) – Mario Bros is the popular franchise from Nintendo. Actually, Nintendo originally is a playing-card company in Japan and then releases the Nintendo Entertainment System. NES becomes the best-selling console in the video games history.
  • 1989 (Game Boy) – This product is introduced in 1989 as the first majored handheld game console. It has 8 Bit CPU, including black and white LCD screen. Tetris is the leading games in Game Boy.
  • 1990 (Neo Geo) – It has detailed 2-D graphics with high level quality of arcade games for use in a home system. The first launch, it has price about $650.
  • 1991 (Super NES) – From this game console we can find the better quality of Super Mario Bross, Metroid and Zelda. Super Nintendo Entertainment System released after getting beaten to the 16-bit punch by Sega Genesis.
  • 1995 (Playstation) – Sonny released the most popular console of the 32-bit era of video games with CD Room technology. It’s a big change from 2-D games that dominated the 16-bit to 3-D. The popular franchise, include Takken, Gran Turismo, Resident Evil, etc.
  • 1996 (Nintendo 64) – This game console has 64 cartridges load much more than CD-ROOM games. With the popular title like: Super Mario 64, The Legend of Zelda.
  • 2000 (Playstation 2) – It’s the first time Sony releases 128-bit system. Playstation 2 has function as DVD player. Playstation 2 becomes the most popular console of 128-bit era.
  • 2001 (XBOX), 2002 (Game Boy advance), 2004 (Nintendo DS), 2005 (Playstation portable), the next game console is Playstation 3.

Brown Box and Magnavox Odyssey

Pong and Atari 2600 VCS

Intellivision and Nintendo Entertainment system

Game Boy and Neo Geo

Playstation and XBOX

Playstation3, the third generation

A little about Tetris and Pacman

I think we all know very well about Tetris and pac-man.Tetris is kind of tile puzzle game. The game originally designed by Alexey Pajitnov in Soviet Union. Tetris released for the first time on June 6, 1984. Tetris word came from tetra (the pieces of the games contain four segments) and tennis, Alexey Pajitnov’s favorite sport. How about Pac-man? Pac-man is an arcade game. The game developed by Namco. The first Pac-man released in Japan on May 22, 1980. But, Pac-man licensed for United States distributed by Midway, in October 1980. Both of these games so simple and easy to play it.

The world’s largest video game

Have you ever heard about the largest video game? And what do you think of it? From this hub, I’ll share about the video in astonishing scale. The residents of São Paulo (Brazil) have chances playing the world's largest video game, measuring a whopping 3,000 square metres (32,292 square feet) video game screen. Wow….a big screen on the side of an office building, on the central Paulista Avenue, São Paulo. This building turned into a ridiculously enormous monitor for a game of Tetris and on old throw backs like Pac-Man.

Source

The São Paulo resident are invited to use an iPad as a control piece to play games and projected onto the sides of entire buildings. Another game is "Paulista Invaders", the game is based on the popular Space Invaders game. From the video we can see a bicyclist has to shoot cars, for some reason. One of gamers said that the game is weird and a lot of pressure. But he said that it is really cool indeed. Everyone on the street is only watching and cheering. But they really entertained because of this game. Personally, I think this is the largest of screen installation I’ve ever know.

Actually this game launched on March 25 and extended until April 14 has a title, “Play”. The digital artists behind this game wanted to showcase video game art of the 70s and 80s as well. They want the São Paulo people take a rest for a while from their busy lives. And I hope all of you take a break for a while and read this hub.

More by this Author


Comments 72 comments

hawaiianodysseus profile image

hawaiianodysseus 3 years ago from Southeast Washington state

Good morning, my friend! You've researched diligently and put together such a wonderfully written and informative hub. Thanks for sharing this!

I'm old school, and I love Pong and the SEGA Genesis version of Road Rash, especially after I learned how I could get the biker to kick the policeman's a$$. Forgive me, I'm such a repressed conservative that I needed an occasional antisocial venting. LOL!

