Aluminium and Alzheimer's

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Aluminium and Alzheimer's

Is Aluminium the Cause of Alzheimer's

Alzheimer's Disease

The rate of Alzheimer's disease is expected to triple by 2050, as the first baby boomers approach the age of 65. Many will spend their later years, either suffering from Alzheimer's disease or caring for someone with the disease. Either way, until the scientists can find a cure for Alzheimer's, the future for many looks bleak. Experts predict that one in eight baby boomer will get the disease after the age of 65. However, the risk will increase to almost one in two at the age of 85.

Alzheimer's Disease is a devastatingly cruel fatal illness that affects people with increasing frequency as they age. It is the most common cause of dementia, which currently affects about 496,000 people in the U.K and almost 4.5 million in the U.S.

Dementia is an irreversible, progressive brain disease that destroys nearly all cognitive functioning, the ability to think, to reason to remember and in the later stage, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks of daily living.

Alzheimer's disease is named after the German neurologist Alois Alzheimer. In 1906, Dr Alzheimer first noticed changes in the brain tissue of a woman who had died of an unusual mental illness. Examination of the woman's brain after her death showed abnormal clumps (now referred to as amyloid plaques) and tangled bundles of fibres (now known as neurofibrillary tangles).Tangles, plaques and the loss of connection between the nerve cells or neurones in the brain are the main features of Alzheimer's disease.

What Causes Alzheimer's Disease?

The cause of Alzheimer's disease is not yet fully understood. Scientists have yet to identify a single factor responsible for causing Alzheimer's disease. The most likely possibility is that the condition results from a combination of factors such as age, genetics, environmental, general health and lifestyle.

Research is continuing into various aspects of the disease such as causes and risk factors like genetics, aluminium and air pollution. Current researchers are also looking at ways to delay or possible prevention the onset of Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimer's is a thief that robs its sufferers of everything; it takes away their personality, memories, individuality, their very humanity and finally, their lives.

Some scientists believe that an accumulation of aluminium in the brain, over a period, may contribute to, or accelerate damage to the brain, causing brain pathology similar to that seen in Alzheimer's. The evidence of this remains circumstantial. The issues surrounding aluminium and Alzheimer's has been studied and debated since the 1970s.

To date, there is no clear data to prove or disprove the role of aluminium in the cause of Alzheimer's disease.

Early studies suggest that areas where the water contain the highest levels of soluble aluminium also had the highest incidence of Alzheimer's disease. And Still more studies propose that it is in areas where the water is high in aluminium and low in silicon, that the incidence of Alzheimer's remains most elevated. Where the water is rich in silicon and low in aluminium, the impact of Alzheimer's is least. The link between Alzheimer's and aluminium has been disputed over the years, although aluminium may be a contributing factor in the cause of this condition, it is clearly not the only factor.

Alzheimer's may also be the result of, genetics, depressive illness, late first pregnancy and head injury, these are all conditions that are thought to cause brain cell damage and can thereby move closer to dementia.

However; none of these can account for the millions of people worldwide diagnosed with Alzheimer's. The indisputable fact is that high levels of aluminium in the body cause cell damage, dysfunction and death.

Our body's natural defences can usually deal with the aluminium that is present in nature, but can be overwhelmed by some of the new industrial compounds now produced that are highly soluble, making them easy to absorb into the body.

What is Aluminium

Aluminium is the most common metal in the earth's crust, the third most abundant element after oxygen and silicon, it makes up about 8% by weight of the earth's solid surface. Aluminium is widely used in products like antiperspirants, aircraft, soft drink cans and tableware. To name a few.

Aluminium is present in the water we drink, in the dust we breathe and in many of the everyday products we use.

The food processing and pharmaceutical industry use aluminium. Although the metal is present in the crust of the earth in large quantities, it is in the form of aluminium silicates and is insoluble. The human body contain only 30-50 mg of aluminium, mainly due to the insolubility of aluminium, and the barrier of the gastrointestinal tract, it is efficiently excreted by the kidneys in the healthy body.

