How to Treat Cystic Acne
Treating cystic acne is similar in many ways to treating other forms of acne. Cystic acne is a more severe form of the more popular acne vulgaris but is characterised by painful and often very large nodules deep within the skin. The glands that produce oil in the skin overproduce and become blocked and infected causing them to burst and produce inflammation of the surrounding skin. If you have cystic acne you will have soft lumps underneath the skin that are filled with fluid. Another form is called nodulocycstic acne in which hard nodules form that are very slow to heal and is caused by infections invading the hair follicle.
As well as treating cystic acne to clear up the infection and reduce the inflammation it is important that you know how to look after your skin properly. The first thing to be careful of is to avoid squeezing or picking at the cysts as this will cause the bacteria to spread underneath the skin and cause further infections. It can also lead to more damage to the skin resulting in scarring.
keeping Your Face Clean
You should wash your face with a mild soap no more than twice a day.Benzoyl peroxide soap, a mild soap with no perfume or Oxy-5 can be used. Shampoo your hair regularly to prevent oil from your hair being transferred to your face. For men try to avoid shaving if at all possible but if you so use a new blade everytime so that you do not spread infection. For women it is best to avoid make up or use products that do not contain perfumes or are labeled as hypoallergenic.
Treating Cystic Acne
You should always consult a doctor or dermatologist to treat cystic acne. A range of treatments can be used including the use of benzoyl peroxide, oral antibiotics and isotretanoin. Although isotretanoin, commercially called Accutane, is a very effective treatment it does have some drawbacks so the first approach is usually to treat with benzoyl peroxide first and only use isotretanoin if this does not work. Benzoyl peroxide can be purchased in a range of forms including gels, lotions, creams and washes. If this approach fails to clear up the problem more drastic treatments may be needed. Oral antibiotics will kill the bacteria that cause the acne but the problem often returns when the antibiotics are stopped.
Isotretanoin - Accutane
Isotretanoin is very effective and works by reducing the glands that produce oil and minimises skin cell shedding. However it has a range of side effects, some of them severe such as nose bleeds, problems with vision, muscle aches, inflammation of the eye and lip membranes as well as changes to the functioning of the liver and increases in blood cholesterol. Some mental problems related to depression have also been reported by the users of Accutane and it is not to be used by anyone who is pregnant or who could become pregnant as it has a high risk of birth defects. It is not therefore to be taken lightly and is best used when all other methods have failed and must be carefully monitored by a medical practitioner.
A dermatologist can remove the infected material which is causing the problem in a surgical procedure. A final method is the use of injections of cortisone into the cyst which is a fast treatment that relives the pain and quickly clears up the cyst. It is does not however prevent any recurrence and is not a long term solution.
How you treat cystic acne will depend on it's severity and other factors and your dermatologist will help you to decide on the best treatment.
Information in this hub is for entertainment purposes only and should not be used to diagnose or treat any medical condition. If you think you have cystic acne please consult a doctor, dermatologist or other medical practitioner.
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