My Cat Has Epilepsy: What It Is, What It Is Not and What Caused It

Patches was a very tiny girl when we got her
Patches was a very tiny girl when we got her | Source

Standard Practice?

Most rescue groups enforce an early spay/neuter policy--but not with kittens that young. The current standard for early spay/neuter is a minimum of 2 months and 2 pounds.

The group I'm with will not display the kittens for adoption until they have reached that point and are already spayed or neutered, or, in special circumstances, they will allow the adoption, but the kitten stays with the foster family until the procedure is done.

Unfortunately, that was not true of this other group, and they insisted she had to be spayed at such a tiny and delicate stage.

I Do Not Have Epilepsy

This account is from second-hand experience, in dealing with one of our cats who has had epilepsy since she was a tiny kitten. Regardless of the species affected, the condition manifests in the same ways.

The history on our poor kitty is this:

We adopted her from a rescue organization back in 1998. She was a tiny thing, barely 8 weeks old, and under a pound. She fit in the palm of my husband's hand. She and her siblings had been found, just days old, inside a paper sack tossed into a paint locker at a local school.

The kittens were placed with a foster family to bottle-feed and raise until they were old enough to adopt. One of the litter didn't make it. The others were placed for adoption. Up until that point, the kitten we picked out did not have epilepsy.

I now volunteer with a rescue organization myself, and I know how the system works. If the family fostering the kittens had seen any such evidence, the cat would have been put down, and not put up for adoption.

According to my veterinarian, a commonly used anesthetic for cats is isoflurane. In looking this up on the Internet, I found that it can cause a marked increase in intra-cranial or cerebro-spinal pressure.

Pressure on the brain often causes brain injury of some kind--it is the reason shunts are installed for conditions such as hydrocephalus, or to relieve pressure from accidental traumas.

Because she was so tiny, the anesthesia had a more pronounced effect, and the end result was some brain damage, which caused her to have epilepsy. We noticed her first seizure after we'd had her home only 2 days.

It was what is called a "petit mal" or "absence" seizure--she simply stiffened up and zoned out, and was "not there" for about half a minute.

It Soon Got Worse

Within a couple of weeks, we saw the onset of grand-mal, or what are now called 'tonic-clonic' or 'generalized' seizures, involving full-body involuntary muscle spasms. These would last anywhere from a few seconds to almost a full minute. Whether you are watching this happen to a tiny kitten or child, the feeling of sadness and helplessness is overwhelming.

The poor cat was having these episodes several times a week. It was heartbreaking to see, but at the same time, when she was not in the throes of a seizure, she was a normal. sweet kitty, and nothing else was wrong with her. She had already stolen our hearts, and we could not bear to think of putting her down, as she was not suffering 24/7.

Challenging the Veterinary Medical Profession

The worst part, actually, was getting a veterinarian to listen to reason and convince them of the problem. The vet we had at the time wanted to 'pooh-pooh' the idea that a cat could have epilepsy, and especially that young. He claimed that dogs sometimes start having seizures as they get old, and cats, less often.

The vet responsible for the surgery, further wanted to lay the blame on some obscure birth defect, called a 'liver shunt,' and send her to a university veterinary teaching hospital at great expense for surgery. We declined. You see, my husband had an uncle who suffered from epilepsy, and he knew very well what an epileptic seizure looked like in all of its forms.

It took an entire year of helplessly watching kitty have these episodes before we finally found a vet who listened, and put the cat on appropriate medication.

Warning:

Please be careful!! Not all medicines can cross the species line and remain safe and effective, so please do not self-medicate your pets with any of your own medications!

For many years, the barbiturate, Phenobarbital, was used to help control seizures in people. Some human medications can also be prescribed for animals. In this case, it was the Phenobarbital that was given to the cat, even though for people, it is considered an 'older' treatment that is not much used anymore.

Helping Kitty Through the Seizure

Current first aid advice for a person having a seizure includes these steps:

  • remove or loosen constrictive clothing, such as neckties
  • remove items near the person on which they could be injured
  • do not attempt to move the person unless their location puts them in danger
  • do not attempt to restrain the person's movements
  • do not stick anything in the person's mouth

For the cat, it is a little bit different; for one thing, cats don't normally wear clothing, so that is not an issue. However, we do try to restrain her, and throw a towel over her head to block light, as bright light seems to prolong the episode.

