How to Protect Yourself from the Flu and the Cold Associated with Exam Stress

Flu Season Alert
Flu Season Alert | Source
Student Studying For an Exam
Student Studying For an Exam | Source

The flu and the common cold are two of the most common illnesses that people usually contracted during the milder to colder time of the year. Although both usually last for a short period,(if cared for the right way), the symptoms can be very nagging.

Colds and Flu season typically starts in October and lasts into mid March. However, owing to the fact that we tend to spend more time indoors, and as a result, are exposed to higher concentrations of airborne viruses, we are more likely to contract flu and colds during the winter. Based on findings, those at highest risk include the following:

  • People over age 65
  • Children younger than 2 years
  • Women more than 3 months pregnant during the flu season
  • Anyone living in a long-term care facility
  • Anyone with an already compromised immune system
  • In community settings such as schools or workplace

In a community setting for example, the flu virus easily spreads, students or workers may become ill within 2 or 3 weeks of the flu's arrival in a school or workplace. A number of studies suggest that stress increases one's susceptibility to a cold, and that once a person catches a cold or flu, stress can make symptoms even worse.

Because stress is known to increases one’s susceptibility to a cold or flu, it’s safe to say that exam stress during the flu season can suppress students’ immune functioning making them more susceptible to the colds and flu.

How Exam Stress Increases the Probability of Students Getting the Flu and colds

The field of psychoneuroimmunology is making interesting discoveries about the effects of stress on our immune systems. Although the mechanisms involved are still not clear, based on recent research, stressful events have shown to depress our normal immune functioning and thus make us more vulnerable to infectious diseases.

Events such as bereavement and prolonged sleep deprivation were some of life’s stressful situations initially used by researchers to measured the effects of major sources of stress. However, more recently, investigators have found that even relatively minor stressors, like exams, can cause declines in immune functioning.

In one study, samples of blood were taken from a group of first-year medical students a month prior to their examinations, and again, on the last day of their exam period. When these blood samples were carefully analyzed, it was noted that there was a significant decline in “Killer” cells that help to protect the body against disease microbes.

The fact that (A statistical method was used to filter out possible effects of other variables, such as poor nutrition, lack of sleep, and caffeine intake), this meant that these students’ ability to resist infection was somewhat compromised simply because of exam stress.

According to the researchers, the medical students in this experiment were comparatively healthy, symptom-free and all had a lot of experience in taking examination. Thus, this decline in immune functioning during exam week --- certainly a rather stressful period, but one for which students could prepare and had been through before --- suggests that our immune systems are quite sensitive even to commonplace, predictable sources of stress.

Yoga and Meditation Relieve Stress

Meditation
Meditation | Source

How to Deal With Exam Stress

The investigators also sought to determine whether an anti-stress intervention, in the form of relaxation training might moderate the effects of stress. One group of subjects was given ten sessions of instruction in various relaxation techniques. They were encouraged to practice these techniques on their own as well as during each supervised practice session.

At the end of these sessions, the researchers discovered that subjects who received this training had a significantly smaller decline in immune functioning than those who did not. Thus, it appears that relaxation seems to help reduce stress.



Conclusion

Based on this positive outcome of relaxation training, it appears as if any activity that moderates the effects of stress seems to help the immune system continue functioning normally. Thus, students who want to get through exam week --- or any other stressful period --- in good health, might want to schedule breaks for exercise, meditation, or going out with friends. It is also important that they pay attention to their daily diet( healthy breakfast, lunch, dinner, enough vitamin C) and try to get enough sleep.

W. McFarlane 10/2012

More by this Author


Comments 7 comments

remaniki profile image

remaniki 3 years ago from Chennai, India

Oh, there can be nothing more annoying than a cold and flu during the most important times especially exams. You are spot on Winston. Stress reduces immunity and gives way to several infections. This was a very good hub. I'm sharing it everywhere possible. Thanks for the great knowledge. Cheers, Rema.


mackyi profile image

mackyi 3 years ago from Philadelphia Author

Hi Rema, Thanks for dropping by, I though this could be a helpful bit of information for all students, especially at this time of the year. I agree with you, stress certainly reduces immunity, and once our immunity is compromised we are more susceptible to infections. I appreciate your sharing, as usual!


Nyamache profile image

Nyamache 3 years ago from Kenya

Cold and flu makes a person not to be active. It is a big obstacle to students especially during the exam days. It takes away ones concentration and one has to deal with headache. Students should be encouraged to practice ways of relaxing the mind like doing physical exercising, yoga and meditation in order to deal with exam stress.


mackyi profile image

mackyi 3 years ago from Philadelphia Author

Thanks for stopping by Nyamache. You are absolutely right, the cold and flu slow you down dramatically. The sad thing about it is that, the medications we often take, only prevent the cold and the flu from exacerbating into other more serious illnesses such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and others. Usually, the flu and the cold have to take their normal courses.

Exercising, such as meditation, yoga, etc, on a regular basis, can help prepare the body to take on not only exam stress, but also other stressors of life!


angryelf profile image

angryelf 3 years ago from Tennessee

I'm so happy I never really fell under stress during exams. I almost always excel on them, so I never feel TOO much pressure. As I go forward, I just hope I don't START to become stressed with them!!! I have plenty of other types of stress hahahaha :D


mackyi profile image

mackyi 3 years ago from Philadelphia Author

Thanks for stopping by, and good for you-:). Some people are much better at handling stress - maybe you are one of them. Keep up the good work and best of luck!


angryelf profile image

angryelf 3 years ago from Tennessee

Haha I don't know about that ;) it would be nice if everyone could live stress free. What's funny is stress seemed to become more severe within the last century.... what gives? haha

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working