Apartheid's Colonial Health and Mental Disorders: Fractured Consciousness and Shattered Identities

Miner going through the registration and fingerprinting process in the mines in order to begin working underground digging for Gold
Miner going through the registration and fingerprinting process in the mines in order to begin working underground digging for Gold
TB began in the mines, and migrant labor was resposible for depopulating the African farms, along with the Hut and dog taxes, for instance,a the Baccilus that was gotten form the other European workers and the unhealthy mine working conditions/diet
TB began in the mines, and migrant labor was resposible for depopulating the African farms, along with the Hut and dog taxes, for instance,a the Baccilus that was gotten form the other European workers and the unhealthy mine working conditions/diet
Miners cooking outside on the ground
Miners cooking outside on the ground
Sleeping bun beds for miners
Sleeping bun beds for miners
Food being literally dished-out with a shovel to miners from underground
Food being literally dished-out with a shovel to miners from underground
Miners in their crowded and squalid living quarters with more bunks.
Miners in their crowded and squalid living quarters with more bunks.
This resident of Soweto suffered from an industrial accident
This resident of Soweto suffered from an industrial accident
A migrant laborer suffering from TB in Lesotho
A migrant laborer suffering from TB in Lesotho
 Tis man is suffering from TB and Leprosy in Mzimhlophe, Soweto
Tis man is suffering from TB and Leprosy in Mzimhlophe, Soweto
Voluntary Health Care and a mobile clinic in  Crossroads, Cape town
Voluntary Health Care and a mobile clinic in Crossroads, Cape town
Map of South Africa showing the homelands as build by Apartheid throughout South Africa
Map of South Africa showing the homelands as build by Apartheid throughout South Africa
Overcrowded Lebowa Homeland Clinic with one nurse working in most cases
Overcrowded Lebowa Homeland Clinic with one nurse working in most cases
Forced removal caused a lot of poverty women, children and the elderly
Forced removal caused a lot of poverty women, children and the elderly
Overcrowded ward in Baragwanath (Chris Hani) Hospital with patients sleeping on the floor during the Apartheid era
Overcrowded ward in Baragwanath (Chris Hani) Hospital with patients sleeping on the floor during the Apartheid era
Overview picture of a homeland settlement in Qwaqwa
Overview picture of a homeland settlement in Qwaqwa
Private clinic where the inhabitants have to pay for their own health care
Private clinic where the inhabitants have to pay for their own health care
When African people cannot buy health in clinics and hospitals, they go and buy their traditional medicine from herbalists
When African people cannot buy health in clinics and hospitals, they go and buy their traditional medicine from herbalists
In Waiting in one of the local clinics- Post apartheid South africa
In Waiting in one of the local clinics- Post apartheid South africa
With all the posters and slogans, Health still remain a problematic issue in South africa
With all the posters and slogans, Health still remain a problematic issue in South africa

The Need for a whole National Mental Healing is Dire

Whenever I write about the past Apartheid regime's deeds on the African people, these are not merely notes as to the evilness or badness of the system, which it was, it is about the long term effects and affects these deeds, mistreatment or however one chooses to characterize, on the African population for generations and centuries on end, up to until today; also, a very important point worth noting is that this is written from an African point of view.

When we deal with the History and story of African people in South Africa or anywhere in the world(Diaspora) we ought to listen to their accounts from their own perspective, maybe in so doing, this will hasten the healing of societies,and restore humanities and being human of the poor and oppressed. Little is known and understood about the social trauma and pathology that African People in South Africa had to go through and what this experience has been like and continues to be like, whenever they have to deal with Africans, health and the health institutions.

The people have something to say, and they have their own way of saying it and how it affected them. The detractors of Africans in South Africa need to pause and begin to learn anew who their African neighbors are and what do they have to say bout their 'own' experiences under Apartheid, and what they hope for in the future, with their new ANC government.

By going at such lengths to unfold the restrictive patterns of the Apartheid legacy, it is also important that those who were on the receiving side of Apartheid, and one should tell it exactly as it happened, and in the process help expand the knowledge about the subject matter before one indulges too deep and accuses them or any one of Making Afrikaners look bad, conveniently leaving out what the Africans are saying.

The movie, Cry Freedom, form the eyes of Donald Woods, tells of the struggle that erupted in South Africa on June 16 1976; some say he was a liberal, but he told it as close as possible as Africans would tell it themselves.

There is the problem of writers and readers within the African communities. This is not to say there are no educated people in South Africa or those in the fields of health, it is the paucity of material, written by and for African people, out of their own will and knowledge without being intimidated by either Apartheid rulers of the new ANC government, that we are talking about. This is so that we might see or have better understanding amongst the races, more especially on issues of health and African people's mental health in general. The Apartheid Censorship board has done a good job in leading to this shortage, and the poverty stricken masses would rather spend what they have scrounged on the meal for the day or evening, than buy books.

It is the unchanging nature and the consistency at which these imposed life-styles ' and realities function amidst and within the country of South Africans, mostly as they affect and effect Africans, that their history should be written down and told about. It is important to see their life from their mouths, through their experiences and what their here-and-now is all about. When people come for the 2010 World Cup Finals, they are going to find a people who are happy to have them around, a people whose humanity is to recognize the humanity of others in others.

But knowing the people as to how they got to where they are today, is important to help other people to be able to understand them when they visit the Townships, and the Townhouses and Mansions. They will then tell their stories, the listener would be familiar with the reality they will be seeing. As of now, places like Soweto and elsewhere are being well manicured, but mashed-up with run-down shacks and some old houses since built by the Apartheid rulers. The Township people have tried to fix up some of their houses. There are things that are happening in preparation for the World Cup event, that they are cosmetically infrastructure, but the underlying social structure is deteriorating.

So does the day-to-day existential realities of the people not change as we speak. As President Zuma told de Koc, that he needs to tell all what did without leaving out anything, because Zuma knows that the truth will be but one path towards healing the wounds and partly the psyches of Africans as they slowly reclaim their humanity, after living under a system that committed crimes against humanity on them.

Why this is important, it is to help people of whatever ilk, to grasp the magnitude of the abuses and atrocities committed on Africans perpetuated by the Apartheid regime, and as these are put into perspective, using the narratives from their own point of view, it will more help heal the Africans, and make those who want to read this material more informed and be enabled to deal with the physical health and mental problems that are still persisting within the African community; and this suffering is more than four centuries old, and this consistently continues to plague African people and their descendants, truly speaking, since 1652 to the present as duly and doubly noted above.

Apartheid's Colonial Mental Disorders is a very rarely discussed or a seriously talked about subject and phenomenon as to its effects and affects on both the African and Colored people. Today, those who were oppressed by Apartheid, have mental illnesses that have not yet been fully or seriously addressed, even today. Some structures have been set up throughout the land, but these do not really begin to address the myriad manifestations of many types of illnesses, mental health diseases and mental disorders prevalent within the African milieu.

Not Every person of African or Colored Ancestry is mentally hurt, but are fully stressed, assailed by the silent killer sugar diabetes, murderous strokes, and seismic heart attacks, malfunctioning kidneys, with constant and recurrent TB consistently presently affecting and killing multitudes, scurvy, leprosy and many maladies that are consistently affecting and killing millions of Africans and Coloreds throughout South Africa. For expediency, although we will be alluding to the Africans and Colored throughout the narrative, we will use the generic name, "African" to refer to Indigenous Africans and Coloreds. There is also a newly added fixture of making Africans sick, these come in a form of drugs like Cocaine, Mandrax and so forth, which are mesmerizing and disabling Africans mentally and contributes to the rampant crime waves that are besieging them.

The South African society does not just consist of 45 million or so people. There are added foreigners that have sojourned there with the Advent of Democracy, but it is also made up of social classes, of political parties, trade unions, schools, churches and many other social institutions, structures all of which play a particular role. Most importantly, society is made up of relationships that exist between all these different elements and societies. These relationships can only be understood if we look at their history as well as well as their current appearance and manifestations.

Just because the Apartheid rulers were cast aside, does not mean the conditions on the ground changed just as quickly, nor did the machinations of apartheid seize and that new ones implemented by the new government struggle to emerge. If one wants to know why someone is ill, it's not enough to look at him or her individually, as a mechanical body that is malfunctioning.

We must also understand the social and physical environments in which they live, and how this environment has been created and is affecting them. Any explanation of ill health which ignores or deliberately conceals the impact of isolated heath and social structures on the health of the African population, is helping to keep those structures intact, and prolonging the creation of unnecessary illness.

The primary thrust of this Hub is to look at how Apartheid created this mental health crisis, and what steps are being built making for a healthy society and to try to understand what makes the present one so unhealthy, and that depends if those steps are being taken care of; also, what was, still is and might continue to be, debilitating diseases imposed on African people.

So that it will also be important to look at the aspects of disease in South Africa in the context of the Apartheid system — the dominant social reality, then and now, in South Africa- and the facilitation of these by the present ANC government and how this is worsening the mental health of Africans today. As with mental illness, these institutions that deliver health services… are also branded with the stamp of society in which they operate and exist — they are apartheidized health structure, and continue up to this day.

They cannot be understood simply as institutions responding to disease: they have been shaped by the apartheid state to the same extent as Bantu Education or the practice of housing people in separate 'group areas' Act .(You can read on both the former in my hub: "The Miseducation of the Africans: Savage Inequalities in four part Harmony", and the latter, "Group Areas Act in my hub, "South African Apartheid; So Where To Now?") The fight against this type of disease will not be simply a technical one.

The best possible health for all will not be achieved by medical science alone; it will only arise out of a thorough understanding and critique of the existing services, and continuing a struggle to create a better one. It is only now 18 years that African people installed a government they chose in a democratic manner. It has bee over 400 years since they lost their lands and freedom; this article will try to trace the historical evolution of the coming of diseases amongst Africans and what happened from then onwards.

The coming of mining, industry and the resettlement environment that have negatively impacted African families, communities and society. It will also in short trace the origins of the creation of migrant labor and take a look at the Apartheid systems as they operated and affected millions of Africans in multiple ways close to 400 centuries.

As to the White community, they have always gotten first class treatment and healing institutions with state of the art equipment and excellent doctors and a hard working nursing staff(mostly African) and clerks and porters, cookers and so forth. This is still the case with the state of Public Health in south Africa. Sad to say that this goal will not be reached amongst the millions of the army of the poor, until South Africa as a whole has been thoroughly and completely transformed.

Creation of Health Services From the 1600s

In the Transvaal and the Free State, farmers tried to get new pass laws enacted to include women in the rural areas. But the British colonial authorities, reflecting the European sexual stereotypes, and ignorant of platteland labor practices, intervened, claiming it was unnecessary. In addition to freedom from rural pass laws, Free State African women enjoyed a degree of freedom and mobility not available to their sisters in the other provinces. In the Free State, Africans were not subject to a separate set of "Native Laws" as in Natal.

When Africans and their families and societies were being broken up, there is a lesser known and not seriously discussed history of the early colonies and their health practices. When the twentieth century was ushering itself in, development of modern medical techniques were developed, and hospitals were now regarded as places where a person could receive possible treatment in the safest conditions…

This is questionable and even not true today. When the colonization of South Africa began in 1652, the Dutch East India Company's sailors had succumbed to illnesses like scurvy whilst at sea, hospitals were built for the purpose Harboring sick sailors who had succumbed to all the illnesses at sea. Medical practices at that time were primitive and "Blood letting," "Blistering," and "Sweating" were the favorite measures and vast quantities of purgatives and emetics were prescribed. And anyone who had a decent home stayed at home when sick, or if they could afford it, paid private doctors for the above mentioned dubious practices.Gail Gerhart informs us that:

"On the eve of World War II, although the townward movement of Africans was well underway, some 80 to 85 per cent of South Africa's 6,6 million Africans still lived on land. Of these, about 2.2 million lived as laborers on white farms. The rest... who were the majority of rural Africans or some 3.2 million, eked out a living in the increasingly impoverished reserves, supplementing their resources with wages earned by migrant relatives. By any kind of political reckoning, the typical South African peasant of the late 1930s was still parochial in his orientation and quite thoroughly interested in the social and political causes which were increasingly capturing the attention of urban Africans.

Yet, if any stratum of Black South African society could have been described as porto-nationalistic in outlook, it was the peasantry, for it was the peasant who, more than any other African, felt the most deeply and immediately the sting of dispossession and the injustice of conquest. Land occupied by his parents and grandparents within living memory was now in the possession of whites; where African herds had once wandered freely, fences now barred the way. Aspects of material culture brought by the Europeans-cooking pots and bicycles, medicines and even white religion could be accepted and appreciated, but the White man himself was forever a conqueror, and invader whose presence was tolerated because Africans lacked the power to expel him."

Gerhart adds:

"In between the peasant and the townsman proper, there were Africans in many stages of semi-urbanization, from the tradition-bound migrants to men, perhaps with some formal education and perhaps accompanied in town by their wives and families, who aspired to become permanent townsmen but still had ties to the countryside and expected to return their in their old age.

Well into the 1930s and '40' migrants and semi-migrants tended to predominate, but the number making the permanent transition to city life also rose steadily. Women, who in 1912 made up only 19 percent of all Africans in towns, by 1936 comprised 36 percent of the urban African population, an indication that large numbers of families had shifted their principal homes from country to town.

These specific patterns of urbanization varied from city to city, as did the major types of work available to Africans-mining on the Reef, factory work in Port Elizabeth, East London and Johannesburg, stevedoring in Cape Town and Durban, service and domestic jobs everywhere-but whatever the particular the particular pattern, the transition from old existence to new was an arduous one, calling for many social adjustments and much endurance of hardship. In Johannesburg on the eve of World War II, for example, according to de Ridder, one City Council house existed "for every estimated twenty-eight Africans living in the city,

The rest ... were living in shacks and squatter camps, without water or sanitation. Today, in they year of 2012, the majority of africans in south Africa are still living under the conditions of squatter camps as they did in the 1930, and before them in the 19 century. Even with their temperament of "Ubuntu," as we speak, mental diseases are widespread amongst the African population because care has not yet been taken to give the whole nation a serious psychiatric help from the conditions that they have endured for so long, with respite or change.

In 1755 South Africa a serious smallpox epidemic broke out in the Cape and 963 White settlers and 1000 African slaves were affected. The small pox victims were isolated by the authorities and they opened temporary hospitals, one for Africans and one for whites. Their purpose was to isolate the sick,not treat them, and when the epidemic ended, the hospitals were closed. The theme of isolation runs through much of South Africa's medical history. For instance, in early 1800s a leper colony opened in a place called "Hemel Aarde" (Heaven and Earth).

By 1822, 120 lepers were confined there in conditions described by a doctor of the time as "squalid and wretched beyond description". By 1845, applying this policy of isolation, Robben Island, which later became a prison where Mandela was incarcerated, was opened up as a colony for lepers and lunatics. Wherever the White population settled in South Africa, jails were constructed before hospitals. The sick poor and the mentally ill were confined in these jails.(P.W. Laidler and M. Gelfand). In the modern

In the middle of the nineteenth century hospitals for Africans were opened in Pietermaritzburg and Kingwilliamstown, along the east coast of South Africa. Both hospitals were named after Sir George Grey, governor of the Cape Colony at the time. In the eastern Cape, White settlers had waged a war against the Xhosa-speaking people and inhabitants of the so-called 'frontier areas' and the British finally came and took over. In Natal, the African population was also resisting encroachment on their land.

The two Grey's hospitals marked one of the first attempts to subdue resistance through "winning the hearts and minds" rather than by military conquest. Dr. Fritzgerald of the Hospital in Kingwilliamstown stated his intentions explicitly: "Give me only one institution like this, give me talent and ability combined with kindness and mildness ... let pure untainted charity have free play ... let the heathen feel as free as in his kraal ... such as institution will draw the savage from the remotest part of South Africa and attach him forever to that government which entered in spirit into his sickness and provided a remedy."

This was the Apartheid rulers mindset, and in fact it turned out bad for Africans who are still affected by this logic of Apartheid forced 'civilization' they had set in motion-still clearly apparent amongst the African population today.

TB, Miners And Their Families

Initially, Africans were not interested in working in the mines for low wages and under dangerous conditions. But the gold mining companies promised untold wealth to the mine owners whom they would pay tax. If a labor-force did not exist it had to be created. This was done in two ways: by limiting the amount of land available to Africans for farming, and by imposing cash taxes which forced people to earn money.

During the early days of the finding of gold in South Africa, the mine owners needed skilled workers with experience to work underground. And a large proportion of these were recruited from mines in Britain and Europe. Secondly, they also needed a large, cheap, unskilled work force. These workers had to be prepared to work for low wages, doing the hardest work in dangerous and unpleasant working conditions. This work-force was to be violently fashioned from the African population by the European colonizers.

Over the years a number of laws were passed in the different South African territories prohibiting Africans from owning or hiring land in the 'white areas' and restricting the size of the reserves where they could farm. These laws were revised by the 1913 Land Act which made just more than 12% of the country's land available for African residence and agriculture. Land became overcrowded, farming became more difficult and some men were forced to go the mines to earn a living.

This process was speeded up by the imposition of a number of taxes: poll taxes, hut taxes, even dog taxes. The only way to earn money for taxes was to become a wage laborer.(TFB Collins) It is through these tactics that African labor was coerced and compressed into the mining compounds. See the pictures in the Photo Gallery on the right.

The Advent of TB Within The African Milieu

Mining of gold and diamonds in South Africa helped and hastened the break-up of African families and societies, along with the African spirit and mind. Dr. Macvicar did an extensive research on TB in Southern Africa in the first ten years of the twentieth century. In his discoveries, he was able to glean that until the mid nineteenth century the disease was unknown or very rare in the Transvaal and the territories then known as Southern Rhodesia, Botswana(Bechuanaland) and Lesotho.

Dr. Neil MacFarlane, who was chief medical officer for Lesotho(Basotholand) says that TB was rare until the 1880s. A 1944 South African Medical Journal article states that TB was almost unknown in the Transkei 40 years before. By 1860 there were outbreaks in places like Butterworth and Queenstown(Both in the Eastern Cape, South Africa), and wherever military, trading or missionary outposts existed. It was in such places that the African population came into close contact with White settlers and began to contact their disease.

These outbreaks however were isolated, and the disease did not spread. (E. Glatthaar) From all of these two things became clear: until it arrived, TB was not a disease known to the African population. Secondly, where isolated cases occurred, it did not spread. The only explanation is that conditions at that time did not favor the spread of disease. In other words,the population as a whole, more specifically African society, was reasonably healthy.

This then means something must have happened between the middle of the century and the present-day life and sickness amongst Africans, that must have changed the situation completely. When gold was discovered in South Africa on the Witwatersrand (Present Johannesburg Area and the outlying areas) in 1886 that's when the disease took hold. The history of South Africa and health conditions changed radically and dramatically at this point, and along with the latter change, was also the change in the history of TB.

It is important to note that one can be infected with the TB bacilli (germs) and never be sick. One gets contaminated by breathing germs from another sick person,but if that person who is not sick is well fed and not overworked or emotionally strained, their bodies can fight the disease. These people developed no symptoms and they cannot pass it to anyone. But if they are later become sick from another illness, or they do not get enough food and suffer great emotional and physical stress, then one's body weakens, and TB settles in or is activated.

One cannot fight the TB germs which are still in one's body, and will probably get TB in its active form. If there is a lot of malnutrition in society, there is a lot of TB. Overcrowding also helps the disease. In South Africa , as noted above, when land was taken away from the Africans, they were given small land to farm and overcrowding began in their homes and amongst the majority of poor africans who were crowded in mine compounds[see photo gallery], shack houses or those built in the ghettoes like Soweto, called "matchbox houses" with a few rooms for huge families were exposed to and likely to breathe in the germs coming from people who were already sick.

If some tourists were to visit South Africa, they must try and visit Santa Hospital next or the present hospitals that deal with TB to get a better picture of what I am talking about, as the reader is now informed, came around the time when Gold was found and Crown Mines and other mines were opened on the fringes of Johannesburg-and these man-made yellow mountains of the extracted gold(which can still be recycled from that soil, although the government has stopped that practice)- today in South Africa.

Dr. E. Glatthaar of the Media University of South Africa has given an estimate that close to 10 million Africans who were infected, and most of them did not have it in an active form, but could get TB if their condition deteriorated, He also added that at least one hundred thousand people developed TB every year in South Africa leading up to 1982. A significant amount of people in the African community in South Africa has ben infected by TB in an inactive or active form.

Today, with opportunistic diseases like HIV/AIDS and many others with poverty to go with it, repetitively over hundreds of years, must really make one pause and think about what I am saying. Along with these obstacles, Gerhart shows us what other deep underlying effects that were imposed on Africans by Apartheid were like, and we should count theme into the calculation as to how these affect mental states of Africans in south, since, as duly noted, have going on from the 17 century to 2012, and promise to that they are going to go beyond that time, and date frame.

In the Eye of the Germ

TB then is a very common disease among the poorer sections of the African South Africans. This has not always been the case. TB, as noted, was a relatively new disease in this country, and it became a problem around the beginning of the century. Now that we are able to trace its origins, we can now see a close connection between economic and political factors, and the development of TB as a major problem. Glatthaar paints the following statistical picture" "Only 1% of all reported cases occur amongst Whites, and the real proportion of whites with the disease must be even smaller.

'Each year about 50,000 cases new cases are reported. The actual number of new cases is about three times that amount. This means that about one hundred thousand cases a year are not reported and therefore not treated. Almost all of these were African people with no easy access to health care services or to doctors in private practice. So in fact, white probably make up less than 0.5% of people with TB in south Africa."

During the Apartheid era, the government gave the official statistics for TB as dropping since around 1970s… This claim has been treated with suspicion because in Cape town, which has the best health statistics in the country, the number of notified cases was rising . In 1978, 8.8 out of every 1000 people had TB. In 1981 this figure had risen to nearly 12 in every 1000. One other thing that that explains the risen rate is that a number of people from the Transkei and Ciskei went to Cape Town "Illegally".

There is the possibility that some of them came to the city as carriers or active carriers of TB. The breaking up of African society and families was inevitable. The culture and customs were shattered and they could no longer act as a social glue or deterrent of foreign assailment. The urbanization of African women added to the dissolution of African family and social fabric. The prevailing social perceptions of women had their historical roots in the rural experience of the platteland .

The custom on the farms was for African women to do all the domestic service in the white households and to help with other aspects of the farm work when required. The use of their labor was unpaid, casual, erratic and irregular, leaving a great deal of uncertainty in the lives of the women. Women could be called upon without notice to perform a wide variety of tasks required by the White masters. It was often assumed that young African girls would spend several years of "apprenticeship" in the white household.

But during the first decade of the twentieth century this labor pattern was seriously challenged. Rather than face a lifetime of subordination, many women chose to leave the rural areas altogether. Many of them acted against the wishes of their own families, but, ironically, were protected in doing so by the laws of the land(Dorothy Hammond)

This break-up drastically altered and changed the African family formation forever, to what we see it to be today. My Hub, which is about to answer all these broken strands of African families, customs, tradition, languages, traditions and practices, are reassembled with a new addition that anchors and embeds African South African history with the rich history of Mapungubwe.

The period of reconstruction following the Anglo-Boer War brought dramatic changes in the countryside. The sudden influx of large amounts of British Capital into the agricultural sector had a negative impact on relationships between white farmers and black workers. Workers who had previously enjoyed some degree of independence lost such rights and the real value of the compensation for their labor depreciated. As the terms of service declined, many African women simply refused to serve, leading farmers to begin clamoring for more control. Male farm workers were quite restricted in their movements by a baffling array of pass laws and efforts were made to extend the system to cover women.

The problem was explained by a rural policeman: "At certain seasons of the year it is almost a daily occurrence for me to receive a complaint from one of the farmers to the effect that the wives and daughters of his native squatters have, in defiance of him, their husbands and fathers, gone away to visit or attend a beer party on a neighboring farm and left the agricultural work which required immediate attention to be taken. The same applied to daughters of squatter, who the farmer permanently employs as domestic servants."

As the conditions of squatting are made with the head of the family, the police cannot take any legal action ... If the native females had to have passes, it would not only assist the police in the prevention of this, but would give the farmer absolute control over the wives and daughters of his native squatters."(Transvaal Native Affairs Department(TNAD) Report, 1908; Tim Keegan) These are some of the restrictive laws that were imposed onto Africans and were rigidly controlled by the Apartheidizers, without let-up, for hundreds of years-more intensely from 1948 to the take over of the ANC-led government.

The Scourge of TB

For us to fully understand and appreciate how these affects affect Africans, it is better to have started in the beginning, and from what we can eke out of those experiences will better help Africans to understand themselves better and be more pro-active in their day-to-day survival of the disease . It should be understood that about conditions on the ground within the African milieu, change has not been for the better, especially in the realm of health. The stress that comes with the environment African people had been relegated to today, is important to Africans because this existence is an inherited degradation.

Biko once put it that, "The lie perpetuated by the White rulers has made Africans to not love themselves and see themselves their self-worth." Biko adds that, "The most genius thing that White rulers was to make Africans see themselves as such and believe it." Articles such as this one is an attempt to equip African with written records of their suffering and try and reveal their humanity in the process of undergoing dehumanization, in any form. Afrikaners and other nations all over the world write their own history as they see fit.

Yet, the fact that Africans are ruling and are setting their history straight, this in turn becomes interpreted as 'misinformation,' 'propaganda,' blemishing the image of the "Minorities((and yet this is supposed to be a Rainbow Nation - as someone averred virally, ("Is it because there is no black in a Rainbow?")

The past informs us about the present so that we can make informed decisions about the future. The historiography of South Africa is having added to it the African History from the African people's point of View. We are history because we live with it and in it. The health conditions in the townships today are atrocious. But while the tendency is to focus on the health institutions, we need to understand its historical evolution for us to better understand Africans today, and maybe help them make wiser decisions about their health and health institutions.

