Avoiding Dyspepsia or Indigestion?


Dyspepsia is a common intestinal disease. For lack of better terms perhaps, dyspepsia is also referred to as indigestion or an upset stomach.

Funny that dyspepsia is nowhere near the meaning of "indigestion" or having an abnormality with digestion. I supposed having an upset stomach is the more appropriate term.




The actual cause of dyspepsia is hard to pin. Perhaps the very reason for its medical term, non-ulcer dyspepsia or functional dyspepsia.

Unlike ulcer or other gastro-intestinal inflammatory diseases, the cause of functional dyspepsia is hardly or not seen at all by the naked eyes or even under a microscope.

The term “functional” in functional dyspepsia is supported by the claim that any of the organs, muscles or nerves of the digestive system (e.g. esophageal tract, stomach, intestines, colon) may be causing the stomach pains.


When you feel the pains of an upset stomach and doctors don't know its causes, the medicine they'd probably prescribe are for dyspepsia. (At least in my case, this is true.)

Symptoms of dyspepsia include:

  • Nausea
  • Flatulence (belching or bloating)
  • Vomiting
  • Heartburn
  • Burning sensation of the stomach
  • Stomach pains and discomfort
  • Constipation
  • Acid reflux


What causes dyspepsia?

There are a lot of possible reasons for these symptoms. Dyspepsia may be triggered by:

  • Eating too much
  • Eating too fast
  • Exercising immediately after eating
  • Lying down or sleeping after eating
  • Not eating
  • Too much caffeinated drinks
  • Certain drugs
  • Emotional stress
  • Mental stress
  • Physical stress
  • Sudden weight loss or weight gain


Dyspepsia may also be a symptom of other diseases. Depending on the severity and frequency of the pains, dyspepsia may be a sign of:

  • Gastroesphageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Gastritis
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Gallbladder
  • Pancreatic disease
  • ...

Treatments for dyspepsia


Dyspepsia may be treated immediately by antacids or PPI. These drugs relieve stomach pains by controlling or inhibiting the acids produced by the stomach.

A person with dyspepsia is advised to eat a bland diet. Vegetables, fruits and fish is advised with very little salt.

Eating hard to digest foods should be avoided. Too sweet, spicy and salty foods is also not good while under treatment.

If symptoms persist, an endoscopy is usually advised by the doctor to rule out the causes of the pains.


Dyspepsia may be a harmless GI disorder or sign of a more serious condition. If you often experience the signs of dyspepsia, consult your physician at once.

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