Anadenanthera Colubrina Yopo

Anadenanthera colubrina is one of the two species dell'Anadenanthera which is part of the tribe of the subfamily of the family Fabaceae mimosoideae. It is a herbal plant

The Anadenanthera colubrina known locally as vilca, huilco, Wilco, and cebil Angico is a medium sized tree that grows from 5 to 20 meters high. The bark is often gnarled and thorny. The leaves are of the type of mimosa, laid a bit 'like the fronds of the fern and arrive at a length of 35 cm. The spherical flowers ranging from white to pale yellow, and consist of a mass of fine white hairs, flowering occurs from September to December. The bean-shaped pod is a color between brown and burgundy, and within, can contain 10 seeds, the pods ripen from September to July. In Brazil Anadenanthera colubrina was included in the high-priority species in the state of preservation.Dell''Anadenanthera colubrina is used the bark to make a sugary drink, which produces the gum can be used in the same way as gum arabic. The plant produces a tannin that is used in the skins of animals. In traditional medicine, the bark is the most commonly used. The gum is used to treat upper respiratory infections, and coughing. In the northeast of Brazil, the tree is mainly used as a timber to make wooden furniture. It is used to make doors, windows, frames, barrels, poles, mooring, fences, decks, flooring, agricultural implements and railway sleepers. Wood is also a preferred source for fuel for cooking, since it makes a hot fire of long duration.It is widely used in the construction of fences, as termites do not seem to find it enjoyable. At one time, was used to build houses, but people are finding it increasingly difficult to find suitable plants for this purpose. The Anadenanthera colubrina contains several chemical compounds are present in the bean Bufotenin, and N, N-dimethyltryptamine oxide, Bufotenin-N-oxide is found in the semie N, N-dimethyltryptamine is found both in seeds and in the beans. To make psychedelic snuff called Vilca (sometimes called cebil), blacks beans pod of these trees are first toasted until they burst like popcorn. The roasting process facilitates the removal of the skin, making it easier to cut the beans into powder

The skin is usually removed because it is difficult to pulverize.The grain is ground with mortar and pestle, and once reduced to a powder is mixed with a natural form of calcium hydroxide (lime) or calcium oxide, produced by certain types of ashes, calcined shells, etc.. This mixture is then moistened to give it a consistency similar to bread dough. The water used calcium oxide reacts to form calcium hydroxide. Once moistened, the mixture is kneaded into a ball for several minutes so that all the bufotenin come into contact with calcium hydroxide and form the basis of the compound. After the dough is allowed to stand, a few hours to several days, depending on local custom. During this period most of calcium hydroxide reacts with carbon dioxide in the air, forming calcium carbonate. Calcium hydroxide is caustic in the presence of water, and it is very irritating to the nasal passages, so you should stay away dall'idrossido football when converting to calcium carbonate. When the mixture is dried well is ready for use.Using the most modern and traditional baking soda or ammonia as a substitute for calcium hydroxide has been tested with limited success. A snuff called Yopo almost identical, can be prepared with the associated Anadenanthera peregrina, or yopo cohoba. The main active constituent of vilca bufotenina is, much less the DMT and 5-MeO-DMT. The bufotenina is rapidly metabolized, and the effects of the drugs have a short duration. Even as recently as 1996, there have been reports of an active use of vilca by

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