Choosing Dietary Supplements To Reduce High Cholesterol Levels

Cholesterol crystals seen under a microscope in 2008.
Cholesterol crystals seen under a microscope in 2008. | Source

Cholesterol and Culture

Increasingly frequent medical advertising and a wealth of new anti-cholesterol drugs have caused a large portion of America to sit up and take notice of cholesterol as a health hazard.

People may like to have an easy way to measure their own cholesterol levels and find natural ways to reduce high levels of "bad" cholesterol, but are they doomed to taking pills?

American and Japanese Cholesterol Measurement

American medicine may not be as advanced as that of Japan in self-measurement of cholesterol. People in the US visit a physician, nurse, or medical assistant to have cholesterol numbers int he blood checked.

Several years ago, Japan already maintained computerized airport kiosks that performed finger stick screenings for cholesterol levels. If results were out of line, then the individual could see his or her own practitioner soon for a more in-depth reading and perhaps some treatment.

One mistake some Americans seem to make is to believe that they can reduce all cholesterol and all fat out of their bodies.

This is improbable, because each fat cell in our bodies is surrounded by a wall of cholesterol and the membranes of other cells contain cholesterol as well. Thus, we need some body fat and cholesterol in order to be healthy and even to hold our cells together!

What Is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is waxy and similar to fat.We already know that cholesterol surrounds every human fat cell.

The US National Institutes of Health advise us that cholesterol also manufactures hormones, vitamin D, and digestive substances to keep us healthy.

Of the two types of cholesterol in the human body the LDL or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ("bad") and HDL or high-density lipoprotein type ("good") can both be measured along with other substance sin the blood to determine a client's health status.

LDL cholesterol in excess builds up as plague in blood vessels and leads to cardiovascular problems that sometimes result in death.

Cholesterol in humans manufactures hormones, vitamin D, and digestive substances.

  • HDL and LDL cholesterol are measured differently in America when compared to measurements in Canada and Europe. The Mayo Clinic gives a complete table of measurements at mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cholesterol-test/details/results/rsc-20169555.

Hypercholesterolemia

High cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia, is a condition in which there are unhealthy high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Other designations for it are dyslipidemia, hyperlipidemia, and lipid disorder.

Does One's Cholesterol Level Need To Be Lower?

Cholesterol and Lovastatin

A cholesterol molecule 3D model.
A cholesterol molecule 3D model. | Source
A lovastatin molecule 3d model
A lovastatin molecule 3d model | Source

We cannot get rid of all fat or all cholesterol in the body, because we would die without them.

If you remember the film based on a true story. Lorenzo's Oil, the parents of a chronically ill child attempted to take all oils and fats away from him as treatment, but discovered that the answer to the chronic condition was to ADD a specific oil to the child's diet, bot to take oils away.

We can attack the cholesterol problem in a similar manner, with some help.

Ranges of healthy and unhealthy cholesterol levels are provided at the reputable Mayo Clinic website under Measurement. The Mayo Clinic has recently won nine separate awards for its high quality of healthcare service and is one of the most trustworthy sources of health and medical information in the world.

Treatment modalities have come under scrutiny in the USA concerning cholesterol. Some cases of "high " can be treated well through dietary changes and others via statin medications. Dietary supplements such as Red Yeast Rice (Hong Qu) showed that they contained statins as well, which could not only interfere with prescribed statin medications, but also cause unwanted side effects.

One of my acquaintances and his doctor discovered that adding moderate exercise and changing his diet worked better to lower LDL cholesterol than did either statin drugs or red yeast rice.

Another acquaintance had consistent low cholesterol readings no matter what he ate or did, all his life. It is best to find out what works in your own unique case, with fewest side effects.

Heart Healthy

The Mayo Clinic Diet: Eat well. Enjoy Life. Lose weight.
The Mayo Clinic Diet: Eat well. Enjoy Life. Lose weight.

The Mayo Clinic publishes additional books that target diet and heath. Topics and titles include alternative medicine, home remedies, a diabetic diet that works, digestive health, a number of cookbooks (one in partnership with Williams-Sonoma), and several others.