This other point which is not yet considered a fact is what is affecting African people: the paucity of books and reading material; the degraded and poor classroom and, lack of direction as to education for a new African society; dire financial and material poverty has created an army of uneducated Africans, and, the HIV/AIDS, TB, drugs and lax social services, have all contributed to the lack of books, causing zero social awareness and knowledge cultural cohesion and tumult in the customary practices; African people's inability to afford computers, let alone install the internet therein, has been prohibitive and created those pockets and vacuum of ignorance that bedevils Africans today.

These effects attained their origins from the history of Africans facing and colliding with European Colonization. They(Europeans) invented have maintained the notion that there was an uninhabited country they took and 'made' it what is today-when the landed and made their 'Great Trek' from the Cape[in the process built the country on the back of millions of African men, women elderly and children].

TB because it is a social disease, is not a natural illness, caused by bad overcrowded living conditions, stress of being oppressed, poor food, and can be cured with some medicine,means that the eradication of the aforementioned ground conditions need to be erased/resolved, and could be managed by eliminating poverty and social foisted upon the Africans all these centuries…

Many of the skilled mine workers that from England and Europe were infected with TB, although few suffered from the disease in active form. At that stage, because of the poverty, overcrowding and poor working conditions which resulted from the industrial revolution. TB was still common throughout Europe. These miner also developed silicosis, a disease of the lungs which encourages active TB. Silicosis is cause by a special kind of dust in the mines, and this disease affected a large number of workers on the mines, especially when dust control techniques had not been properly developed. Statistics for the years 1903-6 shows that the majority of white mine workers who developed TB were immigrant workers.

Underground and its Effects

Mining for Africans has always been hazardous from the beginning of the imposition of taxes on huts, dogs and the like. In the mine itself underground, it was poorly lit and poorly ventilated in its tunnels, these tubercolotic immigrants worked closely with unskilled African workers from the reserves. In the long run Africans were infected and encountered the two conditions necessary for the spread of TB. One of the conditions that contributed to TB was the presence of the bacillus which caused the infection.

The other contributory factor was the people who were weakened by poor diet(which was eventually somewhat improved), stressed, overworked. These two factors collided in the mines, and thus begun a TB epidemic that is still ruining the health of thousands every year, to date.

"Around 1900 and 1910 was when TB became critical," report of a Johannesburg officer of health said in his report that, 'there was a very noticeable increase of TB among the natives of Johannesburg. One researcher says that by 1903 about 70 out of every African mine workers were dying of TB." In 1905 the South African medical Congress appointed a special committee to look into the spread of TB.

Dr. Macauley gave the following evidence to the Commissioner of Mines in 1906 and said: "It is apparent to us from statistics which we have been able to gather that Tuberculosis has enormously increased on the mine(fields), not only among whites, but largely amongst natives. Because TB was so devastating that number of commissions were created to try and deal with the problem. The Commissions were clear that people who were susceptible other decease were falling victim to TB once they arrived in the mines.

In 1905 the Commissioners were unanimous that the spread of TB amongst Africans in the towns was due to the 'unhealthy manner in which they lived .... overcrowding, poorness of diet and want of ventilation and sunlight too often found in the town locations, compounds and barracks in which Africans congregated.((Report of the Miners Commission, 1902-03, Pretoria, 1903) The facts above are the reality of today in south Africa, with overcrowding, tin-shack dwellings, depressed conditions still persisting even as I write this Hub; and yet, the reports and commissions were formed as far back as the 1900s.

Miners lived in compounds to which they were effectively confined. They lived in large rooms 'housing twenty to fifty workers who sleep on concrete bunks built one above the other like shelves. Many of the huts had earth floors which turned muddy in wet weather. When the huts were crowded, workers had to sleep on these damp floors. The diet consisted largely of porridge, some meat, mainly offal, and beer.

Almost all food was consumed in one large meal at the end of the day, which was dished into their plates with a shovel [see these pictures in the Photo Gallery]. Miners ended having to spend their money outside the mine for additional food, yet the mine had promised to provide all the food needs of their workers. Hunger and wretched working conditions were some of the issues the African miners had to contend with.

Miners during those days woke up at 4:30 a.m. , and in some mines bread(Mbonyama) was provided, some coffee, some soup and others no food at all. Journeying to work took two hours. Then followed a shift of 10-11 hours with no real break and no food. The wok was physically very tiring, the mine shafts hot, dusty and damp. Then the trip home, which might include long waits for the cage, waiting for work tickets to be stamped and food tickets to be issued. The workers returned to their compounds in the late afternoon, and were provided with their one main boring meal for the day.

These were conditions perfect for breeding TB and made the mine workers susceptible to the disease. TB grew from the mines, to the towns surrounding the mines, and now it was more common in the reserves.

A Brief Case Study: Transkei

The statistics do not give us a complete picture until we meld and merge the multitudes in the grip and grid of poverty and draconian laws that stripped them off their humanity and their reality(statistics too). That is stress enough. Then in the mix we have a disease that is affecting large swaths of communities, who were not infected, but for the men who returned from the mine, those that lived in the Kingdom of Lesotho,and those in the reserves like the one in the Transkei.

Dr. Neil McFarlane, chief medical officer for Basotholand(Lesotho) wrote that TB was rare until 1890s: "It[TB] has not been indigenous to these parts, and cases seen were boys who had been working on the mines and in Johannesburg. But now it's attacking others who had never left the country". In 1908 a surgeon in Flagstaff opined: "Time and again one Native who returned from the mines infects the entire occupants of a hut previously healthy."

In order to fully understand what makes Africans in South Africa tick, some of the descriptions about their conditions and existence or survival, (today they say they are "Coping"), under Apartheid to appreciate why it is important to begin to understand that the mind-set and state of sanity of Africans in South Africa today is due to these conditions which have not ceased, and have morphed into different attack modes, rendering mental illness a huge and fast-growing sickness amongst Africans in South Africa. Let's look at these stats:

Surveys in the Transkei, Ciskei and Basotholand(Lesotho) around 1930 shows that between 69% and 88% of men aged about 20 were infected with TB and 72% of African workers applying for jobs on the mines was infected. The ,majority of them did not have TB in an active form. The figures show us that the people with the disease in its active form passed in the reserves on to a very large proportion of the African population.

The mine owners and the White authorities did not intended to allow a large Township to develop next to the mines(but in the case of Crown Mines, it is not far off the ghetto of Soweto, and Soweto is out-of-sight for those living in downtown Johannesburg whose view of Soweto is blocked by man-made Gold dust and mine dust mountains). In fact, these Yellow/White man-made mines are just a walk away, the ANC-has in fact built many of these houses just a stone-throw from the foot of this poisonous hillocks-or Mine-Waste-Dumps.This point about the White-man-made mine dumps created by the mines, T

The new government has put people there, and they did so knowing how the dust affects the People of Soweto, during the August windy day , is something that needs to be discussed in depth later on. Pass laws ensured that the Africans were in 'White areas' to work. Whenever an African immigrant had completed his contract and was found to have developed TB, he had to return to the Native Reserves. This facilitated for a constant flow of tuberculosis infected African workers returned to their families in the Reserves.

Here is one example: in 1916 there were 60,000 men from the Transkei on the mines. That year, 14 out of every 1,000 miner got TB. This meant that about 850 men returned to the Transkei coughing out TB germs. (South African Institute of Medical Research, Johannesburg, 1932) This was a known fact, hidden from the world since the 1900, and today, without much improvement in the social and living conditions of Africans, is it not any wonder that African people, who have had no respite from such Apartheid Shenanigans described above, that Africans within their societies should be having many people with mental problems?

Clearly the mine owners would have liked TB epidemic nipped in the bud. After all, an increasingly sick work-force, and the need to provide for sick workers was "too expensive" for them and would eat into the profits of the mines. Also, they were not determined to consider a long term solution; to improve the living conditions of the miners; to feed the African mine workers better and to shorten the working day lightening the physical strain suffered by all miners.

High standards of life and high standards of prosperity in general and lack of overcrowding combined to render the White population of South Africa in a good measure, secure from TB- and dreadful and appalling inhuman conditions for the African populace at the mercy of Miners, and the government of the day, since the 1900, and so far as has been attested in this hub, that made them have TB and other diseases.

Health From 1950s To The 1970s In South Africa.

The African people have been the majority of South Africans suffering from TB rose steadily from the middle of the century until the late 1950s. This increased rapidly after the World War II, when South Africa was industrializing rapidly. This infected and physically stressed the African people who saw the rise of TB amongst men from the age of twenty, an age most were entering the labor market. From 1940s to 1960s some drugs were discovered, and there was a spike in TB cases… this discovery helped a lot of people from dying , but could not stop the disease from spreading.

With these technical advancement, the officials claimed that the number of TB infections was declining. But, in 1976 four Homelands"(Bantustans), were listed as the most affected areas. By 1976 "Homelands became 'Independence Granted' entities on the purse-strings of the Apartheid regime. Their statistics were removed form the official statistics about he extend of the disease in South Africa.

For Instance, Transkei, about 6% of that population suffered from active TB. Official stats for other independent states were inaccurately lower, that for instance, Kwazulu Natal had 8 out of 1,000 infected with TB. Four miles down the road there were more people infected with TB that were not counted. In the end, the official figures reflected the inadequacy of the health services more accurately than they do the number of people suffering from TB. (N. White)

So, The conditions for disease was exacerbated by industrialization and migrant labor, the creation of Bantustans and the destruction of rural subsistence economy: All factors which hastened the spread of disease. Miners who worked and lived in overcrowded, dusty hot conditions, and worked hard got TB. These are the lowest on the social rung and do not have political power to improve their condition.

During the 1900 in south Africa, White miners mobilized and called for the 'Workers of the World to unite with White miners'. They were able to ensure for themselves a level of economic privilege and social security which protected them from the disease. But they never fought for the rights of the African mine workers nor considered them at all. Over the short historical periods viewed above, it is clear that medical science could not deal with employment, poverty and misery faced by the workers, which they had imposed on them through Apartheid.

Medical science by itself has not been able to control the epidemic. All the drugs, plus the level of poverty, unemployment and misery, couldn't be the only panacea to curing TB, because TB is a social disease, those who are disempowered and have the disease are going to have to be included in the major improvement of their economic and political position in the society, or has already happened in south Africa, the regime was eventually partly overthrown, and now African have to deal with the health and mental health in their midst for stress-overload that has bee there for hundred or more years without respite.

Other Health Diseases

It is often easy for the critics of African Studies to overlook the ramifications and impact of diseases such as TB have on the African continent and its people. It's not only the social illness that manifests itself within the African community and kills, but if is the national social trauma that dislocates homes, families, and society whereby those sick end up being interned in hospitals like Santa, and elsewhere in the ghettoes throughout South African that is effective. Migratory laborers brought the disease with them, and decimated their families and societies without their intentions, being aware or having any knowledge of it.

The history of the negative effects of inadequate or lack of health institutions has been the most damaging things in relation to an on the African people and African society. This is important to note here that what constitutes African society in all its variations has been a pre-determined and created entity. It is deconstructing and dislodging this ready-made image and reality that is the African society that should be of primary concern here.

In informing this society as to what creation went into their being a society that they are today, it would be important for the African Community to take a true and hard look as to its formative years, what happened then, and learn from the past in order to begin to transform their present and making sure that Apartheid created mental disorders, how this was created, what they need to really know about the earlier intentions how and why mental disorders exist with such ferocious frequency within the african communities and Society, and what should be done about it.

Now that Africans rule their own society in tandem with other races, it is important to interrogate the History of the diseases, and the health system's and institution and their delivery systems: how these were set up during Apartheid, and how they are functioning now in the present ANC-led government.

Looking At Health

TB makes for quite an interesting Case study, but it would be a mistake to make it a special case study. But by learning from the history of the TB in South Africa, we can apply those lessons learned from TB to may aspects of ill-health and diseases in South Africa. What the ANC inherited as their power-base(the African Community) was shocking and still needs to be unearthed in order to be unIt has understood better and more fully:

  • It has been estimated that between 15,000 - 30,000 children were dying each year in south Africa as a result of starvation or illness-related malnutrition. There are no official figures, which is shocking, but not surprising, since above we have noted that with TB, those in the reserves and "Homelands" were omitted from the official counts, although they might have lived four miles away from the counted community. The numbers among experts differed, and some gave calculation closer to the official figures.
  • Measles and gastroenteritis are some of the most common childhood diseases There are those to who it is an irritant. But for many others it meant weakened by malnutrition and unable to get good medical care, these diseases are killers, and thousands, as a result of an apartheidized medical care and delivery, die from them each year .
  • Cholera arrived in South Africa around the early 80s. It first took root at Kangwane, a newly create "Homeland"(Apartheid's created Nation State), not more than a massive resettlement camp. Apartheid was spread to other such settlements in Lebowa,(Pedi people), Gazankulu(Shangaans), KwaZulu(Zulus) the Transkei(Xhosas) and Bophutatswana(for the Tswana peoples), and all were the homelands areas. The press reacted hysterical to the first appearance of cholera, but is currently less covered now from the establishment press, although is widespread. It has not spread to urban populations as a pandemic yet, but now it is being recognized one of the many health threats and hazard to many people who, many of them, are still confined to the rural ghettoes, which were then known as "Homelands/Bantustans."
  • It is also postulated that Hundreds of thousands of workers are exposed to dangerous chemicals, dust or working conditions which affect the health of many over a period of years. There are over two thousand or so die from Industrial accidents each year. And the laws that were set then in the apartheid times were there to protect workers, but were lax compared to other industrialized countries.

The Debilitating Picture of Health

It has been hard to come by health statistics in the South Africa before the present ruling ANC. Fortunately there is enough seeping through the concealment for us to know that if one were born into an African family, or into the African working class was to be born into a dangerous life. Statistics show that: "More than 250,000 workers injured each year in industrial accidents; about 800 people died from mining accidents each year; in 1976 the Erasmus Commission reported that more than 1.2 million worker came into contact with ammonia or benzine, and both these substances are potentially dangerous and harmful; Another 160,000 have been exposed to lead; some alternative researches state that 22,000 mine workers and 6,000 factory workers work with asbestos, an important cause of a variety of lung diseases and cancer.

The Erasmus Commission noted that the employers had a casual attitude to occupational safety. The Commission said: "industrialists have put very little time, money and organization into the prevention of occupational diseases". Four years later, Professor Webster of the National Council for Occupational Health did not see any improvement: 'I wouldn't say that the regular monitoring [of industrial health hazards] has increased very much since the Erasmus report'. The regulations for occupational hazards were not enforced with zeal.((D. Horner;)

For instance, in 1974 there were only 32 factory inspectors available to watch over the safety procedures of some 30,000 factories throughout South Africa. Also, workers had no way of checking their employers if they are putting right any malpractice that might have been turned up in the investigation. Another useful measure of the health of a community is its infant mortality rate, which measures the number of babies who died before they reached age one. By using this measure, it became clear that ill health was divided unevenly in South Africa's urban population.

In Cape Town in 1981, the infant mortality rate for whites was 9.4 deaths for every thousand live births; for Africans in the same city, the rate was 34.6 per thousand. In Pretoria the difference was even greater. In Pretoria, for Whites, the rate was 10.08/1000. Compared to 53.3/1000 for Africans. In Durban, 45% of African children admitted to King Edward VII Hospital for any reason were found to be malnourished. A quarter of those who had malnutrition as their major problem, died. (Guide to the Health Act, 1978)

Several Commissions, like the Fagan Commission, recommended that, with some exceptions, the migrant labor system should end. The Gluckman Commission represented what may be called reformist response to the social tensions of the 1940s. They advocated that social conditions, housing, medical services, education and wages. The Gluckman Commission report itself recommended a humane concern at the extent of ill-health, and its recommendations went far beyond those which might have been expected in a narrowly reformist document.

The Gluckman report of the 1940s was ahead of its time when it was chronicled the impact of industrialization and urbanization on the health of the working class and shows great sensitivity to the relationship between peoples health and the social conditions in which they were living. The report stated:

"First and foremost among the causes of ill health are the economic poverty and social backwardness of the greater part of the Union's[South Africa] population. Vast numbers of people in this country do not earn enough to purchase the minimum food, shelter and clothing to maintain themselves in health.

Malnutrition is rife throughout the land and hitherto the services for its prevention appear to be ineffective. Housing is a problem which, despite the Housing and Slum Acts steadily becomes graver, nor does any effective solution appear to be in sight. Environmental Services ... leave as much to be desired in many small local authority areas, in nearly all urban Native locations, in peri-urban areas and in rural areas generally. (Gluckman Commission) Right through to the 1940s, the above stats show the intensity with which the regime operated and affected people in other various ways.

The Commission had found out that all the pre-conditions existed for a high incidence of disease and health. In their investigations they found and examined a wide range of diseases including typhoid, tuberculosis, venereal diseases, malaria and bilharzia. The reported stated that far too man people, especially Africans, suffered from these illnesses.

This reflected an appalling inadequacy of such(maternal and child welfare) services. Another report observed that, 'Bilharzia's high incidence among the children of the Union (South Africa) is yet another indictment against the present day health services.' The report did not simply hope that the people in health could be improved by simply being upgraded and extended.

The report stated: "Unless there are vast improvements made in the nutrition, housing and health education of the people, the mere provision of more 'doctoring' will not lead to any real improvement in the public health.... It would be unreasonable and unsound to expect the health services forever to make good the deficiencies of the socioeconomic system.

The Commission did not offer any recommendations as to what the long term policy should be. The major problem of health Act, Health Plan and health care in South Africa was that, the reforms that took place meant more tighter control by the State. They also meant that today, Africans are still not having enough health care and are struggling to pay private doctors who scalp their every penny with shoddy medicinal practices in many cases

In the 1970s south Africa began undergoing rapid growth economically and this begun to create problems for the economic system as a whole. To start with, capital intensive industry resulted in South Africa having to import substantial quantities of sophisticated technology. This created problems in the balance of payments, and then the deficit ensued. The point following up was that White workers, and the poor education and training available to African workers limited the possible extent of African advancement. This resulted in a shortage of skilled workers. Another thing was than South Africa encountered problems in finding markets for its manufactured items.

This was caused by international isolation, and the fact that domestically their market was limited because of the low wages earned by the majority of the population. All these problems combined to slow down the rate of development, and by 1976, South Africa was experiencing a negative growth rate. Also, the African Township of Soweto revolted in 1976 and was effectively repressed with guns. But the revolt spread into the rest of the country and South Africa was no more the same. The oppressed Africans went on the offensive with political campaigns, community organizations, trade unions and student movements. the resistance grew so strong that Botha, the current President, called for the Afrikaners to "Adapt or Die" [see some of my Hubs on this subject]

The Township revolution of 1976-77 forced the government onto the defensive for the first time in may years. The popular uprisings, combined with important economic changes, made the government cast and looked around for ways to adapt to new circumstances. Reform was in the air, and health care was chosen as one of the areas of possible reform. The 1977 Health act and subsequent policy statements from the department of health again raised the need to emphasize prevention rather than cure, and they even proposed the establishment of community health centers. These proposal that came 30 years after the Gluckman Commission and were in reality a dreadful parody of the plans laid out in the Commission's report. So many more years had to pass and are still going into an uncertain future regarding the health of Africans in south Africa.

The "Bantustans Health Services

The 'created' "Homelands," "Bantustans" or "National States," had no significant agricultural or industrial wealth, and they were simply concentration camps which added to the misery of Africans. As in the reserves with the mining companies, the Apartheid officials created the 'Bantustans' for migrant laborers for the development of the country's economy and to company profits. The laborers taxation went to the central government(Apartheid South Africa and not to the 'Bantustans' bureaucracies). In the final analysis, the 'homeland governments' had no source of revenue and they depended entirely on financial grants from the Pretoria government.

In 1982 the budget of Gazankulu was over R98 million(over $13 million) of which R70 million($9.3 million) or about 70% was donated by the Apartheid government. The Regime tightly controlled this situation in varying degrees of all the "independent" and "self-governing" "Bantustans"(D. Hindson) This in turn created havoc to African societies and the bleak spaces that they were bundled into called "homelands" merely exacerbated the mental state of the African families and their societies

The Same Foundations or New Facades and Mirages?

In 1977, Gazankulu produced a five-year Health Plan which was going to pivot around 18 health centers. But only five health centers were built at the end of that five years and the problem was the shortage of funds. Between 1976 and 1977, the South African government contribution to Gazankulu dropped from R6.3-million to R5.7-million. In 1981, the health budget was &7-million of which 68% was earmarked for existing hospital services and another 10% for existing clinics and health centers. A senior health official in the Bantustan stated that in 1981 there were 400 villages without clinics.

The Bophutatswana Bantustan government did not have sufficient funds needed to make-up this backlog. A 1981 report by the head of the Department of Community Medicine at Natal Medical school stated that the Kwazulu 'Homeland' had 28 hospitals, 119 fixed clinics and 227 mobile clinics. There was a desperate need for 200 clinics, and yet in 1982, the entire health budget for KwaZulu was R60-million which was about the same amount Johannesburg Hospital spent in a year. After meeting the expenses in maintaining the existing services, Kwazulu had nothing left to take the healthcare to the people.

None of these created 'Bantustans' had any medical school, and the few that are trained in South Africa, receive training that directs them towards lucrative private practices or to modern city hospitals. This was the 'normal' Africans were dealing with during the era of Apartheid and even with their present government post-Apartheid faced and are still facing the same state of affairs when it comes to their health and well-being.

The situation described above created a serious shortage of medical personnel in the 'Bantustans'. There is only 3% of doctors practicing in south Africa that were found in the Homelands. In 1981 there were 70 openings for doctors, and in a letter to the South African Medical Journal, the Minister of Health in Lebowa complained that, 'In some cases(the Lebowa Homeland) hospitals were without full time or regular medical officers for more than four years'.

He added that, "between July and December of 1980, only 40% of hospital medical posts were filled with full time doctors. In the period January-June 1981, Lebowa had only one doctor for every 20,000-30,000 residents. In August 1982, a newspaper reported that there was one doctor for the Qwaqwa Bantustan which had a population of 232,000. In 1981, Dr. Madide, KwaZulu's Minister of Health reported that recruiting doctors from outside South Africa was being obstructed [and in the present era of democracy doctors from outside came in droves, and most of them were fakes, which is costing Africans their lives and money]".

People in the reserves lived far away form any health institutions, and many got to the clinics by walking long distances on foot, because they had no other transport available, and taxis charged high fees for transportation. And these clinics were usually staffed by one nurse. This is the South Africa Africans in South Africa have been living under and even today, the issues of health dominate and the Africans are becoming sicker and many have mental health issue which have not yet been dealt with appropriately by the duly elected officials.

The hospitals that do exist were short staffed and overcrowded, and some were in urgent need of repair and extension, meanwhile the quality of health care suffered. Also the absence of well-organized infrastructure reduced the effectiveness of health care services. During the 1982 Polio outbreak in the Northern Transvaal, the necessary vaccines were at times not available. What saved the health services from total collapse was the South African Defense Force who had a large number of doctors from within South Africa who did their National Service working in the Homeland hospitals, and these soldier/doctors performed a necessary service; nonetheless, their presence must served as a constant reminder to all concerned as to who the real boss was.

The Sum of It All

The Bantustans were eventually called 'National Sates' and the following three examples give a sense how deep the poison of ethnic thinking had seeped into the health services:

- In 1982, it was reported that two nurses at Sebokeng Hospital in Vereeniging were expelled after it was discovered they had documentation form the Boputhatswana Homeland and the Homeland of the Transkei's travel documents, and they could not be accepted without prior permission from their government.

- Dr. G. de Klerk, head of the Medical Association of South Africa blamed the epidemics on the breakdown of health services on the 'created black states'. According to de Klerk: "South African Health Services compared with the best in the world. But the health services of he neighboring states an of the "independent homelands/Bantustans/National states" were in either in a state of collapse, or totally inadequate.

In 1982 the Government of south Africa experimented with new ways to force independence on unwilling Bantustans and it chose sector of health as its terrain. For instance, the Nursing Act of 1982 sought to prevent Bantustan nurses form belonging to the Nursing Association of South Africa. Although Kwazulu resisted, they were eventually forced out.

In the same year nurses were forced out of the Nursing Association, the laws of separation were passed to enabled the Medical Research Council, the Medical and Dental council and the Pharmacy Board to carry on their activities inside the borders of the "independent black states". The health services were not for meeting the needs to the people, but rather their operations reflected the needs and policies of the Apartheid State.

Although Apartheid as a governing entity has been removed from parliamentary and political power, the health effects linger even today, although the present government is working to improve them, but progress is sow. This had had some serious mental and physical devastating health outcomes for African people. In the next Hub, "Apartheid's Mental Diseases: An Educative Social Therapy-Reintegration of African Health and History," we look at the other causes of mental health like the history of torture and the continuation of slums and resistance that is building against it today. There needs to be a serous commitment to the health of the poor, and the equalizing of fair distribution of wealth and social services in order to begin to meet the dire needs of the poor and sick African South Africans.

Looking in hindsight about what the article has been about, above, I would like to utilize an article written by Gavin H. Mooney and Diane E. McIntyre, which I think help to update the article above, and gives us a perspective of health in contemporary South Africa, but still resting and built of the Apartheid Modal and model. I Will defer to the two authors mentioned above:

South Africa: a 21st century Apartheid in health and health care?


Abstract

  • The current crisis in health and health care in South Africa results from a combination of factors: the legacy of apartheid; issues of poverty, income inequality and AIDS; and the more recent influence of neoliberal economic policies and globalization.