The reason we do try to restrain her is because a cat has claws, and during the uncontrolled thrashing about that happens, their claws can become caught in the carpet, (or on a sofa) and ripped out. In fact, this happened to her one time. We had gone out for an errand, and on our return, found the evidence of a seizure, along with some bloody footprints. Upon examining her feet, we discovered that she'd caught her claws in the carpet, and 2 of them had been ripped out of her paws to the roots! Poor kitty!!

During the seizure, while we are holding her and watching that her claws do not become ensnared, it is also important that we keep our hands well away from her mouth, as the jaw muscles are also involved, and she is involuntarily snapping her mouth open and closed. Be advised that your little pet kitty's jaw can produce enough force to break finger bones!

We have found a few tricks, as well. If we catch her immediately prior to seizing, just starting with tiny little 'body quakes,' if we pick her up suddenly, tap her gently on the head, or ruffle her fur quite vigorously, it seems to interrupt the short-circuit in the brain, by giving the brain something else to process.

If the seizure is longer than normal, we will sometimes carry her to the bathroom sink, and run some water over her head. This seems to have the same effect as the tricks we use in the pre-seizure mode, but once the seizure is full-blown, those things do not work.

Poor Patches, jammed in under the couch next to the recliner mechanism while trying to escape a seizure
Poor Patches, jammed in under the couch next to the recliner mechanism while trying to escape a seizure | Source

Being Alert

Her seizures are at this point were fairly well under control with her medications. We got this kitty in 1998, and she was started on the Phenobarbital in 1999. That helped a lot. It reduced the frequency from several times a week to once or twice a month.

As the years went by, however, we began seeing an upswing in the frequency again, to sometimes once a week. In 2003 we moved to our current location, and our new vet added Valium to her regimen. This helped to reduce the frequency back down to once a month or less. There are bound to be "break-through" seizures, as I'm sure any human sufferer can attest.

The dangerous part for kitty, however, is that she seems to realize when one is about to hit, and attempts to run away from it. She frantically runs blindly about, trying to climb walls, furniture, anything she can, until the escape fails, and the seizure overtakes her.

This is where we must try to intercede and stop the process from continuing, as she has gotten into some real predicaments from time to time that could have turned out very badly. The photo above shows where we found her one morning after searching the whole house. This must have happened while we were asleep, and did not hear her running. Who knows how many minutes or hours she was stuck in there?!

What Epilepsy Is

The simplest analogy to explain what causes epilepsy is that of a short circuit in the wiring of the brain. A signal starts from point 'A' heading for point 'B' and part way there, hits an open gap, or roadblock, but the signal keeps trying anyway to get through.

This results in the seizure, as the motor control functions are disrupted. In the generalized seizure, the person is likely to fall down, and begin thrashing about uncontrollably. While this is happening, they are probably "not there," it is a sort of unconsciousness; they will not respond to you. Their eyes may be open, closed, or rolling around.

Afterwards, they may be confused, dazed, and very certainly tired and sore. I used to have a neighbor with the condition, and he described coming out of a seizure as feeling as if he'd been run over by a Mack truck; every muscle in his body ached.

What Epilepsy Is Not

People who have epilepsy, whether they were born with the condition, or whether it is the result of a head injury, are not any of these things:

  • stupid
  • retarded
  • helpless
  • generally handicapped

Please never make fun of someone having a seizure. You may think it looks comical to see someone thrashing about, and for this, I blame Hollywood for exaggerated send-ups of various conditions. It is not funny, and it is not a joking matter.

For the person going through this, not only is it physically draining and uncomfortable, it can also be very humiliating, as there is also the potential for loss of bladder and/or bowel control. After all, those functions, too, are controlled by the muscles.

This happens to Patches; right near the end of her seizures, she will almost invariably lose bladder control. This is another reason we move her, to improve the chances of this happening in the bathroom instead of on the carpet.

