Benefits Of Papaya And Raw Green Papaya

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Papaya Tree

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Origin And General Information


Latin Name : Carica papaya

Christopher Columbus called papaya "the fruit of the angels".

Papaya is called 'papita' in India.

Papaya tree and the papaya fruit are both called papaya.

Papaya is a native to tropical regions of Americas and cultivated originally in Southern Mexico. Nowadays, it is cultivated in most tropical regions of the world.

Papaya is a tree like plant with a single stem going straight up and a crown of leaves. The lower leaves start shedding off as the plant grows upwards and one can see the leftover marks of the fallen leaves and plucked fruits, on the stem as the plant grows upwards.

Papayas come in 2 varieties though they are available in various sizes. One is the red or deep orange flesh and the other the yellow fleshed.

Green papaya is the unripe papaya in both the varieties. The papaya fruit is somewhat shaped like a pear but quite big from and from 7 to 20 inches long. The flesh has a soft ,silky smooth consistency with a soft and delicate, sweet taste and flavour. The seeds are black and round with a covering of a transparent gelatinous substance.

The seeds are edible but having a bitter peppery taste. All the parts of the papaya tree including the fruit contain papain, a protein digesting vegetable enzyme, equivalent to pepsin, the protein digesting animal enzyme.

Raw papaya has a higher concentration of papain than the ripe one.


Uses Of Papaya


Papaya is used as a food, fruit, as a cooking aid and in folk medicine.The ripe fruit is eaten raw while the unripe fruit is cooked before eating. Papaya should be eaten after food.

The stem and bark is used to make ropes.

The pectin in papayas is used to make jellies. The black seeds are sometimes used to substitute black pepper when ground. In fact, many times, adulteration of black pepper is done with papaya seeds. Papaya seeds also help relieve itching due to mosquito bites, when rubbed on the bites.

In parts of Asia, the young leaves are eaten as a food after they are steamed, while in some other areas, a tea is prepared from the leaves especially as a remedy for malaria.

Papaya extracts are used in soaps and other skin care products. Papain is used as one of the ingredients in some chewing gums.

Because of the high content of papain in the raw papaya it is used to make meat tender.

Papaya benefits in various health conditions.


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Selection & Storage


For immediate consumption as a fruit use only ripe papaya that has reddish orange skin. One with yellow patches and slightly green will take a few more days to ripen.These fruits can be covered in a newspaper or a paper bag along with a banana to speed up ripening.

Ripe papaya benefits the most when firm but yield slightly to gentle pressure. The skin should be blemish free. However, a few black or moldy spots is okay and will not affect the flavour of the flesh provided they are not due to bruises or cuts on the skin.

The ripe fruit when stored in the fridge covered in a plastic bag will keep good for about a week.

Green papayas should be eaten only after cooking or in cold salads.

Avoid overripe, bruised and very soft fruit as the taste has deteriorated in it.


Source

Papaya Seeds


Papaya seeds are edible though its taste is bitter and peppery. The seeds contain papain which makes meat tender.

Papaya seeds are antibacterial, protect kidneys against toxin related damage, remove intestinal worms and detoxify the liver. The seeds are high in fat and protein and contain good amounts of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium, as some research studies indicate, though USDA has not listed the nutritional composition of papaya seeds.


Papaya Latex


It is obtained from the green unripe fruit by making cuts on the surface everyday for 4 to 5 days till the entire latex flows out.

Latex has 2 enzymes, papain and chymo papain. The latex when dried and powdered is sold as a meat tenderiser. Latex also has other medicinal uses. It is also used in mattresses and clothing.


Uses Of Papaya In Traditional Medicine


  • Tablets made of papaya are used in digestive problems.
  • Papaya consumption during pregnancy causes abortion and this property has been used to induce abortion and also as a contraceptive measure.
  • Papain is used for treating cuts, rashes, burns and bites. The flesh is applied topically.
  • Papaya benefits by removing worms.


Nutrients In Papaya


  • Papaya is rich in precursors of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B Complex, folates, minerals and fiber.
  • It is also rich in antioxidants, low in sodium and calories, high in potassium and no cholesterol.
  • Papaya skin and seeds contain numerous phytochemicals including polyphenols.
  • Papaya fruit and other parts of the tree contain papain, a protein digesting enzyme.


