Keeping Those Pesky Bugs Away: Enjoying an Itch Free Summer

Photo Taken at the Japanese Gardens In Bow, WA
Photo Taken at the Japanese Gardens In Bow, WA | Source

It has happened. It doesn't matter how I dressed or that I was inside most of the time, it happened. My first mosquito bite of the year. That sneaky such and such even got me through my tights!

Slowly, as the summer progresses and more barbecues are had, we remember that we need that awful smelling bug spray, that not only keeps the bugs at bey - but your friends as well!

I have the good news though. I have some great tips to help avoid these sprays and replace them with more natural ones that smell better and are better for your skin, as well as some general tips to just keep those blood-suckers distracted!

100% Deet
100% Deet
Deet compound
Deet compound | Source

What Should Be Repelling You!

DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methyl-benzamide) is a common insect repellent, found in many homes, whether it is known or not. It is generally the repelling ingredient in most bug-aways. It is said that it is even effective for up to 12 hours if the concentration of DEET in the lotion or spray is 100%. Over 200 million people in America use it each year, according to Bio Med Central in their research article entitled "Evidence for inhibition of cholinesterases in insect and mammalian nervous systems by the insect repellent deet"

However, it has been advised that it does not get put over any area of open wounds, as some studies have shown that DEET was the cause of seizures, which in some cases had even caused death.

A group called the Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices of Cornell University found and stated that those who have prolonged exposure to DEET are more likely to experience mood alterations, troubles sleeping as well as "impaired cognitive function".

In the above mentioned article, it is mentioned that DEET is a behavioral-modifying chemical, and can be effective with mammals as well as insects. It is suggested that this chemical inhibits cholinesterase activity. Cholinesterase is an enzyme of great importance needed for the proper function of the nervous system in vertebrates (including humans) and insects. Exposure to this is not just through abrasions in the skin, but can be through the eyes, ingestion or inhalation. Essentially, when colinesterase activity is inhibited, it means that there is a block of signal, or simply the signal firing just isn't happening. We need signals to be fired throughout our bodies so that our brain can tell our muscles to do what we need, or our nerves can tell our brain that we stubbed our toe. Because this chemical acts as a cholinesterase inhibitor, it is a neurotoxin - and one which could have long term effects.

DEET has another interesting effect upon the body. It allows the body to absorb other toxins more easily as well. For example, if a person is wearing an insect repellent which contains DEET, then goes to use a weed killer or air freshener, the toxins in these will bind to the DEET and be absorbed into the body through the skin, causing more damage.

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catnip
catnip

Some alternatives

There are some really great scents out there that will repel blood-suckers that can be grown in your yard and can be good for you as well! If you are unable to have your own garden, the scent of these will be enough in the form of an essential oil.

Marigold - This is a common plant to gardens. It has been known for its slug-repelling effects, but its scent is also disliked by mosquitoes. These flowers can be a beautiful addition to a salad and holds their own medicinal effects as well, such as being used for minor burns, eczema, bruising, helping an oily complexion, can be used for women's problems during a bath, and can be effective against warts.

Lavender - This is a personal favorite. I want to put it in everything! Another edible flower that can be a delicious addition to salads, it has many aromatic therapeutic properties. Its scent can naturally be relaxing, and applied topically it can be a pain reliever for sore muscles and arthritis. It has even been studied for its effects on Alopecia areata (an allergy to one's hair). It can be used topically for eczema, and can be an antifungal and antiseptic for open wounds.

Catnip - Commonly known for its effects on cats, it can be effective against those pesky external parasites. In fact, it has studies have even gone so far as to say that it is ten times more effective than DEET, according to a report to the American Chemical Society from Iowa State University. It is a safe-to-use herb for children, including babies, as a nervine (something which calms anxiety or the nerves), a digestive, and a tonic. A strong tea cna reduce a fever associated with colds and the flu, and externally is great for skin irritations.

Cedar - This is a fragrance that personally reminds me of home, since I do come from the Evergreen State. It has been long known to repel moths, but its essential oil can be just as effective at repelling mosquitoes too. It can be used as an antiseptic, against respiratory infections, ease the pain of urinary tract infections in a bath, and can help the itch of bug bites too!

Eucalyptus - There are a great many good uses for this plant aside from repelling bugs. While it does have a very strong scent, it's aromatic uses are effective for mental stimulation and easing respiratory symptoms including alleviating congestion. When rubbed on the soles of the feet, it can ease an extreme cough, and it can be used as a powerful antiseptic and antifungal - and can be great as a mouth wash.

Lemon Balm - This refreshing scent can be added to anything to make it brighter. It can be an effective anti-anxiety prop, without diminishing mental alertness. In some studies, it has been shown to be effective against herpes and its variants, while also being an antibacterial. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, it has shown to be effective in cognitive function and has been helpful to Alzheimer's patients experiencing distress.

