Bamboo Shoots | Growing | Nutrition | Health Benefits | Recipes

Bamboo Shoots

Bamboo shoots or bamboo sprouts
Bamboo shoots or bamboo sprouts | Source

About Bamboo

Bamboo is a group of tall woody grasses belonging to the family Poaceae and subfamily Bambusoidaceae. A plant that has multiple uses including its use as a food item.

Bamboo is an evergreen, fast growing and eco friendly plant. Of the about 1575 known bamboo species about 110 are known to be edible.

There are 2 kinds of bamboo: clumpers & runners. Bamboo grows from the underground stem called rhizome which has nodes or the growing points on it.

Some invasive species of runners can sprout almost 30 feet away from the main plant. Because of this one plant can grow into a grove as its rhizomes spread in a network like fashion underground. Some bamboo species can grow over 3 feet in a day.

If you are planting a running type of bamboo it is important to contain its spread by creating a barrier by lining its trench or pit with some high density polyethylene sheet all around and also let it remain a few inches over the soil level. Better still, cement the trench all around.

All parts of the bamboo plant are utilized in one way or the other. From supports/scaffolding to construction, furniture to housing, musical instruments to paper production, and more, bamboo is one plant that is a common factor.

India has 136 bamboo species and next to China is the second most bamboo concentrated country in the world with 125 indigenous species, these being mainly concentrated in the Northeastern part of the country.

Bamboo is indigenous to Asia and has been cultivated for thousands of years.

The bamboo plant flowers only once every 7 to 120 years depending on the species.

Steamed ryoku-chiku (Bambusa oldhamii) shoots

Steamed ryoku-chiku (Bambusa oldhamii) shoots
Steamed ryoku-chiku (Bambusa oldhamii) shoots | Source

About Bamboo Shoots

Bamboo shoots or bamboo sprouts as they are called are literally the sprouts of a new bamboo plant and these are edible, the inner soft part of this shoot being used.

Bamboo shoots are cone shaped and are best harvested when 5-6 inches long. The shoot is covered with overlapping scale like leaves.

Bamboo shoots are harvested before they are 2 weeks old or one feet tall. Also called canes, the bamboo shoots are crisp, tender and are frequently used in Asian cuisine. Though canned ones are frequently eaten, the fresh ones have better flavor and texture.

Bamboo shoots are peeled and cooked before eating as not only are the raw ones bitter tasting and difficult to digest, but these also contain appreciable and toxic amounts of cyanogenic glycosides especially taxiphyllin.

Taxiphyllin readily degrades in boiling water and therefore either soaking the bamboo shoots and/or boiling in water or cooking them removes this toxic substance and makes bamboo shoots safe for consumption.

Boiling bamboo shoots for 20 minutes uncovered removes about 70% HCN while cooking them for 2 hours removes the highest levels of cyanide found in them.

Some bamboo species whose shoots are consumed are:

Phyllostachys edulis, P. bambusoides, P. dulcis, Bambusa oldhamii, B. blumeana, B odishimae and Dendrocalamus latiflorus.

In China, Phyllostachys dulcis is very popular as it has a sweet taste. The species Phyllostachys pubescens is the most commonly harvested for eating. In Japan, it is called mosochiku.

Shoots of the bamboo grown in cooler climates are better tasting than ones grown in tropical climates.

Bamboo shoots are available fresh, dried or canned. Bamboo shoots can be dried and salted and eaten as a snack. They can be added to stir fries, soups, stews, barbecue or rice.

Before preparing the bamboo shoots slice them lengthwise in half and remove the outer hard leafy part till you reach the soft, pale colored edible core.

Canned bamboo shoots

Canned bamboo shoots
Canned bamboo shoots | Source

Bamboo Growing 101 : Growing Bamboo Shoots for Eating

Gardening Tips : Growing Edible Bamboo Shoots

Growing Bamboo Shoots

Bamboo shoots can be grown quite easily and in a variety of zones. Tender shoots must be harvested before they sprout their tips out of the soil by excavating around the base of the main plant and then excising them with a sharp knife.

If you wish to grow a larger shoot cover the tips with soil. This will help keep them tender as it prevents light falling on them.

For temperate climates, Phyllostachys nuda, P. platyglossa, P. nidularia, P. hindii, P. dulcis and P. vivax are suitable while the Semiarundinaria fastussa and Qiongzhuee tumidissinoda have delicious tasting shoots.

In China, besides Phyllostachys dulcis, P. praecox, P. heterocycla and P. iridescens are most often grown edible bamboo shoots.

When planted for food they are planted close together and usually these are grown from rhizomes as bamboo seeds are harder to procure from nurseries or by mail order.

Water the bamboo regularly and for faster growth plant them in less dense, sandy soil. Spreading a layer of mulch over the soil around the bamboo will retain moisture longer. This is especially useful in useful dry climates.

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Bamboo Shoots Nutrition

  • Contains over 90% water
  • Among vegetables, it is the highest source of protein and contains 17 amino acids 8 of which are the essential amino acids
  • Lower in sugar than many fruits and vegetables
  • Negligible sodium
  • Low in fat & calories. 100 grams of bamboo shoots provide just 27 calories and 1 gram fat
  • High in fiber. 100 grams provide 6% of the daily requirement
  • Good levels of potassium, about 11% of daily needs in 100 grams
  • Contains phytochemicals like lignans and phenolic acids
  • Contains several B complex vitamins especially rich levels of vitamin B6 and B1.
  • Contains several minerals like copper, manganese, zinc, iron and phosphorus in good amounts
  • Contains good amounts of vitamin C & E

Bamboo Shoots Nutritional Values

 
Bamboo shoots, raw,
 
 
Nutrition value per 100 g.
 
