Childhood Trauma and it's Profound Impact on the Adult

Childhood Trauma

Photo with my Siblings
Photo with my Siblings

My Sister and I were born with a Congenital Heart Defect

Childhood Trauma and Risk of Disease

Earning a Master's degree in Psychology and having worked in the mental health field for years, I'm constantly looking for informative articles on the latest research. I've always been intrigued by the complex workings of the human psyche. The other day I came across an article about childhood trauma and it's profound effects on the adult. As someone who fits the bill of a childhood riddled with trauma, the article pique'd my interest. I have to tell you, what I read was quite an eye opener for me. Although I was aware that childhood trauma can have detrimental effects on a person, I didn't realize the strong association between trauma and disease. My jaw dropped as I moved deeper into the article. Pediatrician Nadine Burke Harris explains, "children who have experienced high levels of trauma, are triple the risk for heart disease and lung cancer." These findings really hit home for me! My twin sister and I were born with a congenital heart defect, specifically, Ventricular Septal Defect. To keep it simple, we were born with holes in our hearts. My sister's heart eventually healed itself, while mine grew a muscle over the hole in my right ventricle. I had open heart surgery to remove the muscle when I was in 8th grade. Fast forward to adulthood years; I was diagnosed with non small-cell lung cancer at only forty one years old and had never been a smoker.

Did you Grow up in an Adverse Childhood Environment?

Childhood Trauma Linked to Mental and Physical Health in Adulthood

I want to thank my older sister for sending me the article and questionnaire about childhood trauma and how it affects the adult child. The article I am referring to was written by TEDMED. It's a video and article discussing what Nadine Burke Harris and other's in the medical field have learned about childhood trauma.

Nadine states in the article, "you can't just get over childhood trauma. The repeated stress of childhood abuse, neglect, and parents struggling with mental health or substance abuse issues has real, tangible effects on the development of the brain.This adverse exposure can lead to physical and mental health issues as an adult."

This research makes so much sense to me. When I studied the repercussions of a chaotic childhood in my Psychology Classes, I remember learning that the constant state of fight or flight of trauma, can wreak havoc on a person. How could a childhood of toxic stress not affect a person in some way?

The ACE Score (Adverse Childhood Experiences)

What is the ACE Score?


According to an article by Laura Starecheski, the ACE Score was developed in the 1990s to provide a rough measure of a difficult childhood. Proponent's of the test believe that the rougher your childhood, the higher your score and higher your risk for later health problems. Dr. Vincent Felitti of the University of California, Sandiego, did much of the research for this tool. His hope was that medical professional's would use this tool as part of routine physical examinations. According to the World Health Organization, (WHO) Advocates of the test hope it can be beneficial in increasing investments that can reduce childhood adversities and aid in prevention programs. Don't fret! Having a high score doesn't mean all doom and gloom. Jack Shonkof, Pediatrician and Director of the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University, states, "many people with high ACE Scores do remarkably well. Resilience builds throughout life and close relationships are key." Unfortunately, the ACE questionnaire has not been administered regularly by the medical community at large. Most doctor's are uncomfortable with opening Pandora's Box with their patient's.

Take the ACE Questionnaire

  1. Before your 18th birthday, did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often... Swear at you, insult you, put you down, or humiliate you? or act in a way that made you afraid that you might be physically hurt? YES or NO
  2. Before your 18th birthday, did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often...push, grab, slap, or throw something at you" or ever hit you so hard that you had marks or were injured" YES or NO
  3. Before your 18th birthday, did an adult or person at least five years older than you ever...touch or fondle you or have you touch their body in a sexual way" or attempt or actually have oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse with you? YES or NO
  4. Before your 18th birthday, did you often or very often feel that...no one in your family loved you or thought you were important or special? or your family didn't look out for each other, feel close to each other, or support each other? YES or NO
  5. Before your 18th birthday, did you often or very often feel that...you didn't have enough to eat, had to wear dirty clothes, and had no one to protect you? or your parents were too drunk or high to take care of you or take you to the doctor if you needed it? YES or NO
  6. Before your 18th birthday, was a biological parent ever lost to you through divorce, abandonment, Death, or other reason? YES or NO
  7. Before your 18th birthday, was your mother or stepmother: often or very often pushed, grabbed, slapped, or had something thrown at her? or Sometimes, often, or very often kicked, bitten, hit with a fist, or hit with something hard? or ever repeatedly hit over at least a few minutes or threatened with a gun or knife? YES or NO
  8. Before your 18th birthday, did you live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic, or used street drugs? YES or NO
  9. Before your 18th birthday, was a household member depressed, mentally ill, or did a household member attempt suicide? YES or NO
  10. Before your 18th birthday, did a household member go to prison? YES or NO