    The legacy of apartheid has meant that both health and health care are skewed along racial lines, and 60% of health care expenditure goes largely to the 14% of the population who have private health insurance. A more equitable distribution of health care resources will result from the promised National Health Insurance, the details of which are still being debated.

  • The AIDS epidemic in South Africa was exacerbated by the government not introducing antiretroviral treatment (ART) until the early 2000s. In 2005, it was estimated that more than 5.5 million South Africans were infected with HIV. Now all those with a CD4 count below 200 are eligible for ART.A better health service will not be enough to improve the health of South Africans. A whole-of-government approach is needed to address the persistent problems of poverty and inequality.

Grave concerns about the health of the people of South Africa are compounded by the inadequate state of the South African health care system. The main factors affecting health in South Africa are the legacy of apartheid and the pressing current issues of poverty, income inequality and AIDS. These same factors affect health care — dealing with AIDS has severely diminished the funding and resources available for other diseases; income inequality is reflected in the split between private and public care; and poverty means that many South Africans have limited access to health care of any kind, and for those able to access services the quality is low.

Health care problems are exacerbated by the fact that funding for health, while overall at a reasonable level for a country with a gross domestic product per head of $634, is skewed in favor of the private sector which mostly caters for the rich. Thus, inequalities in income are reflected in inequalities in health care and in turn in inequalities in health.

Background to the current health crisis

The democratic African National Congress (ANC) government was elected in 1994, after a half century of the nationalist government’s racist policies under apartheid (the Afrikaans word for “separateness”), which included political, legal, social and economic discrimination against black people. This legacy of discrimination, one of the key social determinants of health, had a major impact on the health of black South Africans.

From 1994 to 1996, the broad policy agenda of the ANC government headed by Nelson Mandela was the Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP). Efforts were made to improve health and health care and especially to tackle some of the problems arising from other social determinants of health — poverty, inequality, inadequate housing and poor education. For example, a clinic building program greatly increased the number of primary health care facilities in previously underserved areas.

In 1996, the RDP was replaced by a neoliberal macroeconomic policy — GEAR (Growth, Employment and Redistribution) — favored by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. Neoliberalism has been defined by Harvey as a theory of political economic practices that proposes that human well-being can best be advanced by liberating individual entrepreneurial freedoms and skills within an institutional framework characterized by strong private property rights, free markets and free trade . . . State interventions in markets . . . must be kept to a bare minimum.

Persistence of poverty and inequalityUnder the influence of neoliberalism, levels of poverty and inequality remain high. A 2004 report from the Human Sciences Research Council states that the proportion of people living in poverty in South Africa has not changed significantly between 1996 and 2001 . . . [but] those households living in poverty have sunk deeper into poverty and the gap between rich and poor has widened.

According to Statistics South Africa, in 2001 “the 10% of the population in the lowest income decile shared R1.1 billion, whereas the 10% of the population in the highest income decile shared R381 billion”. The Gini coefficient, the most commonly used indicator of inequality (the closer to 1, the greater the inequality) is 0.73 for South Africa, which makes it one of the most unequal societies in the world. Average real incomes actually fell from 1995 to 2000.3

In his history of inequality in South Africa, Terreblanche writes of his concerns about the problems it is creating.

The coexistence of a new political system (controlled by an African elite) and the old economic system (still controlled by a neoliberal white elite) constitutes a dual system of democratic capitalism which is morally unjust, dysfunctional, and also unsustainable. We are forced to ask: for how long can white wealth and elitism remain entrenched; for how long can the black elite continue to indulge in black elitism; and how far can the black bourgeoisie and the black lumpenproletariat [the lowest members of society or the underclass] extend before the system cracks?

A similar concern is expressed by Gumede in his account of the rise of Mbeki and the “soul of the ANC”.

So far, the economic cost of South Africa’s transition [from the apartheid years] has fallen disproportionately on those it was supposed to benefit most — the millions of black poor . . . Unless the economy delivers to the country’s poor, South Africa’s democratic miracle could unravel.

Implications of neoliberalism and globalization

Fourteen years on from the democratic elections, nearly 60% of health care expenditure in South Africa remains private, largely for the 14% of the population who have private health insurance. The reason appears to be that, in essence, the democratically elected South African Government is caught in the web of neoliberal international politics and regulations supported by the IMF and the World Bank. The government has justifiable concerns that if it moves too fast to introduce reforms, in this case health care reforms, this will have financial repercussions for its relations with the IMF and the World Bank.

Neoliberalism creates problems not only for the health of South Africans but also for the health of the peoples of many other low- and middle-income countries. The selfish individualism that neoliberalism engenders — described as “the malaise of modernity” by the Canadian philosopher Charles Taylor — increases inequality within countries, and spills over into global power relations between rich and poor countries.

Accompanying neoliberal globalization has been a freeing up of trade, with a resultant movement of the workforce, especially doctors and nurses, from developing to developed countries. Mackintosh writes,

Migration from Africa to high-income countries . . . worsens an already intolerable gulf. Its distributive effects may be measured by the perverse subsidy generated . . . Migrant African health care professionals were trained in sub-Saharan Africa at public and private expense; the benefits of that training always are then experienced in the UK [and other rich countries such as Australia] and lost to those dependent on African health services.

Still Health Remains A Conundrum In Post-Apartheid Mzantsi

In The Eye Of The Imploding Storm

One of the most debilitating realities facing south Africa is the state of Health, particularly that of the Africans of South Africa today.As the article below is breaking down the issues of HIV/AIDS that is devastating Africans in greater number today, there are many other issues that still need to be addressed.

For one, there is the issue of chemical warfare that in may cases is left out of the analysis of the present-day manifestation of AIDS/HIV in South Africa. The advent of AID/HIV came about because of various Strategic applications of the Apartheid regime in trying to cull the African population, and this is one fact that is omitted in the issues that pertain to the emergence of this dangerous and horrible disease in South Africa, specifically amongst the Africans of South Africa.

The Hub above give a history of diseases like TB, AIDS and so on and how these were implemented by the Apartheid Regime. In so far as the health of Africans people's health goes, the Hub above does a good job at giving a background as to the diseases that were found amongst the Africans, and how these were engineered by the Apartheidizers. What seems to be missing is the link as to how AIDS/HIV came to be such an endemic and debilitating disease, particularly and specifically amongst Africans of South Africa, around the early 1980s.

When one reads some of the articles about the AIDS/Disease and blaming the present Ruling ANC for mismanagement, there is a kernel of truth in what they are writing about. Some go to the extend of quoting from articles by certain prominent White intellectuals who who are always in a hurry to gloss over the existence of certain diseases, blaming Apartheid, but not really putting the blame squarely on the regime, but hasten to blame the ANC. I am not a fan or follower of the ANC, but there are certain things we need to touch-up on as we really reveal what facilitated for the emergence and spread of the AIDS/HIV malaise amongst and specifically within the African collective of South Africa.

What these prognosticators point out is that the ANC inherited a weak pre-existing health care system, which I hasten to add, which was a carryover from the Apartheid regime, and this Hub above has ably laid out how this came about. It is true that there were many failures of taking hold and servicing the healthcare of South Africa when the ANC came to power, but I contend that this is partly obfuscation of the real reason as to why this disease took such hold amongst the Africans of South Africa. It is easier to blame the victims and point out to their mistakes, but at the same time conveniently overlook the facts as to how and why this disease came to be so rife amongst Africans in South Africa today, specifically.

Since we are Africans of South Africa, it is incumbent upon us to paint a clear picture as to how and why we are facing this predicament. Blaming the Victims of Apartheid is an easy cop-out and one of the many ways that the spin about this disease is being manipulated and channelled. This is a very important time as we are now in the days when Mandela has just passed, and writers like me being attacked as to why we are posting such things when South Africa is coming together as a 'Rainbow' nation. Is that a fact? We ask? I am one of the dying breed of African South Africa who keeps tabs and the truth as is, no embellishment, no flim-flam, not distortions nor amelioration, no spins or propaganda, but the historical truth and nothing else by the truth of history, so help me ma-Glozi(Ancestors).

For the ignorant, charlatans, scoundrels, sell-oouts, quislings and turncoats, as to why we are where we are today, it is because of those amongst us who seek to spin and twist the truth so that they can keep on draining the life out of the country and its indigenous people. What I am talking about is that the left out truth has its antecedent in a little or not spoken at all events that led to the AIDS/HIV pandemic. What I have in my possession is the "Truth" and that can never be changed, and I will use it to the end that it brings out that which is hidden and no more cared about nor talked about.

One of the most important Hubs I have written to date is called "Cry The Beloved Peoples: An In-Depth View Of How The Apartheidizers Blame The Victims In Contemporary South Africa." In this Hub, a lot of issues have been recorded and they will be and remain the testament of our suffering so long as the Internet exists. This Hub is one I will highly recommend to the readers of this Hub to read in its entirety, for in it, the essence and crux/or Apartheid reality is laid bare and it is important that I highlight this.

As I have just pointed out above, there are people who are blaming the ANC for the spread and mismanagement of the HIV/AIDS pandemic and gloss-over the truth, because it has become commonplace to Blame the Victim of Apartheid's wrath, and shift it to the defunct and dysfunctional ANC-led government. I have already indicated that I am not a follower of the ANC caste, cadre, cabal and minions, but in this case, I shift the blame to the Apartheid regime and no one else. If we forget and miss that point, then the history of Africans of South Africa is irrelevant, and Apartheid never happened.

Apartheid Mental Disorders have laid ground to fracture the consciousness and identity of Africans of themselves that we are witnessing today. This fact cannot be changed nor altered. No amount of distortions is going to change that. On the day that African South Africans and the World are celebrating or commemorating the passing away of Madiba at FNB, it is the day we speak truth to the corruptors and the those who are the detractors of the African people of South Africa. The Hub I have just mentioned above, is a good starting point. This Hub here is a continuation of that Hub, and it seriously and thoroughly is an examination of the present-day Mental Disorders and Shattered and Broken/Wasted identities of Africans in Mzantsi.

Reviewing and Examining The Past 20+ Years of Contemporary Mental Disorders and Destroyed African Identities, is going to be a task of this part of the Hub I am onto now. This is also a n expose of how we got to be where we are, and this is also written from the African-centered perspective.

I bear no grudge for nobody, but I bring the truth forth in order that History keeps on reminding us how and were we erred in the past 20+ years of the rule of the Gendarme Vulture capitalist ANC clique. The Apartheidizers, as I have pointed out above, are not going to be exonerated one bit. The present AIDS/Pandemic and Drug epidemic that has assailed us, has long been in the making, and that needs to be addressed fully from a contemporary standpoint, utilizing history to set our bearings and moorings/directions about our condition in a clear and truthful manner.

Why Africans Are Suffering From Apartheid's Mental Disorders

In the twentieth year rule of the ANC, the African people are suffering from Mental disorders and shattered identities. This can be seen with the de-cultured children who have been miseducated in the so-called Model C school. These children have lost and are no more speaking their languages; they do not know their past ancient history nor the history of the recent struggle of the overthrow of the Apartheid regime.

The work very hard to perfect that convoluted wrong perceived English accents; they are rude, mean and very abusive towards their elders. What we see again is the role that street drugs play in the mushing-up of the minds and bodies of the young Africans, and the Adults too; d\There are drug dens all over the African Townships(although the White children have been affected too by this drug scourge); there is rampant prostitution among the poor Africans and the poor Whites too.

Unemployment and the vicissitudes of crime and poverty have left a permanent scar on the mass collective; poor basic service and corruption have rendered the whole African and poor White communities in shambles; ignorance and being Dumbed Down is the modus operandi of the present-day government (of which this is going to be qualified below).

Chaos, confusion and dysfunction is now the new normal; and the charged racial attitudes was and is the left over of Afrikaner divide and conquer strategy(enforced through hateful and jingoistic rhetoric) and it permeates the entire social fabric of the whole societies of Mzantsi.

Opportunism and false realities have become the manifestation of what life seems to be about ind the day-to-day interaction and decrepit existence of the denizens of the country of Mzantsi. so that, in a nutshell, what has as happened is not just an aberration, but a carefully constructed post Apartheid South Africa, which so few really never paid attention to it insidious and evil intent.

Today Apartheid is made to look good because so many of the White people have access to the Internet, and a head-start in education and jobs, and are working assiduously to put a positive spin on the past. On the other hand, Africans do not have access to the means of purchasing computers or paying to the cut-throat Internet fees and come from a Bantu education system, that ensured that they remained perpetual slaves, and were not a competition or threat to the white children and people.

At the same time, Africans have been so badly miseducated through this slave education, they, in the end, do not really write much about their stories and histories, They in fact need the cooperation of their White counterparts to produce any type of history or story about themselves. They do not even read, and the Internet is exacerbating this ignorance and condition.

And, yet, with all this few issues pointed out above, articles that depict the Boers in their true form, there then emerges a well-coordinated effort to try and dispute and dismiss the article or Hub, because such articles come too close to the ruth, and debunk much of what has been termed as 10 year plans to implement what we shall see below as I begin to revisit the Total Strategy(Final solution) program as espoused and applied/implemented by the Boers(Afrikaaners) to the African people.

Below I will briefly discuss the Total strategy Doctrine of the Apartheid regime, and the speech made by Botha around this time, and the JMC's, this will then begin to peel off the obfuscation and lies today that are promulgated against the ANC-Blaming the victim and making the victim look like an ogre. Yet if one were to trace the history of this doctrine, if dovetails neatly into the present social miasma affect Africans today. And the sad part is that the African people were not well prepared to defend themselves against this type of well-coordinated Apartheid attack on their societies and being. Let's look at what I am talking about much more concretely below.

Apartheid's Total Strategies Poisonous Governance..

Revisiting Total Strategy: The Boers Fianl Solution Mandate

A very clear statement of the Total Strategy in South Africa appeared in the 1977 Defense White Paper under the heading "National Security" and it states:

"We are today involved in a war, whether we wish to accept it or not. It is therefore essential that a Total National Strategy be formulated at the highest level. The defense of the Republic of South Africa is not solely the responsibility of the Department of Defense. On the contrary... [it] is the combined responsibility of all government departments.

This can be taken further — it is the responsibility of the entire population, the 'nation'*(in this case, the 'nation' means the white nation only), and every population group. In 1971 South Africa had established the State Security Council to fill a similar function of formulating "Total National Strategy" for National Security. (Department of Defense White Paper, 1977)

"At the national level the Cabinet is assisted by the State Security Council (SSC) and its executive agencies to fulfill duties concerning the national security of the Republic of South Africa. The department of the Prime Minister was responsible for management at this level by issuing guidelines, Total National Strategy directives, and Total National Strategies concerning National Security.

The national strategic planning process was conducted by the State Security Council with its Work Committee and Secretariat and fifteen interdepartmental committees of the State Security Council while coordination of the executive function is carried out by a National Joint Planning Center. It is important to note that the Total Strategy being promoted so vigorously is a concept which calls for a bureaucratic structure as a mechanism for the effective coordination of policies that entrenched Apartheid more.

A more comprehensive definition of "Total Strategy was thus put forth as follows":... the comprehensive plan to utilize all the means available to a state according to an integrated pattern in order to achieve the national aims within the framework of the specific policies. A Total Strategy is, therefore, not confined to a particular sphere, but is applicable at all levels and to all functions of the state structure.

The section concludes with fourteen aspects of Boer National security that are included in the formulation of a Total strategy:

  • Political Action
  • Military/paramilitary action
  • Economic action
  • Psychological action
  • Scientific and technological action
  • Religious-cultural action
  • Manpower services
  • Intelligence services
  • Security services
  • National supplies, resources, and production services
  • Transport and distribution services
  • financial services
  • Community services
  • Telecommunications service

While the White Paper in 1977 cited the key role of the State Security in formulating the Total Strategy, this body lay dormant after its creation. The origins of this body are linked with those of BOSS(Bureau of State Security). When the Apartheid State was combating the new underground and guerrilla activities, the failed ANC Wankie wars, from the mid-sixties, as noted above, several national security bodies were established, (a State Security Committee and an Intelligence Coordinating Committee), but these were apparently not considered adequate. Boss was formed in 1968-69 as the coordinating agency for intelligence and security. The state Security Council included the prime minister, the ministers of justice, defense, police, foreign affairs, commissioner, foreign affairs, national national security, The chief of the Defense Force, the police commissioner, the secretaries for foreign affairs and justice, as well as other ministers and members of parliament co-opted on an ad hoc basis. In the Vorster government, the State Security Council was not active and that its functions were performed on an informal basis by Vorster and General van den Bergh of BOSS.

Botha's Total Strategy: Featuring National Joint Planning Center

But with P.W. Botha in office, the Council was activated to play a central role in formulating Total Strategy, under the guidance of the Department of the Prime Minister. The process was described in the 1979 Defense White Paper as follows: "At the national level the Cabinet is assisted by the State Security Council (SSC) and its executive agencies to fulfill duties concerning the national security of the Republic of South Africa. The department of the Prime Minister was responsible for management at this level by issuing guidelines, Total National Strategy directives, and Total National Strategies concerning National Security. The national strategic planning process was conducted by the State Security Council with its Work Committee and Secretariat and fifteen interdepartmental committees of the State Security Council while coordination of the executive function is carried out by a National Joint Planning Center. It is important to note that the Total Strategy being promoted so vigorously is a concept which calls for a bureaucratic structure as a mechanism for the effective coordination of policies that entrenched Apartheid more.

Botha gave the military greater powers and a much more prominent role within this bureaucratic structure The South African Defense Fore was now taking part in a wide range of interdepartmental meetings regardless of topic. Some senior commerce officials saw it as a waste of time teaching military Generals the intricacies of exchange control regulations. Military Intelligence, under General Malan was tasked with the investigating the impact of Apartheid laws in District Six, an area where African residents were removed so that it could be turned into a whites-only area. In 1980 the Defense Force document came to light detailing a plan to offset opposition criticism in parliament of the defense budget on such issues as unequal burden borne by the infantry in the Namibia war, conscientious objection, unlawful hunting of game by soldiers, pay problems, and difficulties of recruiting Africans for the Defense force because of pay advantages given to whites. They also met with the officials of the South African Broadcasting Corporations to stress the need for more "saber-rattling" films for television. (Guardian, UK, 1980) Tis was done in order to pacify the South African community.

In 1979 Botha showed interest of forging ties to the business sector by bringing his entire cabinet to a meeting with three hundred business and industrial leaders. In his speech he stressed the government's belief in 'free enterprise' and promised to relax state controls. Although when speaking about the "Bantustans," following in the steps of John Vorster's 'Detente," he stressed the importance of business in his plan to turn the region into a bulwark against "communist expansion'.

Botha's business ties was founded in the military's close ties to private industry through Armscor arms manufacturing and procurement system. In 1979 Afrikaner businessman, John Maree, was seconded from the giant conglomerate Barlow Rand to become Armscor's chief executive. In addition, directors of top companies were appointed to the new Presidential Council and to the Public Service Commission, which and been controlled by the Civil Service.

Botha expanded the ties by appointing thirteen top business leaders, and these were:

A.M. Rosholt, chairman of Barlow-Rand, a manufacturing conglomerate ; Basil Nersov, chairman of Anglo-Vaal, operating in mining and industry; Willem J, de Villiers, chairman of General Mining and finance; Frans Cronje, chairman of South African Breweries and Nedsual(in finance) and eighteen other companies; Gavin Reilly, deputy chairman of Anglo American Corporation; Richard John Goss, executive director of South African breweries; Chris Saunders, chairman of Tongaat Sugar, a conglomerate, and Huletts Corporation.

Ian Mackenzie, chairman of Standard Bank, and six other companies; Richard Laurie. president of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and Protea Holdings; Johannes G. van der Horst, chairman of Old Mutual(Insurance); Frederick J. du Plessis, chairman of Trust Bank and managing director of Sanlam(insurance); Johannes A. Hunter, chairman of Volskas Bank; Jacob Wilken, president of the South African Agricultural Union. Big Business was co-opted and in cahoots with the Apartheid regime.

Apartheid's True Confessions - The Guts of Total Strategy

The new Afrikaner elite represented by the Botha government— military and business leaders — has attempted to provide, through the Total strategy, a solution enforced by military power to the political crisis generated by African resistance to Apartheid and the country's related economic problems, and to stave-off or win the war against Front Line States. The new, powerful position of President was proposed as a part of the new constitutional structure represents the culmination of this effort to reorient South Africa's White politics. /

The increasing strength of the 'far right', as reflected in the formation of a Conservative Party under Andries Treurnicht indicated the difficulty for Botha and his Total Strategy in attracting substantial support from the traditional Nationalist constituencies: White workers and the middle class, farmers, civil servants, and the lower echelons of the military, professionals, teachers, lawyers — who by the way were under the 'octopus grip' of the racist Broederbond and its secretive cabal.

Thus, even though the goal of Total strategy has been to restructure apartheid to safeguard white domination, with the heavy infighting between Botha's nationalists on the right and the Conservatives and their allies on the 'far right', In their White enclaves and gatherings, Botha was caught off-guard trying to woo and appease the right and the far right by delivering this grist of the mill hateful and obsequious soliloquy, and it endeared him to the Volk by ranting as follows:

(This is a speech by South African President P.W. Botha. It is printed here from a South african newspaper, the Sunday Times of August 18, 1985 under the by-line of David G. Mailu...)

Botha - Why We hate Blacks

"My beloved White Afrikaners, greetings to all of you brothers and sisters in the name of our holy blood. On behalf of our precious country and myself, Botha, the President of the Republic of South Africa. I take this opportunity to thank and congratulate you heartily for your courage and determination in giving me your strong had to keep the Afrikaner flag flying high. We are going through trying times, and I have chosen to write to you to assure you of my dedication and solidarity with you through fire and brimstone. We live among greedy savages who are after our blood, who hate us and want to take from us what we have acquired. But do not forget we are hated because we are a gifted and united people. Long live the White Afrikaner Flag! Long live Afrikanerdom!

Do not see me as a mere Botha by name, but the very living spirit and promise of our White brothers and sisters. Verily, verily I say unto you, this is our God-given land for which we should fight to the very last drop of blood. We cannot simply stand and watch all the laurels we have created being plundered by these barbaric and lazy Kaffirs(Niggers ). Pretoria has been made by the White mind for the white man. We are not obliged even at the least to try and prove anybody and to the Blacks that we are a superior people. We have demonstrated that to the Blacks in a thousand and one ways. The Republic of south Africa that we know of today has not been created by wishful thinking. We have created it at the expense of intelligence, sweat and blood.

The blood of our forefathers was poured on this very land of our salvation. We have therefore, a great responsibility to safeguard our treasure, our history and pride. He cannot be wrong who fights for his own survival and rights. Beloved citizens, you are aware of the kind of nonsense being spread all over the world about us. We have been labeled everything bad; but this is not because we are worse than anybody else. Come to think of it, my honorable citizens: The racism they talk about didn't begin with White Afrikaner. It has always been a fact of this life.

Were they the Afrikaners who tried to eliminate the Australian Aborigines? Are they the Afrikaners who discriminate against the blacks and call them 'Niggers' in the United States? England discriminates against its Blacks and the "Sus"law is out to discipline Black. Canada, France, Russia, Japan all play their discrimination too. Why in the hell then is so much noise made about us? Why are the biased against us? Has the world forgotten what the Russians have been doing to the Jews? What did the Hitler regime do the Jews? Does anyone need to be told what the Whites did to the Red Indians? Don't we know what the Israelis are doing to the Palestinians and the Lebanese? Or what the English are doing to the Irish?

I am simply trying to prove to you all that there is nothing unusual we are doing that the so-called civilized worlds are not doing. We are simply an honest people who have come out aloud with a clear philosophy of how we want to live our own White life. We do not pretend like the other Whites that we like Blacks. The fact that Blacks look like human beings and act like human beings does not necessarily make them sensible human beings. Hedgehogs are not porcupines and lizards are not crocodiles simply because they look alike.

If God wants us to be equal to the Blacks, he would have created us all in a uniform color an intellect. But he created us differently, Whites, Blacks, Yellow; rulers and the ruled. Intellectually, we are superior to the Blacks; that has been proven beyond any reasonable doubt over the years. I believe that the Afrikaner is an honest, God-fearing person, who has demonstrated practically the right way of being. He does not engage in hypocrisy of all these others who love sounding substantive amount of political hot-air, or to make the world believe that they are better-off. We give Blacks employment and a thousand and one other amenities.

Nevertheless, it is comforting to know that behind the scenes, Europe, America, Canada, Australia and others are behind us in spite of what they say. For diplomatic relations, we all know what language should be used and where. To prove my point Comrades, does any one of you know of a white country without an investment or interest in South Africa? Who buys our gold? Who buys our diamonds? Who is helping us develop the nuclear weapon? The very truth is that we are their people and they are our people. It's a big secret.

The very strength of our economy is backed by America, Britain, Germany, and I have on my list a number of Black countries — no kidding. Comrade Afrikaners, survival of the fittest didn't begin with us. It is not the desire of the chicken that it should be eaten by the Hawk. It is nature's design that the Hawk should eat the chicken; but aren't they both birds? It is nature's design that the small fish should be eaten by the big fish. It is our strong conviction, therefore, that the Black is the raw materials for the White man. So, bothers and sisters, let us join hands together to fight against this Black Devil. I appeal to all Afrikaners to come out with any creative means of fighting this war.

Surely God cannot forsake his own people who we are. By now, every one of us has seen practically that the Blacks cannot rule themselves. Give them guns, and they will kill each other. They are good in nothing else but making noise, dancing, marrying many wives and indulging in sex. You have just to look around and take stock of what their independent countries have achieved. Don't we know what is happening in Ghana, Mozambique, Sudan, Nigeria, Uganda, Egypt, to name but a few. Nothing else but chaos, bloodshed, corruption and starvation such as in Ethiopia. Let us all accept that the Black man is the symbol of poverty, mental inferiority, laziness and emotional incompetence. Isn't it plausible therefore that the White man is created to rule the Black man.