Disclaimer:

I am not a doctor, nurse, or otherwise trained or employed in the medical field. This article is simply an account of my personal experiences in having a pet with the condition of epilepsy. It details research I have done online on my own in an attempt to understand what is happening to our cat.

If you think you or a pet may have this condition, please seek out appropriate medical evaluation and treatment.

Patches in a silly, relaxed pose, "normal kitty" mode
Patches in a silly, relaxed pose, "normal kitty" mode | Source

Epilogue

At the age of 16-1/2 years, on the 25th of March, 2015, our dear Patches had to be helped to cross the Rainbow Bridge.

She had gone down hill suddenly in the last week, and suddenly on that day, her medications had stopped working very well; she was experiencing multiple mini-seizures throughout the day, and she had lost even the ability to stand up. Her eyes were dilated and unfocused. It was time, and we tearfully said farewell to our beautiful, sweet old girl.

She sleeps the long sleep in a sunny spot in the yard, for she always loved to lay in a sunny window or in a "sun puddle" on the carpet.

© 2012 DzyMsLizzy

More by this Author


Comments 30 comments

Denise Handlon profile image

Denise Handlon 4 years ago from North Carolina

Wow, this is an amazing story, Lizzy. So glad you finally found someone to help you with this problem. Interesting. I also liked the warning you posted re: human medications. I gave our dog a benadryl to calm her during a storm and it wasn't until later (it worked btw) that I realized that may not have been smart. I spoke with the vet to check and she okayed it but since then we got a spray to help calm her more effectively naturally. Thanks for sharing. Voted Up/I


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hi, Denise--

Wow--you are fast! Thanks for being first in the comment queue. Patches is getting old now--she just turned 14, but she is still with us, still on the drugs, and still loved. She is, however, once again starting to have a few more breakthroughs, so I'll be discussing that with the vet at her next evaluation which is coming up soon.

You got lucky with the Benadryl...and that is one that can be used; I've had my vet recommend it for the cats from time to time, once when one of them seemed to be having an allergic itching problem, and another time for some other reason (years back--don't recall exactly.) I'm glad you found a natural medication to help your pooch. Thank you very much for sharing your experience and for the vote!


Hyphenbird profile image

Hyphenbird 4 years ago from America-Broken But Still Beautiful

Patches is so very sweet. It makes me cry to know she goes through this and tries to escape an oncoming seizure. Bless her and you for caring about her so much. This is a testament to the danger of medications and of spaying animals too soon. You did a fabulous job on this Hub. It is well laid out, easy to follow and useful information.


shiningirisheyes profile image

shiningirisheyes 4 years ago from Upstate, New York

I was unaware of this condition in animals until I rescued a furry friend named "Hope". The first time I witnessed her seizures it was one of the most helpless and terrifying moments. Hope was the furry child of an elderly woman who was going into an elderly care facility that did not allow animals. She told me what to expect with the seizures but it is just not the same until you witness one first-hand. This woman stated that Hope and she were in a car accident where Hope was banged up pretty bad. They suspected this might have been the cause of the seizures.

Needless to say, Hope was a wonderful friend and we worked with each other during the seizures. I found staying calm and massaging the back of her neck seemed to alleviate the discomfort until the episode passed.

I had a wonderful ten years with my buddy. She is now enjoying a seizure-free life with all her friends that went before her.

Fantastic and extremely informative article.

I commend you.


aguasilver profile image

aguasilver 4 years ago from Malaga, Spain

Good article, though you may wish to add the words 'in animals' to the title! Check with the title tuner on your accounts page!

Also take a look at the following vets site, who has had great success with epileptic animals

http://dogtorj.tripod.com/id19.html

In fact a good title for the page could be:

Epileptic animals--What It Is, What It Is Not and What Causes It.

As a point of reference we used the vets advice to stop our daughters epilepsy! - she has been fit free for over two years now!

John


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

@ Hyphenbird—Thank you so very much for your kind comment. We do love our Patches kitty, and and it is heartbreaking to see her go through these seizures. Even though she is now an old cat (just turned 14), and we know she may not be with us much longer, it will still break our hearts when her time comes to cross the Rainbow Bridge.

