Burdock (Arctium)

Arctium is a genus of plants of the Asteraceae family, which features the heads of bracts ending with "hooks", which give it the ability to attach to clothing or animal fur.It is a herbal plant.

Etymology

 The genus name, probably derived from the greek árcteion (bear), is already in Dioscorides and probably refers to the hairy and shaggy appearance of the plant.

Taxonomy

 The genus belongs to the tribe of Arctium Cardueae, grouping of the Asteraceae (or Compositae), which attaches to the traditional classification subfamily Cichorioideae but according to the latest analysis Cladistic Carduoideae be placed in the subfamily.

 

It includes the following species:

 

·         Arctium chaorum

 

·         Arctium czerepninii

 

·         Arctium lappa - Burdock Common

 

·         Arctium minus - lower claw

 

·         Arctium nemorosum (syn.: A. glabrescens) - wild burdock

 

·         Arctium platylepis

 

·         Arctium tomentosum - burdock lanuta

 

·         Arctium vulgare

Uses

 

Traditional medicine attaches to a burdock and diuretic properties of blood purification. In the past it was also recommended against arthritis, ulcers, stomach problems, alopecia, psoriasis, skin impurities, uterine prolapse and wound care.

 

It is currently recommended in the treatment of skin through the use of teas, poultices and extracts that give a benefit to combat acne, oily skin and boils. Basically, burdock has a purifying function, diuretic and stimulates the hepatobiliary functions.

 

Uses the roots of Arctium lappa collected in the fall of the first year or second in spring and dried as well as of Arctium minus and Arctium tomentosum. The roots of burdock are more rarely offered on the market as Bardanae radix.

 

Substances are contained lignin, arctiina, inulin (45-70% A. lappa, A. minus 20-27%, A. tomentosum up to 19%), mucous membranes, smaller quantities of essential oil polina, acid derivatives of caffeine and tarassinico acid (sesquiterpenlactone).

 

A fumigation of roots of burdock, occasionally parts of the plant top of the soil freshly cut or dried, is used for internal application. In outdoor applications, the oil of the roots of burdock is applied against alopecia. If the application is not recommended during pregnancy.

 

More by this Author

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Supercharger
    1

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Supercharger:The supercharger is used for supercharging of internal combustion piston engines. The drive is through a mechanical connection to the engine (or other device such as an...

  • Negative Effects of Migration
    17

    Migration is becoming a very important subject for the big cities’ life. The countryside daily life facilities seem unattractive to people when cities include luxury. Educational, social, cultural and financial...

  • Principles of Solar Energy
    9

      Solar energy means energy, heat or electricity is produced directly using the energy radiated from the Sun (renewable energy) to Earth.   At any time the Sun on the Earth sends 1367 watts per square...


Comments 3 comments

rpalulis profile image

rpalulis 5 years ago from NY

We have plenty of burdock growing around here! Thanks for sharing some of the medicinal uses of this plant. I love to learn of the many uses of such plants that grow in abundance where I live. Thanks.


Fay Paxton 5 years ago

Everytime I read one of your hubs, I think about how my Grandmother used to say everything we need has been supplied by nature.


Hyphenbird profile image

Hyphenbird 5 years ago from America-Broken But Still Beautiful

Finally one I am familiar with! This as always was a pleasure to read and a learning experience. Thanks so much.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working