Come to think of what would happen one day if you woke up and on the throne sat a Kaffir!(Nigger!) Can you imagine what would happen to our women? Does any one of you believe that the Blacks can rule this country? Hence, we have good reason to let them all — the Mandelas rot in prison, and I think we would be commended for having kept them alive in spite of what we have in hand with which to finish them off. I wish to announce a number of new strategies,(Total Strategy? ), that should be put to use to destroy this Black bug. We should now make use of the 'chemical weapon'(AIDS?).

Priority number one, we should not, by all means allow any more increase of the Black population lest we be choked very soon(See Aids Maps and pictures in the photo gallery) I have exciting news that our scientists have come up with an efficient stuff(Dr. Wouter Basson?) I am sending out more researchers to the field to the field to identify as many avenues as possible where the chemical weapons could be employed to combat any further population increases. The hospital is a very strategic opening, for example, and should be fully utilized. The food supply channel should be used. We have developed excellent slow killing poisons and fertility destroyers. Our only fear is that is in case such stuff come into their hands as they are bound to start using it against us, if you care to think of the many blacks working for us in our domestic quarters. However, we are doing the best we can to make sure that the stuff remain strictly in our hands.

Secondly, most Blacks are vulnerable to money and inducements. I have set aside a special fund to exploit this avenue. The old trick of divide and rule is still very valid today. Our experts should work day and night to set the Black man against his fellowman. His inferior sense of morals can be exploited beautifully. And here is a creature that lacks foresight. There is no need for us to combat him in long term projections that he cannot suspect. The average Black does not plan his life beyond a year; that stance, for example, should be exploited. My special department is already working around the clock to come out with a long term operation blueprint.

I am also sending a special request to all Afrikaner mothers to double their birth rate(This sounds like the Mein Kampf!) It may be necessary too to set-up a population boom industry by putting up centers where we employ and support fully White young men and women to produce children for the [white] nation. We are also investigating the merit of uterus rentals as a possible means of speeding up the growth of our population through surrogate mothers.

For the time being, we should also engage higher gear to make sure that Black men are separated from their women and fine imposed be imposed upon married wives who bear illegitimate children. I have a committee working on finding better methods of inciting Blacks against each other and encouraging murder among themselves. Murder cases among Blacks should bear very little punishment in order to encourage them.

My scientists have come up with a drug that could be smuggled into their brews to affect slow poisoning results and fertility destruction. Working through drinks and manufacturing of soft drinks geared to the Blacks could promote the channels of reducing their population.

Our combat unit is now training special White girls in the use of slow-poisoning drugs. Ours is not a war that we can use the atomic bomb to destroy Blacks, so we must use our intelligence to affect this, The person-to-person encounter can be very effective. As the records show that the Black man is dying to go to bed with the White woman, here is a unique opportunity.

Our Sex Mercenary Squad should go out and camouflage with the Apartheid Fighters while doing their operations quietly, administering slow-killing poison and fertility destroyers to those Blacks they thus befriend. We are modifying the Sex Mercenary Squad by introducing White men who should go for the militant Black woman an any other vulnerable Black woman.

We have received a new supply of prostitutes from Europe and America who are desperate and too keen to take up the appointments. Money can do anything for you. So, while we have it, we should make the best use of it.(The Boer's "Final Solution and Final Onslaught?)

In the meantime, my beloved White citizens, do not take to heart what the world says, I and don't be ashamed of being called racists and King of Apartheid. I shall not become a monkey simply because someone called me a monkey. I will still remain your bright star, His Excellency Botha. My last appeal is that the maternity hospital operations should be intensified.

We are not paying those people to help bring Black babies to this world,but to eliminate them on the very delivery moment.(Since the 1970s, all women bearing children for the first time were forced to do so through a cesarean operation, limiting child birth to three kids - my addition.) If this department worked very efficiently, a great deal could be achieved. My government has set aside a special fund for erecting covert hospitals and clinics to promote this program.

Our operation for the elimination of loud-mouthed thugs who regard themselves as nationalists in and outside South Africa has not been doing its best. We are capable of performing better than that. Finally, I wish to remind you again that ours is a holy war. God does not want us to perish, he wants us to liv in the very land he specially chose and gave to our forefathers whom he brought from Europe.

Let us fight for it and spread the gospel and civilization that he wanted us to spread. Therefore, don't be shaken by even the economic utterances the world is sounding against us. We are a very wealthy nation(See the chart of South Africa as a regional superpower-my addition), the strongest in Africa and we are capable of containing any form of threat from anywhere in the world. We are strong as we would like to be. In Fraternity(Broederbond Fraternity?) of the White Blood, I am your guiding star, HIS EXCELLENCY BOTHA!"

Dark Days Of Iron-Jackboot Apartheidizers..

Total Strategy: The Trojan Horse War Technique of the Apartheid Regime

"Reality And How It Looks Is Indeed Deceptive: Two Sides Of The Same coin"

I would like to reiterate and restate the objectives of Total Strategy below:

A more comprehensive definition of "Total Strategy was thus put forth as follows":... the comprehensive plan to utilize all the means available to a state according to an integrated pattern in order to achieve the national aims within the framework of the specific policies. A Total Strategy is, therefore, not confined to a particular sphere, but is applicable at all levels and to all functions of the state structure.

"Utilizing a comprehensive plan utilizing all means available to the state according to an integrated pattern in order to achieve national aims within the framework of specific policies-not necessarily confined to a particular sphere, but applicable to all levels and to all functions of the state structure." these state structure have been listed above and they were Tasked with certain duties and roles that they went out and applied to their intended targets(Us, Africans).

A lot of people today in the age of Facebook and the social media and converging and diverging enabled gizmos that give a new way of communicating, seeing presenting ideas that was not existing before the creation of the White Paper. The censorship Board of the Apartheidizers was very efficient, and the control and dissemination of data and information was in the hands of those who oppressed the poor Africans.

Nowadays we are now in the technological age with its myriad techniques which enhance and enable us to be able to see the free-flow of data and information, and the manipulation thereof.

Using these state apparatuses enabled the Apartheid rulers to effect their strategy with no opposition from their intended oppressed African victims Using all sorts of nefarious and covert and overt dirty war mindset tactics and technique. Is it a wonder then we find ourselves in this position. If one then starts learning and looking into the JMCs, those that were tasked with actual application and operation, in the context of the total strategy, was promoted by these entities vigorously as effected and effective bureaucratic structure and mechanisms with effective coordination of these policies.

So that, if Botha holler what he is purported to have been by the Sunday times article, it holds a whole stack of truths in it. If one understand Afrikaner history, the themes he hit on have been enforced and promoted or talked about by the Afrikaner people. One needs to remember what Botha said and know what the Boers have been saying through their fights with the English, the incarceration into the Concentration camps, they're being forced to speak and learn English.

And the creation of the Broederbond right all up to the coming of Apartheid rule in 1948 up to what I am talking about, Total Strategy, there is a consistency that runs the gamut with the time periods mentioned… What Botha was saying is not untrue, it was in fact the way the Boers talked and saw themselves with all the confidence, arrogance and mien unparalleled.

Today there is a convenient lapse of historical remembrance and a denial that what Botha said as being not true. If one goes into the Web and look for this article, it has been excised and the firs part of it omitted permanently. What he said we see it today as AIDS/HIV. We Africans have been blindsided by these attacks and AIDS/HIV proved to be devastating.

I mean, there are many other reason why we have this disease amongst Africa's, and the stereotypes Botha uses in the article, about sex, beer, laziness are a mere whistle call or red meat to his followers, and some of us have seen first hand what this can do to a people(Africans) for which it was intended and directed. This gets lost to the present-day detractors of the ANC from the Apartheid era, and it is the most crucial part of this whole discourse.

How and What this has done and affected the Africans today is part of the reason why I write the Hubs the way I do and resent some uncommon and hidden information.Today we see in as drug abuse, alcoholism, unemployment, diseases of known and unknown origins, increased mental diseases and disorders proliferation in the midst of the African people today.

Poor housing, poverty, ignorance, and high level of cultural disorientation and Language terrorism that our youth have not yet woken up from, and the breakdown of families, foreign drugs, and chaos, dysfunction, crime, you name it it's there functional and effective. This did not just not happen when the ANC took power as alleged by those people who have assigned themselves the role of being our mouthpieces and spokes-people.

There was no age in our midst prior to the Implementation of Total Strategy by the Apartheid rulers. After it was passed into a White Paper by the Apartheid regime. Now that the ANC is in Power, they find themselves in a fully fledged HIV/AIDS murderous and disastrous pandemic. It is therefore clear that it did not just manifest itself in with the middle of the African society, listening to Botha, and reading about he Total Strategy doctrine.

The present eradication of the identity of Africans along with the mental madness that is endemic to Africans in the millennium idid not just pop-out of nowhere. This has been long in the offing, this then is my understanding and take as to what really happened to us a people.

When Total Strategy(Final Solution) was being elaborated and implemented it was manifested as did the Trojan horse was. Whilst the people slept and asleep as slaves of the Boere, when there was no one at the gates, prompted A Queen Mother Audley Moore in her Poem:

After four score years of freedom

Our so-called leaders say

that the race has made great progress

And we face the dawn of day

But the day in not quite dawning

Millions of my peoples stand

pleading at the bars of justice

for reparation and land

We're not free in this country

And the truth is the light

So I turn to ask my watchman

What's the hour of the night?


We died fighting for democracy

I admit this to be true

Yet Countless African women & men

Have no homes or work to do

If we wish to see the daylight

Or the rising of the Sun

We need our self-determination

Our won affair to run

since reparations will

put freedom in our sight

Let us turn to ask the watchman

What's the hour of the night?


We fought with the mighty armies

When they battled with the Huns

Faced the fierce pangs of combat

Herd the roar of the guns

But no change came in our condition

When the smoke had cleared away

For the blood we shed in battle

Did not bring the dawn of day

All of our suffering and service

Left us in the same old plight

So I turn to ask my watchman

What's the hour of the night?


The Whites are celebrating their freedom

A bicentennial whose praise they sing

But Africans are also jumping on board

Although we didn't get a thing

We're still struggling for integration

As though it was a glorious fight

So I've got to as my watchman

What's the hour of the night?


Music is an art or science

In which African men reign supreme

But the story of our progress

Is still a vision or a dream

But we have great voices for singing

But we have no voice ion court

Imagine being attacked by police dogs

Just to register and vote

With self-determination

We would have our perfect right

So we turn to ask our watchman

What's the hour of the night?


African men boast of their religion

Though I wonder if they should

When you take an inventory

You'll find them not so good

We build thousands of fine churches

With the dollars that we give

Yet masses of our people

Have no decent place to live

We say God is our rich father

Yet we're always on a tight

Watchman strike a match and tell me

What's the hour of the night


Civil rights law just for us

Is proof that were not free

How could we be fooled to think

We had a share in this democracy

When foreigners come here

They're made citizens by choice

Citizenship was imposed upon us

We never had a choice

The passage of the 14th Amendment

Took away the right

So you better ask the watchman

What's the hour of the night?


Time is running out for us

A deadline we must meet

To file reparation petitions

and make politicians earn their seats

If we're to win this battle,

Every organization must join the Fight

Then well tell our watchman

What's the hour of the night

(July 27, 1950)

When we slept, the Apartheid juggernaut was thriving. As we begin to wake up with cobwebs clouding our vision, we barely make out the parameters or sketches of our decrepit reality. When the effects of the program plans of intended and designed false consciousness, we are reeling from the total impact and effects. What the Trojan Horse technique did, as the one they applied in Cape Town during the so-called riots in the 70s, following the Soweto Uprising of that year, the full effect of which we cannot fathom, will nonetheless will have to be unwrapped and pealed off.

Apartheid was mot just a mirage, inasmuch as it was real, concrete and harsh. Many people from all over the world and they young who do not know much about this reality, do not know nor think it ever happened as it is gleaned in this Hub. It happened and it was from 1948 to 1994 and beyond. I think that is another ploy we are just letting slide-by as if it contains o meaning and too much unreality to it.

When one looks at the operation and governance of the ANC, one sees what Botha is saying, and whatever Botha says, can be fact-checked historically. The Grand design of Grand Apartheid was to maintain White control, no matter how it morphed in their projected 10 year plans. When one tries to take-in the way one sees the ANC today, it is Hard to see who they are, except that the picture that emerges is the one that Apartheid created, shaped, forced, bullied, enslaved and dominated, that the product is what they now claim is of the self-destruction of the Africans whose nature it is. The nature of the stereotypes that Botha let's loose on about what they think African people are, like, and should be 'cared' for by the White is the Reason we have what is called Apartheid today.

Apartheid was a practice of those assertions Botha made. They were also beliefs, life-styles and accepted reality by the White people of South Africa. Why talk about or write about these horrible historic evils, is because, today, when one looks at the ANC, one sees what Botha said, and they year is now 2103 and ending. How can then some of us believe that they present is new, when it is still the old ways we know as Apartheid? It is Apartheid because all that they rules of that regime created, is poverty, diseases, segregation, intimidation, condescending and disrespectful perception an d characterization of theAfrica people in a racist and hateful manner. So that, if then this is still the case, and if we are to believe Botha when he said the regime had money and could put it to good use, well, I will simply say Nkandlagate.

Our Liberation was bought and should on the capitalistic auction bloc for the highest bidder. The very proposals and 'to do' list that Botha outlines, is right on. How so, looking at the corruption that has been perpetuated by the ANC and its crew, one is led to conclude that the soul, mind and spirit of the core of the ANC was bought and sold, packaged for shipping to receiver. We are somebody else's' property and commodity. By stating this I mean that with money being at the base of the corruption of the ANC at present, what has been misdiagnosed as ANC's great waltz, is like a sidewinder used to sway fixation on the truth and see something where and when there's nothing to see.

Our not understanding that we have been sold to the highest bidder in the world, then one does not live in South Africa, and what Botha said, even thought is there, is truly not true-making our present unreal and untrue, which is precisely why the emerging picture that is photoshopped onto the ANC, is in reality Apartheid, putting its ANC boys to work.The ANC is the 'stuurboy('lackey') of the monied capital of the Apartheid regime and it White South Africa deep pockets, alongside the American band of capitalist conjoined to the European and Asian connection Botha tell us plainly that so many companies and countries are invested in South Africa, and many still are, and they have acquired even much more profit on the watch of the ANN. So I ask: Tell me watchman(ANC), What's the hour o the night.

These are people who were supposed to be our liberators and leaders, but the doors into the communities that vote for them was never patrolled nor guarded. They were vying and wishing for the position they now hold today, being the CEOs and Mangers of Foreign, Local and other Interests and profits. The face of the ANC is the former Apartheid/International capital, in their service, beckon and call. The ANC is like Wolves watching over the door to the chicken. Nothing ever changed, and the democracy is in name only coup. It is like the regime made us drink our home brew which when it got into our bellies made us drink and attacked/destroyed our guts.

Once the Apartheidizers cooperated with the ANC, the ANC became a very efficient slavedriver, keeper and Boss. But as they assumed these positions, they were getting paid by those with money and who controlled the economy, land, and everything. By taking over the ANC and subjecting it to a paycheck, the Apartheidizers effectively went to our core as its followers, believers, admirers paltry power hope and unity. It took control of the movement, the idea and everything that it was, and present us the "democratic" ANC, produced by the Apartheid/ANC Rainbow Codesa. What we are witnessing now is how both of them roll. Like it or not, we are in over our heads with type of ogre that is the picture we seeing. Our false picture of reality is an admixture of the past Apartheid and new Economical Class Apartheid designed by the ANC-the head and the tail-two sides of the same coin

The Past, Present And future: Africa Of Our Own Making

Acting Up Criminality Upon Ourselves..

Present-Day Colonial War Mental Disorders ...

Too Many People Present Symptoms Of Mental Disorders, Today...

Having taken a serious look at the state of mental health disorders in South Africa today, one cannot help but revisit Frantz Fanon's book, "The Wretched Of The Earth," and utilize his observations of his after effects phenomena presenting as Mental illness from the ravages and vicissitudes of Apartheid, and its hangover (Setlamatlama/Babalazi)-plus the inept rulers of the ANC-led government.

At the writing of this article, there is rampant and "Here it is the War, this "Colonial" War that very often takes on the aspect of a genuine "genocide," this War which radically disrupts and shatters the world, which is in fact the triggering situation." Fanon's aim in this case above was to "demonstrate that any torture deeply dislocates, as might be expected, the personality of the tortured." The oppressed foist upon themselves the alienation of their selves-presenting an opportunity for all and sundry to do as they like to us, including ourselves-helping them along.

"The Personality of the Africans in Mzantsi has been 'dislocated' and their 'Personality' tortured, severely and long term. As pointed out by Fanon, "This 'colonial War' is a phenomenon that produces a very debilitating mental state" that this article is concerned with, albeit, brief.

Fanon informs us that these disorders, produce a pathological process which is crudely frequently malignant.

" … These disorders wage a massive attack on the ego, and almost invariably leave behind a vulnerability virtually visible to the naked eye. In all evidence, the future of these patients is comprised."

The point above is worth keeping in mind as we unfurl the present-day reality of mental sickness enveloping the peoples of Mzantsi because of the pervasive and widespread cases of craziness or madness that are now commonplace.

As one wades through the cases presented by Fanon of the effects and affects of their war against the French and what it portended, whilst the one in South African is having people with similar symptoms-is one way Africans can use to learn about their wretched condition and how to better deal with it.
One of the most debilitating and devastating weapons used today in Mzantsi is RAPE. It has been announced on the radio, TV stats that South Africa leads the world in the number of Rapes occurring there. This has been reported for many years, to date, and it is now worse off than before.

Shenika Rountree wrote this article:

"The Problem of Rape in South Africa"

South Africa has the highest incidence of rape in the world. The statistics are chilling: one in two women are raped; women are more likely to be raped than to learn to read. For every 25 men accused of rape in South African 24 walk free, making the act of pressing charges almost useless. The term corrective rape was coined in the early 2000s by human rights activist to describe the criminal act of a man forcing himself on a lesbian woman believing it will change her sexual orientation. Children are among the highest growing demographic of rape victims. Sexual violence towards children, including infants has increased over 400% in the last decade. It is said that practices such as gang rape; child rape and corrective rape are common because they are considered a form of male bonding and dominance

The effects of rape on a woman are destructive to her emotional and physical health. Rape of a young girl can cause everything from internal injury to death. The rape of children often comes from the misguided belief that sex with a child will cure AID’s. Along with the risk of permanent emotional distress rape victims also run a high risk of contracting HIV from their attackers. The rate of HIV in South Africa runs rampant with nearly 20% of the population facing the disease. These women not only face rape but the possibility of a deadly disease to constantly remind them of the terrible event.

The president of South Africa himself is an accused rapist. Jacob Zuma, who was elected President in 2009, was tried and acquitted of raping an HIV-positive woman. He was acquitted because he told the court that the woman had dressed provocatively according to the traditional standard and that it was against Zulu culture for a man to leave a sexually aroused woman unsatisfied. He was aware of her HIV status and had unprotected sex with her anyway. He stated that he showered afterward to “cut the risk” of transmission. This is the same man that headed the National AIDS council in his country. The leader of the country set a dangerous and irresponsible example for the men of his country to follow.

The police of South Africa do little to deter or to educate men on the damage of rape. Men can get as little as five years in prison for raping a women and when they are found guilty of rape crimes and can serve as little as a fourth of their sentence if found guilty. Many times rapes are committed alongside murder. The most notorious case came in 2008 when South African football celebrity Eudy Simelane an openly gay GLBT activist was gang raped and murdered. Days before her murder she had been receiving death threats because of her sexuality. She often told stories to her support groups about how she had to fight off the men attempting to rape her as a teenager to correct her homosexuality. After being raped she was stabbed 25 times and left to die in a ditch. Of the 5 men who committed the crime only two were convicted of rape. The other three men are on bail avoiding prison through years of case continuances.

I feel that Eudy Simelane’s celebrity could have been used to highlight rape and murder as the major issue it is. It would have been an amazing learning opportunity but because of South Africa’s desensitization to the issue of rape the story was neither shocking nor did it stir up any feelings among the community. Women should be provided a safe haven to be themselves. There should be more outlets for women to protect themselves.

Rape is a scary issue that cannot be denied. As a whole this country has a devastating rape epidemic. A recent study found that more than a quarter of men admitted to having raped a woman and of those 46% had committed a rape more than one time. The study, conducted by South Africa’s Medical Research Council, reveals a deeply rooted culture of violence against women, in which men rape in order to feel powerful, and do so with impunity, believing that their superiority entitles them to vent their frustrations on women and children. The men most likely to rape, the researchers found, were not the poorest, but those who had attained some level of education and income

The placement of blame lies in the cultural perception of rape. Rape is seen as commonplace and acceptable. These cultural biases make it nearly impossible to curb the rate of rape and prosecute those who commit these heinous acts. No women should have to live in fear that her life is in danger because of her sexuality. With the high rate of HIV in South Africa I am astonished that rape of innocent women is not a larger issue.

Having the highest rate of rape in the world along with one the highest rates of new HIV cases every year should be enough for the government to stop and pay attention to the issue of rape. Young women with full lives ahead of them are being raped and infected with a deadly disease all due to their vulnerability.

The lives of the women in South Africa being raped mirror an image of women throughout history fighting for equality under a system that gives men the privileged ownership over women’s bodies. The publicizing of the rape crisis in South Africa should help bring the attention of international activists to this problem. The women of South Africa need help and support as they work toward finding solutions and empowerment.

From a personal perspective, Rape in our Township is even more perplexing and disempowering. The past week, three women in our streets escaped raped when they were accosted by young men, four of them, of who had one pointing the gun at the woman, the second man had his hand clasped around the woman's mouth, the third man held the hands and gripping, viciously, the hair of the female victims, whilst the fourth one would literally tear and shred the clothes of the captured victims.

In all the three cases, the women escaped because there were lights from a car or an oncoming car - scared off the would-be rapist, who scampered away with the women's cell phones and their bags. It is now in the news of the teen girl in the Cape who was raped and had her intestines disemboweled , whilst she was still alive , and after the rape, and was left for dead. It seems that those who found her, were able to get the names of her assailants before she died.

Grandma's, infants, boys and dogs and other animals have been reportedly been raped. There was a court case I just heard of this young adult man who was taken to court by the owner of the dog, who alleged the accused had too many sexual encounters with his dog, that in the end it died. And all this I am talking about above, can be found in the Sowetan and other Newspapers, and by word of mouth or meeting the actual victims, and this is during the time and rule of ANC-led government

Colonialists Using Rape As A Weapon..

During the Apartheid era, powerful and unknown African women were viciously raped and in some cases Alsatian dogs were used for this despicable act against women(and some are still alive with serious mental disorders that are incurable). Before I delve deeper into this issue of Rape of African women in South Africa, I would like to cite a case as told by Fanon in the following manner"

"Africans Presenting Clearly Defined Symptoms Of Severe Reactive Disorders"...

"Impotence In An Algerian The Rape of His Wife"

"B--" is a twenty-six-year-old man. He has been referred to us by the medical Services of the National Liberation Front for persistent migraines and insomnia. A former taxi driver, he has been a militant in the nationalist parties since the age of eighteen. In 1955 he became a member of an FLN (Front de Liberation Nationale) unit. On several occasions he used his taxi to carry leaflets and political leaders. Confronted with a widening crackdown. The FLN decided to wage war in the urban centers; "B--" was then assigned to driving commandos close to the points of attack, and fairly often having to wait for them.

"On day, however, right in the middle of the European sector, following a fairly extensive commando raid, the sector was sealed-off, forcing him to abandon his taxi and compelling the commando unit to break up and disperse. "B--," who managed to escape the enemy surveillance, took refuge at a friend's house, and a few days later, on orders from his superiors, went underground to join the nearest resistance unit without ever going home.

"For several months he went without news of his wife and his twenty-month-old daughter. He did learn, however,that the police had been looking for him for weeks in the city. After two years in the resistance movement he received a message from his wife asking him to forget her. She had brought shame on herself. He must no longer think of coming back to live with her. Extremely worried, he requested permission from his commander to make a secret trip back home. It was refused. However, steps were taken for a member of the FLN to contact "B--'s" wife and parents. Two weeks later a detailed report reached the commander of "A--'s" unit.

She was interrogated about the company her husband kept and slapped fairly violently for two days. On the third day, a French soldier — she was unable to say whether he was an officer — ordered the others out and 'raped' her. Shortly afterward, a second soldier, this time in the presence of others, 'raped' her, telling her" "If you ever see that bastard your husband again, don't you forget to tell him what we did to you. She remained another week without undergoing further interrogation. She was then escorted home. When she told her story to her mother, the latter persuaded her to tell "B--" everything. So, as soon as her husband got in touch with her again, she confessed her disgrace.

Once the initial shock was over, "B--" soon recovered by devoting every minute of his life to the cause. For several months he took reports from Algerian women who had been tortured or 'raped'; he had the opportunity of meeting with the husbands of abused women and his personal misfortune, hi dignity as an injured husband took second place.

"In 1958 he was assigned to a mission abroad. Jut before rejoining his unit an unusual distraction and insomnia worried his comrades and his superiors. His departure was delayed and a medical examination ordered. This was when he was referred to us. Our first impression was good. A lively face, a bit too lively perhaps. His smile was slightly forced, his exuberance superficial: "I'm okay ... I'm okay. I feel better now. Give me a fortifier, some vitamins, and let me go bak." He was obviously anxious deep down. He was immediately hospitalized.