Conclusion of Adverse Childhood Experiences

In conclusion

The 'Adverse Childhood Experiences' Study (ACE) clearly illustrates that the rougher the childhood, the higher your score is likely to be on the ACE questionnaire. Stated another way, the research highlights that the rougher your childhood, the higher your risk of later health problems (mental and physical). Please remember, the ACE questionnaire is just another tool in your toolbox to give you insight.

Examples of Trauma

According to loveandlifetoolbox, examples of problematic situations occurring earlier in life include: Childhood Trauma (physical, sexual or emotional abuse) Critical or harsh parenting styles in childhood Rejecting or dismissing parenting styles in childhood Living in a chaotic, fear-based environment in childhood Witnessing a volatile, high-conflict relationship between your parents -

See more at: http://loveandlifetoolbox.com/what-is-family-of-origin-work/#sthash.o9qdQ24w.dpuf

Childhood Trauma and it's Effects

Did you have a traumatic childhood

See results without voting

Nadine Burke Harris Speaks on Affects of Childhood Trauma

Adverse Childhood Experiences

References and Attributions


  • The Anna Institute.org-Ace Questionnaire-Finding your ACE Score
  • ACES Too High News-ACE & Resilience Score
  • ACES Too High News-Jane Ellen Stevens
  • Mark Rains & Katie McClinn-ACE & Resilience Score
  • World Health Organization (WHO)-Adverse Childhood Experiences
  • TEDMED Editor's-Video and Article on Nadine Burke Harris
  • Center's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-Adverse Childhood Experiences
  • CEO of Center for Youth Wellness, initiative at the California Pacific Medical Center, Bay view Child Health Center-Nadine Burke Harris

© 2015 Linda Rogers

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45 comments

kaiyan717 profile image

kaiyan717 21 months ago from West Virginia

I would imagine that a lot of the issues come with living with it later in life. I recently read up on PTSD and I can tell you that I have all the symptoms, though I never would have thought that about myself. Simply, I would think that the higher health risk are associated with the person medicating themselves to get through life. I have smoked since I was 10- so 20 years now, as well as tried a slew of other alternatives. I have a 10 in the ACE test. I am sure there is a link with excess cortisol in a child's brain as well. Life is hard enough to deal with, without all those memories and reliving the past in dreams, etc. As I get older, I find it easier to deal with these issues, but it is always there. It changed my thinking and the way I look at the world. That, I don't think will ever change.


bravewarrior profile image

bravewarrior 21 months ago from Central Florida

Linda, this is a very interesting article. I did not have a traumatic childhood, thank God. I'm sorry to hear about yours and Laura's conditions. What's the current state of your lung cancer?


marcoujor profile image

marcoujor 21 months ago from Jeffersonville PA

Linda,

This is well-detailed and researched, despite being written with a personal perspective. You have gathered much universal information that is helpful, hopeful and insightful to many who have experienced traumatic childhoods.

Voted UP and UI...to share. Love, Maria


billybuc profile image

billybuc 21 months ago from Olympia, WA

Considering the fact that I was in nine foster homes before being adopted, I am a very lucky guy. My childhood was great.

Articles like this one are so important. Not only is good information shared, but sharing a personal experience lets others know they are not alone. Well done, my friend.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 21 months ago from Houston, Texas

Hi Linda,

My heart goes out to people who did not have the advantage of growing up in loving and supportive homes. Reading the test questions, I realize just how fortunate my brothers and I were in having had such great parents and good circumstances surrounding us. We were also not stricken with significant health problems such as you and Laura experienced. I hope your cancer is well under control. Blessings to you!