 

Mysterious Red Yeast Rice

Red Yeast Rice

Red yeast rice is produced by a particular yeast species, Monascus purpureus, grown often on Asian rice.

The yeast contains monacolins that stop the production of cholesterol. On such monocolin, monacolin K or mevinolin is also called lovastatin or Mevacor®, made by Merck & Co., Inc.

Lovastatin originated on another red yeast species: Monascus ruber; and lovastatin-containing red yeast rice has been banned by the FDA since 2007, because lovastatin/Mevacor® requires a prescription in the USA.

How old is this red yeast rice as far as historical significance is concerned? We find its first mention during the Tang Dynasty of China (618-907 AD), specifically documented in 800 AD.

Later, in the 1400s, it was mentioned in a national pharmacy or healthcare document as a treatment for digestive and circulatory problems such as:

  • Indigestion,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Poor blood circulation, and
  • Spleen and stomach function.

A dry red powder, the substance is found in capsules in health food stores and online, sometimes combined with CoQ10.

Tang Dynasty controlled an area roughly circling Beijing, Chengdu, Guangzhou and Shanghai from 618 - 907 AD; as well as additional land to the northwest.

show route and directions
A markerTang Dynasty -
The Mausoleum of the King of Qin, Tang Dynasty, Jintai, Baoji, Shaanxi, China
[get directions]

B markerTang Dynasty -
Tang Dynasty City Ruins Museum, Pingshantang East Road, Weiyang, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China, 225008
[get directions]

C markerTang Dynasty -
Tang Dynasty Wall Relic Site, Yannan 2nd Road, Qujiang Shangquan, Yanta, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
[get directions]

Side Effects Of Red Yeast Rice

Quite a list of possible side effects are reported. The following list is a compiolation from medical sites and large numbers of client testimonies:

Possible Side Effects of Ingesting Red Yeast Rice:

Neurological:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Periperal Nerve Damage (Myopathy, also a side effect of statin drugs. See Muscle Pain below.)

Gastrointestinal/Renal:

  • Bloating and Gas
  • Diahrrea
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion
  • Citrinin Poisoning - This substance is produced when red yeast rice is not produced carefully. It can cause remal failure as well as human cell genetic damage.
  • Kidney Damage and Failure
  • Liver Inflammation - The liver uses cholesterol to make bile acids, which help to form micelles that spur processing of dietary fats.

Musculoskeletal:

  • Joint Pain
  • Muscle Pain and Weakness - This is a side effect that should lead you to see your doctor immediately.
  • Rhabdomyolysis - Condition in which muscles break down and relase a substance into the blood that can damage kidneys. This might possibly be relieved or prevented by ingesting CoQ10 - ask your physician.

Drug Interactions Of Red Yeast

Besides unwanted and even dangerous side effects, red yeast rice can cause side effect problems of greater magnitude when taken with the following additional drugs. Remember that new drug names can be added to any of these categories as medications are developed by manufacturers and approved by FDA.

  • Antifungal Drugs: Antifungal agents, particularly the azole antifungals fluconazole (Diflucan), itraconazole (Sporanox), ketoconazole (Nizoral).
  • Cyclosporine: Cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Neoral, Gengraf).
  • Fibrate Drugs: fenofibrate (Tricor, Triglide, Lofibra), gemfibrozil (Lopid), clofibrate (Atromid-S).
  • HIV treatment drugs (see Protease Inhibitors).
  • HMG Co-A Reductase Inhibitors or Statin Drugs:atorvastatin (Lipitor), lovastatin (Mevacor), pravastatin (Pravachol).
  • Macrolide Antibiotics: e.g. erythromycin, azithromycin (Zithromax), clarithromycin (Biaxin), dirithromycin (Dynabac), roxithromycin (Rulid, Surlid).
  • Niacin in high dosage therapy. Niacin, a B-vitamin, can already cause myopathy in high doses by itself.
  • Nefazodone : An antidepressant also called Serzone and Nefadar.
  • Protease Inhibitors: amprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, are used for HIV infection.
  • Warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven, Marevan, Lawarin, Waran, or Warfant) is an anticoagulant or blood thinner that red yeast rice add to, thereby causing bleeding in the body.

