Controlling Asthma in Children
Asthma is a common problem in babies and children. Approximately 5-10 percent of children or 5 million children under the age of 18 suffer from asthma. The most common symptom is recurrent coughing, wheezing sound, and difficulty breathing.
Although currently there is no cure for asthma, but asthma can be controlled to minimize symptoms and reduce its recurrence rate. With good control, children can continue their activities as other children, joined sports and even compete with other children.
Children with asthma have a sensitivity in the airways, if there is something that triggers such as smoke, dust, pets, exercise and other weight, it will cause the airways to narrow and restrict the incoming air to and from the lungs, thus making it harder to breathe.This can be brief or repetitive that cause an asthma attack again.
Asthma in children is also divided into several types :
1. Type of intermittent, if asthma symptoms only occur two times a month, at this stage require only short-acting bronchodilators.
2. Type of mild persistent, if asthma symptoms more than once a week but not every day, usually treat with daily controller or anti-inflammatory drugs.
3. Type of moderate persistent, if asthma symptoms occur almost every day and interfere with daily activities and sleep time, then the child should treat with a daily controller or anti-inflammatory drugs and long acting bronchodilator.
4. Type of severe persistent, if asthma symptoms have been ongoing and has been very disturbing it must treat by pediatricians pulmonologis section.
American Lung Association offers tips for controlling asthma in children:
1. Keep children from all things that can trigger asthma such as allergens, dust, cigarette smoke and heavy activity.
2. Talk to your pediatrician about medication to control asthma.
3. Consider matters relating to allergies, there are several studies linking allergies to the recurrence rate of asthma in children.
4. Give understanding to the children about how to manage asthma, including the use of asthma inhalers and how to evaluate breathing with a 'peak flow monitor'.
5. Review the results of treatment for 3-6 months with your pediatrician.
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