Aluminium hydroxide is an ingredient used in medication such as antacids and is insoluble. However, the ability of aluminium to pass through the wall of the gut is increased by the presence of substances such as citrates or sugars found in many foods and drinks. Pharmaceutical companies use citrate in the production of dispersible and effervescent medication such as aspirin and paracetamol.

Research shows that the combination of aluminium containing medications like antacids and substances containing citrate can produce levels of aluminium in the blood that, when sustained over time, may lead to brain damages, dementia and even death.

In 1993, the British Royal Society of Medicine warned that antacids containing aluminium can be hazardous to pregnant women and recommended avoidance of such medications in pregnancy. Pregnant women often suffer from heartburn. The condition occurs in 30 – 50% of pregnant women, and in some population, the number of pregnant women who experience heartburn can approach 80%.

Aluminium can enter the body from:

  • Antacids

  • The use of Aluminium Saucepans

  • Aluminium kettles

  • Antiperspirants
  • Food additives
  • Tea

  • Foil wrapped foods

  • Drinking water

  • Mining industry

  • Drinking water

Because aluminium binds readily with other substances, it can destroy many vitamins and may cause gradual long-term mineral loss. In babies, aluminium has been linked to kidney problems, behavioural problems and dementia. *

According to Ian Musgrave from the University of Adelaide (April 2013) " The vast majority of us will never be exposed to aluminium in high enough concentration to do damage."

Twenty-four years ago, in the U.K, the Camelford disaster occurred. On the edge of Bodmin Moor, a relief lorry driver mistakenly added, 20 tonnes of aluminium sulphate into the drinking water supply to the nearby town of Camelford in Cornwall. The reported short-term health problems included urinary problems, stomach cramps, joint pains, diarrhoea, fatigue, loss of memories and premature ageing.

After many years of bitter disputes, government inquiries and accusation of cover-up, in 2004, a 58-year-old woman by the name of Carol Cross died from a rare and aggressive form of Alzheimer's. When examined, her brain was found to contain unusually high levels of aluminium. Liz Bestic, the Telegraph (March 2012).

Since Aluminium is in our foods, utensils, water supply and soil, most of us will be affected by a degree of aluminium toxicity. Toxicity can range from brain degeneration to skeletal deformities, so is there anything we can do to reduce exposure to aluminium?

How to reduce exposure to aluminium

  • Replace aluminium cookware, enamel coated steel cookware is said to be a safe option, also, cast iron frying pans. Non-stick is believed to be toxic, therefore, should be avoided.
  • Avoid aluminium foil for cooking and reduce the use of aluminium foil for food storage
  • Use Bamboo steamer not metal
  • Check labels on food, medication and sanitary products for aluminium content. Some shampoo and conditioners, soaps, suntan lotions, lip balm and most cosmetics contain aluminium
  • Reduce intake of processed cheese
  • Increase intake of, oats, lemon juice, turmeric, kelp, green vegetables, fruits and Cilantro (coriander) to detox the body of aluminium
  • Block uptake with supplements ( calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc) when the levels of these minerals drops, the absorption of aluminium increases
  • Avoid additives containing aluminium, E173, E520, E521, E523, E541, E545, E554, E555, E556, E559
  • Use untreated spring or mineral water for cooking and drinking,
  • Use a good water filter, ordinary drinking water contains low levels of aluminium
  • Eat more beans and garlic, known to release detoxifying sulphur compound.
  • Avoid drinking from aluminium cans

Countries like Australia and Canada are beginning to look seriously into the use of aluminium in drinking water. However, Europe and the US still exceeds the recommended levels of 100 micrograms per litre.

According to the Mail Online, (October 2012), a study found that drinking a litre of mineral water every day can prevent cognitive decline in Alzheimer's suffers by removing aluminium from their bodies. British researchers apparently found that drinking silicon-rich mineral water significantly reduced the levels of neurotoxic aluminium in the body.

Conclusion

For each article I've read that links aluminium to Alzheimer's disease, there's another dismissing it as unproven or hype.

