Best and Worst Foods for Diabetes

People with diabetes have to take seriously about their food. And it's not an easy thing to do. Choosing a right food is the one important way to control the diabetes. You can control the blood sugar level as normal as possible. According to the Diabetes Food Pyramid, here's a full list of the most basic categories needed by the body:

Bread, grains, and other starchy sources
Meat,meat substitutes, and other protein sources
Dairy products
Fats, oils, and sweeteners

The largest group is on a bottom of the pyramid and you should consume bread, grains, and starchy products more than the fats, sweets on the top of the food pyramid.

Diabetes Food Pyramid

Diabetes Food Pyramid
Diabetes Food Pyramid

Bread, grains, and other starchy sources

The food in this first category consists mainly of complex carbohydrates and also vitamins, minerals, and fiber. The body will convert complex carbohydrates into sugar as an energy source.

Although carbohydrates make the glucose level rise, complex carbohydrates are absorbed more slowly than simple carbohydrates, and you need carbohydrates as energy sources. Use the following list to help you choose the best complex carbohydrate:

The best choices: whole-grain flour such as whole wheat flour, whole grains like brown rice, cereals that contain whole grains and a little extra sugar, whole grain bread, baked potatoes.

Worst choice: white flour, refined grains like white rice, cereal with a little content of whole grains and lots of sugar, white bread, fried potatoes.


Vegetables contain carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Vegetables generally contain less carbohydrate than fruit. Many types of vegetables that contain fiber and low in fat and sodium.

Starchy vegetables like potatoes and corn, are not included in this category. Both these foods included in the category of breads, cereals and other food sources of flour. Here's the list that you can use to make the best choice:

Best choice: fresh vegetables consumed raw or steamed, frozen vegetables (heated briefly), fresh cucumber, cabbage or grated fresh lettuce.

Worst choice: canned vegetables rich in sodium addition, vegetables cooked with lots of extra butter, cheese or sauce, pickles (only if you limit your sodium intake, if not it's okay to have it sometime).


Fruits contain carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Fruits are naturally low in fat (except avocado), and sodium. Fruit often contains more carbohydrates than vegetables. The following list can help you make the best choice.

The best option: frozen fruit, fresh fruit, sugar free jam, unsweetened applesauce, 100 percent fruit juice or low-carb juice.

Worst choice: canned fruits rich in sugar syrup, fruit chewy bread (chewy fruit rolls), regular hours or jelly, apple sauce which added sweeteners, fruit drinks, fruit juices, sweetened soda.

Meat,meat substitutes, and other protein sources

This food is rich in protein. The following list can be your guide.

The best choices: roast beef or stew meat, low fat meats such as sirloin, low-fat cheese, skinless chicken, grilled or steamed fish, tofu stir-fried, steamed, or mixed with soup, baked or boiled soybeans.

Worst choice: fried meat, high fat meats like ribs, regular cheese, poultry with skin, fried fish, fried tofu, soybean cooked with oil or fats.

Dairy products

The best option: skim milk, low-fat yogurt, low fat cheese, nonfat sour cream, low fat and low carbohydrate frozen yogurt.

The worst choices: whole milk, regular yogurt, regular cheese, regular sour cream, regular ice cream.

Fats, oils, and sweeteners

Beside fats, oils and sweeteners, you also need to consider third-rich snack choices of these components.

The best option: snacks such as baked potato chips, baked corn chips, vegetable oil, non hydrogenated butter, margarine, low fat mayonnaise, low-fat salad dressings.

Worst choice: snacks which are fried like potato chips and corn chips, hydrogenated margarine or vegetable oil, regular mayonnaise, regular salad dressings.

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Comments 12 comments

beth811 profile image

beth811 6 years ago from Philippines

Virgin coconut oil also has benefits for diabetes. It helps stabilize blood glucose levels and aids in shedding excess body weight.

febriedethan profile image

febriedethan 6 years ago from Indonesia Author

Beth811, oh you're right, I forgot, the VCO. I also heard that VCO is good for AIDS patient. Thank you for visiting.

Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

You have done a throrough job here and I am sure it will help Diabetes. It much be awful for the sufferers not to be able to eat all that and only eat this.

DeBorrah K. Ogans profile image

DeBorrah K. Ogans 6 years ago

febriedethan, Great hub! Healthy suggestions to consider in planning meals. Must remember the VCO as well! Thank you for sharing, Peace & Blessings!

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Lecie 6 years ago

great hub, my mom wanted to get some healthy cookies for my niece and nephew to snack on. the lady at the bakery told her the healthiest cookies they had were for diabetics. my mom bought them. when she brought them home i looked at the nutrition information and saw that they had more than 300 calories per cookie plus more than 29g of sugar per cookie. i told my mom to be more careful and look at the information from now on. we need cookies with fewer calories and sugar. though the cookies may have been good for a diabetic they were not good for non-diabetics. love this hub, i can't wait to read it to my mom.

Dave Mathews profile image

Dave Mathews 6 years ago from NORTH YORK,ONTARIO,CANADA

Diabetes is a disease that is getting out of control in North America. It would be great if some scientist would some how discover some food that when eaten would help the body to create more insulin, to counter act the blood sugar levels. I think it would be easier to find this rather than to continuosly be seeking a cure for the disease once it has affected a person's body.

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woolman60 6 years ago

Good hub here is a web page of the Maryland Diet manual, take a look at it, list all major diets.

febriedethan profile image

febriedethan 6 years ago from Indonesia Author

Hello, hello, thank you. My mom has dibetes, so she's really control her food. Now, she used to eat a low carb and sugar-free foods.

DeBorrah, you're welcome Ma'am :)

Lecie, yes, that's right, many products in dept store's racks are contain high calories, we're need to be cautious about it.

febriedethan profile image

febriedethan 6 years ago from Indonesia Author

Brother Dave, Diabetes also a serious disease in my country and the sufferer are getting more and more, because of the changes in people's diet. I agree with you, we need food that increase the insulin in the body. Hope there will be some researches about this soon.

Woolman60, thank you for the information.

Thank you so much for visiting!!

einron profile image

einron 6 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA

Very well written and good photos, too.

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia

Great info! I'm passing this along to my diabetic pal.

febriedethan profile image

febriedethan 6 years ago from Indonesia Author

Einron, thank you for visiting!!

Habee, thank you :)

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