"On the second day the smoke screen of optimism vanished and we had on our hands a bedridden anorexic suffering from melancholic depression. He avoided any political discussion and manifested a marked disinterest for anything concerning the national struggle. He avoided listening to news about the war of liberation. Identifying his problems was extremely laborious, but after several days we managed to reconstruct his story:

"During his stay abroad he had tried to have sexual intercourse, but failed. Thinking it was merely fatigue, normal after forced marches and periods of malnutrition, he tried again two weeks later and failed again. I spoke to a comrade about it who advised him to take vitamin B12. Took it in tablet form. New attempt, new failure. Furthermore, a few moments before the act he had an irresistible impulse to tear up a photo of his little girl. Such a symbolic connection could raise the possibility of unconscious incestuous drives. However, several conversations and a dream in which the patient witnessed the rapid putrefying of a kitten giving off a nauseating smell, led us in a completely new direction.

"S--," another character, as he was diagnosed had his case presented in this manner:

"... He began by telling us he was not dead and he had played a trick on others. Gradually, we managed to reconstruct the story of his failed assassination attempts. "S--" is not anxious, but overexcited with violent mood swings and shouting. He did not break anything, but wore everyone out by his constant chatter and the Service was on permanent alert because of his declared intention to "kill everybody."

"During his hospitalization he would attack roughly eight patients, with makeshift weapons. The nurses and doctors were not spared either. We even wondered whether we were not facing one of those latent forms of epilepsy characterized by a general aggressiveness that was almost constantly on edge.

"We started narcotherapy. After the third day a daily cross-examination allowed us to better understand the dynamics of the pathological process. His intellectual confusion gradually cleared up. The following extracts from the patient's:

"God is with me ... but he can't have been with those who died. ... I was damn lucky. ... In life, its kill or be killed. ... There are some French among us. ... They disguised as Arabs. ... They've all got be killed. ... Give me a machine gun. All these so-called Algerians are French. ... And they won't leave me alone. As soon as I try and get some sleep, they come into room. But now I know what they're up to. Everyone want to kill me. But I'll fight back. I'll kill them all, every one of them. I'll slit their throats, one after the other, and yours as well. You all want to take me out, but you'll have to think of other ways. Killing you won't affect me in the slightest. The little ones, the grown-up, the women. The children,the dogs, the birds, the donkeys. ... Nobody will be spared. ... Afterwards, I'll be able to sleep in peace"

"All this was said in fits and starts and he remained hostile, aloof and scornful. After three weeks his agitated state disappeared, but there was a disinclination to communicate and a tendency to keep to himself, which made us fear the worst.

The Case Of the People(women) Of Mzantsi

The two cases cited above by Frantz Fanon, and the article I have cited above by Shenika Rountree, complement one another and can be found amongst the depressed, repressed, oppressed, poverty stricken and disease ridden poor masses of Africans, have their symptoms manifest themselves, for a brutal "Nazi" style violence perpetuated upon them by the Apartheid regime, and now at present, the gendarme, turncoat and quisling ANC-led government which has betrayed the voting polity at all turns during their governance since 1994,to date.

So, we see The effects of torture, murders, rapes, depression, Impotence, both physiological, coil, political, economical and psychological manifestations thereof. Paranoid schizophrenia and delusions of grandeur and the rise in suicidal behaviors and actions are now the norm and our mores in our collectives. Wilson informs us:

"Amnesia":

"Those people ad parents who have escaped their own history as a result of trying to escape anxiety, fear, shame and so forth, may pass 'escapism' onto their children as history. That history of escapism then becomes a part of their personality and they become vulnerable to addictions and all kinds of terrible habits and orientations in the world. Why do you think we were robbed of our history it was not to serve this purpose?

"The individual who has amnesia suffers distortion of and blindness to reality. The individual who cuts himself from off from his history is self-alienated. There's a whole part of himself that's completely shut-off from his use. It's as if there were tow parts. One part is unknown, yet because it is unknown doesn't mean that it is not effective: "We have to devote energy to unknowing [the] indoctrinated Amnesia within our psyche".

We have to direct perception to unknowing. We have to say: "Let me turn my face so I cannot see; let me not think about it." So the struggle to know itself becomes a creator of behavior and personality structure. So, the idea that not knowing one's history somehow permits one to escape it is a lie. In fact, it brings one under the domination of the more pernicious effects of that history and opens the personality up for self-alienation, self-destruction.

"A person suffering from amnesia lives a life based on negation, not affirmation, not on growth and development, but lives life in such a way as to deny life and reality and to deny parts of his own personality and himself. Life then becomes a negation and is used to maintain a negation instead of life as it should be lived — as affirmation, as growth, enhancement and development. And people who live their lives as a negation live the lives that we see ourselves living today — going deeper and deeper into hell and going deeper into self-destruction as a people."

"In order for us to really and clearly understand ourselves and what is happening to us, we defer to Wilson who informs us thus:

"History is real; it brings real, tangible results. When we wish to negate it and not integrate it, when we wish to negate it and not affirm it,then it negates us in the end. The negation wins out. TheAfrican person who lives in social amnesia brought about on by the projection of mythological Eurocentric history, lives a life that is integrated and misunderstood. Why is our behavior so puzzling to us? We sometimes ask ourselves , "Why did I do that" I don't know what makes me do this." Here's behavior flowing out from our own mind and personality and we "don't" know its sources. It means that we become a puzzlement to ourselves, the ones we think that we should understand best. Often, other people can understand us better than we can understand ourselves. Frequently they have a greater knowledge of the history that made us into who we are than we do.

"If we don't know our history, or we've made our history unconscious and therefore placed it out of awareness, that unconscious history becomes a source of unconscious motivation, then why we behave the way we do become a puzzle. We're confused by our own behavior. If we want to know why we behave the way we do then, when we must know our history: the unconscious must be made conscious.

"Consequently, when the European makes us unconscious of our own history, we not only become unconscious of our history as knowledge, we become unconscious of the sources of our behavior as persons and as a people; and our own behavior becomes a mystery."why do Black(African)-folks act like that?" We get discouraged. We give up."We ain't gonna straighten them (i.e., Black(African) people) out man!" Because we can't figure it out.

When history is misperceived and we look to a White Jesus and pray to that White Jesus, then we walk out and see the poverty, smell the stench, see the drugs, people holding babies up to shield themselves from bullets and all this kind of stuff ... it's not difficult for us to step over a thin line that says, "Boy, we must have done something really terrible in the past for us to be suffering the way we do." "God must have cursed us," we surmise. Then we're ready for the old "Ham" mythology. We set ourselves up and we introject inferiority into ourselves We take it into our breast and pass it onto our children and we are done in. This is what happens when we don't know our history and don't know the history of other people.

"There are some 'negroes' who seek to escape their history and identity by telling themselves, I don't see color." Well, do you think that the world doesn't see you as "Colored"? A lot of people fail to understand that because they may choose not to see something in a certain way, that other people still may choose to do so. The assertion ("I don't see color") doesn't change the way other people look at them.

"In fact, this perceptual misdirection sets them up to be manipulated. Almost every day we hear "Negroes"(Africans) say that they have been manipulated and are being manipulated in some sort of way. In fact, they often say it to justify their being manipulated and not confronting their reality; because they don't want to deal with the realistic situation they live in.

"They want to deny the European's terroristic rule on Earth, deny his evil, deny his domination over them and deny his destruction of the 'earth ad life itself. So they choose not to see color, so they can't see White for what it is. They use it to justify not knowing their own history and not knowing themselves because they don't see "color" — thereby maintaining amnesia.

"When we get into 'social amnesia' — into forgetting our history — we also forget or misinterpret the history and motives of other as well as our own motives. The way to know other people is to know one's self. The way to learn of our own creation, how we came to be what we are, is getting to know ourselves.

It is through getting to know the self intimately that we get to know the forces that shaped us as a 'self'. Therefore, knowing the self becomes a knowledge of the world. A deep study of "African History" is the most profound way to learn about the psychology of europeans and to understand the psychology that flows from their history.

"If we don't know ourselves, not only are we a puzzle to ourselves; other people are also a puzzle to us as well. We assume the wrong identity and identify ourselves with our enemies. If we don't know who we are, then we are whomever somebody tells us we are."

Running Away From Your Self

If we discard-off ourselves we are in essence committing genocide on ourselves. For us to be in a position and state we are presently existing in, we must be out of our minds. This is borne by the state and psychological mind-set that is prevalent today in our Kasis(Townships)'...
As Wilson observed, we are seriously alienating ourselves from our self: Craziness-This is a case of believing that wrong being right and right being wrong. How then can the people of South Africa be normal when the epidemic of drugs is so rampant and community action is lax or the will to take action is lagging? Wither Mzantsi?

Rape is occurring because we now stand for nothing and fall for everything(which is not ours or us, but someone else's). Most of us working assiduously to be, sound-like, talk-like, dress-like Americans or some Europeans. Our soaps on TV, the music on our radio stations, the videos of South Africa on other channels is nothing but a concocted fraud and frankly a pathway to madness because then, some of us are hell-bent on distancing themselves from their cultures, customs, traditions, history, languages and sacred rites practices.

How can we be normal when we don't act as our culture dictates? We are busy showing-off to each other, putting each other down, jealous and maintaining artificial, false and pretentious personalities, which, some of us imagine, is the essence of our existence-aping other's way of lives and languages. Some of us are in a hurry to tell us their bios, resume and importance in life. When we meet we question each other about the type of accumulation one has: what car do you drive? Where do you live? What kind of work you doing? In the case of men, how much of a harem of girlfriends one has… What kind of Perfume one wears, or the design of one's clothes projected as a stamp of authenticity; we are striving very hard to be one-up on each other-like crabs in a barrel, when one of them tries to climb up and go out, it is pulled down by the other crabs.

The elite class is responsible for the state of the African nation that we find ourselves in. Our children learn and copy from the habits we display and carry-on-when in their presence, and we send them to schools that do not reflect their people's values, cultures, customs, traditions, history and languages. We are all responsible for what is happening in the Townships because we are too busy trying to be what we are not: American, British, Italian, you name it(some of us wanna be Chinese-and try and dress like the Communist Chinese)!, go figure.

Is it no wonder then, that one hears about the 'rape' that took place in the Cape and South West Africa, and those are our talking points, whereas, right under our noses, in our streets and neighborhoods, amongst our own folks, the Rape of women goes unreported, neither in the Police station and in the gossip Newspapers we read-nothing gets resolved or solved. Our Newspapers read like a 'rape kits' tabloids and the rapport that just spews from these news mediums amounts to just that, reporting, and nothing happens to the perpetrators.

The rape of our women is an emasculation of African manhood, and devastation of our families and communities. We cannot be proud that we are number one with Rapes in the Whole world, and jut read it as just that! The needs to be accountability from us as individuals, communities, nation, police and all those charged with the role of protecting the citizenry.

One of the first steps is to work out on stamping out these drug dens dotting the Ghetto-landscpape and the White suburbs. White children and families are not immune to this social malaise. It affects the whole country. Inaction is our guilt and downfall; ignoring articles such as this one is the same process of ignoring our selves.

We are all Guilty! Of letting our own people oppress us and we went along for the ride and as voyeurs in our own oppression and genocide. We are not protecting our women, the article by Rowntree points out to some of this reality above. So that, what will it take for us to begin to root out this dysfunction and confusion? What is it that should happening to wake us up because it's now becoming too late?

Why don't we use this medium of Facebook to heighten and sharpen awareness about this issue of the rape of so many of our women? We are also are accomplices, because some of us are 'sexual mercenaries' out to conquer as many women as possible, and in the process using our paltry money to get our way with poor or not-so-rich-women. We are careless with our own "Ubuntu" and we are spreading this callousness to the upcoming generations-So, what are we really hoping for?

All we do is hold innumerable and meaningless meetings, and meet at memorials: Funeral Fashion shows-and a chance of the 'who's who' to meeting and preen their egos and go into the hunt for new women or vice-versa. We have become a sad non-shadow of our self-discarded cultures, custom, traditions and so on of our ancestors-fore-fathers and fore-mothers. We think that we are better-off and much more smarter than the Africans from the North because we are more New York-esque in our shallow perception of ourselves. We are begging the Americans and Europeans to accept us, see us, hear us, as them and that there is no difference between us and them.

We seem to be saying, the fact that we are in Africa is not important, but what is important is for the imperialists to see us as one of their own… Balderdash, and this ain't gonna happen, now, and never in the future. Not! We will never be Americans, even if we do their drugs or the ones we manufacture ourselves, even if we can go gamble till the end of time, or talk like them(With our South African Accent-of which some of us try very hard to refine and sound more and more, ridiculously like the Americans or British or the French).

We have then built within ourselves these insecure feelings and thoughts, that is why we suffer from all types of diseases and delusions of Grandeur, because we are working extremely hard to be not ourselves, running away from ourselves, forgetting ourselves, under the pretext that this is the technological age, so we belong to the "Global Village" (a la McLuhan)… That is why we are crazy in greater numbers than at any times in or lives here in Mzantsi.

We Are Really Going Nowhere Fast! Instead, we Are Hurrying-Up Very, Very, Very Slowly...

Simply Put: "We Are Raping Ourselves!"

Truth And Reconciliation Commission: Was There Any Truth, Reconciliation And Healing Achieved? Well...

Stories Of The Victims Of Apartheid Through The "Truth And Reconciliation" Committee...

Shattered stories: Healing and reconciliation in the South African context...

Since the end of apartheid in 1994, reconciliation and healing have had a prominent position in social discourse in South Africa as well as in South African churches. Yet divisions in our society continue to be prevalent, with some suggesting that churches in the country are contributing to the divisions more than that they are healing them. Although the divisions are based on past wounds, the continued inequality, poverty, high levels of violent crime and the uncertain political context perpetuate the divisions. Part of the problem, it is suggested, is that healing and reconciliation have not been sufficiently internalised or explicated in order to be sustainable.

The concept of reconciliation in this article will be understood through John Lederach’s four-part model, drawn from Psalm 85:10, which encompasses mercy, truth, justice and peace. Lederach argues that all four elements of this model need to be in balance in order for reconciliation to become a reality. He further suggests that these are most significantly enacted through storytelling. Lederach describes storytelling as a living, interactive process through which new ways of engaging and being with one another are born. Anthony Balcomb takes this further, saying that sharing stories has the biggest impact when we allow our story to be shattered and transformed by that of the other. This includes the shattering of stereotypes, assumptions and ideas that sustain the divisions between us.

Storytelling is not a new concept in the reconciliation process in South Africa; it was a recurring theme during the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). Although the role of storytelling in the TRC context has been written about extensively (see Bundy 2000; Tutu 2000; Villa-Vicencio 2000), the unique contention of this article is that storytelling in itself is not sufficient; the stories we share need to ‘shatter’ previously held stories. Furthermore, the potential inherent in the TRC has not been sufficiently translated into meaningful healing and reconciliation in South Africa today. This article will suggest ways in which South Africans and, more specifically, the churches in South Africa can continue to draw from the work that the TRC started.

Since the end of apartheid in 1994, reconciliation and healing have had a prominent position in social discourse in South Africa as well as in South African churches. Yet divisions in our society continue to be prevalent, with some suggesting that churches in the country are contributing to the divisions more than that they are healing them. Although the divisions are based on past wounds, the continued inequality, poverty, high levels of violent crime and the uncertain political context perpetuate the divisions. Part of the problem, it is suggested, is that healing and reconciliation have not been sufficiently internalised or explicated in order to be sustainable.

The concept of reconciliation in this article will be understood through John Lederach’s four-part model, drawn from Psalm 85:10, which encompasses mercy, truth, justice and peace. Lederach argues that all four elements of this model need to be in balance in order for reconciliation to become a reality. He further suggests that these are most significantly enacted through storytelling. Lederach describes storytelling as a living, interactive process through which new ways of engaging and being with one another are born. Anthony Balcomb takes this further, saying that sharing stories has the biggest impact when we allow our story to be shattered and transformed by that of the other. This includes the shattering of stereotypes, assumptions and ideas that sustain the divisions between us.

Storytelling is not a new concept in the reconciliation process in South Africa; it was a recurring theme during the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). Although the role of storytelling in the TRC context has been written about extensively (see Bundy 2000; Tutu 2000; Villa-Vicencio 2000), the unique contention of this article is that storytelling in itself is not sufficient; the stories we share need to ‘shatter’ previously held stories. Furthermore, the potential inherent in the TRC has not been sufficiently translated into meaningful healing and reconciliation in South Africa today. This article will suggest ways in which South Africans and, more specifically, the churches in South Africa can continue to draw from the work that the TRC started.

Hippocritcal Farce...

Same Old Crap.. A Different Group And Decrepit Leadership: Malema And His Shenanigans

What a time to be living in Mzantsi, today. What a country and all those so-called leaders who are so corrupt that it has become a norm to listen to their spewing all the garbage paraded as politics. What a country Mzantsi has turned out to be. A person who is accused of corruption so bad, that he ends up becoming a member of Parliament and starts decrying the corruption of a government that taught and allowed him to be as corrupt as he wishes. Malema is a fraud, and many of our opportunistic blood suckers are in cahoots with his decrepit false politics of opportunistic corrupt and clowns like Malema and the his former organization, the ANC.

Since 1994, we have seen a serious change in the so-called realpolitik of the African mainstream politics. Malema was in the ANC Youth League, and whilst there, he fattened his country-bumpkin behind with the coffers of the Youth League, and did nothing for the Youth. After being charged with corruption, he turned to the very Youth he never even bothered to help to elect him into power. The hapless and ignorant Youth, desperate to be considered as the Revolutionary Youth of the 1976 era, elected a buffoon into the Parliament.

Now, today, he is disrupting parliament, and had still not contributed anything to this polity that put him into parliament, instead, he has gone back to his ways of being corrupt, is given time and hailed as a leader-at the same time he is into even much more deeper corruption in his new role as a Parliament member. He still has done nothing for the Youth and Poor peoples of South Africa. This is very disconcerting and bothersome, that the dumb youth of South Africa, since the coming into power of the WNC, think they can change the conditions of the poor masses by electing Malema into poor, who has, again, proven to be very corrupt, inept and totally ignorant and an opportunist and johnny-come-lately to the new politics of South Africa.

This country bum and buffoon called Malema, is in fact affecting and somewhat creating confusion and destabilization of the South Africa African community. There are many people who are willing and embracing him with the hope that they might climb on his Gravy Train bandwagon going nowhere fast. So far, many are becoming or waking up to the reality that they, as the supporters, voters and admirers of Malema have been had, bamboozled and tricked again by the wanna-be crackpot dummy-parliamentarian called Malema and his EFF. Economic Freedom Fighter? Geez!. He is still fighting for more money to pocket and pick up on his lifestyle he had whilst he was in the Youth League. Many of his friends are leaving the EFF, and are now pointing out to the fraudulence of his leadership and the ineptness of his so called party-the EFF.

Manqoba Nxumalo Wrote the following article:

The Malema Conundrum

"Julius Malema is such a polarizing figure. We loathe and love him in equal measure. He shakes us in our comfort zones by confronting the compromises of our leaders. He makes us discuss, yet again, what the liberation struggle was about. Did political power for the black government mean an end to apartheid and the legacy it bequeathed? This is what society is discussing, thanks to Malema. Even the apolitical youth find themselves discussing politics, whether agreeing with him or not is immaterial. You either hate or love me. You are seldom in-between.

It is Malema who dusted the Freedom Charter from the archives of the ANC and brought it back to national discourse. It was Malema who took the politics of the SACP and merged it with that of the PAC and bam came the Economic Freedom Fighters. He has woven the radicalism of such stalwarts as Peter Mokaba and the late Steve Biko. Perhaps that is why Andile Mngxitama praises the EFF as the organization where the children of OR Tambo, Steve Biko and Robert Sobukwe are worshipping under the same roof for the first time.

While he reminds us of the promises of the liberation struggle he also scares us of a possible fascist future, perceived or real. This is why Max du Preez simply cannot understand what attracts nice people to the EFF. It is easy to attribute the surge of the EFF to Malema’s eloquence and ability to capture audiences with rhetoric.

We can also say that he is feeding on the carcass of the disbanded youth league and a weakened, divided Cosatu. But it is the response of white society to Malema’s politics that makes nice people join or support the EFF. Each time the word Malema is mentioned in newspapers and social media, white people go on a tirade reminding us of his previous opulence, crass materialism, tax evasion, dodgy deals and “corruption” as disqualifying him to speak for the poor, as if those who follow him are so stupid they don’t know this.

This is racist, it seeks to present black people as nitwits, not discerning enough to see even when they are being duped in broad daylight by charlatans like Malema. I have read many online comments about the EFF. They are never about its policies but degenerate to disparaging remarks about Malema the person in the same way that Zuma is mocked and insulted as a brainless nincompoop not worthy of leading this country.

I agree, we can never explain the EFF or even the ANC outside of the behavior, utterances and conduct of its leaders. But there has to be a point where we draw the line and are able to appreciate that 'nice' people can join the EFF or even the ANC convinced of its policies and not per se the leader. As Dali Mpofu recently stated, he disagrees with Malema on many things but in so far as he needs to fight the right-wing policies of the ANC he struck a tactical alliance with him. To question those who join the EFF given the cloud hanging over Malema’s head is to suggest black people have no brains to make informed choices.

I have no doubt in my mind that Zuma and Malema are not the best the country can produce but I reckon black people refuse to be told by their previous oppressors what is best for them. For example, I am one of the few people who have never understood why Zapiro continues to depict Zuma with a 'showerhead' except to mock and ridicule him despite him holding the revered office of president. He said stupid things about HIV and the shower, I can hear you say. He apologized and I believe we forgave him, just as we forgave all those previous apartheid leaders.

It is these things that polarize race-relations in the country, particularly given how deep the scars of the past are. I think white people would do a good service to the country if they engaged and told us why land redistribution, nationalization etc is wrong and stop playing the man. While still at it, they could also deal with Zuma and his performance as head of state. If this is not done I fear black people will continue to think white society wants to “monitor” and “supervise” them lest they make the wrong political choices. I remember an interview with Malema on SABC2 a few years ago. He was asked about his Breitling watch and how he was able to afford it.

Malema gave a coy smile and bellowed: “I have refused to discuss my watch because no one knows whether I bought it or if it was given to me. Whenever a black man is having something that white people think are an entitlement only to their kith and kin, they have to question us because in their minds we can never afford these things unless we are corrupt.” This response got me thinking about the attitudes we have of each other. The unfortunate part is that Malema indeed is an arrogant and browbeating cocky rooster whose shady past disqualifies him to claim the left space. But black people don’t want to be told this by white people.

This is how Amai responded to the article above:

It is highly ironic that Mr Malema's party pretends to be a party for economic emancipation with a leftist veneer, rather than positioning itself simply as a fascist party based on racial nationalist principles, which it is. The core values of the ruling elite in SA, and of Mr Malema's party which is a child of the ANC, are grievance and entitlement. These translate into odd economic policies — a mixture of parasite statism (couched as a 'developmental' state), clamps placed on individual freedom, both political and economic, and a desire to withdraw from global free markets under the cover of trade barriers and protectionism. No country in history has ever succeeded economically with these values. Grievance and entitlement have destroyed several economies, but have had not one single success. Yet these remain core values not only of Mr Malema's party but of the current ruling party. Coincidentally, SA's growth forecast this year has recently been downgraded from a poor 2% to an even more appalling 0.5% — in a continent averaging 5% growth"

The ANC is in the Mix. It bore and created Malema, who was a member of its Youth League. They never negated al the obdurate and irresponsible comments made by Malema whilst he belong to the Youth League Outfit, until he was charged with corruption and abusing the Funds of the Youth League.

Now, his trial is still pending, and yet he is parading himself and his hapless followers as someone who is exposing Zuma and his indiscretions, whilst not contributing anything to ameliorate the condition of the poor, but consistently disrupting Parliament, and being a pest, and destructive force in the poor governance shown by the ANC.

So, who is fooling Who? Well, the time will have to come when the African South Africans see through his schtick(if it is and there is one on Malema's part). Both the same garbage out of one can: Quislings and turncoats/sell outs and also big time charlatans.

Conoinization Of Africa By Europe

Understanding Colonial Apartheid In South Africa, Africa and the Diaspora

Entropic Zeitgeist

What we see happening in Mzantsi today has its precedent in African History. If we look closely at what precipitated these events that we see today, then we will be in a better position to begin to understand and wrap our heads around the present decrepit social miasma we are existing in today… To enable us to do this, we are going to do some reading from Walter Rodney, who fills our gaps with this history:

"Faced with the evidence of European exploitation of Africa, many bourgeois writers once at least partially that colonialism was system which functioned well in the interests of the Metropoles. However, they would then urge that other issue be resolved is how much Europeans did for Africans, and that it is necessary to draw up a balance sheet of colonialism.

"On that balance sheet, they place both the credits and the debits, and quite often conclude that the good outweighed the bad. That particular conclusion can quite be easily be challenged, but attention should also be drawn to the fact that the process of reasoning is itself misleading. That reasoning has some sentimental persuasiveness. It appeals to the common sentiment that, "After all, there must be two sides to a thing."

"The argument suggests that, on the one hand, there was exploitation and oppression, but, on the other hand, colonial governments did much for the benefit of Africans and they developed Africa. It is our contention that this so completely false. Colonialism had only one hand — it was a one-armed bandit.

"What did the colonial governments do in the interest of Africans? Supposedly, they built railroads, schools, hospitals, and the like. The sum total of these services was amazingly small.For the first three decades of colonialism, hardy anything was done that could remotely be termed a service to the African people. It was in fact only after the last war that social services were built as a matter of policy. How little they amounted to, does not really need illustrating. After all, the statistics which show that Africa today is undeveloped are the statistics representing the state of affairs at the end of colonialism.