I also remember a lot of fun times watching my children play more highly evolved video games as well as participating with them.

Nowadays, eBay and HubPages have become my virtual video games, and my time is filled with these new passions. I also became very determined since the first day of 2013 to quite being mesmerized by the boob tube and start experiencing REAL life via a diligent walking program. Video games can never again compete, for me anyway, with real life.

Aloha, and have a great weekend, my friend!

Joe


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 3 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

I am one of the over 65 people who do not play video games. I am glad that you mentioned the age range of players so that I know I am normal even if I don't play them. I do like games chess, scrabble and other games that can be played with a human partner. I do find your hub interesting because it informs me about why others like these games so much. sharing


Just Ask Susan profile image

Just Ask Susan 3 years ago from Ontario, Canada

I loved playing pong. A neighbor of mine had this game and we'd play for hours and hours. My husband bought me an NES when I was recovering from surgery. My twins would beg me to play, not that they wanted to, they just wanted to watch me play it. Over the years we went through nintendo 64, game boys, xbox and now the system of choice is play station. Your hub sure brought back so many memories. When I stop and think of the money we've spent over the years on gaming systems I just shake my head. But they are so much fun to play.

Great hub!


breakfastpop profile image

breakfastpop 3 years ago

You have assembled the definitive history of the video game. Up, interesting and awesome.


howlermunkey profile image

howlermunkey 3 years ago from Tampa, FL

Very cool, Sao Paulo is already on my bucket list, now I have one more thing to look for while there.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States

I had no idea that video games started that long ago. I remember them well from the 1970's though. this is a very interesting hub. Up and awesome!


kashmir56 profile image

kashmir56 3 years ago from Massachusetts

Realy enjoyed reading this article, even though i no longer play video games i did own a Atari 2600 and also a Nintendo Entertainment system . It brought back great memories, thanks !

Vote up and more !!! Sharing !


always exploring profile image

always exploring 3 years ago from Southern Illinois

I was unaware what year the video games arrived on the scene. My son Jack loved the games. I was an avid scrabble and bridge player, Thank you for your most informative hub...


drbj profile image

drbj 3 years ago from south Florida

Now I know far more about video games, pras, than I did before reading this fascinating history you have written. Thanks for your research and graphics explaining the history of these games. I do remember Super Mario and the PacMan games - lots of fun to play.


Micky Dee profile image

Micky Dee 3 years ago

You always have the best hubs nephew. God bless.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

Thanks for this interesting look at video games, Prasetio. That huge game is amazing!


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Hi, Joe (hawaiianodysseus). Good to see you again. Thanks for share your experience with video game and how the video brought you a lot of memories in the past. I hope you still kept the video you had mention above, "pong" and "SEGA". Of course, I have the same idea with you about HubPages. I can play my role as teacher and friend here to share my ideas and useful information. Keep it up. Warm greeting from Indonesia...Cheers

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

My uncle, dahoglund. Thanks for stopping by and sharing your opinion about this topic, though you don't play them...but you still love to play chess, scrabble and others games. I think they all same....to make us happy, right! Take care!

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear, Just Ask Susan. Welcome back to my hub. Though my hub doesn't perfect, but I hope you still enjoy reading it. Thank you very much for sharing your positive comment about video game. Video game is also good to release stress and you played it this while recovering the surgery. I do agree with you that many gamers spend their money on gaming system. Back to the passion, it's totally fun.

Bug Hug, Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Hi, Pop. I'm happy to see you here and I am glad you find it useful. Thanks for the vote and rating the hub. Cheers...

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Welcome to my hub, howlermunkey. Thanks for coming and I agree with you about the largest screen in Sao Paulo. ~Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear, Pamela. Thanks for stopping by. I hope this hub useful for you and good to remember about video game in 1970s . Have a good day :-)

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

My friend, kashmir56. I am glad to know that you have Atari 2600 and also a Nintendo Entertainment system (NES). I think you really entertained when you played it. Thanks for the vote. Cheers...

