Causes of Gingivitis

Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is an inflammation that occurs in the gums, due to lack of proper hygiene.

Caused by the irritation caused by plaque, its main feature is the change in color of the gums. From a bright red and shiny, the gums get the reddish intense and dull.

Other features are more intense sensitivity in the gums and bleeding. The patient should always be aware of the appearance of this inflammation, as it is the start to more serious problems. Among these problems, we can mention the reduction in support of the tooth, affecting the tissue and alveolar bone, and the spread of inflammation to the pulp of the tooth.

It is therefore crucial that the plaque is removed through daily brushing and flossing, because it contains bacteria infect not only the gums but also the tissue beneath it and the bone supporting the teeth. This happening, the teeth become unsupported and softened in the mouth.

With the lack of treatment of gingivitis, arise in periodontal inflammation, also called periodontitis. This is a kind of inflammation that affects the bone and fibers that support the tooth cause irreversible damage and difficult recovery.

When your gums may begin to form a pocket that goes down the gum is stored and where the debris and plaque. The proper dental care and thorough oral hygiene at home, in general, can help prevent further damage. The handling of the stage of periodontitis, the end of the disease, the fibers and bone supporting the teeth are destroyed, which causes teeth to migrate or change of place or become shaken or mobile.

This can affect your bite and, if treatment is not effective, you run the risk of losing your teeth.

How do I know if I have gingivitis?

The disease can occur at any age but is most common among adults. If detected in its early stages, the disease can be reversed - so see your dentist if you notice any of the following symptoms: gums red, swollen or swollen, or tender; Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing; Teeth that look longer because your gums have receded, gums to separate or move away from the teeth, creating a stock exchange;
Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite; secretion of pus around the teeth and gums in the bag; Bad constant breath or bad taste in the mouth.

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