"For that matter, the figures at the end of the first decade of African Independence, in spheres such as health, housing, and education, are often several times higher than the figures inherited by the newly independent governments. It would be an act of the most brazen fraud to weigh on the paltry social amenities provided during the colonial epoch against exploitation, and to arrive at the conclusion that the good outweighed the bad.

"Capitalism did bring social services to European workers - Firstly, as a by-product of providing such services for the bourgeoisie and the middle-class, and later as a deliberate act of policy. Nothing remotely comparable occurred in Africa. In 1934, long before the coming of the welfare state to Britain, expenditure for social services in the British Isles amounted to 6 pounds 15 shillings per person. In Ghana, the figure was 7 shillings 4 pence per person, and that was high by colonial standards. In Nigeria and Nyasaland(Tanzania), it was less than 1 shilling 9 pence per head. None of the other colonizing powers were doing any better, and some were much worse.

"The Portuguese stand out because they boasted the most and did the lest. Portugal boasted that Angola, Guinea, and Mozambique(Maputo) have been their possessions fro five hundred years, during which time a "civilizing mission" has been going on. At the end of five hundred years of shouldering the "White Man's Burden" of civilizing "African Natives" the Portuguese have not managed to train a single African Doctor in Mozambique(Maputo), and the life-expectancy in Angola was less than thirty years. As for Guinea-Bissau, some insight int the situation there is provided by the admission of the Portuguese themselves that Guinea-Bissau was more neglected than Angola and Mozambique!(Maputo!)

"Furthermore, the limited social services within Africa during colonial times were distributed in a manner that reflected the pattern of domination and exploitation. First, to have all, White Settlers and Expatriates wanted standards of the bourgeoisie or professional classes of the Metropoles. They were all the more determined to have the luxuries of Africa, because so many of them came from poverty in Europe and could not expect good services in their own homelands.

In colonies like Algeria, Kenya, and South Africa, it is well known that whites created an infrastructure to afford themselves leisured and enjoyable lives. It means, therefore, that the total amenities provided in any of the colonies is not guide to what Africans got out of colonialism. In colonies like Algeria, Kenya, and in South Africa, it is well known that Whites created an infrastructure to afford themselves leisured and enjoyable lives. It means, therefore, that the total amenities provided in any of those colonies is no guide to what Africans got out of colonialism.

"In Algeria, the figure for infant mortality was 39 per 1,000 live births among White Settlers; but it jumped to 170 per 1,000 live births in the case of Algerian living in the towns. In practical terms, that meant that the medic, maternity and sanitation were all geared towards the well-being of the Settlers. Similarly, In south Africa, all social statistics have to be broken down into at least two groups - White and African - if they are to be interpreted correctly. In British East Africa, there were three groups: firstly, the Europeans, who got the most; then, the Indians, who took most of what was left; and thirdly, the Africans, who came last in their own country.

"The viciousness of the colonial system with respect to the provision of social services was most dramatically brought out in the case of economic activities which made huge profits, and notably in the mining industry. Mining takes serious toll of the health of workers, and it was only recently in the Metropoles that minders had access to the kind of medical and insurance services which could safeguard their lives and health.

"In colonial Africa, the exploitation of miners was entirely without responsibility. In 1930, scurvy and other epidemics broke out in the Lupa Goldfields of Tanganyika. Hundreds of workers died. One should not wonder that they had no facilities which would have saved some lives, because in thee first place, they were not being paid enough to eat properly.

South Africa's large working class African population was in a sad state. The Tuberculosis Commission of 1912 reported that in the shanty towns:

"Scarcely a single family exists in which at least one member is not suffering or dying from tuberculosis, and other cases are simply sent home to die — and spread the infection. In some areas, a single doctor has to attend to the needs of 40,0000 people. The Natives(Africans) must pay for medical treatment. There is not provision for pauper patients. About 65% of the Native(African) children die before reaching two years."

"This was as early as 1912, when the basis of the South African Gold and Diamond empire was already laid. After this, the shanty towns increased, the slum conditions grew worse, and the government committed itself to pursuing the odious policy of Apartheid, which meant separation of the races so as better to exploit the African people.

"Many Africans trekked to towns, because [bad as they were] they offered a little more than the countryside. Modern sanitation, electricity, piped water, paved roads,medical services, and schools were foreign at the end of the colonial period as they were in the beginning — as far as most of rural Africa was concerned.

"The combination of being oppressed, being exploited, and being disregarded is best illustrated by the pattern of the economic infrastructure of African colonies: notably, their roads and railways. These had a clear geographical distribution according tot he extent to which particular regions needed to be opened up to import-export activities. Where exports were not available, road and railways had no place. The only slight exception is that certain roads and railways were built to move troops and make conquest and oppression easier.

"All roads and railways led to the sea. They were built to make business possible for the timber companies, trading companies, and agricultural concession firms, and for White settlers. Any catering to African interests was purely coincidental. Yet in Africa, labor, rather than capital, took the Lion's share in getting things done. With the minimum investment of capital, the colonial powers could mobilize thousands upon thousands of workers. Salaries were paid to the police officers and officials, and labor came into existence because of the colonial laws, their threat of [violence] of force, and the use of force.

"Take, for instance, the building of the railways. In Europe and America, railway building required huge impute of capital. Great wage bills were incurred during construction, and added bonus payments were made to workers to get the job done as quickly as possible. In most parts of Africa, the Europeans who wanted to see a railroad built, offered lashes as the ordinary wage and more lashes for extra effort.

"Most of the intolerable conditions are explained by the non-availability of capital in the form of equipment. Therefore, sheer manpower had to take the place of earth-moving machinery, cranes, and so on. A comparable situation prided by the construction of the Embakasi airport of Nairobi. Because it was built during the colonial era (starting in 1953) and with the United States loans, it is customary to credit the imperialists for its existence. But it would be much more accurate to say the people of Kenya built it with their own hands, under European Supervision."

I have cited the excerpt above at length from Walter Rodney, to begin to lay down some comprehensive history and story of African people under colonization and it meant, entailed and did to them, Also to give more concrete and focused historical timeline, events and situations that have led us to what we see today happening throughout Africa and Mzantsi. Many-a-times we talk abut colonialism, but few of us really know that story and history very well. My aim to give such a long citation from Rodney, is to begin to lay the ground work for our full understanding of the whole complex problem of colonialism. The more we learn and read about the history and sorry of colonialism, this helps us have a much clearer and better understanding of our present-day problems.

Rodney help us make our case here today in Mzantsi, wherein you find many of our opportunistic brothers who are workers or refugees or simply Africans who have run away from the terrible oppression in their mother countries, and are now here in South Africa, look down upon the indigenous Africans, and have been saying that we have no skills and are very lazy.

This is wrong for if one were to read what I have cited from Rodney above, any African, in Africa and the Diaspora, knows what I have just cited as told by Rodney. That is, colonialism has affected us all in Africa in many ways, and we better start talking to each other from the knowledge of our stories and histories, than from being opportunist who are just pleased to be paid less wages, as compared to local Africans, and that their labor power is exploited to the hilt, and that, they are more a problem to us than being on our side of our very long struggle.

Africans in South Africa built the infrastructure many Africans, after the coming into pseudo-power by the ANC, are seeing for the first time. We have seen many of our people being decimated by the effects and affects of the cheap labor wrought from our bodies and being; we have seen many die of various diseases and other strange ailments; poverty has been a constant with us, to date. Our education is the worst I have seen since Bantu Education-The present-day Educational system here in our country is worse than what we received from the Boers in the form of Bantu Education.

Our health system has gone bust and bankrupt, and the present cadre of nurses is terrible and disgusting-ignorant illiterates who have been half-cooked and poorly untrained nurses; Service delivery only benefits the White folks and all the African elite and overnight-rick millionaires, whilst we are stagnant in the Townships, with daily seeing the strikes against lack or poor service delivery.

Africans of Mzantsi built South Africa with their own hands, forced labor and lashes and torture to go with that. That much needs to be respected by our African bothers. Even if many can see that the power we have is a farce and unreal, and that the economy is controlled by Whites, who hire these African people, north of South Africa, in South Africa now, for a piddling wage. Many of these people newly arrived since the ANC took power, now behave and tell us to our faces we ain't 'shit', and they are better than us, because they have skills, they can work and are far much more better than the local African people. We need to call it as it is, and this is what we are having to deal with here, As Africans of Mzantsi.

So, by utilizing the historical background as provided for by Rodney, we can begin to set the record straight, as to why it is that we here in South Africa have so many issues that unresolved and are at the bottom of the pile in the country we claim has democracy, and that it is now, supposedly better than the time of the Boers. No, the ANC has worsened the situation and we are now back to square minus zero. Rodney puts it clearly, and tries to date us from 1912, and as I have posted this his piece in June 2015. It is also interesting to note how much Rodney recounts the colonial events and a lot of times cites colonial oppression and maltreatment of Africans, in south Africa, as one of his prime examples.

When we hear people from the north of South Africa becoming our harshest critics. Are the ones attacking and berating us, abusing our women, breaking our strikes against the government; accusing us of xenophobia in the end, we then take a step back as Africans of South Africa, and say: You are going to have to hear us now, by hook or crook. Many of our African bothers left their homes in their African countries and trekked to South Africa. But, when the ANC was in exile, it was never given the freedom of movement, jobs, and a carefree attitude as to where they can stay, live or have a decent life.

Instead, the bulk and the majority of the ANC cadre was interned in camps they had to build themselves from scratch. And many of our exiled people have been harassed and arrested in these countries for breaking their curfew law. So that, now that they come and tell us that they helped us get ourselves free… We simply say, Yeah, right… How So? Protesting with us in London? US at the Unite d nations...

Meanwhile, doing all that, curbing the movement of our brothers and sisters in their countries, because they were too scared to raise the wrath of Apartheid, which occasionally attacked the ANC camps in their countries. Give me a break... Better find another reason for all the disrespect that has been shown to us by our African brothers and sisters from the north of South Africa. This needs to be addressed fully, honestly and forthrightly. I do not fear to say what I have already said, for I know damn well what I am talking about.

The very fact that our African brothers and sisters from the north of South Africa are working assiduously very hard for the White people, that in of itself says a lot about them to us. They do not respect us in this competition for the White-man's job, and when the backlash against their view and behavior towards us comes to the fore, they quickly yell, "Xenophobia!" But no one has yet come forward to show the type of xenophobia South Africans in Exile suffered from these clowns and their governments-some of whom were in cahoots with the Apartheid regime, still, then, and now, undermining our own struggles and interests here in Mzantsi. Let the Truth be told, and may the pieces of it fall where they might.

Sell-outs, throughout Africa have been many and would take the space of mu Hub. All I can say is that those who have trekked from other countries, found work and domicile in Mzantsi, are going to have to begin listening to us, We The People Of Mzantsi, and not some corny flunky of a politician who is in office to grease his pockets. We have had the 'Benzies' throughout Africa, and those leaders of many of these African countries assassinating their genuine and worthwhile leaders, and yet have the audacity to come and point fingers at us here in Mzantsi. We fought our struggles mainly alone. If any help was forthcoming, it was from safe distance and in their far-off lands hollering Away with Apartheid. But, in fact Africa was saved from the Ogre of Apartheid because we fought against it using our bodies, barehands, stones and whatever came our way.

There were none of these famed guerrillas that were marching down from Africa to help us fight Apartheid alone. We were the one who bore the brunt and wrath of the Apartheid machine, and the sanctions and protestations overseas helped a lot, but, people should not come into our country and poke their fingers into our eyes. We need the eyes to see where we are going… So, we cannot allow anyone to bully us around, again, ever. Disrespect by any language is still disrespect. Our country has accommodated the many Africans to the North, it is about time they listened to some of us here in Mzantsi who still have our wits together. Stop the abuse of the indigene of Mzantsi, respect us, and abide by our rules and laws. South Africa is not the country for All Africans, It is the land and country of the African peoples of South Africa. Period! Do not take our kindness for our weakness,

I do not mind saying all the things above because I know they are the truth. If we are going to talk about the histories of the countries north of South Africa and in the Diaspora, let soon begin. That is why I have introduced the piece above by Walter Rodney to edify my theses that it is better for the rest of Africa and the Diaspora that we begin to respect each other, and abide by the rules of the land of South Africa. Our laws may be tardy, but they are laws, and if our politicians are going to use those laws, bend them to earn riches, the very same laws are going to be used to prosecute them for malfeasance and other wrongs against the poor people of Mzantsi. Only time will tell.

Right now, here in Mzantsi we have a long list of things to take care of. One of this not oft discussed is the importance and affects/effects of history on our lives. Rodney put all things considered into context. He traces the abuses for us, albeit I did not cite the whole chapter, so that we can begin to think much more better and in an informed way about our present-day situations and realities. Know what led us to be where we us is very important, so that we can better begin to deal with the present which is so overwhelming. But What Rodney does for us, if to keep us focused, so that as we mull over these issues, we have a reliable feedback from a solid authority on this subject-that is, he has already done the homework for us, our is to read it, understand it and apply it as we see fit.

I would have liked to cite some more from Rodney, but for now, thus far, what he has already informed us about, is good enough to begin to start the dialogue we need to be carrying out as Africans in south Africa, and those Africans from the north of south Africa-After we the indigenous have dealt with our immediate realities and issues. We too in Mzantsi, owe it to Rodney to come up with a better working strategy as to what we are gone to do as we build our nation. Following the present curve growth is a road leading to nowhere fast. What we ought to do is to be able to meld and cobble-together the myriad issues that we have to deal us, using and knowing-following the objective and other such conditions from the ground up(from the poor people to the richest). This is our only path towards solving our problems.

This applied too to the Africans in the Diaspora. South Africa is a poor caricature of America, and as we speak, cultural imperialism is taking over many of our lives, and has sidelined our culture and then some. I think the struggle today will also depend on the knowledge and awareness the incumbent Revolutionaries will be bringing to the African war table. Let's be clear about what I am talking about. Any change in Africa is going to have to be premised upon African beginning to see, respect and come together without the in-built colonial mind-sets. A much more clearer and deeper understanding of the whole struggle is going to have to be looked at with much more fresh and informed eyes and minds. Ignorance in this techno age is not an excuse, seriously.

A Historical Class Analysis of Guyanese Society - Dr. Walter Rodney

Nyaope Thugs And Drug Dealers...

Methpipe

Drugs, Gun And Death In The African South African Communities: Ugh! Azania...

Not All Of Us See politics in the same way... But we all Undergo The same Experiences...According to Jose Marti:"We must state categorically that there is no salvation for our people unless we turn our backs on all the models that charlatans of all types have tried to sell us for twenty years. There is no salvation outside of this rejection. There is no development separate from a rupture of this kind.

All those new intellectual giants who are emerging from their slumber — awakened by the dizzying rise of billions of men in rags, aghast at the threat of this hunger-driven multitude weighing on their digestion — are beginning to rework their speeches/[writings]."Far it being for me to ridicule the patient efforts of honest intellectuals who, because they have eyes to see, are discovering the terrible consequences of the devastation imposed on us by so-called specialists in the development of the Third World.

My fear is to see the fruits of so much energy co-opted by Prosperos of all kinds who — with a wave of their magic wand — spirit us to world of slavery dressed up in today's "fashions."My fear is justified even more by the fact that the educated petty bourgeoisie of Africa - if not the entire world — is not prepared to give up its privileges, either because of intellectual laziness or simply because it has tasted the Western way of life.

Because of these petty bourgeois forget that all genuine political struggle requires rigorous, theoretical debate, and they refuse to rise to the intellectual effort of conceiving new concepts equal to the murderous struggle that lies ahead of us. Passive and pathetic consumers, they wallow in terminology Fetishized by The West, Just As They Wallow In Western Whiskey And Champagne In Shady-Looking Lounges."Ever since the concepts of negritude and African.

Personality, now showing their age, the search for ideas that are genuinely new produced by the brains of our "great" intellectuals is in vain. Our vocabulary and our ideas come from elsewhere. Our professors, engineers, and economists are content to simply add color — from often the only things they brought back with them from European/American universities that have produced them are their degrees and their velvety adjectives and superlatives!(Sankara is confirming what Andre Gunder Frank was saying above).

Sankara:"It is both necessary and urgent that our trained personnel and those who work with the pen learn that there is no such thing as neutral writing. In these stormy times we cannot give today's and yesterday's enemies monopoly over "thought," "imagination," and "creativity." Before it too late — and it is already late — this elite, these men of Africa and of the Third World, must come home to themselves, that is, to their societies and to the miseries we inherited.

They must understand that the battle for ideology that serves the needs of the disinherited masses is not in vain. but they must understand, too, that they can only become credible on an international level by being genuinely creative — by "Portraying A Faithful Image Of Their People, An Image Conducive to Carrying Out Fundamental Change In Political And social Conditions And To Wrenching Our Countries From Foreign Domination And Exploitation, Which Leave Us No Other Alternative Either Than bankruptcy."

The citation above is an introduction to the piece I am posting below. The Drugs are decimating our people and everything, worse than Aids, with the same powerful destructive effect/affect, and devastating impact on us: especially in the community I am about to talk about.
Before I do, I want to preface my comments on the article above by saying: we might try very hard to play the game of the Ostrich burying its head in the sand, but, we are even more exposed by doing that, and cannot even see and deal with the dangers facing us, today.

In the Township of Orlando, the oldest one of all the various Soweto Townships that expand from it; drugs are wreaking havoc, and piercing at the core of the community more than many here on all the Social Media are willing to accede or acknowledge. I have written extensively here on Facebook about the drug pandemic that has assailed us, and promised will come back with new information and update about the Nyaope that is wiping us out. Below, I will post the earlier post on Maponya again, at the end of this piece.

I have posted the fact that the ANC government has acknowledged that ''drug abuse'' poses an even bigger threat to its young people'(the children and youth of Mzantsi), than the HIV/AIDS pandemic. I think both are huge, and are really furiously gnawing away at our people and us. Many diss and deride these users, but many of us today, who have to live with and amongst our African people in Orlando and witnessing first hand what is going down-We feel/see it; what is happening to us on a much grander and macabre state that many really nor care to know-it is what is our reality…

When I write such articles, the supposed-elite-African-intelligentsia and other such opportunists, keep quite, and do not even do anything. Some pick up ideas and apply themselves and their newly found ideas in trying to do something for the people. Be as it may, this present article is present a report, news that is not reported, and stories from the Township of Orlando, that are swirling throughout the denizens of Orlando, but are tangentially known by the rest of our edumacated elite-and they are national in scope. Orlando is but just a window into the whole cesspool and morass that is our decrepit existence,

That is why I will not stop writing about these sad chapters in our lives, but, am writing them for posterity, and to preserve them as historical record for our children and people/Nation.There are two things I would like to take a look at, and lastly try and interrogate the whole social miasma as it is shaped, to date.We have a rat-rodent problem which is being exacerbated by the corrugated iron shacks patched/made of boards, plastics and anything to build a dwelling for our people.

Orlando is very well-known to have legions of this structures in their yards, and these have created this formidable rat invasion and other creatures, which causes that the people say things about their presence bordering on conspiracy theories. Nonetheless, it is a fact that these rats and rodents are biting the people's doors; also, they are biting the children sleeping and creating a host of other ailments we have not even begun to deal with.The most recent posts I have dropped on all sorts of Social Media, are geared towards us beginning to write about our real realities and maybe many of us will begin to learn and see something that we had not even thought about, before.

Creating a literature from the grassroots reporting as I am about to do, is one way to go, of the many that can used. I am going to make sure that this disaster that the people of Orlando are facing, as I am onto this article, is exposed and written about as clearly, and as much in a raw way as I can conjure and write it down.I have waxed political and theoretical enough on the most recent two pieces I have posted here on Facebook and elsewhere.

Now, I want to delve into the environment I live and exist in and to make an attempt to caricature its reality and effects/affects on us. What is happening as I am onto this article in our Township is unconscionable. There is no moral justification as to what is happening to our youth, and the adult(children, baby population). This is a very serious thing happening to us here, and I think I will talk about it now.Here in Orlando we are facing a deadly and serious drug epidemic.

Drugs are so rife, that we have several drug potentates planted throughout the whole Township and in many contemporary youth social events. Pretext of an event is a carte blanche operation for the drug dealers and distributors. Drugs have a unique and not so sophisticated way the travel and are disseminated in our community here in the Kasi(Township). It would at one time help us to deal with this problem better if this were to followed up and exposed.

Here in Orlando, we customarily call areas within Our Township of Orlando, by the first numbers of their street, in one part of Orlando, and others have their names for a general group of areas, but being Orlando too. So, in the areas of the street known as '20, we have chaos that is replicated throughout Soweto and the whole hinterland of South Africa with similar ghettoes and decrepit life-style existences.

These are the throw-back and creation of Apartheid, and from these enclaves, we find similar scenes and realities that I am describing below in Orlando.This is news that is not news in the traditionally White owned media and nor in the dialogue going on inside the country. What it is I am saying this is not important for no reporters ever take time to sit down and look at, participate in and try their darnest to bring this situation into light.

We as the grown up residents and former students who were involved in the 1970 Student Revolution, are looking at our and within our own Townships, and what we are seeing is some kind of carnage: Drugs destroying and decimating our famous, friends, society and the African race. This is what is happening now as I am onto this article.One of the general terms given to this devastating drug, it is called "Nyaope," a generic name for a killer drug that has left our youth being spooks and walking skeletons right in front of us.

What a mess we are in as a people today in Orlando.. So sad to see… Heartbreaking and discouraging. What we have to live with everyday is spiritually.- soulfully taxing and seriously soul and spirit bruising. I think one has to see it to grasp my meaning. I am going to try and get some pictures, very soon. Optics do serve a relevant tool and technique in what we have to try and contain and at the moment, are at loss what we can or should do. Nyaope Hell Holes And Meat Grinders.

As I had said above, in the area of the Streets known as 20(this includes street No. 19) in Orlando, there is this wheelchair drug dealer thug called Nkesi. He runs a drug-dealing den in plain sight with tight security to go. His hirelings are destitute and jobless and lacking in education or dropouts, both girls and boys, who, even go to his hovel(home if one may say so) which is a terrible and a hell for drug-addicted girl teenagers, who would do anything for a fix.

That is where we get to see many victims come out/thrown from or these hell holes with HIV/AIDS, and other STDs that are still dismally afflicting and affecting our people, children, youth and elderly, either dead or sickly. When you see these youth and grown ups pining and crazily craving the drug, they steal water taps, fenced gates, copper wires from the electric poles and houses-ones heart and soul/spirit sinks to its lowest ebb.

They have a favorite on their menu, which is these new Plasma TV Screen. It is said if they do not sell them, they imbibe the white powder they find therein, which is fatally destructive, but it is their high pick on the menu of drugs. They also sell them to earn money to go back and buy the Nyaope for a well-known referred to as 'Grootie'(Big Brother) or Ketsi, on his wheelchair is loathed by many of the this youth, and those brave enough, tell all about him.

They talk of his crude and cruel ways of their treatment by him and many others of his foot-soldiers who run the errands of buying drugs from HIV/Aids patients-they are also enforcers. Some of these people afflicted with the HIV/AIDS disease, collect their rations of the ARV's from different hospitals and outlets, using various means, by moving from one place to the other-collecting the pills. So that, In the end, they sell these pills to the dug-lords foot-soldiers, who in turn sell them to the distributors and providers of this Nyaope for a fee.

This is the cycle, of how this whole operation gets done.Many people are affected in various dire and unknown ways by these burgeoning drugs. There are crews that operate in our midst in the trade of dealing or distributing drugs and raking in millions of Rands in their operations. The houses that they use for such illicit and illegal operations, are houses that the family in that house might have disappeared/wiped out, or is complicit in the trade, and there is no order, and some like Ketsi, have security tight operations that everyone knows, and have installed within their dens, the State Of The Art Cameras driven by some new and sophisticated technology.

So that, as these mini-factories churn out corpses and walking spooks/zombies, we have to live with the scourge-and all the time feeling downright helpless.The police are on the top of the pecking totem pole and order The bribes they get makes them look askance, and their drug-lords/partners in crime and genocide, are never arrested, but if they do, sit in front with the cop driving, and are out in a matter of hours.

Bodies of young girls are found strewn in the street corners or the middle of the road, having been ravaged and no one investigates, and yet the locals know who did it-but the locals state that they are bodies thrown out of these caverns. They dare not talk, for even the innocent ones have been killed for no other reason than that they were innocent and were never involved in anything of the kind of operations/drug-dealing or drug use, I have briefly discussed above.

If one were to see these kids and elderly, they have this menacing/angry look, and the people say they are even more wild and daring/bold when they have not smoked their stuff/Nyaope. So that, this leads them to carrying out dastardly deeds, murder and what it takes just to get a fix. They are jaded, ashen and very 'blackened' and gaunt-looking-Ghost-like, and never ever wash.

The local lore has it that they no more beat them, once they catch them stealing, they simply pour water over them, and they end up howling like wild creatures with all the water coming down on them. Some say that this water acts like acid on them. There is some kernel of truth in that, but as to the validity of the claim, the jury is still out on that one.The behavior of these strung-up youth is appalling and galling.

It is also sad to see a wasted life moving like an ogre or zombie out of whack and stone to the max. This something to behold and it is devastating and crushing on some of our souls, mind and bodies. Our kids talk like they are having speech deformities, and they are bent and very wild-eyed-looking and are always on the prowl in search of another theft or robberies-to get another fix/high.

Hooded thugs prowl the hood and rape and abduct and rob women as they are headed off to work in the wee hours of the mornings. So many rapes, so many muggings-men are also mugged, and most times shot; assaults, murders and all kids of undeclared war on the our polity is causing a costly blow we will take many centuries to recover from, that I come here onto the Facebook collective and ask that something be done before it's too late, of which it is beginning to look like it is very late.