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Your welcome, Ruby. I think you really enjoy the scrabble and bridge player, though you don't play video game. But Jack love it very much. Thanks for sharing nice comment about this topic.

Big hub, Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear friend, drbj. I'm so happy you found it useful. I have the same feeling with you. Who don't know about Super Mario and pacman for those who play NES, right. Take care!

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

My uncle, Micky Dee. I really love to see you again. It's been a long time we never say "hello". You still my best uncle and I love your hub as well. God bless you :-)

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Your welcome, AliciaC. Thank you very much for your attention to this hub. I am glad you enjoy the world's largest video game screen in Sao Paulo. Cheers :-)

Prasetio


acaetnna profile image

acaetnna 3 years ago from Guildford

Wow this is completely fascinating. I always learn so much when I visit your stunning hubs. Thanks Prasetio, have a fun day!


vespawoolf profile image

vespawoolf 3 years ago from Peru, South America

How interesting that the world's largest video game is in Brazil! Maybe we'll have a chance to see it someday. Since video games became popular during my lifetime, this Hub carries special interest. Of course, it doesn't surprise me that video games are most popular with men. My husband sometimes plays angry birds and plants vs. zombies on his tablet. We owned an intellivision when I was a child. Very well-written. Thanks!


Fossillady profile image

Fossillady 3 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

Wow . . . that's really cool and slows down traffic so it must be really something to see. I like how you displayed the progression of games so that we can visualize their stages of development! Great article Pras! Hugs, Kathi :O)


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear friend, acaetnna . I really appreciate your coming and your compliment about this hub. I'm glad you found it useful. Take care!

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Hi, vespaoolf. Nice to see you again. Thanks for your attention, your compliment to this hub and your opinion about video games. You must keep your old video games and you can tell to your future grandson about intellivision. Cheers :-)

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear, Kathi (Fossillady). Thanks for stopping by. I agree with you about how the big screen on the building can slows down traffic. I am glad this hub useful for you and I am proud to share the information about the largest video game screen to you. Have a good day :-)

Prasetio


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 3 years ago from sunny Florida

Good morning

Thanks for the stroll down game box lane...I am not a huge gamer by any stretch of the imagination but do love me some space invaders and pacman and ms. pacman.

I own stock (hee heee) in the microsoft and whatever other companies are involved in game boxes as my grandson thinks I need to support his habit :) He has begun work on game design and hopes to work in game development in the next few years. I will be sharing this with him.

have a lovely week.

Hugs and Angels are on the way :) ps


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 3 years ago from England

What a great hub pras! I remember some of those first games back in the 70s, especially the tennis one, and pacman of course. But I loved the idea of playing the games on the side of the buildings, and watching the video I really wanted to have a go! lol! great hub, and voted up! nell


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear, pstraubie48. Thank you very much for your attention to this hub and sharing about your grandson as game designer. I think he has a great job. This job requires high creativity.Congratulations for him. If you met him, please send my warm greeting and I hope he want to read this hub as well. Have a good day :-)

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Hi, Nell. Thanks for coming and sharing your opinion about video game. I hope this hub remind us about beautiful memory in the past when played the video game. I'm glad you found it useful. Thanks for the vote and rating the hub. Cheers :-)

Prasetio


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 3 years ago from Indonesia

Hi Prasetio30,

What a huge video game that is ! It seems that huge is beautiful in this era and that size really indulges video gamer to play. I wish we had that one, even bigger if possible, in our country.

Thank you for sharing this interesting hub Pras. Vote up this hub.


akirchner profile image

akirchner 3 years ago from Central Oregon

That's one crazy video game, Prasetio. I loved Pong myself when I was young and had time for such frivolity~ Then when my kids played Mario Brothers and Kid Ikarus, I got a little re-hooked--but wow is all I can say to that bigga video game!


