Helping Elderly Relatives Stay Independent

As we age, daily tasks become more difficult
As we age, daily tasks become more difficult | Source

Aging Is Inevitable

We all age. Some manage to do so more gracefully than others, but still, aging is our common fate. Right now, the population of senior citizens is growing rapidly as the post World War II "baby boom" generation ages and swells the ranks of the elderly just as they did the school populations from 1946 or so until the mid 1960s.

It is at once ironic and sad that we end up in our senior years nearly as helpless as babes, with many of the same safety concerns and needing similar preventative measures installed.

Some of us have lost our parents, and some of us are dealing with aging and increasingly infirm parents. Or, perhaps it is other relatives, even siblings with whose aging difficulties we must assist. Maybe, it is even ourselves. I am rather dismayed to find myself among those for whom freedom of movement is no longer the carefree thing it once was. My husband is in worse shape than I. In pondering this situation, then, this article occurred to me.

Staying Self-Sufficient; Staying Alive

Most people, the elderly included, want to be independent and remain in their own homes for as long as they possibly can. Self-sufficiency is important to our sense of self-worth as humans.

There are many, many devices available these days to help with that goal. Most of these items had not yet been invented in our grandparent's generation.

There are three primary areas of importance in keeping our dignity and feeling worthwhile, and those are:

  • bathing and toilet functions
  • dressing
  • preparing meals and eating

Any infirmity that causes a problem in any one of these areas definitely affects the senior at a level that can cause depression. Throw in all of them, and they may lose the ability to remain living alone and in independent circumstances.

People who must live in an assisted living residence or nursing home generally go downhill very quickly because they are depressed. Having lost their independence, and their familiar homes, they often lose the will to live at all. So the more we, as family of our treasured elders can do to help them stay safe and happy in their homes, the better for all.

Help in the Bathroom

Statistically (disregarding for the moment Mark Twain's quote about statistics), more accidents happen in the bathroom than any other room in the home, regardless of age. So, it stands to reason that the bathroom is a good place to start "senior-proofing,"

Slip and fall accidents in the bathroom can be very serious, even deadly, due to the hard surfaces found everywhere. A fall is not cushioned by carpet or broken by soft furniture. Your body is going to encounter the hard edge of the tub, the sink, and ultimately the floor.

Preventing such falls is imperative for seniors, even more so than for children. That's not to say that children should not be protected--only that a fall is less damaging to them for their bones have not become fragile like the bones of the elderly.

Graham Field Adjustable Height Versaframe Toilet Safety Rails, 1/cs, GHF6460A
Graham Field Adjustable Height Versaframe Toilet Safety Rails, 1/cs, GHF6460A

Grab Bars that do not impede floor space are a helpful addition to safety.

 

The Toilet

One of the most difficult motions for senior citizens is moving into or out of a sitting position. Therefore, using the toilet unassisted can be a very challenging proposition, and needing an attendant to assist is a serious blow to one's dignity.

While the living area of the house can be outfitted with electic "rise-assist" chairs, the same is not true of the bathroom. Therefore, assorted types of grab rails, either built-in or portable are needed.

Bathing Assistance

Getting in and out of the bathtub or shower is another very dangerous and often difficult task for seniors. Something solid to grab is vitally important.

Bathtubs can prove very challenging and dangerous, requiring the person to lower themselves virtually down to floor level for the bath, and hoist themselves up again when finished. Some who are still able to to this may yet need some assitance with balance on their way in and out of the tub.

For those who cannot lower themselves all the way, a portable seat is the solution. These can be placed in either the tub or shower, making it unnecessary to sit any lower than an ordinary chair.

Whitmor Over-The-Door Shoe Rack, 36-Pair, White
Whitmor Over-The-Door Shoe Rack, 36-Pair, White

Over-door shoe storage eliminates bending over

 

Help Getting Dressed: Eliminating the Floor

Being able to get dressed by oneself is another important task that helps people to feel independent and worthwhile. Unfortunately, the older we get, the further away the floor, and hence our shoes, seem to be.

Since we cannot cancel gravity and float easily in space, the floor remains part of our reality. So the idea is to eliminate not the actual floor, but the need for bending over to reach things down there.

Fear not--help is at hand in this area as well. First, there are many different kinds of shoe racks and shoe-holders that keep shoes up off the floor.

For men with built-in water skis for feet, (as my husband quips of himself) who need larger-sized shoes, in the 12 - 13 size range, these options may not work, as they are generally designed for smaller shoes--especially the over-the-door variety of shoe holders.

Zippers up the Back

Once the storage issues are addressed, there is the matter of actually getting dressed. This can be another exercise in frustration for those with flexibility or motion impairments.

Many clever solutions that have been invented. Back in the day, many women's dresses had long zippers running up the back as a fastening medium. In fact, the "Honey, can you zip my dress?" theme has been worked to death in the comics and movies.