 
ORAC value 2150
 
 
(Source:USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
27 Kcal
1.40%
Carbohydrates
5.2 g
4%
Protein
2.60 g
5%
Total Fat
0.3 g
1%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
2.2 g
6%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
7 mcg
2%
Niacin
0.600 mg
4%
Pantothenic acid
0.161 mg
3%
Pyridoxine
0.240 mg
18%
Riboflavin
0.070 mg
5%
Thiamin
0.150 mg
12%
Vitamin C
4 mg
7%
Vitamin A
20 IU
<1%
Vitamin E
1 mg
7%
Vitamin K
0 mg
0%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
4 mg
<1%
Potassium
533 mg
11%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
13 mg
1.50%
Copper
0.190 mg
21%
Iron
0.50 mg
6%
Magnesium
3 mg
<1%
Manganese
0.262 mg
11%
Phosphorus
59 mg
8%
Selenium
0.8 mcg
1.50%
Zinc
1.10 mg
10%
Phyto-nutrients
 
 
Beta-Carotene
12 mcg
 
Alpha-Carotene
0 mcg
 
Lutein-zeaxanthin
0 mcg
 

Health Benefits Of Bamboo Shoots

The lignans in bamboo provides anti cancer, anti bacterial, anti viral and anti fungal benefits while the phenolic acids have antioxidant and anti inflammatory activity.

The fiber in bamboo shoots helps control not only constipation but also cholesterol levels by binding to them and aiding in their removal. It also reduces risk of colon and rectal cancer.

Potassium levels in bamboo shoots help in regulating both the heart rate and blood pressure.

Being nutritionally rich and low in fat and weight increasing components like sugar and calories, bamboo shoots help control weight gain and even help in losing weight.

The low fat levels help in preventing development of plaque in arteries thus helping to keep the heart healthy as well, also helping to keep the BP low.

The various antioxidants and vitamins strengthen the immune system.

The anti inflammatory property of bamboo shoots helps soothe and heal wounds and ulcers.

It has been found that a decoction of the tender bamboo shoots is helpful in treating respiratory diseases. Take it with a tbsp of honey.

Bamboo leaf decoction also kills intestinal worms and stimulats and regulates menstrual periods as well.

Decoction of bamboo shoots mixed with palm jaggery taken once or twice daily for a week induces abortion during the first month of pregnancy. The same used in the last month of pregnancy induces labor.

Post delivery, the docoction helps ease the expulsion of the placenta and checks excessive blood loss.

Bamboo shoot phytosterols flavones, amylase and chlorophyll help in fighting and controlling cancer.

Bamboo extracts help counter snake and scorpion bites.


Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements.

How to Cook Fresh Bamboo Shoots

Stir Fried Bamboo Shoots with Shiitake Mushrooms

Authentic Bamboo Shoot Curry

© 2016 Rajan Singh Jolly

More by this Author


10 comments

swalia profile image

swalia 7 months ago

The recipes look yummy! I don't think these dishes would be available in Northern part of the country.


DDE profile image

DDE 7 months ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

I like bamboo Shoots you enlightened me on new recipes and of the facts of a healthy food.


billybuc profile image

billybuc 7 months ago from Olympia, WA

I learn something new every single day, if I'm open to the learning. I've actually grown bamboo before, but knew nothing about actually eating it....thank you for a wonderful learning experience.


Blond Logic profile image

Blond Logic 7 months ago from Brazil

You sir are a mind reader. I have two types of bamboo growing here and was wondering if I could eat the shoots.

We have the clumper type and even those are a nightmare to get rid of. We love the look of them but they are invasive and the amount of leaves, is staggering.

Before anyone plants them they should know the amount of work entailed. The root network is vast.

Excellent topic and useful hub.


tebo profile image

tebo 7 months ago from New Zealand

Another hub full of interesting information. Although I voted to say I hadn't tried bamboo shoots I am sure I have in fact eaten them in Indian or Asian cuisine without registering what they taste like. I will take note next time.


emge profile image

emge 7 months ago from Abu Dhabi

Well presented Rajan. Lots of information as well


manatita44 profile image

manatita44 7 months ago from london

Very nice article and Hub on the uses and significance of bamboo. We use it in the caribbean and I'm beginning to think that some plants must have come over during the slave trade of some 250-300 years ago.

I got some for detox and clearing poisons here in NY. In a different way, bamboos feature highly in many Chinese movies, particularly in mystical ones. At Christmas, we use them as flutes and drums in the caribbean.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 7 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@Shaloo, I have not seen fresh bamboo shoots being sold in the North though canned ones are available. Thanks for reading my hub.

@Devika, glad you like the recipes. Thanks for stopping by.

@Bill, your comments and visit are always appreciated. Thanks my friend!

@Blond, yes indeed, these clumpers can become a headache if not contained. Good to know you enjoyed reading the hub. Thank you.

@tebo, I'm sure you will. Thank you.

@Madan, thanks for the thumbs up.

@manatita, thanks for this info on bamboo. It's certainly a unique plant with innumerable uses. I much appreciate your comments bro. Take care.


MsDora profile image

MsDora 7 months ago from The Caribbean

Among the most interesting of your articles, to me. I should try some bamboo shoots; I don't know where to find them but I'd keep my eyes open. Thank you.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 7 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Ms.Dora- I'm glad you found my hub interesting enough to try out bamboo shoots. Hope you can lay your hands on some soon. Your comments are much appreciated. Thanks.

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