Facts; research done by a Canadian group, studying the brain tissue of deceased Alzheimer's patients, found that certain parts of their brains contained two to three times more aluminium than an average brain.

By 1980 Daniel Perl and Arnold Brody looked inside human tangle-bearing brain cells and found aluminium there. Gisela Telis, (May 2013) Washington Post.

While it is impossible to prevent aluminium from entering the body, it is prudent to take action to reduce exposure as much as possible. There is no effective treatment for Alzheimer's disease, but some studies suggest that drinking silicon-rich mineral water may be able to chelate aluminium from the body to prevent or reverse Alzheimer's disease. One litre/ day of mineral water containing silicon (silicic acid) is recommended.

There certainly appears to be a link between Alzheimer's and aluminium. However; it is unclear as to the exact role aluminium play in the cause of Alzheimer's. It is the old question, 'which came first, the egg, or the hen.' Is it cause or effect. Does the concentration of aluminium found in the brains of deceased Alzheimer's suffers, due to a response to the disease or initiated by the disease? At this time, nobody knows for sure.

If aluminium is a danger to our health why are we not informed about the potential danger? Why are Aluminium products added to our food, water and medication? Who is benefiting from our ignorance? Or is it just impossible to avoid exposure to aluminium given that the stuff surrounds us? There is some government information available, for those who care to look.

For information on aluminium and health, follow this link to Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry (ATSDR)

And finally, some diseases mimic Alzheimer's but are curable. 375,000 American, diagnosed with Alzheimer's, were subsequently found to be suffering from Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH).

NPH is a condition that can mimic Alzheimer's disease and often misdiagnosed by doctors who mistakenly treat their patients for conditions such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, or Dementia (Wikipedia, April 2013).

This article gives an overview of the link between Aluminium and Alzheimer's disease, for more information discuss with your health care provider and always do your research.



* dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1308517/Health-fear-Up-40-times-aluminium-formula-milk-breast-milk.html

Some Sources of Aluminium

  • Deodorants
  • Some health and beauty products
  • Toothpaste
  • Foods like self-raising flours
  • Baking Powder and baking soda
  • Cocoa mixes
  • Prepared Doughs
  • Antacids
  • Pain killers and anti diarrhea medication
  • Metal cleaners
  • Pickles
  • Slice Cheeses
  • Coffee Creamers
  • Beer
  • Food Colouring
  • Milk Products
  • Margarine and spreads

What Happens to Aluminium When it Enters the Environment?

(click column header to sort results)
Source  
Aluminium occurs naturally in soil, water, and air. High levels in the environment can be caused by the mining and processing of aluminium ores or the production of aluminium metal, alloys and compounds.Small amounts of aluminium are released into the environment from coal-fire power plants and incinerators.  
   
 
 
 
Break down
 
 
. Air
Aluminium cannot be destroyed in the environment. It can only change its form or become attached or separated from particles.
 
 
Aluminium particles in the air settle to the ground or are washed out of the air by rain. However, very small aluminium particles can stay in the air for many days.
 
.Water and Soil
Most Aluminium-containing compounds do not dissolve to a large extent in water, unless the water is acidic or very alkaline
 
Source ATSDR Public Health Statement for Aluminium (September 2008)

What Do You Think?

Do you believe Aluminium causes Alzheimer's

See results without voting

Reference

  • www.telegraph.co.uk/health/9119528/ls-aluminium-really-a-silent-killer.html
  • www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_myths_about_alzheimers.asp
  • www.webmd.com/alzheimers/guide/controversial-claims-risk-factors
  • www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=is-there-any-proof-that-alzheimers-disease-is-related-to-exposure-to-aluminum
  • www.doulton.ca/alum1.html

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44 comments

tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 2 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Pawpawwrites, I hope it doesn't also, but at least we can take some precautions.

Although it would be quite impossible to get rid of the stuff. Appreciate the visit and comment.