GarnetBird profile image

GarnetBird 21 months ago from Northern California

Very professional hub. Have you read my hub on trauma and brain damage? Apparently it causes the hippocampus to actually shrink.


always exploring profile image

always exploring 21 months ago from Southern Illinois

Linda, sharing your story is a wonderful way to relieve inward stress and anxiety, and a plus as it helps people who had a stressful childhood. One never completely forgets a childhood that was filled with turmoil, esp. if your mother was in an abusive relationship, as mine was. The abuse is still in my psyche. The trips to the police station in the middle of the night. The fear and anxiety awaiting his return from jail. But, there is a bright side to my story. After putting all my hurts on paper ( Writing on Hubpages. ) opened up a way to move forward. I really do not think I would feel this free if it were not for friends in Hubville. The way my siblings handled their hurt was to hold it in, of course they were all older and out of the home when this occurred, but they went through the trauma of my mother leaving my father when I was two. I did not know that childhood trauma caused many to have a variety of diseases in later life. Your hub will help many I'm sure. Thank you for sharing information. Well done Linda. I hope you are well my friend..


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 21 months ago from South Africa

Dear Linda, this is an interesting, informative and heart-touching hub. Having a score of 1 out of ten I obviously have no idea what childhood trauma really is, although the scars of that only ONE traumatic event will forever affect me in one way or another. I take my hat of for you and Laura. In spite of all your traumas and its consequences, you are winners and not losers. Thanks for everything you teach me :)


Sandra Eastman profile image

Sandra Eastman 21 months ago from Robbinsdale MN

What a wonder informative article. I was so blessed that even though my father left our home when I was 8 years old I had a caring and loving mother and never was affected dramatically by the loss of my father. I believe his leaving provided a better life than we would have had with him in our life. Great hub.


Jodah profile image

Jodah 21 months ago from Queensland Australia

Hi Linda, thank you for sharing your story and also the link between childhood trauma and disease in adulthood. I did not have a traumatic childhood in any way, however my wife did and could have answered yes to probably five of those questions in the ACE Questionnaire. She has fibromyalgia, anxiety and post traumatic stress, so I would certainly agree with a link.


ahorseback profile image

ahorseback 21 months ago

Linda , One of the most loving writers on Hubpages has done it again , There is but one way to win in life , to be a survivor and that is to chose to not be the defeated ! As a quiet and humble observer of life I am always overwhelmed by those who experience adverse experiences in living AND then chose to become more loving , more nurturing and more a positive influence to others than to succumb to the losses of life . You and your beautiful twin are two of these beautiful people ! We also are coming of an era in our lives when we must decide to have chosen the best path's possible towards happiness ! ......You won ! Why ? Because you are a winner , and a survivor ! Hey .I'm pretty proud of you !...... Your buddy ,.Ed


Genna East profile image

Genna East 21 months ago from Massachusetts, USA

Linda…this is an illuminating article, and a must read for everyone – especially parents. I would guestimate that 30-50% of our adult population would answer, “yes” to at least one of the questions in your questionnaire. But not all is hopeless: “Jack Shonkof, Pediatrician and Director of the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University, states, "many people with high ACE Scores do remarkably well. Resilience builds throughout life and close relationships are key." This makes a lot of sense. Excellent presentation, Linda. Voted up and shared.


Faith Reaper profile image

Faith Reaper 21 months ago from southern USA

Dear Linda,

Thank you for sharing this powerful article here. It is certainly an eye-opener as to such trauma carrying over into one's adult life with disease, mentally or physically.

I can understand how many would develop bi-polar, depression, etc. after having gone through such trauma.

You are a beautiful person and survivor.

Up ++++ tweeting, pinning, G+ and sharing

Hugs and much love always


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

This is an interesting, very useful and important hub, Linda. Thank you for sharing the eye-opening information.


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Hi Kaiyan-having a rough childhood will usually correlate with PTSD. I was diagnosed with PTSD in my mid twenties-I was going to therapy because I was having such bad panic attacks. Research I've read says that if you grew up in a traumatic household, often it rears it's ugly head in the twenties. I know my sure did. Thanks for coming by and sharing your experience.