Nutritional Values In Papaya

(click column header to sort results)
   
Papaya fruit (Carica papaya), Fresh, Nutritive Value per 100 g.  
   
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
39 Kcal
2%
Carbohydrates
9.81 g
7.50%
Protein
0.61 g
1%
Total Fat
0.14 g
0.50%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
1.80 g
4.50%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
38 mcg
9.50%
Niacin
0.338 mg
2%
Pantothenic acid
0.218 mg
4%
Pyridoxine
0.019 mg
1.50%
Riboflavin
0.032 mg
2.50%
Thiamin
0.027 mg
2%
Vitamin A
1094 IU
36%
Vitamin C
61.8 mg
103%
Vitamin E
0.73 mg
5%
Vitamin K
2.6 mcg
2%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
3 mg
0%
Potassium
257 mg
5%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
24 mg
2.50%
Iron
0.10 mg
1%
Magnesium
10 mg
2.50%
Phosphorus
5 mg
1%
Zinc
0.07 mg
0.50%
Phyto-nutrients
 
 
Carotene-ß
276 mcg
--
Crypto-xanthin-ß
761 mcg
--
Lutein-zeaxanthin
75 mcg
--
 
 
 

Health Benefits Of Papaya


Papaya benefits in heart diseases especially in people with diabetes. The folic acid content in papaya converts the homo cysteine into benign amino acids, (unconverted homo cysteine damages the blood vessels), thereby preventing damage to the blood vessels and consequently prevents strokes and heart attacks.

Papaya improves digestion, prevents constipation, controls diarrhoea and reduces risk of colon cancer. It cleans and strengthens the stomach and intestines.

Due to the presence of enzymes papain and chymo papain, antioxidants, vitamins C & E and beta carotene, papaya offers anti inflammatory benefits and is useful in treating and healing burns, asthma and arthritis.

Papaya benefits in ear infections, colds, flu and keeps lungs healthy.

It is good for eyesight in general but has excellent protective action against macular degeneration.

Papaya prevents nausea both motion and pregnancy induced.

The leaves protect against malaria.

Papaya and green tea benefit by preventing prostate cancer.

Papaya benefits the skin, makes the skin color lighter, relieves acne and imparts a glow to the face. Rubbing ripe papaya flesh on ringworm relieves .

It controls dandruff and is good for the hair, benefits in irregular menses.

Papaya lowers cholesterol. The anti oxidants in papaya do not allow oxidation of cholesterol. When cholesterol is oxidised, it sticks to the walls of the arteries causing them to narrow down internally, leading to heart diseases. The fiber content reduces cholesterol too.

Papaya improves immunity due to the vitamins C,E and A in it and benefits in throat infections like tonsils etc.

Eating papaya benefits in jaundice.


Possible Side Effects Of Papaya Consumption


  • Unripe papaya should not be eaten by pregnant women as the latex in it supposedly induces miscarriage by triggering contractions of the uterus.
  • In some people papaya consumption may cause appreciable gastritis.
  • Consuming papaya in large quantities may exhibit powerful laxative effects.
  • Raw papaya can cause sores, inflammations, irritation in the entire alimentary canal and digestive system.
  • Excess consumption of papaya may cause yellowing of the skin and palms.This condition is reversible if consumption of papaya is stopped.
  • Some people may be allergic to different parts of the papaya due to the enzyme papain.
  • Papaya products containing papain enzyme may cause stomach disturbances, rash, itching, swelling, dizziness, breathing and swallowing difficulty. The enzymes thin the blood and lengthen clotting time.
  • Those with latex allergy should avoid papaya.


Papaya Tea


It is made from the leaves of the papaya tree. It is rich in digestive enzymes and vitamins A, B, C, E and the minerals zinc and phosphorus.

Benefit of papaya leaf tea include :

  • Anti tumor activity leading to protection against tumors and cancers.
  • Protection against alcohol induced gastric damage like ulcers etc.
  • Correcting issues related to digestion due to the enzymes it contains.
  • Offering a diuretic effect reducing swellings etc. However exercise caution if you are taking other diuretics as taking papaya tea could result in excessive fluid loss.
  • Take papaya tea as directed on the label.