Pawpawwrites profile image

Pawpawwrites 2 years ago from Kansas

I hope it doesn't. I worked in an industry that depended on aluminum, for several decades.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

CelebrateUSA, you've touched on some very good points, we generally used colgate toothpaste, I did some research to check if colgate contained aluminium and the result was, it doesn't. Colgate contains titanium dioxide which is believed to be harmless. We need to check product labels and if the information is not there, do the research.

I totally agree with you, people need to vote with their pockets, don't buy from product manufacturers who care nothing about the consumers who are using their products. In the US you can check for the ADA seal, at least you'll know that the product has been checked for safety. Here's a the link to the site. http://www.ada.org

Thank you for stopping by and for this insightful comment. Take care and my best to you.


CelebrateUSA profile image

CelebrateUSA 3 years ago from Chicago, Illinois

As I work with the aging baby boomers, I wondered about this. My Father I feared was afflicted and while the decline was ever so slight was still very noticeable. Absolutely a must read. The fact that are water standards allow a higher than acceptable level of aluminum is frightening. The fact that the amount of aluminum is not disclosed on toothpaste and other common household items needs to be immediately reviewed and disclosed by manufacturers (I don't believe the government needs to be the police man - I believe the consumer needs articles such as these and the manufacturer will do the right thing and disclose the information for the consumer). Thank you for an important consideration for our health and the health of our families.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi John, that's a very good idea!

It is surprising what goes into many of the seemingly innocuous products we use daily.

We naturally assume that they are safe but many are not.

Thank you for stopping by, much appreciated, have a lovely day and my best to you.


John MacNab profile image

John MacNab 3 years ago from the banks of the St. Lawrence

A very informative article, Jo. From now on I'll be checking ingredients more rigorously. Voted up and across.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Nell, thanks for taking a look. Let's hope they'll find a cure soon. All we can do for now is to take reasonable precautions and be aware of what we are taking into our bodies, some things we just can't control but we do what we can with the information at our disposal. Take care and my best to you.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Jackie, yes it makes depressing reading, but since I wrote this article, there has been some good news; researchers has found a chemical that may help to prevent tissue damage to the brain, as occurs in Alzheimer's and diseases like Parkinson's, the bad news, more research shows that copper may also be implicated in Alzheimer's. Since we need cooper in our diet, there isn't much we can do about it. There are so many work being done on Alzheimer's, it's only a matter of time before they find a cure for this terrible disease, so fingers cross. Thank you for taking a look, my best to you.


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 3 years ago from England

Hi, Yes I quite agree that it is aluminium that causes it, or if not causes it definitely makes it ten times worse. I never realised just how much was in the tablets we take! and the fact that fruit can affect its absorption. Fascinating read, and so useful, voted up and shared! nell


Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

Wow, how could we possibly dodge it? Great article and certainly worth thinking about but seems so bad, in so much? Thank you for sharing!! ^


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Lisa, thank you for reading this, Alzheimer's is no fun, but there are lots of research going on out there. Almost every day something new is discovered. As for aluminium, it is impossible to avoid it completely and the link to alzheimer's is still not definitively proven, I'd say be aware, take certain measures but don't go overboard. Personally, I try to avoid the products I know contains aluminium such as some deodorants and certains medications, I get new non-aluminium pots and pans when it's time to replace the old ones. I think we just have to maintain a balance between being aware and not worrying too much. I hope you are having a great Sunday, take care and my best to you.


Lisawilliamsj profile image

Lisawilliamsj 3 years ago

This well written article, definitely opened up my eyes to the dangers of aluminum. Who knew that so many products contained aluminum? I thought that I was doing well by not drinking out of aluminum cans...little did I know! Luckily I already use Turmeric and some of the other tips you mentioned daily. I will definitely be incorporating some more of these tips into my routine! I have bookmarked this page, so that I will be able to reference it easily. This way I will be able to slowly reduce my aluminum intake. Thank you for sharing, I am terrified of Alzheimer's disease and will do anything I can to avoid getting it!


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi doc, sorry this took so long, I've been catching up, home garden and old man needed some quality time. :)

Thank you so much for checking this out, I'm glad you found it informative.