I’m glad you liked the article, and I thank you again for stopping by and commenting.

@ shingingirisheyes—Oh, bless you for taking care of your friend’s pet. You are right—remaining calm is essential. Sometimes, with Patchy-Cat, we might not ‘sound’ calm, as another trick we use is to yell her name at her; “PATCHES!!! PATCHES!! COME BACK!” Sometimes, it gets through, and she comes out sooner if it’s a bad one. Hope sounds like she was a wonderful companion. It is a lesson for us all that we can learn from the animals. Just because someone has a condition doesn’t make them any less who they are, or less human. Thank you so very much for sharing your experience, and for the high praise!

@ aguasilver—Thanks so very much for your well-thought-out comment. I did check out the website you referenced, and sent an e-mail to the doctor about our cat’s condition.

As for the title, it is not meant to be a species-specific treatise; as I mentioned in my first paragraph, the condition manifests pretty much the same regardless of the species of the sufferer. My intention was but to detail what happens, and look at some possible causes, and how to help a victim in the throes of a seizure, that’s all. Thanks for stopping by and adding your input.


kathleenkat profile image

kathleenkat 4 years ago from Bellingham, WA

I am very inspired by this story (obviously, I love cats). I have never thought about epilepsy in animals, although I don't doubt that it occurs. I have known cats with arthritis and diabetes, and as they are mammals, too, they are probably susceptible to diseases which affect humans, too. Just wondering; have you tried trimming her claws with a kitty nail clipper? My cats, though completely disease free (that I know of), get their claws caught on things all the time. Trimming them has more-or-less solved that problem.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hi, kathleenkat,

Thank you so much for your compassionate comment. You are right--our fellow mammals are indeed susceptible to many of the same ailments as we humans--but the differences are sufficient that the same medications are not always appropriate. For example, Pepto Bismol is poisonous to cats.

We actually trim all the kittys' claws all the time. It was just that one time, that we happened to be away on an errand at probably the same time as she was due for a nail trimming. Needless to say, we were devastated and felt absolutely horrible for not having gotten to the task even an hour sooner. (At that point, she was also still an "only cat," and the only other pet was a dog, whose claws I dared not trim on my own, as they were black...I let the vet handle those!)

Now, we actually use a people nail trimmer--just as our current vet does--and it works for us better than the specialized kitty types. With 6 kitties, it is important to get through the lot of them quickly with minimum fuss--as the word seems to get out, and some of them hide...my longhaired Maine Coon mix, in particular, as his fur is so long it is virtually impossible to trim his claws without pulling hair! I keep threatening to shave his feet! ;-)


aguasilver profile image

aguasilver 4 years ago from Malaga, Spain

"As for the title, it is not meant to be a species-specific treatise"

Understood, but (from a keyword perspective) epilepsy is a widely searched word, and very well covered, so you will rank low in searches until the hub has built up 'steam', whereas Animal Epilepsy (along with species specific keywords) should (I am no expert) provide you with a niche to gather species-specific searchers. i.e. I think it would open up a faster route to a higher ranking overall, if more people find your species-specific site because they are looking for species-specific information.

Just my thinking, and I must say again, I am no expert, just that I noticed that from my search stats the most successful hubs I have currently contained a keyword in the title that took them out of the general melee and into a niche.

John


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Thank you, aguasilver, for that explanation. I understand, on one level the whole keywords/SEO thing, but from a practical standpoint, I just find it very confusing and the analytics and stats don't mean much to me; I'm not a 'numbers person.' But I do see your point. I may change it some, then.


drbj profile image

drbj 4 years ago from south Florida

Excellent easy-to-understand explanation, Liz, of the causes of epilepsy and the best treatment to date for animals.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, drbj,

Thanks so much for stopping by and commenting. I'm pleased you liked the article, and I thank you for the praise.


midget38 profile image

midget38 4 years ago from Singapore

This is great, Liz. My dog just had a run in with epilepsy as well. I used to be seated with a girl with the problem in elementary school because the teacher felt I could look after her if she had a problem. The other girls in the class used to make fun of her. She had seizures in class frequently too. This is useful, and shared here on HP.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Helli, midget38,

Thank you so much. Aww, I'm sorry about your dog--it is so sad, and so hard to watch an animal go through this, as it cannot be explained to them as with a person. It was good of you to look after your classmate; very caring and kind.

