Important Nutritions for Pregnant Women
Many changes will occur and experienced, both physically and emotionally when a woman is pregnant.
You should always consider the schedule and type of food you consume, because the growth and development of the fetus depends on mom's nutritional food.
Some nutrients have a vital role in fetal growth. During pregnancy, the energy metabolism increased due to changes in your body system and fetal development. Therefore, the need for energy and nutrients should be increased. How we can add the nutrients? Not only constantly increasing the amount of food we consume, but also consider all the things you consume.
During the second and third trismester pregnancy requires 300 calories per day. Although this increase is not used in the first trismester does not mean the balance of nutrition is not important. These additional calories needed for your body weight increases (a total of 12 to 16 kg during pregnancy).
It is very necessary to produce a good baby weight at birth. It's better that in the first trismester, the increase the weight of only 0, 5 kg of each month. Meanwhile, in the second trismester, the increase can be about 0, 5 kg each week. And in the last trismester (month 9), only 0, 5 to 1 kg allowed. You may get the calories by eating nuts, fruits, cereals, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes.
Protein is needed to build, repair, and replace the body's tissues. Pregnant women need extra nutrients for optimal fetal growth. You may get proteins by eating tofu, meat, poultry like chicken, duck, or turkey, fish, milk, and eggs.
Important Nutrition for Pregnant Women
Research shows that the fetus requires 13 mg of calcium from Mom's blood. Calcium is very important for fetal bone growth and teeth. If the fetal lack of calcium, then he will take it from the bones. As a result you may experience bone softening (osteomalacia) later. You can get calcium by consuming dairy products, tofu, broccoli, beans.
Iron deficiency will restrict the fetal growth and development. Iron deficiency may increase the risk of disability (mortality) you and the fetus. Because the iron is difficult to get from eating habit, so you may need to consume some supplements sometime. You may get the iron by consuming spinach, red meat, liver, fish, chicken, duck, turkey, shellfish, eggs, soy.
Folic acid (vitamin B)
Folic acid which is consumed since the time of conception and early pregnancy can prevent birth defects in the brain and spine. Research shows the risk of spinal abnormalities (spina bifida) and brain abnormalities (anensefali) decreased to 50%. It is recommended to obtain 400 mg of folic acid per day. You may get the folic acid by consume spinach and orange juice, oatmeal, broccoli, stoberi, and whole wheat bread.
Fluid is required to increase blood volume and oligohydramnios or fetal membranes. Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses each day. Reducing fluid intake will not reduce the swelling that you had experienced. However, can cause damage to the kidneys. The best fluid is mineral water, in addition you can also consume soup, juice, and tea.
Salt can help regulate the water in the blood. The body's need a little salt, about 2000 to 8000 mg per day. Some mothers who are exposed to high blood pressure or preeclampsia don't need to consume extra salt.
Vitamin A: Helps growth of skin, bones and teeth. It is important for normal visual function.
Vitamin C: Helps the formation of fetal tissue. Important in the metabolism process.
Vitamin D: basic materials of bone and teeth formation.
Calcium: Building bones and teeth.
Iron: Helps the formation of red blood cells.
Folic Acid: Preventing congenital defect in the spine.
Do not forget to avoid cigarettes, alcohol and caffeine consumption.
- Exercise for Kids : Fun and Healthy Activity
I love the way how my daughter's kindergarten teacher tell the kids how to do the exercise, they told the kids (about 3 to 4 years old) to walk on the balance beam, then jump, enter a tunnel, do the tire...
- Best Healthy Food to Prevent Hypertension
Hypertension is one of the factor that indicated of heart disease. Hypertension can arise due aterosklerosis and the arterial tension, which can cause blood vessel stoppage. Tension on the arterial can be...
- Nutritious Food For Healthy Hair
Have you ever experienced hair loss ? I have and still fight with it. You won't get the healthy hair just from a beauty salon. The healthy and shiny hair depend from healthy blood circulation and nutritious...
- Have a Stress Free and Healthy Feet
As a woman I like to wear high heels shoes sometime, but after wearing those shoes or after very busy day I feel my feet are extremely tired. So, I learn to have my own feet treatment for their stress free...
- Wine for Lifestyle and Health
Enjoy a glass of wine is starting become a lifestyle in big cities in Indonesia. Well, in my country there is still a pro and contra in enjoying wine, I think that is a private opinion but for some people,...
- Make Your Body Healthy with Dietary Fiber
In this rapid world, we tend to choose food that has great taste and smell good. Sometime, we do not have time just to peel and eat some fruits or drink plenty of water. I used to do that, sometime I just...
More by this Author
MBC Korea has one new Saeguk (Historical) drama series. The title is "Dong Yi". This series replace "Pasta" and "The Great Queen Seon Deok". Directed by Mr. Lee Byung Hoon who had been...
What I love most of the red-eared sliders (RES) are their beautiful color and different stripes of each RES. Their scientific's name is Chrysemys scripta elegans (or formerly Trachemys scripta elegans). Its origin is...
We used to hang a beautiful Christmas wreath in the door at Christmas time to welcome the guests. Some said that the origin of Christmas wreath was from the crown of thorns placed on Jesus' head that was made from the...