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Hi Shauna-I am 11 years cancer-free this coming St. Patrick's Day. I am a miracle for sure! They gave me a 20-25% chance of making five years, yet here I am. Just saw my oncologist a month ago and she gave me awesome news. They are no longer worried that the lung cancer will return. I will continue to go back once a year for cat scans just to be safe. Thanks much for coming by my hub. I appreciate it :)


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Maria-thank you kindly for the votes and for sharing my article. I hope this research and my personal story, will help others who have grown up in traumatic household's. It's effects can last a lifetime. Have a great week my friend-seeing you here made me smile :)


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Billy-Wow! what a compliment you've given me. It really means a lot coming from you. I am so happy to hear your childhood was good, despite being in 9 foster homes. You definitely beat the odds my friend. You hear so many horrible stories about abuse in many foster situations. I do hope my difficult childhood can help others: like you said, just knowing your not alone is such a healing thing. I think I've done pretty well in my life considering the hardship in childhood. Having said that, I do struggle with depression, anxiety, PTSD etc... but it never stopped me from living a great life. My childhood is what pushed me to go to school for Psychology. I think it's always powerful to be able to have a degree along with the experience. It helps with the whole credibility thing and makes people feel a bit more comfortable reading my mental health articles. I am a blessed woman who learned many lessons from the past. I'm strong and old in soul. Love seeing you here Billy-have a beautiful week my friend.


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Hi Peggy-no worries my friend-there were some good times along with the bad. I have always believed that my difficult childhood really made me the strong, loving woman I am today. I have been told by many during my life time that I am easily pleased. It's true, after going through hard times as a child, I see life as such a gift. I am grateful for every little thing which makes my life full of joy. My childhood also inspired me to go to school for mental health. I have a Master's in Counseling and Psychological Services. I feel with my degree, I can help others either going through hard times now, or those that went through hard times in childhood. I have a purpose and mission in this life to make sure anyone I come in contact with, knows I am strong after the tough childhood. I have always been very authentic and open about my struggles, and hopefully that will help someone. I am blessed you came by today. Have a great week :)


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Garnetbird-I'll have to pop over and read your hub. I also know that serotonin levels are very much affected by trauma and stress. I always joke with people who seem freaked out that I'm on an anti-depressant or struggle with depression-I just say, "what's the big deal, my serotonin levels are just low." Thanks for coming by :)


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Dear Ruby-I have to say, that like you, writing on Hub Pages has healed my soul of so much pent up pain and stress. My twin sister says I am a different person since I started writing again. I am happier, healthier, and not as standoffish with my older sibs. Growing up in a dysfunctional family like mine, it can be hard to see the other siblings because it can bring up horrible memories. Also, the dynamic in my family, though unspoken, was that my twin and I were not important and not to be taken seriously. I think being the youngest is only part of the reason. I remember when I first started writing here and on my blog, I was so scared my siblings would read my stories. I was truly afraid and intimidated by them. Now, forget about it-I am holding my own and then some. I am very sorry you too dealt with such a traumatic childhood. I can't imagine how scary it would be to be whisked off in the middle of the night, and ending up at a police station. This is exactly what the research talks about. Our fight or flight of all this craziness can really affect us. Not just mental health but physical as well. Thank you for coming by and sharing your experience. Hopefully my story, yours and other's commenting here, can help others know they are not alone. Not all of us grew up in a 'leave it to Beaver home'. Hub Hugs to you Ruby :)


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

What a beautiful and sweet thing to say Martie. My hope is that my articles about the hardships of my childhood, will help other people. Just knowing that your not the only one with such experiences, is healing in itself.

I'm sorry you had even one trauma-we all hope to have 0. One trauma is one too many but unfortunately not uncommon. My sister and I both scored a '7' on the questionnaire. Thanks very much for reading my article and giving me such a loving and caring comment. It made me feel really good!


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Sandra-it always makes me smile to hear a story like yours. I am so glad that you had a secure, safe and happy childhood. Yay for your mom to know what was best for her child. Bless you for coming by my friend. I hope your having a wonderful week thus far.


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Hi Jodah-Yep! Fibromyalgia is one of the most common disorders with those that have grown up with stress and trauma. I actually can't believe I don't have it-but I do share the other issues with your wife. For me, no matter how therapy I've had, some of these issues will continue for the rest of my life. I think the fact that you took the test and thought of your wife, says a lot about your heart. Maybe this can open up a healing conversation for her? I thank you for coming by Jodah. Have a great week.