I'm very sorry about you mum, if she has been diagnosed with dementia her doctors need to find out what is causing it. Dementia is really a symptom of a condition, if it is caused by a degenerative disease of the brain it may not be reversible, but it could be caused by something that is treatable, either way you need to know. Yes, as for aluminium....quite an eye opener, I now check all the labels, and make sure that all new pots and pans are non-aluminium. It's always a pleasure to see you, take care and my best to you.


lovedoctor926 3 years ago

After reading your hub I have a better understanding of Alzheimer's and Dementia. I wasn't sure if dementia and alzheimer's was the same thing. my mom was diagnosed with dementia recently. Unfortunately, it's a progressive disease like you mentioned which takes a toll on both patients and family. As far as aluminum, wow, anti-antiperspirant is on this list as well as other products that I use. Well, for now no worries, but it's good to take precautions. voted up useful


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Kim, much appreciated, my best to you as always.

Jo.


ocfireflies profile image

ocfireflies 3 years ago from North Carolina

Jo,

I had no idea how may places aluminum can be found. This was a very important subject, and as always, you presented the information in a concise and user-friendly way. Thank You.

Best,

Kim


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Alocsin, lovely to see you!....It's good to err on the side of caution but don't go overboard, just be aware of what you're buying, I just wish we knew for sure one way or the other. I very much appreciate the visit and comment, my best to you.


alocsin profile image

alocsin 3 years ago from Orange County, CA

Thanks for illuminating the connection between a scary disease and a common household material. It makes me think twice about all the aluminum in the house and how to reduce its use. Voting this Up and Interesting.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Vinaya, your father is a very smart man!....I do wish the evidence was more clear cut, but hopefully one day soon. Thank you so much for taking the time, it's always a pleasure to see you.

Take care, and my best to you.


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 3 years ago from Nepal

As long as I can remember, my father has always discouraged aluminium utensils in our home.

Thanks for sharing this eye opening article.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Pamela, thank you so much for stopping by, always appreciated!....There are world wide researches going on into Alzheimer's currently, like most things it's a case of one step forward and two back.

It's still reassuring to know people are working to find a cure for this terrible illness. Take care, and my best to you.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States

I recently heard a doctor of Dr. Oz talk about the metals, including aluminum, that they find in the brains of Alzheimer's victims. I think this is something that should be researched. This is an excellent hub and gives us something to consider as a probably cause, at least in apart, of this disease. V oted up.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hello Phoebe, I'm so sorry to learn about your grandparents!..The sad irony about Alzheimer's, is that it can devastate the whole family, and not only the person who is afflicted with the illness. It must be such a very hard thing to watch someone you love drift away, until there is nothing left.

Thank you for this very personal comment, we must spare a thought for all those people who are actually going through this terrible protracted ordeal. Thank you for stopping by, take care and my best to you.


Phoebe Pike 3 years ago

My grandmother developed Alzheimer's and died about two years later. The disease destroyed her quickly. It took away her memories and my grandfather, the love of her life, was forgotten and thought to be her father at the end. She died believing she was five and that everyone else was an adult but her. It was horrible to watch it happen. Modern medicine could do nothing for her.

They made her as comfortable as possible, but in the end, she died and my grandfather can't even talk about her without breaking down. They were true loves and the fact she died first kills him.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Lurana, thank you for the visit and comment, always appreciated.

Alzheimer's is truly a devastating illness, it affects so many people, directly or indirectly, therefore the more we know about it the better.

Take care and my best to you.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Frank, a pleasure to see you, thanks for the visit and comment. always appreciated.


MrsBrownsParlour profile image

MrsBrownsParlour 3 years ago from Chicagoland, Illinois

Truly interesting and informative! Very important subject, and any information that can shed light on this devastating condition is helpful.