Homemade Papaya Tea Recipe

Method

Chop up three leaves and cook in one litre of water.
Simmer until the water is reduced to half, strain and store in the refrigerator.
Fifty ml, three times a day is considered to be a therapeutic dose.
For preventative measures it is used in much the same way that the Japanese drink green tea.
Papaya tea stays well for about 3 days. If you do not have a fresh supply of leaves, consider preserving the leaves either by drying or lacto-fermentation.

Source: http://www.rejoiceinlife.com/recipes/papaya.php

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements.


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Comments 41 comments

J.S.Matthew profile image

J.S.Matthew 4 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

Another useful information filled Hub Rajan! My wife is drooling over the photos! We do like papaya very much. Now I am headed to your mangoes Hub! Voted up!

JSMatthew~


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks, J.S. It's very difficult not to appreciate papaya once one tastes its subtle flavour and I agree with your wife that a cut papaya looks very inviting and awesome. Thanks for the vote up my friend. Hope you like the mango hub too!!

Thanks for stopping by.


J.S.Matthew profile image

J.S.Matthew 4 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

You're welcome! I did enjoy the mango Hub. I also left a link to a delicious papaya salad in the other Hub. I hope you enjoy it!

JSMatthew~


alocsin profile image

alocsin 4 years ago from Orange County, CA

A comprehensive view of one of my favorite fruits. We used to grow these in our backyard in the Philippines. Now in the U.S. I can only get them in stores. Voting this Up and Interesting.


J.S.Matthew profile image

J.S.Matthew 4 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

To be honest, the seeds remind me of the pomegranate fruit. I didn't like them at first but now I am hooked! You know that from your Hub: https://caloriebee.com/nutrition/Benefits-Of-Pomeg...

You are very good in representing your online niche! Keep up the great work and never stop!

JSMatthew~


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

J.S, I have included a link to the delicious papaya salad in this hub. I'm glad you have started consuming the pomegranete fruit and seeds, just for its health benefits, if not for anything else. Nice to know you like them now. You have to thank your wife for that.

Thanks for sharing this information.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

alocsin, thanks for stopping by. Home grown papaya is emotionaly satisfying. But you are lucky you do get to eat them.

Thanks for the vote and appreciation.


J.S.Matthew profile image

J.S.Matthew 4 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

Rajan, I do thank my wife every day. She is very good to me and always looking out for my health. I see the link right above the video and I am very honored that you included it on your great Hub Article! It is so great to enjoy people from the other side of the world in real time, and to be able to learn from each other. Your articles are very organized and I enjoy reading them. Most of the ingredients you write about are native to my wife's cooking and it is always good to learn about them from a different prospective. You are a great teacher. Thank you very much for everything.

JSMatthew~


inaniLoquence profile image

inaniLoquence 4 years ago from Singapore

We had a papaya plantation in the Philippines before and what I love most about this fruit is its laxative properties. Unfortunately, I suffer from constipation and this is the only natural remedy that I allow my system to have. Thanks for this hub! Really comprehensive and informative!


m0rd0r profile image

m0rd0r 4 years ago from Sofia, Bulgaria

In my country papaya is known only in the last 15 years. It does not grow here and is still a bit expensive but I decided to get some today :)

Very comprehensive hub. Voted up.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

J.S, Thanks for all the appreciation. It's been a real pleasure to have a dialogue with you.

I have always appreciated your welcoming new hubbers as I read these comments most of the time. It's a great help to those just joining and you really lead the way by welcoming and then offering some great start off links.

Great work. Wish you the best.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Inani, it's great to have first hand info from a user.It lends credibility to the hub.Thanks for stopping by and your comments.I appreciate it.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

m0rd0r, nice to see you again. I appreciate that you are motivated enough to go and get a papaya.

Thanks for voting and appreciating.


Ruchira profile image

Ruchira 4 years ago from United States

Again...one of my favorite fruit.