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Ed-My dear- sweet -friend-you always say 'just the right thing'. You are one of the kindest people I know here. You have this ability to verbalize things in such a way, that I am brought to my knee's. God Bless you for your kind words about me. There was a time I couldn't accept compliments-but now I am more confident to take them in, with pure gratitude. Thank you so much for your friendship and kindness. It means the world to me. Again, you've made my day incredibly special. Hub Hugs, your buddy Linda


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Genna-Wow! "Illuminating Article" -that's a really huge compliment and I thank you for that. I was really intrigued by the topic which motivated me to do lots of research about it. I think anytime we have struggled with something, it makes you want to learn as much as you can about it. I especially hope to help someone that can relate to the articles I write. Knowing your not alone is half the battle in this life. Thanks so much for the supportive comments. Big Hub Smiles over here :)


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Hi Faith Reaper-How nice of you to share this all over. I appreciate it and hope it can help others that have had difficult childhood's. It is sad that there are so many that score high on this ACE Quiz. I have always felt that anyone who can get through a tough childhood, can get through anything. As we become adults and move out, at least we are no longer vulnerable to that trauma and can begin to heal and live with peace vs. Chaos. Always enjoy your loving spirit at my hubs. Blessings friend :)


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Hi Alicia-it's my pleasure to share my personal and professional experience, to help bring home the message. If one person gets something from it, I am a happy woman. Hope your having a great Monday :)


Healing Touch profile image

Healing Touch 21 months ago from Minnetonka, MN

Hey sis-This is a very well written hub. What makes your writing powerful is the fact that you use your personal experience and professional experience. I thank God you started writing again after so many years. Your writing passion has definitely been one of your best forms of therapy. So proud that my twin sister is willing to share her own traumatic experiences and pain to help others. Love Laura


ChitrangadaSharan profile image

ChitrangadaSharan 21 months ago from New Delhi, India

This is such an important and informative hub!

Thank God that I did not face childhood trauma and my parents and siblings have always given me love and support and a happy childhood. Similarly I have ensured a happy and supportive childhood for my children.

But we cannot close our eyes to such childhood trauma, which many children have to face. Such situations do exist as you have also mentioned in the questionnaire.

I hope and pray that none of the little angels have to face this.

Thanks for sharing your personal experience thereby helping others. Voted up!


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Hi ChitrangadaSharan-I appreciate your kind words on my article. I too wish no child had to go through trauma and abuse, but unfortunately it happens in many families. On the bright side, we can learn from pain and use it as an opportunity for growth. I know that my childhood inspired me to go into the helping professions. Thanks for the vote up-have a wonderful day my hub friend.


AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 21 months ago from California

Hi Linda--very interesting hub! High ACE scores are closely correlated with depression in adults--have you ever read A General Theory of Love--I found it very helpful in explaining my complicated youth to others


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Audrey-thanks for coming by this hub. I have never read 'A General Theory of Love'. I am putting it on my list of must reads. I really appreciate you telling me about it. You are correct about High Ace scores and it's correlation with depression. In my doing research on this, I learned that the higher the ACE score, the higher your risk of physical and mental health. It makes perfect sense that trauma would higher our risk in these two categories.


jbd216 21 months ago

Hi Linda,

I found your article when I was looking for information on how attachment disorders affect adults. I definitely was PTSD from an early age. I was born in the 50's when cardiology was just developing. By the time I was six I was diagnosed with the same heart defect you had. Mine healed spontaneously when I was 18. I have always wondered if I had this development because of my abusive, violent, alcoholic father. My father was extremely ill for 3 years before my heart healed, unable to drink or do much of anything. The stress in our house decreased significantly. The abuse stopped.

I might mention I am a licensed clinical social worker with 20+ years of experience, specializing in trauma. I started wondering how having poor attachments a s a child was affecting me now at 66 and a recent divorcee.

Your article. struck home and validated what I thought about my congenital defect healing by itself. Doctors could not explain it. Now I know the reason.

Thank you so much for sharing your story.


