Checkers, or draughts, is one of the oldest of table games. A game of this kind was known to the Greeks and Romans and various monuments represent the ancient Egyptians engaged in a similar amusement. It became common in Europe during the 16th century. The game is played by two persons on a board similar to that used for chess, i.e. a square board containing 64 squares, checkered in black and white alternately.

Each player has 12 'men' in the form of circular discs, one set being black and the other white. These men are arranged on the three rows directly before each player. They may be placed either on the black or the white squares, but the extreme left-hand square in front of each player must always be occupied. Lots are cast to decide which color each player shall.have, and black plays first. The players then change colors after each game. The men move diagonally, one square at a time, so that play continues entirely on squares of one color. If a man comes next to a man of the opposite side he is unable to move past unless there be a vacant square on the other side of his adversary's man, in which case he must jump over his man and occupy the vacant square, removing his enemy's man from the board. If, after taking a man in this way, it is possible for him to jump another man, taking this one also, he must do so in the same move.

In the rare event of a player neglecting to take when the opportunity is given him, his adversary may either take the checker piece with which the capture would have been made (a procedure known as 'huffing'), or compel him to revoke his last move and perform the capture. He may also, if he wish, allow the move to stand. If a player gets one of his men into his adversary's back line, this man becomes a 'king', and is 'crowned' by having another man of the same color put on top of him. The king may move (or capture) either backwards or forwards, whereas the ordinary men can move only forwards, but this is the only privilege he has. If a player touches a piece, he must move it if possible.

The game is won by a player removing all his adversary's men from the board or by his placing them in such a position that they cannot move.

More by this Author

  • Dolls

    A doll is a figurine of a human being. The word was first used for the child's toy about 1700, possibly as a contraction of Greek eidolon ("idol"), but more probably from the girl's name "Doll,"...

  • How To Play Chinese Checkers

    Chinese Checkers is a game played by 2 to 6 players with colored marbles on a hexagonal checkered board. It is a modern version of the 19th century English Raima (a Greek word meaning "leap"), and became...

  • Kinds of Nails and Their Uses

    Nails, used since ancient times, are still the fasteners most commonly used for joining wood, especially in building wood-frame houses. More than 60,000 nails may be used in a five-room house.


No comments yet.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article