As a temporary tangent, we have drug dealing in the coughing medicines sold in the Pharmacies or Chemist that are laced with cocaine, and now they are selling all over the place for around R15.00-are the hot item that is proliferating in our midst. The name of that guy is Adcock Ingram, and the cough syrup is manufactured by the famous 'Broncleer' according to the presenter, and whose name, the journalist or hostess of the show is Nkepile Mabuse and the name of the show is "Check Point" on e-TV it was aired on 02. 06. 15 at 10:00 pm-and that is where I got this bit of information from.

People are now addicted to this concoction, and it is marketed by a person, whose company name appears of the cough drops for infants, and only our Ancestors know what they are putting in this old cures for babies. This is another issue I will be talking a bit about whenever I complete my researches.

In the manufacturing factories spotting and dotting the landscape, some of these youth are telling of how they have to wear latex gloves when making this Nyaope or some obscure drug mix-because it is hot and burns the skin; they even volunteer information as to the fact that they make it inside some tires, for they do not destruct just as quickly and for whatever reason. There's a whole of deadly mixes of rat poison, Dagga, some disinfectant, ARV's Mandrax tablets and other natural salts/chemicals and an assortment of everything to produce this drug or drugs of the same ilk.

As I am onto this piece, one of my friends just walked in complaining about the lack of electricity for the pas so many hours. He says that rumors has it that a copper cable has been stolen, just as I am writing about this issue here on this piece. We are under an attack and deluge of thefts perpetrated by these Nyaope users, and that is why some houses and sections of Orlando do not have electricity now-this was not due to power-load sharing.

People even steal water, that is in those locations that have these water meters. People are not working, and cannot afford pre-paid electricity, and metered water, which have been outsourced to foreign corporation/countries, and they are fleecing us so badly and leave us always in the cold and literally dry.Both youthful but shredded and emaciated looks of youth, girls and boys are dropping out of schools in droves and headed into these drug dens, they are emaciated, blackened, dry-deadened physiques, drooling and zombie-like spook-looking walking dead.

The poor once youthful great looking girls are smoking anything, have HIV/AIDS, sleep around with anyone and thoroughly abused sexually, sickly and bony looking with eyes drooping out of their sockets, very thin-looking, breasts sagging and wasted and gaunt faces; hair falling off, this for us is watching death incalculable and very dumbing and numbing-Daily.Then there's Madambi. The character too lives around the 20s Street, and he too is into high tech, eking money out of the inhabitants, and he too is destroying the youth for he has created a well organized enterprise and has his henchmen, but he is not bigger than Nketsi

.Funked-Up Society - A People On The Precipe Of The Dark Hole

This brings us to the "Hell House". So dubbed because in it everything and anything happens or takes place. This is where the meat-grinder modus operandi is churning out corpses, Murders are routine and there is a general sense of intimidation that is the norm and credo. As for the Cops, they are nowhere to be seen, or the same thing happens when they arrest the Drug-lords, the thugs are always let go and they bribe their way out.

Bribery is another scourge that is endemic amongst law-enforcement people in south Africa-it has become a sort of a culture of laissez faire and a carte balance spirit that has prevailed for some decades now. In the Noordgesig Colored Township, there are Old ladies who sell what they call "Space Cookies". These are bought and eaten by the students of Noordgesig High School, and this leaves the kids High And smoked out/High.

Thus, the persisting problem of school drop-out rate as I have just touched upon above.At night, the poor working women, early risers and leavers headed to work in the dark, are susceptible to lurking murderers and rapist as they walk alone towards the required transportation to work. There were patrols by local guys, but this has been sparse and sporadic at best, and the issues of being paid take precedence before anything else, let alone local people's safety. So, we have less patrols in the ungodly hours of the morning.

Some Youth in our Block have been encouraged to do this till 6 am. This is not always the case, but the area is better now, for now.The other underlying but not oft looked important issue, is the fact that we as a people have already beed deadened and conditioned by Apartheid that we are having a hard time coming out of that stalag and mental gulag.

Of course we have long been in the Concentration Camps and prisons of Apartheid functioning and operating like the aforementioned Stalag and Gulag meatgrinders and psyche-hospitals that have contributed immensely to our present state of being and existence of our African of South African people.

We now have events called Marikana, a ruse and guise to distribute the drugs and consume liquor and carry on sex by its organizers, that in the end, these place end up with armies of these drug dealers: foot soldiers-who advertise and sell their drugs in these events, the illicit drugs and all forms of booze, and this ends up being an orgy of drugged-out and highly intoxicated youth, which is a setting for other things beyond the pale. Ketsi's children and other such-like people, have their children going to the best schools in the land.

This is unconscionable. This Ketsi self-styled potentate drive all sorts of cars(sits on a wheelchair, mind you) and has many girlfriends… go figure. We have no power to fight against these interlopers, and destroyers of our youth and communities. There needs to be something the people of goodwill here in Mzantsi can do. This is going on as I speak and is not abating.It is a fact that the drugs have decimated families, youth and elderly people.

It has left destruction and ruin in the townships throughout Soweto, but in this case, I will focus on Orlando.Drugs like Cocaine and Mandrax pills started proliferating in the Township around the early eighties and has now become a pandemic throughout different communities of Africans, Coloreds and Whites. In Orlando East(Soweto). The inhabitants have been watching with dread and fear as their youth became zombies, sick, and died from this drug-which, when imbibed, makes its victims froth at the mouth and tear-up incessantly, walking unsteadily zombie-like walk.

These drugs create an ever increasing crave, leading to all sorts of crime that has this drug-besieged Township of Orlando teetering on the brink of lunacy and genocide.This is a problem which has been thus far so utterly ignored that the residents of Orlando, rallied by the members of the CPF(Community Police Forum which was formed by the local Orlando station police force) along with and run by the local residents-who patrol and try to keep crime at a low minimum.

On the second Major Saturday of August 2013, a coalition of local Orlando residents, Their CPF Team and several policemen in their cars descended on the drug dens dotting the Township in each and every street.Recapping and reposting of the Maponya Saga [I penned many moons ago]: What The Citizens Of Orlando Have Attempted To Do Fighting Drugs In Their communities"Community Action and Exhumation of Crime/Drugs" - Drug Ground Zero Soweto and Durban and Cape Town...

.As the article above aptly shows we take note on this part of the article that the same sound of singing, became protestations when the coalition I had described above descended onto to the drug houses and dens within Orlando. A very disturbing picture began to emerge.The Jo'burg Metro police gave permission to the marchers, and provided the police force, and it was explained to the marchers that the agreement, and permission to approach the drug dealers was given.

With placards and a huge number of people began advancing to the 'known' Drug dens, and those who sold from street corners or shop stoops.The people went to the houses, containers used as phone phones booths and other illicit activities including the selling of "Nyaope"; The mob advised the police that the Zimbabweans, Nigerians, Pakistanis, and some Coloreds[along with locals] should be arrested and searched for drugs. In some houses in Orlando, they found drugs on the bodies of Old grannies, who were used as carriers.

Heading the large group was Councilor Matlaka(Councilor of Dube), along with 8(eight) police cars, about 15 policemen ant eh CPF patrollers were about 30, and the rest of the group consisted of a large number of undisclosed members of the local resident. Five young boys were arrested and were found to have drugs on their persons. Some of these dealers were women who had come from the rural areas and were very secretive as to who their suppliers were.

Others were resistant to the mob but caved in when they saw the mob's menacing bearing and intent.In the part of the Township called "Roma"[which is still Orlando], two houses were searched and drug paraphernalia was found; they also found a lot of stolen IDs and Marijuana in bags, along with credit cards and guns. Some of this stuff was found under the beds in some of these houses, or carelessly strewn all over the dirty and unkempt houses.

In another areas of Orlando around a store called "Goodluck" several houses were without owners, and all sorts of evil and illicit and sordid activities have been taken place in plain sight and nobody could anything about it… In one "Pink" Big House, the occupants tried to run away, but were apprehended had had on their person both 'Nyaope' and Marijuana and two guns.

Maponya - (The Nyaope Potentate whose fiefdom is Orlando)In the area around the Grounds and Tennis Courts(Known Generally as 'Escort'(Still in Orlando) is the headquarters of the Nyaope sales. Hoards of youth and well-off middle class Africans, along with cops(who are in the pay of this guy), who has in his employ, his grandmother, and siblings-the Police and local ANC honchos.

One of the 'carriers' who serves his customers on his behalf, was found with six plastics bags and she was in a close to comatose state…The locals who were in the march, alerted the police that Maponya's grandmother had all the drugs hidden in her body, underneath her clothes. She was very rude and arrogant and dared the police to touch her. She was arrested and searched on arrival in that the police station On seeing what's happening, Maponya attempted to escape, put on a disguise but the citizens saw to it that he was apprehended

.When he was brought into the parked police cars, he insisted that he should sit in the front with the police driver. All the time he was wagging his finger and berating the police, and none responded to his charade. From this incident it was apparent that the Police Commander and his side-kicks(police grunts) were in the pay of this lilliputian drug potentate.The community, who have been seeing the police and other people of note come to buy or get paid by him over a period of time, lost their cool.

They threatened to riot and demanded that Maponya be put in the back of the squad car with all other arrestees. Eventually he was put in the back with all other small-time drug dealers, and he was clearly miffed about this and he carried on his protestations.What got him off the hook, was the directive the police said that he could not be arrested if he did not have any drugs on him.

Those who worked for him refused to snitch or rat out on him. They all denied having received or brought this stuff from him-and the junkies were intimidated into denying that he supplied or sold them the "Nyaope"... This technicality, helped set him free and he was released without being charged.

The crowd moved to an area in Orlando too, called 'Paramount,' and they went into the ramshackle shacks filling up the yards of most houses in Orlando, and in them they found and routed drug dens , prostitution harems, and 3 people were arrested there-considered to be the main bosses. As far as one can tell, "Nyaope" is sold in each and every street in Orlando.The denizens of Orlando were disgruntled and felt betrayed, because everyone knew who(Maponya) was really distributing drugs wholesale in the Township, and he walked scot-free, due to a flimsy technicality in the law.

So that, in the end, the people wanted the Minister of the Police, Mrs. Raphiyega and the government to become involved.The people finally decided to call a meeting in a week of two, to report back to the community these events, and have decided to take the case to the Provincial government and they want the Premier to take this case over.

Most of those residents who partook in the raid, have to go around the Township armed"Drug And Chemical Warfare On the People Of Mzantsi"Below I will link an article which no longer talks about 'Nyaope', but "Whoonga" which is a potent and highly addictive mixture of Marijuana, heroin, and HIV Medications.

The same with "Nyaope" and other concoctions, which also include the life-saving pills for HIV-Aids, and literally makes waste of the users and death, sickness, crime, homicide, rape and so forth have spiked. This is a crisis, and it needs to be addressed aggressively, or we stand to loose not only generations, but a whole nation of people high on home-made designer drugs which are decimating communities throughout South Africa with unequaled impunity.

Until the day we Africans of Mzantsi stop thinking of and for our individual selves only, until they day we Africans of Mzantsi say enough is enough; and, until we come to our senses and go and see for ourselves what I am talking about or everyone is writing about what these drugs are doing to us, our people, relatives and communities[Nation], we will forever be in our cocoons and do nothing, and we are clearly facing something more dangerous than HIV AIDs(Which is still battering and wiping the core of our communities), we will in the end taken-snuffed by the genocide we are now facing.

There is more to the story as to how these drugs came into the country, and I will be writing an article tracing the origins of this scourge and addiction.We are really much better than this, lest we forget that.... We can all 'wax political' to our egos content… But this, is not going away, instead, it is threatening our very existence as the indigenous of the country of South Africa... We are in the clutches of a very dangerous and deadly grip of a drug epidemic whose likes has never been seen before in our country.

We need to begin to help ourselves and come to these communities and route the drugs and dealers consistently and brutally, or it is they, as we are seeing, who will run our Townships(they already are) or either its us who will have the finally say, and control and run our townships and communities... Whither Mzantsi....

The article above was made possible by the people of Orlando I talked to. All I did was cobble up all the interviews, and these are what I formed into the narrative above. This is seriously Grassroots news and Grassroots intelligence, which is out there for all who wish to report on the events and issues that are taking place amongst our own people.

The newspaper will not put it in the way that Malcolm explained above as I cited him. We have to begin to write our own news and stories, and talk to the people Face-To-Face, and can then afterwards post it on Facebook. Our people have the information as to what's going down in the Township… We just need to get out there, be amongst them, and write these stories, and show them what we have written, in order to get even more gruesome accounts of the lives of our African People Of Mzantsi, today,here on the Viral soup

Devil Bones: Cheap heroine grips SA's youth

Govt clamps down on Nyaope
Govt clamps down on Nyaope
The drug abuse problem in South Africa caused the Minister of Police to order an intensified war on drug lords in the country
The drug abuse problem in South Africa caused the Minister of Police to order an intensified war on drug lords in the country

Amukelani Chauke Informs Us Thusly:

One in three adults in South Africa uses drugs regularly but only about 7% have attempted rehabilitation.

And the number of those who use tik - an addictive drug prevalent in Western Cape - has more than doubled in the past year.

This is according to a reportreleased by the Anti-Drug Alliance of SA yesterday.

The alliance interviewed about 57000 teenagers and adults around the country, concentrating on Gauteng.

The report found that the use of dagga rose by 11% in the past year and that the consumption of nyaope, which has yet to be classified as an illegal drug, has increased by 8.4%.

The use of methamphetamine, commonly known as cat, and of tik, has shot up by 88%, mostly among people between 22 and 35.

The spike in the use of tik was attributed to cocaine addicts switching to the cheaper drug.

Quintin van Kerken, the alliance's CEO, said: "It is clear that the war against drugs is lost.

"We see more and more [drug] dealers are on the streets every day.

"There would not be so many drug dealers if there were not so many drug users.

"The fact is that we have lost the war and all that the government is doing is spending billions on catching a few criminals who are trafficking large amounts of drugs," he said.

Van Kerken said the best solution at this stage would be to legalise or decriminalise certain drugs.

He said that most of the social workers, councillors and magistrates it consulted agreed with the concept of legalisation, albeit in " hushed tones or behind closed doors".

During the survey, 36% of those interviewed believed that legalising or decriminalising "certain drugs" was a workable solution.

The debate about legalising the use of dagga has spread in recent months and has even reached parliament.

But the scourge of nyaope - a deadly mixture of anti-retroviral drugs and other substances - has led to the government scrambling to have the drug classified as an illegal substance.

Of the 2512 children the alliance interviewed in schools, 51% said peer pressure played a role in encouraging them to experiment with drugs.

Almost 70% said drugs were sold at their school - with dagga being the most easily available.

Gauteng education spokesman Charles Phahlane said campaigns had been launched to curb drug use at schools.

"The department of community safety, the police and police community forums address issues of the sale of drugs in the community," Phahlane said.

"We conduct unannounced raids with police in schools [looking] for illegal substances, including drugs.

"When pupils are found with drugs, the police initiate [the appropriate] processes." - Additional reporting by Katharine Child

Meanwile, S'thmbiso informs us this about the police:

People found dealing in or in possession of nyaope or other altered drugs can now be prosecuted, the department of justice said on Tuesday.

Spokesman Mthunzi Mhaga said this came after Justice Minister Jeff Radebe and Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi signed off on the amendment of the Drugs and Trafficking Act on March 28.

Prior to the Act being amended, there were no laws in place to deal with new narcotic substances which were created by modifying a substance’s chemical structure to varying degrees, or finding chemicals with entirely different chemical structures that produce similar effects.

Mhaga stated that in the instance of nyaope, a person could be charged for unlawfully being in possession of ARVs and heroin. The two drugs were some of the substances that were combined to make the cheap street drug.

“The court can impose a fine or jail term not exceeding 15 years for use or possession,” Mhaga said.

Whilst we are on this trip about Drugs in south Africa, we learn from SAPA that:

Heroin usage is on the rise as drug users become younger across South Africa, the Sunday Independant reports.

“The trend by young people to use heroin in combination with other drugs, such as cocaine and dagga, remains a serious concern,” Dr David Fourie, convenor of the SA National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence’s (Sanca) research portfolio committee told the newspaper.

Sanca released a report on addiction based on figures obtained from 10 000 people seeking drug rehabilitation from April 2012 to March 2013.

Forty percent of those seeking help were teenagers from Grades 8 to 10.

A nine percent increase in the number of people using heroin was noted in the most recent research period compared to the same time in 2010/11.

Mpumalanga was identified as the province with the highest proportion users of heroin, and nyaope, which contains heroin, antiretroviral drugs, and rat poison.

Fourie also highlighted that over the last seven years dagga went from being used by 18% of drug users to being consumed by 31% of users.

I would not likto add this piece whilst we are still talking about Drugs in South Africa:

Drum Digital informs us that:

Drugs with an estimated street value of R16 million were seized at OR Tambo International Airport at the weekend, the SA Revenue Service said on Monday.

A man travelling from Sao Paulo, Brazil to Lagos, Nigeria via Johannesburg was found in possession of 6.7 kilograms of cocaine –hidden in jam tins — with an estimated street value of R1.7 million on Sunday, Sars spokeswoman Marika Muller said in a statement.

A woman with a connecting flight to Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo was found in possession of more than 16.8 kilograms of cocaine concealed in her handbags.

The cocaine had an estimated street value of R4.8 million, Muller said.

On Friday evening, a man travelling from Cotonou, Benin was found in possession of three bags each holding a large plastic “jerry can” (fuel container) with small packets of liquid ecstasy totalling 30 litres inside it.

We are frthuer inromed by Drum Digital that:

Seven people were arrested after drugs with an estimated street value of R15 million were confiscated in a Sandton hotel room, the Hawks said on Friday.

Brigadier Hangwani Mulaudzi said police on Thursday found 42kg of methamphetamine, commonly known as Tik, in one of the rooms at a hotel in Sandton.

“Swift investigation led to the arrest of four Nigerian nationals, one local male and two females. One suspect was found with a further 14kg of Tik in his vehicle,” he said.

“The total value of the recovered drugs is R15 million. One vehicle was also seized.”

Mulaudzi said the seven, aged between 30 and 51, were expected to appear in the Randburg Magistrate’s Court on Monday.

zNow, this is a thumb-nail seketch of the narrative that is so large, still ongoing and has permeated our people and our societies.


Nyaope: The Scourge In Our Midst

Nyaope Addict Addicted and drugged to tears.. This is also what Nyaope does to its users
Nyaope Addict Addicted and drugged to tears.. This is also what Nyaope does to its users
Children Smoking Nyaope
Children Smoking Nyaope
Nyaope Mixed on a Zol(Ziggy), or joint
Nyaope Mixed on a Zol(Ziggy), or joint

Here's the Story Of Whoonga

Amatoor informs us that:

Three years ago, Sipho Molefe (not his real name) was a normal 16-year-old boy — an athletic, easygoing high schooler who was well liked among his peers in rural South Africa. Today, Sipho is unemployed, gaunt, and mired in a life of crime outside Durban, where he and untold others have been gripped by a drug known as “whoonga” — a potent and highly addictive mixture of marijuana, heroin, and, most shockingly, HIV medications.

“He has lost a lot of weight. He was a very fit and strong boy, and now he is thin and is sick,” Sarah, Sipho’s mother, said through a translator in an email. Sarah, 42, asked that her real name not be disclosed in this report, for fear of reprisal from local gang members and whoonga dealers. “He cries and hits his head when he cannot get whoonga … He now steals my money, and has sold all his clothes just for the drug.”

“HE WAS A VERY FIT AND STRONG BOY, AND NOW HE IS THIN AND IS SICK.”

Antiretroviral (ARV) medications have played an enormous role in stemming the spread of HIV across the globe, but when crushed up and smoked as whoonga, they can destroy lives. Users say the street drug creates intense feelings of ecstasy and euphoria — at least some of which may be attributable to the ARV drug efavirenz, according to new research.

This high comes at an enormous cost. According to experts, prolonged use can lead to stomach ulcers, internal bleeding, and excruciating withdrawal symptoms. When Sipho doesn’t get his fix, his mother says, he can turn into a monster.

“He becomes mad,” Sarah says. “He screams and shouts, and has hit me and my husband already when we tried to keep him at home and not go with the other boys.”

Media reports have identified efavirenz as a critical component to whoonga, citing hospital robberies and anecdotes from former dealers. Known in the US by its brand name Sustiva, efavirenz is widely acknowledged as one of the most effective first-line medications in suppressing HIV, and is typically prescribed in conjunction with at least two other drugs. It’s also readily available in South Africa, where the government supplies efavirenz free of charge for poor HIV patients.

SIDE EFFECTS COULD EXPLAIN RECREATIONAL USE

Quintin van Kerken, director of the Anti-Drug Alliance of South Africa, says there’s no doubt that addicts are lacing marijuana and heroin with ARV medicines, though it’s difficult to gauge how pervasive the practice has become. The South African government does not keep official records on whoonga abusers, and many provinces don’t have the resources to conduct chemical analyses of seized supplies.

A 2011 study from the University of KwaZulu-Natal found only scant traces of ARV medicines in seized whoonga samples. But Dr. David Grelotti, a researcher at the Harvard School of Public Health, says that as a synthetic street drug, its composition likely varies according to a number of factors.

“WE DON’T REALLY KNOW WHAT’S IN WHOONGA ALL THE TIME.”

“There’s probably no confusion that whoonga is abused in South Africa, but there is uncertainty because we don’t really know what’s in whoonga all the time,” Grelotti said in an email to The Verge. “What’s in whoonga probably varies depending on what’s available when it is being made.”

“HIV medications are added to whoonga,” he affirms, “but we don’t have any idea how consistently this is happening.”

Whoonga use isn’t as nationally prevalent as crystal meth, though the drug appears to have taken more of a foothold in South Africa’s poor and predominantly black townships — particularly in the eastern province of KwaZulu-Natal, where peddlers sell whoonga for between 20 and 40 rands a joint (roughly, between $2 and $5). More recently, it’s begun spreading to the economic hub of Johannesburg, as well.

In KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa’s most AIDS-stricken province, there have been reports of dealers robbing HIV patients of their medication as they exit treatment centers, in addition to nighttime thefts of hospital ARV supplies. Others procure the drugs through less violent means, offering to purchase medications from destitute patients or corrupt hospital workers.

“IT’S VERY MUCH A POVERTY ISSUE.”

“Gangsters or dealers offer money to people who are HIV positive, many of whom come from poor rural areas,” van Kerken explains. “And they accept it, because at the end of the day, they need to feed their families. It’s very much a poverty issue.”

Experts say hospital robberies and patient muggings have thus far had little effect on AIDS drug supplies. As of 2009, an estimated 5.6 million South Africans were infected with HIV, more than any other country. In recent years, the government has embarked on amassive anti-AIDS campaign, expanding testing centers and subsidizing medical costs for its poorest citizens.

Cathy Vos, national coordinator for the government-funded South African National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (SANCA), acknowledges that hospital robberies have occurred in recent years, though she describes them as “isolated incidents.” She also expresses skepticism about the psychoactive effects of efavirenz, arguing instead that dealers may have successfully tricked addicts into believing the drugs boost the high they get from whoonga — a sort of underworld experiment in placebo marketing.

But whoonga may still pose a fatal risk for those using it. Late last year, Grelotti coauthored an article in The Lancet, in which he argued that efavirenz abusers could soon become resistant to the drug. Should they later contract HIV, any treatment may be rendered ineffective.

“Resistance to efavirenz can develop relatively easily,” Grelotti explains, saying such resistance “could compromise the whole treatment.”

“WE WORRY AND ASK GOD TO BRING HIM BACK.”

As he and others are quick to point out, efavirenz abuse should not be seen as a reason to abandon the drug altogether. It remains one of the most effective HIV treatments available, and one of the cheapest. Whereas doctors in the US could easily switch to alternative medicines, those in South Africa and other developing nations don’t have many other options.

“We must take great care not to blame patients for this problem,” Grelotti says, noting that doing so would only exacerbate the stigma from which many HIV patients already suffer. “We should instead double our efforts to provide people with the care that they need.”

He and others say doctors should be more stringent about handing out efavirenz, and that further research is needed to more fully understand the scope of its abuse. Until action is taken, the Molefes and other whoonga-stricken families can do little more than urge addicts to seek rehabilitation, and hope for the best.

“The family are scared of him. We all are,” Sarah says of her troubled son. “He sometimes does not come home for many days. We worry and ask God to bring him back.”

Many have expressed doubts about the illicit use of efavirenz, citing inconclusive evidence on its psychoactive effects, but recent research suggests that the drug may be more potent than previously believed.

In a study presented late last month, Dr. John Schetz, a professor of pharmacology and neuroscience at the University of North Texas, found that efavirenz stimulates the same brain receptors that hallucinogens such as LSD act upon. His team’s findings, currently under peer review, may explain why some efavirenz users experience side effects including night terrors, hallucinations, and suicidal depression; they may also explain whoonga’s purported appeal to recreational drug users.

“The reasons patients experience these neuropsychiatric side effects are probably the same reasons people want to use [efavirenz] recreationally,” Schetz said in an interview with The Verge.

He notes that further research is needed to more fully understand the impact of smoking efavirenz, as well as the drug’s interactions with other substances. Based on his findings, though, he says efavirenz “almost definitely” has additive effects, enhancing the impacts of marijuana or heroin.


Nyaope - Whoonga

South Africa worst drug – ”This thing is killing us” (Nyaope addict)
South Africa worst drug – ”This thing is killing us” (Nyaope addict)
Whoonga
Whoonga
Nyaope, a mixture of dagga and heroine, is said to have originated in the Pretoria townships of Soshanguve, Atteridgeville and Mamelodi in the early 2000s.Picture
Nyaope, a mixture of dagga and heroine, is said to have originated in the Pretoria townships of Soshanguve, Atteridgeville and Mamelodi in the early 2000s.Picture | Source

Mobieg posted this piece:

Nyaope, also known as whoonga, is a uniquely South African street drug that is highly addictive and destructive. Nyaope is a fine white powder that is usually combined with marijuana (dagga) and smoked. The fine white powder can be made up from anything from rat poison, heroin, detergent powder, anti-retro-viral drugs, milk powder, pool cleaner to bicarbonate of soda.