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 21 months ago from Minnesota Author

Wow do we have a lot in common. Both in the mental health field, both have PTSD from difficult childhood's, and both born with a hole in our heart's. I am surprised your heart healed at 18. That is definitely very interesting in regard to this research. I am so glad you didn't have to go through open heart surgery. It was one hell of a long recovery, even for an 8th grader. I was off school for about a month (I think?) and then went 1/2 days for quite a while. This whole topic is something I've always been interested in as someone that had a very chaotic childhood. I want to thank you for the feedback about how this article put some puzzle pieces together. That is always my hope when I write an article. I also want to thank you for sharing your own story of a tough childhood. That takes courage but can also be very healing. So glad you stopped by.


Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 19 months ago from The Beautiful South

I can see how this could happen, Linda and it is such a shame. First to have any of these things in childhood and then to have to suffer with or because of in adulthood. Seems so unfair. The strong can pull through though and I know that is true of you. (My brother-in-law was born with a hole in his heart probably from only weighing 2 lbs but his healed eventually, too. By the time he found out though he was still afraid to do anything challenging; like even riding a bike!)

Thanks so much for sharing. I will share it too. ^+


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 19 months ago from Minnesota Author

Thanks so much for coming by and reading my article. It is hard to grow up with a chaotic childhood but it does teach many lessons. I know that's why I went into the Psychology/Counseling Field. So sad to hear your brother in-law was scared to do physical activity after the hole in his heart. I have definite PTSD from that too. If I feel any weird pains, I immediately think it's my heart; even though I have a healthy one.


Jo_Goldsmith11 profile image

Jo_Goldsmith11 18 months ago

This is a wonderfully written article about a subject that is uncomfortable to discuss. Yet, sadly, we have so many who have experienced child hood trauma. Myself included. Interesting when I studied my psychology class two semesters ago. I learned that some adults of childhood trauma become writers, or nurses or social workers!

I found that to be so fascinating. I guess of the three I mentioned as career vocations. Being a writer felt more comfortable. Thank you for writing this!

It was really worth reading! :-)) Up=useful, interesting, beautiful, awesome! Shared too.

(((((((((((((( blessings))))))))))))))


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 18 months ago from Minnesota Author

Hi Jo-I'm not surprised that those with difficult childhood's end up in these professions. I fit a couple categories as I earned a B.A. in Psychology, a minor in Sociology and a Master's in Counseling and Psychological Services and am a writer. I find it healing to write and to help others in the social services and mental health field. Thanks so much for coming by today my sweet friend.


Ausseye 17 months ago

Loved the read and the subject, made the world a bit better understood. Health wealth and humanity are all connected to our possible future, if well spent ethically. Vote up and informative .


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 17 months ago from Minnesota Author

Thanks for the kind words. Appreciate the vote up and so glad it was helpful for you.


Shyron E Shenko profile image

Shyron E Shenko 16 months ago

Linda, I believe this wonderful informative article will help many people who are going through this kind of trauma.

Thumb-up, UABI and shared.


fpherj48 profile image

fpherj48 16 months ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

MT.....This article is fabulous. I have done an enormous amount of research and hands-on work with "childhood trauma." I myself am a victim (in a very different sort of way.) I explain it all in my 4-part series of hubs written on key moments of my life.

It took years and years for me to realize and come to terms with the profound effect my experiences had on my entire life. I still deal with some episodes of high anxiety in certain circumstances....

It is very beneficial to learn and grow. I DO firmly believe my career choice as well as my personality speak volumes in terms of my childhood trauma.

CONGRATULATIONS on your victory over cancer!! As our Sunshine says, "Cancer Sucks!"

Excellently written.. UP+++ Peace, Paula


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 16 months ago from Minnesota Author

Thank you kindly Shyron for all your votes and buttons. I do hope my stories can help others to not feel alone. We all have trials in life but are beautiful and strong in spite of them.


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 16 months ago from Minnesota Author

Aww, -bless you Paula for your kind words. I am sorry you know of 'childhood trauma' but it sounds as though you have used it to your benefit as I have. I know that's what pulled me into the Psychology profession and helping others. It's also made me a strong woman who can take a lot and rise up. Peace back to you my friend :)

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