Tell your healthcare practitioner if you are taking red yeast rice if you are to be prescribed any medications.

Red yeast rice wine, farthest right, in China.
Red yeast rice wine, farthest right, in China. | Source

Trustworthy References

  • Jianping Liu; Jing Zhang; et.al. Chinese red yeast rice (Monascus purpureus) for primary hyperlipidemia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Chinese Medicine 2006 1:4. Major points: In a large meta-analysis, red yeast rice preparations lowered cholesterol levels short-term as well as do lovastatin and other medications. The only side effects found were a little dizziness and/or gastric discomfort in some patients.
  • National Center For Complimentary and Integrative Health. Major points: Some red yeast rice (RYR) products contain substantial amounts of monacolin K, chemically identical to the active ingredient in lovastatin. Other RYR products contain no monacolin K and monacolin K amounts are not listed on any labels, so the consumer has no way of knowing these amounts, if any. Further, some RYR products contain citrinin, which has caused kidney failure in some individuals. For additional information, please consult /nccih.nih.gov/health/redyeastrice.

Additional Supplements To Consider

Additional Supplements That May be Effective

Cinnamon has not as yet solidly shown in scientific proofs that its ingestion can lower LDL cholesterol or blood sugars. Research continues on this supplement. It is also the subject of a dangerous teenagers' game in which youth attempt to swallow a full tablespoon of the spice, choke, and spew a cloud of orange dust (search YouTube). This game can cause permanent lung damage.

The Mayo Clinic has researched other dietary supplements and found some effectiveness in the following substances that have shown to produce mild side effects like bloating and gas:

  • Artichoke Extract
  • Barley
  • Blond Psyllium: found in Metamucil (may also cause diarrhea)
  • Garlic Extract - can cause bad breath.
  • Great Tea Extract
  • Oat Bran
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids - However, these can interfere with certain medications.

See also the Mayo Clinic link in the link box earlier in this Hub and view various additional treatments available for high cholesterol conditions.

This data should be used for informational purposes only, rather than as a substitute for medical evaluation. Consult with your own qualified healthcare practitioner before making decisions about therapies and preventatives.

© 2013 Patty Inglish

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Comments 7 comments

Cyndi10 profile image

Cyndi10 3 years ago from Georgia

Excellent information about cholesterol. I had no idea that some of the cholesterol medicines were actually made from red yeast rice. We often think that a natural remedy is going to be free of side effects, but I see from your article that is definitely not the case with red yeast rice.

Thank you for providing very useful information. Voted up and useful.


mperrottet profile image

mperrottet 3 years ago from Pennsauken, NJ

I just started to take cinnamon in hopes that it would help to alleviate my arthritis. Although it's not proven yet, perhaps it may also lower my cholesterol. Voted up, useful and interesting.


Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 3 years ago from Jamaica

Some years ago when I was depressed and under a lot of stress my cholesterol shot through the roof. Unlike HBP or Diabetes, it's much easier to control no matter how high it gets. I got one one supply of medication and changes my diet, the next visit to the doctor saw vast improvement so I haven't taken any meds since. Great article on a subject which is not covered enough.


drbj profile image

drbj 3 years ago from south Florida

Very comprehensive, Patty, thank you for your excellent research.


Angela Blair profile image

Angela Blair 3 years ago from Central Texas

Appreciate all this good information, Patty. I have recently been taking cinnamon capsules to aide in controlling diabetes and high cholesterol. I found myself feeling more rundown and tired daily so discontinued the cinnamon tabs -- am feeling better. I go by "trial and error" in searching for more natural things than prescribed medications for diabetes -- and obviously, cinnamon wasn't one of those that worked for me but might be excellent for others. Again, thanks for all your good information, so succinctly written! Best/Sis


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

An informative and helpful hub on choosing dietary supplements you have shared valuable points here.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York

This was certainly an education for me. I'd never heard of red yeast rice!

This will be a very useful hub for those with cholesterol problems.

Voted up, useful, and interesting.

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