Frank Atanacio profile image

Frank Atanacio 3 years ago from Shelton

wow what an interesting hub.. very informative toobusiness :)


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Devika, well said; until we know for sure, that aluminium is safe, we need to reduce our exposure to it as much as we can. Thank so much for the visit and comment, much appreciated and my best to you.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Good morning to you Martin, always a pleasure. My best to you.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Jpcmc, I'm in total agreement with you, there are new information coming through about the disease. Although, I can't wait to hear that a cure has been found. Thank you for the visit and great comment, have a lovely day and my best to you.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Good morning Imogen, thank you so much for the visit and very insightful comment. You are right of course, this subject has been studied and debated about, since the 60s.

The fact that there has been no definitive evidence either way, makes it still relevant, especially at a time when so many of us are approaching those dangerous years.

Take care now, and my best to you.


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Aluminium and Alzheimer's, this is such an important research which improves our knowledge on this health problem. Information one should carefully consider and think about when it comes to aluminium.


Mhatter99 profile image

Mhatter99 3 years ago from San Francisco

Interesting, to say the least. Thank you for this.


jpcmc profile image

jpcmc 3 years ago from Quezon CIty, Phlippines

I've read numerous medical researches about aluminum and Alzheimer. Although further studies need to be done, At least, we are getting new information about this disease. The more we know, the better.


Imogen French profile image

Imogen French 3 years ago from Southwest England

Thanks for putting all this information together, tobusiness. Alzheimers is a terrible condition, and almost harder for the relatives who have to look after its victims, I know several people who have been affected by it. Over the years I have heard so many contradictory reports about aluminium, it's hard to know what to believe. I guess with people living a lot longer, and more exposure to all sorts of chemical compounds this is not going to go away. I'm a great believer in decreasing the risks by eating healthy organic foods and avoiding chemical pollution in our diets and our homes.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Kashmir, your are so right, Alzheimer's is a bad and cruel disease. Whether or not it is caused by aluminium, it would be wonderful if they could find a cure.

Thank you for stopping by, and for the insightful comment, I'm so sorry about your mum, take care my friend and my very best to you.


kashmir56 profile image

kashmir56 3 years ago from Massachusetts

Hi my friend this is such a interesting and informative article on a very bad and cruel disease . My mom had Dementia and it was so sad to see her go through that, hopefully they will find some hard evidence to support the aluminum/Alzheimer claim . Well done !

Vote up and more !!!


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Vicki, thank you so much for taking a look at this.... it would be good to know for sure, one way or another. But until they do find the answer, without going over board, there are ways to minimize the amount of aluminium we are exposed to.

You are right, there are so many hazards out there, it can be scary. We do our best to maintain a healthy life, but it must be within reason, if it gets in the way of enjoying your life it becomes counterproductive. Take care and my best to you.


Vickiw 3 years ago

This is a very interesting Hub, as it seems we are exposed to so much of this stuff in our environment. Oh dear, just living can be so scary sometimes! Anti-perspirants have been on the shouldn't use list for many years now, as have aluminium pots and pans. Now we have more to beware of. Problem is, we have no verifiable info regarding the connection to Alzheimers, and you would think a huge amount of research has been done on that. So the jury is still out after many years, but it is great to have these uncomfortable reminders, as the Hub is. Good job.


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi bill, this is a tough one, but it is something many more people will be facing in the future, we need to know the facts, I hope that one day soon they will find a cure, there are a lot of research aiming to do just that. I pray that they get there soon. Thank you for taking a look, always a pleasure to see you.

Take care and my best to you.


billybuc profile image

billybuc 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

Interesting conjecture, Jo. All I know is I hope they figure it out soon because this is a very cruel disease. Thanks for the information. As you know, this disease touches me personally; it is too late for my best friend but I so hope that we can find out what is going on and find a cure for it.

Have a wonderful Sunday my friend.

blessings

bill


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K Author

Hi Rose, writing this most certainly opened my eyes, because aluminium is so common, we see it as friend and not foe, but this friend can potentially cause a lot of damage. Thank you for taking a look, and for the great comment always appreciate, my best to you.


rose-the planner profile image

rose-the planner 3 years ago from Toronto, Ontario-Canada

It is unbelievable how aluminum is in so many products that we use everyday. This is definitely an eye opener indeed. Great article! Thank you for sharing. (Voted Up) -Rose

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