Urinary Tract Infection: Antibiotics Treatment
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection. Several antibiotics like amoxicillin, cephaIosporin, and ciprofloxacin are used to treat urinary tract infection. UTI can affect any part of the urinary tract. If the bladder is affected it is called cystitis. If it spreads to the kidneys it is called pyelonephritis. In most cases it is caused by E.coli bacteria. But in some cases staphylococcus saprophyticus bacteria is the cause of the disease. Anyone suffering from gall bladder or urethra infection is prone to urinary tract infection. Sexual intercourse is a major cause of the disease. More women are affected by the infection than men. Women who have more than one sexual partner are more likely to get the infection. Urinary tract infection(UTI) can be cured by antibiotics treatment
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection
Symptoms of the disease are burning sensation or pain during urination. The other symptoms are frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, blood in the urine and diarrhea. The infection starts in the ureter and can spread to the kidneys. The diagnosis is made by the number of white blood cells in the urine. At times a pelvic exam may also be necessary.
There are several antibiotics for urinary tract infection treatment. These antibiotics destroy the bacteria and prevent the recurrence of the disease. One of the antibiotics used frequently to treat the disease is amoxicillin. Bacteria are killed by amoxicillin by interfering with the cell walls. Sometimes it is ineffective against E.coli bacteria. In such cases amoxicillin clavulanate is administered. Some of the other antibiotics that are used are cephalosporin, sulphamethoxale, ciprofloxacin and terracycline. Even if the disease is cured the symptoms can persist till the bacteria are completely destroyed. In such cases drugs to relieve the symptoms are available. Use of antibiotics may cause side effects like abdominal pain and fever. Most cases can be cured by oral antibiotics. If the disease is in an advanced stage and spread to the kidneys then antibiotic injections or a longer course of antibiotics may be necessary.
The antibiotics have to be prescribed by a doctor. Over the counter medications are not advisable. The use of antibiotic during pregnancy is not recommended. Sulpha drugs cannot be used by people with allergy to the drug.
Home Remedies for Urinary Tract Infection
It is essential to drink lots of water if you have urinary tract infection. Water helps to dilute and flush out unwanted substances from the body. Coconut water, fruits and vegetable juices are also recommended. They supply the body with vitamins and minerals which help to fight the infection.
Cranberry juice does not allow bacteria to cling on to the cells on the walls of the bladder and urinary tract. Fresh cranberry juice is preferable. But if it is not available, bottled cranberry juice can also be used. Additives to the cranberry juice like sugar and preservatives may aggravate the condition. Bottled juice with minimum preservatives has to be used.
Some of the foods that have to be avoided are
Vitamin C will help to boost immunity and fight off bacterial infections. As vitamin C is water soluble the body will absorb whatever is necessary and the rest is excreted through urine. It is necessary to take a dosage of 300 mg daily to fight off the bacterial infection. Fruits rich in vitamin C like citrus fruits and vegetables should also be included in the diet.
These are some of remedies for urinary tract infection..
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