Today, I'm not so sure--I've refused to wear dresses for over 20 years, now; I'm strictly a jeans/or/sweats kind of gal--so that may or may not still be an issue. But, if you or a loved one still struggles with up-the-back zippers, there are extensions with a hook that can save the day!

Putting on Shoes

Nevertheless, zippers or not, there is still the matter of putting on your shoes, once you've fetched them from your handy-dandy rack. Who remembers shoehorns? Right. Those little plastic spoon-shaped affairs that usually got stuck between your foot and shoe, pinching your fingers in the process. Well, folks, they've been re-invented!

While we're on the shoes, instead of going to the expense of replacing all your shoes with slip-ons, you can turn your lace-up shoes into slip-ons with elastic shoelaces!

2 packs of 1 pair Elastic Shoelace 7" COILED WHITE
2 packs of 1 pair Elastic Shoelace 7" COILED WHITE

Add a little bit of pizzaz with these stylish elastics.

 

Perhaps some of us remember the teen fad of a few years back, with elastic shoelaces that ended up in tight coils at the tops of the eyelets--even tying a bow was not necessary. All you had to do was give them a tug, and off you went.

Guess what? They're still available! So, for us gals, who may want to toss a bit of style and whimsy into our self-sufficiency routines--have at it!

At the Sink

The kitchen comes in second only to the bathroom for slips, falls and other accidents. It shares the same issues with the bathroom of hard and slippery surfaces everywhere you turn.

It is a tossup as to whether the sink, with its potential for spilled water slips, or the stove and oven, with their threat of burns that is the more dangerous area. In my opinion, though, while burns are never fun, slipping and falling with fragile bones is less so.

So I would recommend always having a non-skid throw rug in front of the sink. Be sure it lays flat, and has a good grip. Most of them are washable, but the rubberized backing will rapidly fall apart if put into the dryer, so it is best to have a pair of them, so one can always be on the floor even if one is in the wash. Please note, however, eventually, the rubber backing will break down anyway: at this point, throw it away, and get a new one, for the deteriorated backing does not grip, and in fact becomes brittle and very slippery--worse than no mat at all.

Norpro Cookbook Holder Durable Acrylic Stand Splatter Guard 12.5" X 9" X 3.25"
Norpro Cookbook Holder Durable Acrylic Stand Splatter Guard 12.5" X 9" X 3.25"

A clear acrylic cookbook holder not only keeps the book open, leaving both hands free for cooking tasks, but also protects the book from spills and splatters.

 

Cooking

When working at the stove, all the usual safety precautions apply, and it is more a matter of being aware and being careful. There are not really any devices to assist with this. Keep in mind:

  • Tie long hair back away from your face
  • Wear short sleeves or roll up long sleeves
  • Use oven gloves and pot holders to handle pots and pans
  • Have extra oven mitts, and do not use wet ones--you will get a steam burn
  • Wipe up spills right away
  • Try to keep one hand free for balance against counters while moving about the room


Folding Cane Seat
Folding Cane Seat

A cane and stool in one, so you can take a break

 

Stay Safe Outdoors, Too!

It is a mobile society in which we live, so there are also considerations to be made for travel, whether it be to the grocery store, the doctor's office, or a vacation. We are all familiar with canes; they are probably among the very oldest of assisted-walking devices. But the 'now generation' of canes is quite a far cry from what they used even in our grandparents' day, let alone centuries ago.

We now have canes that let us "take a load off" and sit a spell. Then, there are tripod canes with 3 feet, and quad canes with 4 feet, for better balance. As an added plus, you can let go of these momentarily while shopping, and they won't fall over--they'll stand there patiently waiting until you're ready to continue.

Other mobility assists such as motorized scooters are well-known, and probably deserve an article of their own by someone with the experience in the matter to make useful comparisons.

Here's to All Our Beloved Elders

And here's to you if you find yourself with me, approaching your "golden years."

The Vulcans of the TV series, "Star Trek" used a standard greeting and farewell:

"Live long and prosper." I leave you with the less-often heard response, "Peace and long life."

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Comments 12 comments

Maralexa profile image

Maralexa 4 years ago from Vancouver, Canada and San Jose del Cabo, Mexico

Good, comprehensive hub! The more we do to help seniors live independently, the better. I congratulate you on your important contribution to this area of life. Live long and prosper yourself, MsIzzy!


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, Maralexa--

Thanks very much--I'm happy you liked the article, and thank you for being on the side of seniors. In our throw-away society, the younger generation often would like to toss out the seniors as well.


Angela Brummer profile image

Angela Brummer 4 years ago from Lincoln, Nebraska

What a very important and great hub! I am so glad I stumbled across your great writing and cute profile picture!