Users roll nyaope with dagga in a zoll to smoke – because it is tough to smoke in powder form. The amount of dagga determines the strength of the zoll. It sells for about R20 – R30 per portion. A person can become highly addicted after using the drug only once. A user will soon feel as if he needs several hits to make it through the day.

Initially users feel euphoric or, when using heavier doses, a wonderful sense of relaxation, but the effects soon wear off and another hit is required.

Once Nyaope is smoked, the user experiences intense euphoria, deep contentment and relaxation. The user feels warm when cold, calm when angry and filled when hungry. The feeling is beyond human experience and the intense effect lasts for about four hours. When this blissful state wears off after six to 24 hours , agonising withdrawal symptoms set in like severe abdominal and back ache, sweating, chills, anxiety, restlessness, depression, nausea and diarrhoea. www.elimclin.co.za/…/sorika_de_swardt

For some the less pleasant side effects include a painful stomach, muscle cramps and generally feeling really ill, but when these ease up, they use again.

It is the withdrawal – the cramps, nausea, mood swings and aggression – that makes nyaope so addictive. A user is terrified of having to deal with the feelings of anxiety and physical pain, so the only possible cure available is another hit, and then another one, and another one after that.

Users can go days without eating – which can damage their immune systems and make them prone to other illnesses.

Because the drug is so cheap, it is a favourite among school children. In South Africa it is a crisis, because children work for drugdealers to get a free hit. Young girls work as prostitutes to pay for their drugs. It leads to increasing violence, stealing, robbery among the youth. Families live in fear of their own children because of drugs like Nyaope. There have been reports of gangs robbing HIV/AIDS clinics in Soweto to obtain ARVs for making nyaope, as well as addicted users mugging ARV patients to obtain the drugs for themselves.

If you have more questions about Nyaope, you may chat to an online facilitator on LIVE CHAT. The service is free and you may stay anonymous. You can also do a self-test quiz on addiction – Substance abuse quiz.

Ynaope: The Deadliest Drug On The Streets Today In South Africa

Widespread Use of NYaope Throughout Mzatnsi.. A Peek...

Kutullo Madisha wrote the following piece:

The incidence of nyaope abuse is spiralling out of control in South Africa’s townships, especially in the townships around Pretoria.

Some activists estimate that up to 80% of households in Mamelodi East have a family member hooked on the highly addictive drug.

Nyaope, a mixture of dagga and heroine, is said to have originated in the Pretoria townships of Soshanguve, Atteridgeville and Mamelodi in the early 2000s.

A single dose of nyaope – also known as whoonga can cost as little as R30 for a parcel or “straw”.

Residents of Mamelodi say the problem is that the drug is sold to the community’s children. As a result, the youth is rendered futureless and uneducated.

Mpho Motepe of anti-narcotics organisation Thandanani says almost every household in Mamelodi East has an nyaope user, many of them school children.

Motepe says the lack of recreational and extramural facilities in their area is problematic and is possibly the reason most youth have fallen prey to the common route of taking drugs.

His organisation held a community sports tournament against drugs on Sunday at the Reneilwe Adult Centre in Mamelodi.

During the tournament some nyaope users admitted they wanted to kick the habit but were struggling to do so.

Bulelani Mbuthisisi from Operation Thiba Nyaope says the effects of nyaope were horrendous.

“Nyaope is an ongoing battle; addicts tend to lead criminal lives and find various ways of obtaining money to buy the drug,” he said.

“A lot of damage happens in the brain and we have lost more lives from the drug.

The addicts either die from the drug or suicide, while some can be killed by the community for crime.”

The city of Tshwane has already identified interventions that aim to assist addressing the issues raised by communities around the jurisdiction during the Regional Anti-Drug and Substance Abuse Summit in August last year.

Interventions include the establishment of ward based anti-drug, substance abuse committees and help desks in all regions by next year.

The centres will consist of multidisciplinary action teams of a social worker, pastor and psychiatrist.

The action teams are expected to offer support to families and affected people.

The city of Tshwane has listed recreational facility job opportunities as their priorities to help combat substance abuse.

Whoonga

Post Script To Nyaope: The Inside Story

The folowing interview was taken from a blog called Myalberton-A South African Blog

The therapy session started like most of my therapy session do, with the usual: How are you? Tell me a bit about yourself? What kind of help do you think you need? Never in my wildest dreams could I foresee the conversation that was about to follow.

A freakishly large man was sitting opposite me, sobbing emotionally. My heart filled with empathy for this man who was still unknown to me. The smell of alcohol lingered in the air. He was well taken care of and polite, but signs of alcohol abuse was evident around his eyes. It was obvious that he had a hard weekend.

I started my basic assessment and one of the old familiar questions popped up. “How do you fund your addiction? Do you have a criminal record?” With this question I entered into a dark devious world of crime and mischief. “Criminal record – no. But I do crime.” “Elaborate?” I curiously ask. “Hijackings, smuggling of illegal firearms and drug dealing.” There is a pause. My usual poker face turns pale. It must be him – THE man. The unidentified drug dealer who everyone is too afraid to mention, but today finally got a name and a face.

I know I should proceed with caution, because word on the streets is that this man is viciously dangerous. I have seen the effects of his drug dealing and I have heard the tremor in numerous voices when talking about him. Yet the man in front of me seems so vulnerable and almost… human.

My regard for drug dealers is nonexistent, but today he is a patient and I feel compelled to listen to his story. “Why?” I ask him. “Why do I drink?” he asks. “No. Why do you deal?” His eyes fills with tears as he describes the deep and dark world he lives in. He summarizes his deeply descriptive story into one word: Power. “I felt powerful and in control. The money is a just a bonus and a source to more power.”

The room fills with silence as the tears continue to roll down his face. I break the silence by asking, “You ‘felt’ powerful and in control?” His tears turned to sobbing. “I don’t feel in control anymore. I can’t even control my own addiction. I have ruined lives and I’m ruining my own.” “Why drink instead of using your own drugs?” I ask. “I will never consume what I produce or sell. Do you know what kind of junk I put in it?” He further elaborates about the devastation he has seen. Devastation caused by him. He talks about lives lost, families destroyed, people corrupted and his ongoing regret. He talks about his own family and how he has put them in repeated danger. “I drink to forget that I am a ruthless killer. A killer taking his time on his victims. I am slowly but surely killing every buyer one by one.”

The normal hour consultation, turns into two. I can see that the remorse has drained him. “I need to end this.” he says while wiping the tears away. “You know what we should do, right? Are you ready?” “Yes” he replies with a big sigh of relieve. I pick up the phone and dial 10111.

It’s been several years since my first encounter with Bruce. He has paid his dues and I am happy to report that he now lives a sober life and makes a positive contribution in the community he has once destroyed. He continues to assist police with numerous investigations and often refer others for rehabilitation. His advice: “The cost of crime is not worth your life. It is never impossible to start over. Live and let live.”

There are all kinds of Drugs now proliferating throughout South Africa and many use different names, and they all do the smae job-they kill their users, destroy families and communities, and wiping out a nation. That is the ultimate truth about all these drugs that we see in our midst.

Eden Recovery Center In Johannesburg

Oasis In A Drug Infected Land

Here are some palces for rehab and help those afflicted by these drugs discussed. Rhater than only point out the devastating effects of drugs only, I will also add some places that try to help the drugged people cope or sober up.

Eden Recovery Centre in Johannesburg

The creators of the Eden Recovery Centre in Johannesburg, Athy and her husband Steve Le Roux, have conceived, built and nurtured, with their team, an environment that has delivered a staggering success rate.

The normal industry rate of recovery is estimated to be around 3% (Professor Malaka, The University of Limpopo). However, in the past 12 months 72% of the addicts in our care have remained clean, a remarkable achievement.

How have we achieved this? Eden offers a very different environment from most other rehabilitation facilities. Apart from the highly experienced councillors, medical team and the medical facilities, Eden has been designed to exude a sense of warmth, personal security, offering addicts an environment which is conducive to healing the mind, where they can regain their dignity and get their life back on track for, as Athy says,

“Without dignity, without hope, you can’t heal and rebuild your life.”

Telephone Number: +27 11 244 9916/18

Helpline Number: 060 344 7808

International: +27 60 344 7808

Email address: help@edenrecovery.co.za

Crossroads Recovery Centre can help

At Crossroads Recovery Centre, we understand the seriousness of drug addiction. Our drug addiction treatment options range from detoxification to an intensive, inpatient psychotherapeutic program that addresses the symptoms and causes of addiction.

The idea of overcoming drug addiction may seem overwhelming, but recovery is possible at Crossroads Recovery Centre. Our expert staff is trained to help people overcome their drug addiction in a safe and nurturing environment.

To begin your path to recovery and good health, contact Crossroads Recovery Centre.

Tel: +27 12 450 5533 (International)
Tel: +27 12 345 1186 Fax: 086 672-4585Emergency numbers:Tel: +27 (0) 84 840-0079
Tel: +27 (0) 82 478-6602
Tel: +27 (0) 82 653-3311 (Admissions)Email: info@crossroadsrecovery.co.za Address: 607 View Street
Waterkloof A/H
Pretoria
0181
Houghton House

Since 1995 Houghton House Group has offered high quality, specialist treatment for those suffering with alcoholism and or drug dependency. Over time we have become the leading authority in treating and beating addiction in South Africa.

With 20 years of experience, the Houghton House Group embraces multi-disciplinary, research-tested addiction treatment methods. Our programme has been refined and shaped to manage a wide variety of patients in terms of demographics and diagnoses. We offer a full spectrum of care for individuals from all walks of life, including substance abuse evaluations, educational services, outpatient treatment, residential care, halfway house accommodation or recovery support.

For all enquiries call: 079 770 7532
Admin office hours: +27 (0)11 787 9142
Email: info@houghtonhouse.co.za
432 York Ave
Randburg 2194

Tranquility Home

Tranquility Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation Clinic- a place for peace and recovery. Substance Abuse in South Africa is rising at a rapid rate. Tranquility Rehabilitation Clinic offers a solution for everyone who suffers from chemical substance abuse. At Tranquility Drug Rehab we provide a safe haven where anyone who has endured trying times as a victim of drugs and alcohol or any type of chemical substance abuse, including prescription drugs, can get all of the help that they need in a loving and caring environment.

With the support, expert assistance and guidance that Tranquility Recovery Centre can offer you, we’re confident that treatment at our rehab centre in Johannesburg will allow you to re-enter your life confident and free from drug and substance abuse addiction.

Treatment for Substance Abuse starts by which the counselor and the client identify and rank problems needing resolution; establish agreed upon immediate and long term goals; and decide on treatment methods and resources to be used.

132 Seventh Street
Cnr. First Ave. Linden, Randburg
Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa

Riverview Manor

Riverview Manor is dedicated to providing the most effective professional treatment / rehabilitation of drug and alcohol addiction and dependence, eating disorders, anorexia, bulimia, anxiety, depression, trauma and stress. Our specialist team includes psychologists, an occupational therapist, spiritual counselors, a dietician, consulting psychiatrists, a general practitioner and experienced nursing staff.

Our intimacy of care and high professional to client ratio enables Riverview to give each person the individual investment that they need to initiate and maintain change. We are able to keep our groups small and intimate.

Riverview Manor

P.O. Box 506 • Underberg 3257 • South Africa

Tel: +27 33 701 1911
A/H Cell: 082 922 5911
Fax: 033 701 1339
e-mail: reception@riverviewmanor.co.za

Twin Rivers

Twin Rivers is an Addiction Recovery and Personal Development Centre providing individualized, professional treatment and counselling to clients at highly competitive rates. The centre is set in a secure, secluded and warm location far removed from unhealthy influences. We are totally dedicated to introducing clients to an improved way of thinking that will positively impact behaviour and lead towards a more constructive and meaningful life.

95 Longships Drive
Plettenberg Bay 6600
The Garden Route
South Africa
PO Box 1244

For all enquiries please contact:
Twin Rivers Recovery Centre
0027 (0) 44 533 6821- main office
0027 (0) 828 633 159 – 24 hour helpline

A Way Out Addiction Treatment Centre

A Way Out Addiction Treatment Centre offers professional and personal help in restoring the balance of the mind and the body to people with addiction and other related disorders.

Aluta!

The Struggle Moving Forward Is Hard, But Continues...

The Identities of African people and their health and state of mind has had to go through so many of life's vicissitudes under various types of oppression. The British were responsible for racial segregation; Apartheid took it to a higher level and called it or was in the end called Apartheid.In the late 20th century, and the dawning of the 21 century, the ANC took hold of handed-down post-neo Apartheid.

This is where we are today, drugged, suffering from Apartheid hangover, our lives in tatters; right now, we are begin to see us loose not only our African society, but our country, to arrogant foreigners, from Africa and Europe, who reckon they have found a ready-made country with not particular inhabitants, but themselves. Our kindness has been thrust into our face, and we are being told that we are lazy, and that these foreigners, form Africa and Europe, are the ones who are making life possible for us today. That is why I wrote the following piece, which was inspired by the present-day events that are adversely affecting and effecting us as Africans of Mzantsi.

The Opening Salvo: Continuing African Cultural Transmission Ethics

"To manipulate history is to manipulate consciousness: to manipulate consciousness is to manipulate possibilities; and to manipulate possibilities is to manipulate power. Herein lies the mortal threat of Eurocentric historiography to African existence. For what must be the form and functionality of African consciousness and behavior if they are derivative of an African history written by their oppressors? The history of the oppressed, as written by their oppressors, shapes the consciousness and psychology of both oppressed and oppressor.

It helps to legitimate the oppressive system and to maintain the imbalance of power in favor of the oppressor. Eurocentric history writing is essentially an exercise in publishing apologetics for the European oppression of African people; often a gross and crude attempt to create and shape subordinate an inferior African consciousness and psychology.It seeks to impose a social/historical/cultural amnesic tax on the heads of African peoples and thereby rob them of the most valuable resources — their knowledge of truth and reality of self; their cultural heritage and identity, minds, bodies and souls; their wealth, lands, products of their labor and lives.

"Eurocentric historiography is the most formidable ally of White racism and imperialism. It's treacherous role in this regard must be explored and reversed by an African-centered historiography, written by African historians, and dedicated to historical accuracy and truth — historians who are unafraid to speak truth to power.

"The clarion call for the writing of a restorative African-centered historiography — a critical undertaking — is a call for the healing of the wounds of African peoples; for African unity; for the freeing and expansion of African consciousness; for the re-conquest of African minds, bodies, lands, resources, and African autonomy.

"Every Eurocentric social institution conspires with Eurocentric historiography to handcuff and incarcerate African consciousness, to justify and facilitate the subordination and exploitation of African peoples." (Wilson)

"Until The Lion Has A Historian, The Hunter Will Always Be A Hero"...

African MaximPost 2015 June 16 Trailing Murmurs: Structural Racism And History…

What I have come to realize is that we act and talk and behave as we have been conditioned in the Pavlovian mode. We are so incarcerated in our ways which have been cobbled into us over 500 centuries that with the advent of the Internet, we are now beginning to think, some of us anyway, how to unpack this imprisonment of our whole being and minds-and use the internet, social media, to analyze it and debunk it if necessary. But we need people who are prepared to cover this area and sector of life known as being a historian. We need to decode, we also must record these events as they are happening to us without fear or favor to no one, but truth to our people.

Our writings cannot be neutral, as observed by Sankara. We speak English because historically the British colonized many people and countries around the globe. But in our learning English, as taught to us by our colonizers, be it French or Dutch, we were infected with and affected by culture, traditions and ways of our colonizers. We were so beaten-down, that as we served our masters in whatever capacity, we worked assiduously very hard to be accepted, acknowledged and approved-of by our detractors.

This was inculcated into our Ancestors, right on down to us in the span of 500+ years-to date.If we say that we are supposed to write our own histories and stories, we simply mean that we use history as our consciousness, reality, reference and towards understanding the present and figuring if not shaping our own self-determined and autonomous future. Once we are born and grow, our lives is our own Responsibility.

We have to understand history in its real and hard core facts. But we should not dumb down ourselves into thinking that it is the past and what's happening now in our lives has no relationship to the past or to history. My role when I am wearing my historical cap, is to flesh out the real facts that African History and World History Lives!Here's a statement that was made by Henri Juno:"I speak of resignation.

It is necessary to the Blacks(Africans), for despite all that has been written on the fundamental axiom of the absolute equality of mankind, they are an inferior race, a race made to serve. It would be harmful to them to cover up this evident fact under a pile of sentimental eloquence. ... Christianity alone will make out of the Black(African) servant satisfied with his lot, for it alone can bring him to a free and voluntary submission to the plans of Divine Providence. ...

"Everyone, I will even say the whole of humanity, is deeply concerned that the "Negro"(African) should accept the position assigned to him by his physical and intellectual faculties. Without the arms of the 'Natives'(Africans), the gold mines of Johannesburg, which have built up the prosperity of South Africa, would cease to exist from day to the next, for it is these arms which accomplish the entire manual labor in the extracting of Gold."Then again, when we consider the immense plains on the coast of Delagoa, the valleys of the Nkomati, the Limpopo and the Zambezi, how could these fertile territories be exploited if the Blacks(Africans) refused their aid?

In these tropical latitudes, the European dies of fever, especially if he starts working the soil himself ... and the White man's role is that of organizer, the Master, under whose watch must work million arms of the native population"Historians job is to not only cite the most amazing or terrible or great facts about and done to Africans, with the new communications system and media, it is also our duty to marry that information to our contemporary realities and times.

We do this by stitching together factual historical data, and narratives from the living and present-day people. Whenever we try to configure our present social miasma and successes, some of us remember what led us to the present, and some of us who know, conveniently forget, and many, the younger ones do not really know nor understand why it is that their lives might all of a sudden turn topsy-turvy or unpleasant.

Many of our children and their children have no clue why they are what they are today-successful or failing in life. As historians, who are on FB and other social media, we clamor for and try our darnest to inform the present reading African intelligentsia, to come home to the reality of the poor and suffering African masses. This is not easy, and there are still not may takers.Back to Wilson under the "Opening Salvo," the reader would do well at this point re-read the quote at the beginning of the article in order to be able to taken in and let settle the discourse thus far.

So that, what we do with history, is up to us and we are the one in control/charge, so long as we understand what the uses of history, or the relevance and importance of history is to us. Many people always choose to ignore or jump their coming to terms and understanding history. Well, like the aphorism above, without historians, I am paraphrasing it now, "African people who have no historian, will have their detractors as their heroes[My spin here now].This is precisely what has happened to us.

We know and can read what the Europeans have been saying to us over the centuries and we have already internalized it. It is what we are going to do with the knowledge and understanding we garnered from the citation above the likes of Juno, that we might begin to have alternate ideas and direction. How we decide, henceforth whenever we get exposed to our stories, histories and realities, how we are going to deal with that, is what we have to begin to use as a conscientizing mind-set-Change the link and break it-form a new way of thinking, seeing, feeling and knowing that is predetermined and applied and made possible by our ways of doing, thing and living our lives anew.

If we read something historical, the essence of who we are that has been ignored and invisible, we become a critical mass consciousness by virtue of our knowledge and awareness of our stories and history, that, we really do not have to depend on one person historians, we become a nation of historically aware nation, and we are able to ascend one hurdle towards becoming a Nation.How do we relate ourselves to own history. Knowing it for one is one way, and living it is another good way to get to begin to know more about ourselves, for ourselves, without apologizing to no one-Ever.

This is important, but also, it is a motivation as to where are we headed in our way of knowing about ourselves. We do not have to remember ourselves and he historical — just because in was June 16 remembrance. Post the celebrations, we are and still remain those troubled people who will need another holiday to jolt us back into awareness about our reality and existence. We only need to remember that remembering and upgrading and keeping up our awareness about our own history, is not a crime, but a good thing, and do it Everyday!

As the shot of history is ringing through the ether with this article, we should remember that history is not temporal, but a fast splurging past reality presently and hurtling into the future. That is history and how it affects and effects us today. We cannot relegate it to the back burner of Father-time, we are going to have to look for it, take, and live it. As historians, some of us, that is what makes us tick. It is not a profitable vocation, but it is the real deal-All of humanity is logged in into hitter, and it's about time we took our chairs or seats in the Earth Space planet and do what we are here to be and do. What are we to do then, some ask?In this case, I will defer to Asa:

"African socialization practices served to assist communities in day-to-day operations, collective survival, interpersonal relation, and basic quality of life issues. The content of an African education and socialization process contains many components which are modified according to the specific goal and aims of a community. It includes at least the following parts:-Study the whole heritage of the community

-Study of the spiritual significance of everything
-Study of the whole life of the community
-Study of the whole environment and ecology
-Study of how to maintain health
-Building and understanding of MAAT(Balance)
-building strong community values
-Building fundamental and advanced skills
-Building strong social bonds
-Building a strong ethnic family identity
-Study of geopolitical and economic forces
-Building Respect for elders
-Building and maintaining effective nurturing systems for children.

Asa continues:

"Our methodology for socialization follows from the above. Bonded relationship among teachers and students are the foundation for method. Collective efforts of students, teachers, families and communities are essential. Meditation and reflection is essential. Conducting socialization in specially prepared "sacred spaces" is essential. With all of this, critical reflection is a must.The character of traditional African education reflects thousands of years of development. It is unique in terms of its purpose,its methods, its content, and its outcomes.

As African people, we occupy an environment that is physical, social, cultural, and above all, spiritual. While our survival need must be met, African educators are admonished to "build for eternity," not merely for the temporal. Our exploiters see us merely as hard labor for their schemes as they scramble to attain power to manipulate and control people and resources…

"We must not be distracted by the false argument that, using African traditions in the modern or postmodern world" is useless and misguided, trivial, and irrelevant. Technology is a part of Africa's heritage, and even under conditions of slavery, colonization, segregation, and White supremacy ideology, Africans have been at the forefront of science and technology in nuclear research, information technology, engineering, etc. There is no conflict between high technology and African Traditions. The difference is that it must be balanced with the traditional values which emphasize that technology must compliment nature, not destroy it.

... Even in the face of our greatness in these areas, some Africans ridicule our concern with the value of elements of antiquity as a source of orientation and practice for today. These same Africans, however, raise no objection to Europeans constant and pervasive use of their ancient culture."

Asa has a penchant to encapsulate what I would like to say from an African centered point of view. The practice of history in contemporary times can be done effectively and successively utilizing and applying African cultural transmission by combining present-day technologies and techniques with our traditional and customary/cultural bearings and mooring…

The upshot is that, we should not only get stuck in the celebration of ourselves in one day . It is a continuing and ever evolving process and we need to have some guidelines what it is we ought to be doing, or should be doing to lift our people out of sherri ignorance, out of poverty and into activism and collective action and rule. This is what we should be doing, and learning from the best we can get from our own African Master teachers and go-getters.

We need not be trying hard to be other people, we have enough on our life's plate to last us until the earth ends. What are we then waiting for then? We should share these ideas with as many of our people and help enlighten each other, than hoard knowledge and flaunt our being educated whilst our people languish in misery and ignorance. That does not make us any good, and we can only see tangible change with aggressive and powerful pro-active endeavors on our people and nation's part…


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Comments 6 comments

camilla 6 years ago

Hi, I've read a couple of your articles/posts.

You're a damn good writer. It's well researched and (more importantly, I think) very clear.. I can see what you're 'about' and what you're saying comes across as 'the truth' (so to speak, 'truth' being a loaded word) rather than as just an opinion.

I'm assuming you are South African and I'm wondering where you are in the world.. who you are and what you do in 'real life'? Is writing a part of what you do?

Thanks for the interesting articles/posts.


ixwa profile image

ixwa 6 years ago Author

Camilla: Welcome to the Hub above and am very happy you think that much of my writing and even heap me with some humbling praises. I am also impressed that you have read some of my articles and think highly of them.

Okay. I am the child of the Universe and between the earth, trees sky and stars, I always use my right to be an earthling and I have lived everywhere around the globe since my pre-teens. In life I am always pre-occupied with Reading all sorts of written material in any category. As I have pointed out, I Dig History, I am a media buff, and somewhat a Luddite(selectively, so). Media is what makes me want to write and Theorize about, and also, I am a political Junkie, and live, love and breath music of all types and Genres and that is why I am running an Internet Station Called FASTTRACKS on Live365.com/stations/djtot12. Writing is a past time for me and I have time do it, since as a child I have always written a lot. I do everything in life I consider worth doing and striving for. In a nut-shell, I am a happy-go-lucky dude who Loves Life. I write because I aver it will do some good to those who are voiceless, and those whose history and human-beingness is ignored. I also hold on to the idea that truth is in the eye of the beholder, and I claim no authority over it.

I hope I have managed to answer your queries, and I am looking forward to your responses to some of my articles, already written and those that are to come. I am very grateful that you have read and commented on the Hub above, and I appreciate it very much. Again, thanks for the comments above and I hope to hear from you in some other time and place and Universe. Thanks!


kimh039 profile image

kimh039 6 years ago

ixwa, thank you for sharing the experience of so many that I know so little about. God bless you.


ixwa profile image

ixwa 6 years ago Author

kimh039: Welcome to the hub and am very appreciative of your kind comments. I am also very glad that you read the article and hope it is very useful to you. Again, thank you for the blessing and I hope to visit and read some of your hubs.Thanks!


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ixwa profile image

ixwa 2 months ago Author

Thanks for the advice, Mary Robert.. I will look into this matter as soon as I can, since so many people in my country are suffering form this ailment...

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