Can You See This? The Wonder of Optical Illusions
What Causes Optical Illusions?
We all know how amusing a good optical illusion can be. Somehow, it's fun to trick our brains! And that's just what it is! An optical illusion occurs when the true elements of an image are misinterpreted by the brain, and the viewer sees something different than what is actually in the image.
There are various reasons why this happens, but they fall into two general categories. Some are physiological phenomena, having to do with the interaction of the eye and the brain. Certain combinations of motion and color can be overstimulating to the brain. The brain then tries to organize the images in a way that makes sense. In the case of an optical illusion, this effort to order its perceptions results in the brain over-riding the messages coming from the eye, which results in you thinking you see something that, in reality, is not there.
Others are cognitive, which have to do with pre-conceived ideas that you have which have "trained" your brain to look for some things over others. The famous faces or vase optical illusion is one example. Some people immediately see the vase in the picture above, while others see only the silhouettes of two faces. The reasons why people differ in these perceptions is a mystery, but it probably has to do with a complex set of ideas and basic beliefs that you hold, which encourages the brain to "see" what is most relevent to you in these ambiguous images.
Let's Look at Some Optical Illusions!
Here we will look at some optical illusions. See if each one works for you or not. Perhaps your brain can't be fooled?? Try these examples of optical illusions and see for yourself! (you may click on each image to make it bigger and more effective)
1. We'll start with a simple but tricky one. Take a look at this cylinder. Are you looking down into the cylinder, or up into it from below? Can you change how you see it? Can you change back to the first way you saw it?
2. Here is a fascinating one. Look closely at the center of this image and keep looking at it. Don't take your eyes off the center. Soon you will feel as though the pattern is moving, but of course, it is not. (you may have to click on this one for it to work)
3. In this optical illusion, you think you see a white triangle on top of the black triangle. In reality, there is no white triangle. The way the image is set up, with the slices out of the black circles, encourages the brain to "fill in" the missing elements of a triangle, and that is what you see!
4. In this one, start on one side of the image, and let your eyes travel over it to the other side. It will look like the dots change from black to white, and some people notice that the lines are moving. Neither, in reality, is true.
5. For this example, stare at the center of the colored hexagon below and count slowly to 20. Then look over at the black star and keep your eyes on the star. Your brain will reproduce the hexagon, but the colors will be reversed!
6. This one and the next are my two favorites. Stare at the four vertical dots in the center of this image and count slowly to 20. Then close your eyes and keep them closed....... what do you see?
7. Another one like it! Stare at the aqua colored blob in the center of the image and count slowly to 20. Then close your eyes and wait a moment. Isn't that creepy?
So, did we fool your brain? Kind of makes you wonder about the brain's power over us, if it is capable of altering our perceptions so easily. Optical illusions serve to remind us that we are not as much in control of our thoughts and perceptions as we think we are. It's as if your brain had a mind of its own!
Click HERE for more awesome optical illusions!
© Katharine L. Sparrow
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