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, Angela Brummer,

Thank you very much--I'm glad you found the article useful and worthy. And... ** blushing ** thanks for the high praise and compliment. ;-)


Angela Brummer profile image

Angela Brummer 4 years ago from Lincoln, Nebraska

That picture is just so cute peeking out at the viewers!


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Thanks, Angela--

My daughter took that snapshot a couple of years ago when we went to a 'corn maze' around Halloween.... with the granddaughters ... ;-)


Rebecca2904 profile image

Rebecca2904 4 years ago

This is a great hub! It can be really difficult to know sometimes what we can do to help our older loved ones, especially if we don't have any of the same concerns ourselves. You mention how we sometimes need to care for the elderly as if they were young children and, although that may technically be the case, it makes me sad to think of how some elderly people are treated, even by people who think they're helping them. The difference there being that it's quite necessary and normal to change a baby's nappy or help a toddler to the toilet but, although it might be sometimes necessary, helping an elderly relative to the toilet is quite different, mainly because of their pride. I don't mean that in a bad way, for sure an excess of pride is never a good thing, but a little pride in yourself is what keeps us all presentable, I think. The difference between say, my greatnan and my little cousin is that my greatnan can remember what it's like to be me, to be completely able bodied and capable of completing any task by myself, but my little cousin has no idea as at no point yet in his young life has he not been dependent on either his parents or another relative to complete even some of the most basic tasks. I think to rob an elderly person of that dignity, even when we're trying to help them, would be a terrible thing.

I think another thing that's important in helping the elderly to remain living in their own homes for as long as possible is giving them all possible help with stairs. A stair-lift would be an idea solution or, if that's not possible for whatever reason, what we did to help my greatnan was to move her bed downstairs into the sitting room. That way she still had access to all the areas of her house that she needed, the kitchen and the bathroom and so on, but she didn't have to negotiate the stairs everyday, and we didn't have to worry about her falling down them. We also had handrails installed at all of the other steps in her house, for example at the front door.

My greatnan lived until she was 97 and she lived in her own house for all of that time, only needing to be in hospital for the last month of her life. She was one of the most remarkable people I ever met, and the thought of someone somehow taking away her dignity or her ending up in an old-people's home is a truly terrible thought. I hope you and your husband can continue to live in your own home for as long as you both want.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, Rebecca2904,

I agree with you--it is very sad to have to again care for elders as if they are children, for as you so correctly point out, they have the memory of being able to do it themselves.

Dignity is certainly the be-all and end-all goal for helping our senior relatives. We want to offer help, but not be officious and take over their lives and every decision. It is a delicate balancing act.

Perhaps the best solution is to have a discussion with the elder person before things come to that pass, and learn how much help they will or will not want, and of what kind. There is also the risk that such a conversation won't be remembered, especially in the case of Alzheimer's patients, who can become quite agitated about being helped when they think they can still do the task themselves...only to end up getting injured as a result.

I'm glad your greatnan lived such a long life able to remain independent. She sounds like a remarkable woman!

Thank you so much for your contribution and well-thought-out remarks, and for your well-wishes.


PegCole17 profile image

PegCole17 4 years ago from Dallas, Texas

These are valuable tips on improving the safety of elders who remain independent and on their own. My Mother and her older sister live across the street and I'm proud of their abilities to continue doing the daily personal chores and grooming that most people take for granted. The development of safety equipment like shower chairs and rolling walkers have enabled them to maintain their personal hygiene and their mobility, despite being homebound by vision and other impairments.

Having seen the quick downturn in their older sister after she was admitted to a care facility, it has been my goal to keep the two ladies in the comfort of their own home, surrounded with their personal possessions, their own bathroom and no one going into their things in their closets. They are delighted to be able to enjoy their porch, watch the birds come to their birdfeeder and watch their TV without anyone telling them what to do. It is a blessing that in their upper eighties and early nineties that they remain at home with their loved pets who give them a reason to get up every morning.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 4 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello, PegCole17.

You paint a perfect picture of why so-called 'nursing homes' and residential 'care' facilities are far less than ideal. I'm happy to hear your Mom and her sister are doing so well. Being in their own home is probably a major factor in that. It has also been proven that pets relieve stress, so that's another plus for keeping one's own home as long as absolutely possible. Thank you so much for sharing this wonderful example. I'm pleased you liked the article.


Pamela Kinnaird W profile image

Pamela Kinnaird W 3 years ago from Maui and Arizona

This is a very helpful article. For instance, the rubber-backed mats to put in the bathrooms and kitchens of our loved ones -- I had not thought of that and it is simple, simple to do. You have listed a lot of good, sensible ideas. Voting up, useful, interesting and sharing, DzyMsLizzy.


DzyMsLizzy profile image

DzyMsLizzy 3 years ago from Oakley, CA Author

Hello Pamela,

Thank you. I'm most pleased that you found the article helpful and useful. Thanks, too, for the votes and share!

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