Thank you for the information, Rajan :)


thougtforce profile image

thougtforce 4 years ago from Sweden

Papaya isn't something I usually eat, but I like it! Here papaya is mostly seen on a fruit tray among tropical fruits and I have not thought so much about using papaya in more ways. But now I know better and this hub is a great inspiration and filled with information! Thanks,

Tina


J.S.Matthew profile image

J.S.Matthew 4 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

Thank you for your compliments Rajan! It is good to know that I am making a difference on HubPages. I wish I could change the world! Wishing you the best as well!

JSMatthew~


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Tina, I trust you have been motivated enough to start eating more of this excellent healthy fruit, since you already like it. There are so many ways in which one can use them.

Thanks for being taking out time to read and leave your appreciation.

I appreciate your visit.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Ruchira, thanks for the read. Your visit is always welcome.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

JS, if each one of us does his bit,we could change the world.

Thanks and may you continue the good work.


Brett.Tesol profile image

Brett.Tesol 4 years ago from Somewhere in Asia

Papaya is a delicious fruit and with many benefits, as you explain. I had never had this before I moved to Thailand, but eat it all the time now.

Thanks for SHARING.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks for stopping by, Brett. Of course, papaya is a delicious way to remain healthy. Thanks for the inputs and sharing.


CZCZCZ profile image

CZCZCZ 4 years ago from Oregon

I love to include papaya in a fruit salad and making a green Papaya salad is delicious thanks for writing this hub so I could understand the health benefits of the Papaya better.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

CZCZCZ, papaya in any form is beneficial to health. Thanks for your appreciative comments and thanks for sparing some time to read my hub.


nikhil 4 years ago

Papaya is billion time good fruit.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Nikhil, thanks for reading this hub. I have written on a variety of natural foods and other health related therapies. You can visit my profile to have a look.

Thanks a lot for being here.


orange gallardo 4 years ago

love to eat papaya..


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks for reading orange gallardo.


samuel baroi 3 years ago

I have got to know much from all that is put in. Thank you very very much.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks for reading Samuel. I'm glad you found the information useful.


allelsematters profile image

allelsematters 3 years ago from Philippines

Once again you have created a very informative hub, thank you for this useful information :)


vibesites profile image

vibesites 3 years ago from United States

Seeds are peppery... hmmm.. they look like peppercorns too. :)

Anyway, I love papayas! Both raw as a vegetable (in many dishes) and ripe as a fruit. Thanks for posting. Voted up and interesting. :)


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@ Lady Jen - I'm glad you like this info and thank you .

@ vibesites - Thanks for stopping by.


Paul Kuehn profile image

Paul Kuehn 3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

Rajan,

This is another awesome hub about a fruit which I have been eating on and off for the past 4o years. This fruit was also introduced to me while I was in Taiwan in the 70s. Since living in Thailand, I have been eating more papaya because my wife and I regularly eat Thai style spicy papaya salads. They are great and have just about all of the basic tastes combined into one food. I have seen papaya trees close-up because my mother-in-law has a number of them in her backyard. Voted up and sharing. Also Pinning and Tweeting.


sweetie1 profile image

sweetie1 3 years ago from India

Very informative Rajan.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@ Paul-thanks and I appreciate the votes and sharing.

@sweetie-thanks.


Thelma Alberts profile image

Thelma Alberts 3 years ago from Germany

This is an awesome hub of yours Rajan. I´m drooling looking at the photos above. Thanks for sharing this useful information. I have papaya trees at home and I love eating them. I did not know that I can make tea out of the leaves of papayas. Thank you very much and I will be making this tea when I´m at home. Voted up, useful and shared.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks Thelma for reading and appreciating. And yes passing it on.


namrata 3 years ago

is cooked unripened papaya good for diabeties


rinku 2 years ago

Very nice article, I enjoyed reading it. Regarding the seeds- raw papaya seeds. How do i eat them ?


foski 13 months ago

But somebody told me that if I diced unripe papaya and onion and mixed with some quantity of water that it can prevent jaundice during pregnancy.


julki 8 months ago

Papaya is like medicine, which can be taken for any diseases without consulting any Doctor.

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    rajan jolly profile image

    Rajan Singh Jolly (rajan jolly)1,139 Followers
    310 Articles

    Rajan is a major in Botany and Chemistry. Has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years of his career breeding layer & broiler parents.



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