Thanks very much for the vote and share.


crazybeanrider profile image

crazybeanrider 3 years ago from Washington MI

So heartbreaking, I am so glad Patches has such a loving and kind family to take such wonderful care of her. Not giving up on her, giving such passion when most people would have put her down. It is amazing what she has lived through. I have lost 2 of my precious ones, I have a 18 year old who is still strong. I hope Patches has many years yet to come. Thank you for such a compassionate hub.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 3 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello there, crazybeanrider,

Long time, no see! How have you been?

Animals are, indeed, amazing, and capable of so much more than many people give them credit for. I feel for your losses of 2 of your furry friends; I know personally how heartbreaking that is.

Thanks so much for stopping by and for your complimentary comment. To us, we have not done anything extraordinary--we just love our kitties, that's all.


epigramman profile image

epigramman 3 years ago

I was eyeing your Gilbert and Sullivan hub and got distracted by this title and for good reason - I live for my two cats - Little Miss Tiffy and Mister Gabriel - and I was shocked to think this terrible illness could ever happen to a kitten. It certainly wasn't a very pleasant read for me but at the same time an essential one which left me naturally moved but also educated and enlightening.

Thank you for your loving heart, your sensitive nature and your keen eye for detail and research.

Sending you warm wishes for your continued health, happiness and prosperity in 2013 from lake erie time ontario canada 4:09pm


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 3 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, epi--

Thank you so much for your kind words. I am sure your Little Miss Tiffy and Mister Gabriel are most beautiful, well loved and lovingly spoiled companions for you. Blessings upon you for your love of kitties.

I realize this is not the most pleasant of topics, but I did want to get the word out. The early spay/neuter policy of most rescue groups now stands at 2 months AND 2 pounds. Run away fast from any outfit that insists on having the procedures done any earlier. This young is still a huge departure from the former standard of 6 months of age.

Thanks very much again for sharing your thoughts.

(P.S.--I hope you enjoy the G&S Hub as well.)


Suzie HQ profile image

Suzie HQ 3 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

DzyMsLizzy,

What a great job you have done highlighting Epilepsy (which I have had for over 30 years) in both cats and in humans. I was diagnosed with grand mal or tonic clonic seizures when I was 14. Interestingly how you mentioned Phenobarbital as I was on it along with another drug. The Phenobarbital was eventually phased out completely. It was not something I related to little kittens and it must have been so distressing for you not getting help from the medical profession.

Your pointers in how to deal with seizures is excellent and what people with Epilepsy are not. i have never let it stop me doing most things I love including traveling alone, playing International Sport and living alone at times. Life is for living and your hub is a great alert for pet owners and for people who may suspect Epilepsy in others.

Voted up, Useful, Interesting, Shared.


torrilynn profile image

torrilynn 3 years ago

DzyMsLizzy, im sorry that your cat has epilepsy. i never knew much about epilepsy or what would or does cause it. thanks for this hub. voted up.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 3 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, Suzie HQ,

I'm glad you liked the article. I did try to diligently research what was happening with our poor kitty, and in the process, the memory of my former neighbor's testimony came back to me. I've never witnessed a person suffering an attack, but thanks to my research, I'll be prepared if I ever do.

I'm sorry you have been stricken with this condition, but it sounds like you're a very positive person who refuses to let it get you down. Brava for that outlook! It just goes to prove that people can do anything they set their minds to doing.

Patches was 14 years old in Sept. of 2012, and is still hanging in there. Tonight (in Feb. of 2013) she was actually playing a bit...which she does rarely anymore.

Thanks very much for all the votes and the share!


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 3 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, torrilynn,

Epilepsy can be a rather serious condition, about which I knew little myself until our kitty was affected. Thank you very much for commenting; I'm pleased you found the article useful. Thanks much, too, for the vote!