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

My brother, Agusfanani. Thank you very much for your attention. I think there are many smart people in our country. I hope they can make the bigger one. Thanks for the vote.

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Hi, Audrey. Good to see you again. Thanks for coming and sharing your experience with "pong" when you were young. And then your kids with Super Mario. I am glad you enjoy reading this hub. Take care!

Prasetio


AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 3 years ago from California

So interesting to see the older video gaming units! Cool hub!


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Incredible and I so much enjoy modern technology learning about new devices etc. You have put this so well together


Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

Great informative hub as always and this one I know almost everyone can relate too. I just wish the bloody ones were not allowed to go to kids real young. I had a little boy tell me once he didn't like them but his dad wanted him to like them. By now though I am sure he is use to them. I think it is bad for them, though I know it keeps them busy. I use to play some fun ones but it has been a long time, I would have to learn all over. All my votes good friend.


truthfornow profile image

truthfornow 3 years ago from New Orleans, LA

I loved Pong back in the day. Wow, that is a large video game screen. We sure have come a long way in video gaming. Great job on the history.


Movie Master profile image

Movie Master 3 years ago from United Kingdom

Another well researched and informative hub prasetio, an interesting and enjoyable read thank you.

I remember the games in the 80's and I am enjoying the games out now too!

Voted up, best wishes Lesley


Vellur profile image

Vellur 3 years ago from Dubai

Great insight into the history of video games. A great read. Voted up.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Your welcome, AudreyHowitt. Thanks for your attention. I hope this hub bring back the memories about video game. Cheers.....


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear friend, DDE. Thank you very much for coming and I am glad to know that you still concern about video game technology. Have a good day :-)

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear, Jackie Lynnley. I am so happy to see you again. Thank you very much for a wonderful comment. I never forget about it. God bless you!

Big Hug, Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

My friend, truthfornow. Welcome to my hub. I am glad to know that you love pong, though it just an old memory. Thanks for reading. I agree with you about the largest video game screen. Take care!

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Hi, Lesley (Movie master). I'm glad you found it useful and you still remember about the video games in 80s. Thanks for the vote and your compliment to my hub. Have a nice day :-)

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

My friend, Vellur. Thank you very much for stopping by. I am glad you love the history of video game console through this hub. I always appreciate your vote. Cheers :-)

Prasetio


SilentReed profile image

SilentReed 3 years ago from Philippines

I have a tetris (older version) application downloaded to my PC. I play it when I'm lost for ideas. 5 to 10 minutes of play seem to help unblock my mind and refocus my attention. Unlike other more advance games like RPG's that can get quite addictive that you become unaware of time as you're lost in virtual reality. The game of tetris was use to test the reaction time of Russian pilots when it was first invented. The inventor never receive any royalty at that time since the USSR was still a communist country.

The Sao Paulo video game screen is probably an advertising gimmick. The novelty of it will soon wear off. But I have to agree with many of your followers, you seem to have a knack at finding the most unusual and entertaining articles to share. Thanks.

=


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York

This hub was so interesting and nostalgic! I remember watching my kids play Pong...imagine just sitting in front of a TV screen just trying to hit a ball back and forth? I loved Space Invaders, maybe it was the challenge? Anyway, this hub is great and I can't even imagine the size of that Huge Game Screen. Thanks for all the information.

Voted up, useful, and interesting.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

My friend, SilentReed. Thank you very much for coming and sharing your opinion about the old game, like tetris. It's really fun indeed. I learn from you that playing tetris could refocus your attention. I have never heard that tetris was use to test the reaction time of Russian pilots. I think technology growing so fast. I believe we'll be surprised with another invention. Take care!

