Emergency First Aid Measures and First Aid Supplies
Many lives are needlessly lost because those at hand do not have the informed awareness of how to deal the emergencies caused by accident or illness. Although a knowledge of first aid procedures is no substitute for medical attention, it provides the basis for handling crucial situations with some degree of confidence and competence until the victim can be treated by a doctor. Plus, the trained first aider not only knows what to do in a crisis, but also, and of equal importance, knows what NOT to do when health and safety are in balance.
Emergency First Aid Measures:
What must the first aider do
The first aider must decide in which order the victim's needs should receive attention. Such a decision can be made only by someone who is calm. Thus, the vital principle in applying first aid is KEEP YOUR HEAD AND DON'T PANIC. Clear thinking followed by speedy action is easier to accomplish if you concentrate on exactly what must be done and then do it one step at a time.
Steps to make
In many cases, it is essential to RESTORE BREATHING BEFORE TACKLING ANY OTHER PROBLEM. Have someone else get to a phone, have a doctor, ambulance, or the police summoned to the scene of emergency. Administer artificial respiration until the victim's breathing is resumed. This procedure can be mastered by every member of the family, even by young children.
If the victim is breathing but hemorrhaging, STOP BLEEDING next. Learn these procedures before you might be called on to apply them. TREATING OR PREVENTING SHOCK is the next concern. If unrecognized, shock is a potential cause of death, especially in case of burns, wound and serious fractures.
The final basic rule of emergency procedure: TRY NOT TO MOVE THE VICTIM OF AN ACCIDENT UNTIL MEDICAL HELP ARRIVES. If it is essential to do so for his further protection - as might be the case on a busy highway or in a burning building - do not allow him to sit or stand. Get whatever help is available and use the techniques (which I will be describing in my other hub) to keep him in a lying down position.
Remember that the principles of first aid include an awareness of potential danger. At your leisure, check the house for "booby-traps." Check the medicine cabinet for first aid supplies and be sure they are replenished as needed. Always keep a first aid kit and other supplies in the trunk of the car. Get the telephone numbers of the nearest hospital, doctor, police and fire departments and ambulance service.
Be sure that every member of the family always has on his person - in a wallet or a pocket - a card containing his name, address, telephone number, blood type and special information about allergy responses.
FIRST AID SUPPLIES
Every household should have a 'properly maintained' supply of first aid materials for dealing with ordinary accidents and emergencies.
A portable kit of first aid supplies wrapped in waterproof plastic should accompany all hikers and campers who are going into the woods.
The trunk of every car should contain emergency supplies that may save a life imperiled by an accident. Before going on a trip in a car, make sure that the trunk contains a pile of neatly folded newspapers, a blanket, a sheet and a supply of fresh water.
The following list contains the items most often for coping with unexpected crises at home or on outings:
- adhesive bandages in assorted sizes and shapes
- gauze roller bandages in assorted widths
- roll of adhesive bandage tape
- butterfly strips
- gauze pads
- absorbent cotton
- rubbing alcohol
- mild soap
- eye pads
- eye cup
- eye wash
- two wooden splints
- cotton-tipped applicators
- measuring cup
- table salt
- baking soda
- disposable gloves
- antiseptic ointment
- cold pack
- activated charcoal
Prepare a bottle of "universal" antidote for emergency use when on camping trips.
How could anyone have a basic knowledge on first aid
Everyone --older people, car drivers, campers, teenagers, baby sitters-- in decent health should take a first aid training course. Such courses - which are offered by various community groups or the ones organized through the sponsorship of The Red Cross - deal with helping others in an emergency and preventing accidents through a heightened awareness of problems connected with safety. The skills imparted by these courses, both elementary and advanced, have given many average people the tools with which to avert potential tragedies.
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