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

I am a big cat lover and I am sad that you cat has epilepsy! It's remarkable that your cat is still alive; she must be around 15 years old. It must be hard for you to see her trying to run away from the seizure; poor thing, it's hard to explain to a child what epilepsy is... imagine a cat! I have a 17 and half years old cat with the same kind of colors than yours; I think those kind of colors show that they Siamese in their ancestors.

Have a great weekend!


Rebecca Furtado profile image

Rebecca Furtado 3 years ago from Anderson, Indiana

I think my 20 yr old male Manx may be having seizure. He acts like he is scratching sometimes and then thrashs about. He is never vetted; except to be fixed and one case of urinary crystals when he was eight. I just hate to vet him at this age. He has been more than healthy. I wonder if there is a natural remedy to try. He is so old, I hate to put him on prescription medication. He will be 21 in March.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 3 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, kidscrafts,

I am glad to meet a fellow cat-lover. It is a sad thing for her, but we love her, and committed to her lifelong care by adopting her, so we just give her all the love we can, and are glad that when her time comes to cross the Rainbow Bridge, she will know she was loved.

How wonderful that your kitty has been with you for 17 years! That is awesome. Patches colors are in the family called "Tortoiseshell." She is a smoke, or muted "Tortie."

Thank you so very much for stopping by and your thoughtful comment. You enjoy your weekend as well!


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 3 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hi, Rebecca.

Wow--a 20-year-old cat. What a wonderful milestone! A seizure might be possible, but it might just be that he loses his balance while scratching, because of his age, just as we all lose some of our coordination with advancing years.

If you think a seizure is a possibility, I would strongly urge you to see your vet. I know there are downsides to the medications, but kitty can also get hurt in the throes of a seizure, and if you can control or prevent those, you're ahead of the game. In any case, it could be something simple, and you'd set your mind at ease by having it checked out.

Thanks so very much for sharing about your wonderful fur-baby.


FlourishAnyway profile image

FlourishAnyway 3 years ago from USA

Aww, Patches is so lucky to have a cat mother as devoted as you are. She is a beautiful cat. I used to do cat rescue, too, and have several "leftover" kitties with disabilities whom I love dearly and whom require special care. I advocate spay neuter but my vet requires the limits you referred to (2 months and 2 pounds). When I had kittens available, I never even showed them until they were spayed and ready to go. Although I probably lost some potential homes that way, the good ones will understand why and will wait. Bless you for the work you do for them. Voted up and more, plus sharing.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 3 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, FlourishAnyway,

Thank you so much for your kind comment; I appreciate that. Thank you, also, for your own work in rescuing these wonderful creatures.

When I got my first cat, the veterinary standard for spay/neuter was set at 6 months of age. In cats, that can be too late, as they can mature that early and start producing litters. I think 2 months is a bit young, but it seems to be the new standard, and they say the kittens bounce back faster.

I know from watching the "kitten cam" of Foster Dad John (near Seattle, WA), that the kittens are only dopey the day they get back from the surgery, then they're full of vinegar again, while the mom cats always seem to be slower to recover, so I guess 2 months makes sense.

Thank you so much for the comment, the compliment, the votes and share!


ahorseback profile image

ahorseback 2 years ago

Dzy , you certainly don't need my two cents here , this hub is amazing , My Dad had this too, now My chocolate lab "Bud " has it and it absolutely breaks my heart to watch this happen ! It kills me , however the vet gave us thyroid medicine and that helped however .....he had several more and then she told us to get vitamin B-12 Pills [cheap ] and I believe that helped tremendously ! Disguise them with a favorite treat with food !,...Good luck .....Ed


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 2 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, Ed;

Thank you very much for your input. I'm so sorry your Dad had to deal with this condition, and also your Lab. It is very heartbreaking to watch a pet suffer this, as you cannot explain to them as you would a person.

I would ask the vet about the B-12 and thyroid meds--I might still, but at this point, Patches is a very senior kitty, and is lately showing signs that she may not be with us much longer, so all I want to do is keep her comfortable. She is on a medication for some arthritis in her hips, as well.

Thank you so much again for your contribution!

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working