These are just a very very few plants that are effective at keeping the bugs away. Many of them I personally have used as a flea treatment for my cat, by blending a few of the oils together and putting the mix on his collar. A helpful hint: cats aren't opposed to using catnip as flea treatment!

Making it happen

Now you know the helpful plants, I have a few helpful tips on how to create your own lotion to keep the bugs away, and a salve to put on the bug bites that have already appeared.

To Make a Salve You Need:

  • Up to 1 oz Bee's wax - granules preferred
  • 1 cup A Carrier oil (I prefer hemp oil, but olive oil can work too. Be sure to buy organic!)
  • 1 oz Dried herb or herbs intended to use
  • Containers with lids (I use 2 oz glass containers and usually fill 6-8 of them)
  • Muslin or cheese cloth
  • Strainer (not a colander! The smaller the holes the better!)

This is not a science! It is an art! It might take a few attempts before nailing your perfect recipe. Be sure to record all of your attempts, and label each batch.

  1. Place dried herbs in a sterilized jar. If you are using whole leaves, be sure to gently grind them a little to break them a part with a mortar and pestle. It does not need to be a powder, just broken up. If you are using fresh herbs, you just want to bruise them, and loosely chop them before hand. Wash before using and be sure they are completely dry of water. This could cause mold if they are not completely dry. Pour oil over herbs, and with a chopstick, poke and stir until all the air bubbles are out.
  2. Put the jar in a dark and warm place for two weeks. Each day be sure to take it out once or twice to shake it for at least two minutes.
  3. When two weeks are up, remove jar and strain through muslin/cheese cloth and strainer into a measuring cup. For each cup of infused oil, you will want about an ounce of bee's wax. If you were unable to find granules and could only find a brick, then you need to be sure to shave it into smaller piece.
  4. Use a double boiler or make a double boiler by getting a pot with a couple inches of water in the bottom and placing an upside-down bowl or steamer at the bottom, then putting the measuring cup on top of the bowl/steamer. Bring water to a boil.
  5. When water is hot, slowly add the wax, stirring it with a sterilized spoon until wax has melted.
  6. Once the desired amount of wax has been added and has melted, feel free to add extra essential oils for stronger properties or a stronger scent. Honey can act as a good preservative, and I like to add vitamin E to help nourish my skin. After everything has dissolved and been stirred in, carefully pour the mix into your containers, and place in the fridge to cool and solidify.

To make a lotion, follow the above steps 1-5, though add at the most half the amount of wax. I usually average at about 1/4-1/3 an ounce. The more wax you add, the thicker the lotion, which can be difficult if your lotion container has a pump.

You will also need to add distilled water to the list of ingredients. Use equal parts water to oil. If your ending measurement of infused oil was 2/3 cup, use the same amount of water. Be sure to infuse your distilled water with your herb as well. For example, if you are making a lotion with lavender, catnip, eucalyptus and marigold, make a strong tea using those herbs. Let it cool completely. Then place in a blender.

Once you have reached the above step 5, instead of adding to the container, have your blender going with the infused water inside and the blender lid on with the middle taken out. Slowly pour the oil and wax mixture into the blender. Keep blending until mix is completely smooth, but do not over blend.

The mix should be warm from the heated oil, so it won't be as thick as the end result. Take advantage of this state and pour it into your lotion containers.

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4 comments

Kathryn Stratford profile image

Kathryn Stratford 3 years ago from Manchester, Connecticut

This is a fantastic article! The first I had heard of using natural products to make bug repellant was from my friend SuzieHQ, but this is a great one, too. I love that you have a recipe for the salve and lotion. I may try tinkering with it once I get all of the ingredients.

Thank you for sharing this with us. I have been increasingly aware of all of the chemicals in many things we buy at the store, and have been trying to make and use more natural products. This is just my kind of thing!

Voted up and sharing.

Have a wonderful weekend!

~ Kathryn


Sugahware profile image

Sugahware 3 years ago from California

What a great hub! Very well written and researched. I avoid chemicals as much as I can. I knew about the catnip and eucalyptus but I had no idea about some of the others. Loved the video as well. Voted up!


grandmapearl profile image

grandmapearl 3 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

Excellent article that I shared and pinned because of its importance. I have often cautioned people against using DEET or any other non-natural insect repellent. We need to remove all these toxins from our environment if we are going to heal our Earth and ourselves! I'm so glad you wrote this; I grow tons of lemon balm and catnip as well as peppermint for repelling all kinds of bugs. You're an Earth Girl like me ;)Pearl

Voted Up+++ shared and pinned


ThompsonPen profile image

ThompsonPen 3 years ago from Bellingham, WA Author

Thanks so much! The earth needs more Earth people! Keep up the good fight and keep spreading the word on how to live more naturally to keep both us and our home healthy :)

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