Prasetio


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear, tillsontitan. Welcome to my hub. Thank you very much for coming and sharing your memories with pong. Though the game model just hit a ball back and forth, I think this game still entertaining. I'm glad you found it useful. Thanks for the vote and rating the hub. Have a nice weekend !

Prasetio


Deborah Brooks profile image

Deborah Brooks 3 years ago from Brownsville,TX

Hello dear friend.. wow I had no idea that the video game was invented back in 1947.. I remember in the late 1980's we got 1985 (Nintendo Entertainment system = NES) – Mario Bros.. it was so much fun..

what a great hub this is.. I really leaned a lot.. bless you and thank you for being such a loyal hubber.

Debbie

Sharing


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear friend, Deborah Brooks. Thank you very much for coming. I am glad to hear that you have NES. Mario Bros is the most popular franchise from Nintendo. I should write more here. Take care!

Prasetio


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 3 years ago from Nepal

Prasetio,

I'm not a gamer, however, I enjoyed reading this hub. I appreciate all your hard work with you have done to bring forth this fascinating hub.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear friend, Vinaya. Thank you very much for your attention to this hub. Though you aren't a gamer, but I am glad to know that you enjoy reading this hub. Have a good day :-)

Prasetio


thelyricwriter profile image

thelyricwriter 3 years ago from West Virginia

Prasetio, enjoyed this article. I am a big gamer myself. It is amazing. The technology change in each one. I remember playing all of these at some point and time. Kinda makes me feel old. Awesome work as always. Voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear friend, thelyricwriter. Sorry for late to reply your comment. Thank you very much for stopping by and I am glad to know that you are a big gamer. My friend, I really appreciate your vote. Cheers :-)

Prasetio


GetitScene profile image

GetitScene 3 years ago from The High Seas

I rarely, VERY rarely share any hubs on facebook but i KNOW my friends will love this so I shared it. Bravo! Voted up and awesome.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Thanks, GetitScene. I am glad to know that you love my hub. Take care and have a good day :-)

Prasetio


anglnwu profile image

anglnwu 3 years ago

I didn't know that video games way back in 1947. The huge video arcade at Sao Paulo is impressive. Thanks for sharing, rated up.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear, anglnwu. Thank you very much for coming. I am glad you enjoy this hub. Take care!


radhikasree profile image

radhikasree 3 years ago from Mumbai,India

This big video arcade is incredible! Great information shared here.

Voted up, useful and interesting.


sujithbeta profile image

sujithbeta 3 years ago from Kerala, India

your description about the history of video game consoles looks nice. Thanks for sharing.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Thanks, radhikasree for coming and voted this hub. I am glad to know that you enjoy it. Take care!


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Your welcome, sujithbeta. Nice to see you here and you love this information. ~prasetio~


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

It is always interesting to read your well researched hubs. I had no idea video games went back that far. Up votes and giving this a tweet.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear friend, Peggy W. Thank you very much for our coming. I am glad to share this hub with you and you love it. Take care and your vote always appreciated here. Cheers :-)

Prasetio


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 3 years ago from South Africa

Hi prasetio, video games are so terribly addictive and don't improve intelligence but rather drug the brain with the same chemicals that keeps us calm and careless.

Most informative hub!

Why are you so scarce?


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Dear, MartieCoetser. I am so glad to see you again. I also agree with your opinion about video game. But I hope from this hub, we can see how technology help people to make them happy, like the people on the video. I love to share something unique with others and make them smiling. That's why I am so scarce....hahahahaha. God bless you, my friend :-)


Suzanne Day profile image

Suzanne Day 2 years ago from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

I remember playing Vampires Empire, Steinschlag (German tetris) and Snake on the Amiga, which was an old style computer with video games on it. Wow, how about that really large video screen controlled by an ipad? Voted interesting!


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 2 years ago from malang-indonesia Author

Thanks. Suzanne Day. I am glad to know that your still remember about the old game. I hope you like this hub. Again...thanks for the vote :-)

Prasetio

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working