Mulberry Tree Health Benefits of Fruit, Leaves, Nutrition, Cultivation

Mulberries originated China, but have been cultivated and selective bred in Europe and the rest of the world for hundreds of years. Mulberry trees are easy to grow and are very prolific with yields far exceeding those of other berries such as blueberries, cranberries, loganberries, raspberry and blackberry.

This article describes how to grow mulberries in your own garden and how to pick and use mulberry leaves and fruit.

It also includes the nutrition data and health benefits of mulberries compared with other berries. Mulberry leaves also have many health benefits and uses, which are described.

Enjoy your mulberries!

Mulberry trees are easy to grow and there are several varieties to choose from. Learn how to cultivate mulberries in your own garden
Mulberry trees are easy to grow and there are several varieties to choose from. Learn how to cultivate mulberries in your own garden | Source
Mulberries are delightful fruit that are very healthy with many health benefits. Discover the nutritional benefits of mulberries here in this article
Mulberries are delightful fruit that are very healthy with many health benefits. Discover the nutritional benefits of mulberries here in this article | Source
Mulberry tree are prolific and there are many uses for the berries and leaves. Learn more here
Mulberry tree are prolific and there are many uses for the berries and leaves. Learn more here | Source
Mulberry pie is a delightful dish especially when made from fresh fruit, picked ripe from your own tree.
Mulberry pie is a delightful dish especially when made from fresh fruit, picked ripe from your own tree. | Source
mulberry pie is delicious and very good for you. See how mulberries compare with other berries for nutrition and health benefits.
mulberry pie is delicious and very good for you. See how mulberries compare with other berries for nutrition and health benefits. | Source

Cultivating Mulberry Trees in Home Gardens

While red and white mulberry tree varieties are available, the traditional black fruit variety is generally the best choice for home gardens and small orchards. Black mulberries don't grow as large, though they need plenty of room and can grow to a height of 30 ft (10 m) with a canopy of 15 ft (5 m). They can be pruned to maintain a suitable shape and to keep the fruit reachable when harvesting. Black mulberries also last longer than other varieties and arguably have the best flavor.

Mulberries prefer a warm climate with good rainfall, but can do well in colder drier areas and even in exposed coastal areas, when planted in sheltered positions, shielded from strong winds. They prefer deep well-drained soil and appreciate regular doses of organic fertilisers and manure. However, larger mature trees can tolerate drought.

Ripe mulberries are very dark, soft and sweet, with a slight hint of tartness. Fresh mulberries do not keep well, and so pick them when needed, and eat them or cook or process them for freezing and preserving within a day or so of harvesting.

Fortunately, mulberries have a long picking and harvesting season, as all the fruit do not ripen at the same time and so you can enjoy picking fresh fruit over several weeks in later summer or early fall (autumn).

Uses of Mulberries

  • Mulberries freeze well and are ideal for jams, jellies and other preserves
  • You can use them to make famous mulberry wine.
  • Fresh or frozen mulberries can be used for smoothies and for making mixed fruit juices.
  • Mulberries are ideal for serving with ice cream, yogurt and other fresh fruit dishes
  • Mulberries are ideal for baking, including pies, flans, cobblers, muffins, pancakes, cakes, biscuits and cookies.
  • Increase their use by combining mulberries with other berries and fruit and even serve with salads.
  • Eat mulberries raw as a great snack between meals.

Nutrition Facts for Mulberries Compared with Other Berries

The table below summarises the nutrition data for 100 g of fresh mulberry compared with other berries - Blueberry, Raspberry and Blackberry. The major health benefits of mulberry fruit are:

  • Relatively low in calories with only just 43 calories per 100 g, which is lower than the other berries listed in the table below
  • They are a rich source of anti-oxidants and phyto-nutrient compounds such as anthocyanins and resveratrol.
  • Mulberries are a rich source of vitamin-C with 36 mg per 100, which is about 60% of the recommended daily intake for this essential vitamin.
  • Mulberries are also a rich source of other vitamins, particularly vitamins A, K and E and also the B-complex vitamins - B-6, niacin and folic acid.
  • Mulberries are an excellent source of iron containing 1.85 mg of Iron per 100 g of fruits (about 25% of the recommended daily intake). They are also a good source of a range of other minerals such as manganese, potassium, calcium and magnesium.
  • Mulberries have less fiber than other berries, but have higher levels of protein and less fat.

Health Benefits of Mulberry Leaves and Tea

Mulberry leaves, made into a herbal tea has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. Some of the claimed benefits are:

  • Antioxidant properties
  • Reducing lower cholesterol and triglycerides
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Lowers Blood Glucose Levels
  • Lowers hypertension
  • Improves skin health
  • Aids digestion, assimilation and helps in treating constipation
  • Boosting general health through the high levels of vitamins A, C and B , minerals and amino acids in mulberry leaves, tea, infusions and extracts.

Nutrients for 100 g Serving
Mulberry
Blueberry
Raspberry
Blackberry
Energy
43 Kcal
57 Kcal
52 Kcal
43 Kcal
Carbohydrates
9.80 g
14.49 g
11.94 g
9.61 g
Protein
1.44 g
0.74 g
1.20 g
1.39 g
Total Fat
0.39 g
0.33 g
0.65 g
0.49 g
Cholesterol
0 mg
0 mg
0 mg
0 mg
Dietary Fiber
1.7 g
2.4 g
6.5 g
5.3 g
Vitamins
 
 
 
 
Folates
6 mcg
6 mcg
21 mcg
25 mcg
Niacin
0.620 mg
0.418 mg
0.598 mg
0.646 mg
Pyridoxine
0.050 mg
0.052 mg
0.055 mg
0.030 mg
Riboflavin
0.101 mg
0.041 mg
0.038 mg
 
Vitamin A
25 IU
54 IU
33 IU
214 IU
Vitamin C
36.4 mg
9.7 mg
26.2 mg
21 mg
Vitamin E
0.87 mg
0.57 mg
1.42 mg
1.17 mg
Vitamin K
7.8 mcg
19.3 mcg
7.8 mcg
19.8 mcg
Electrolytes
 
 
 
 
Sodium
10 mg
1 mg
1 mg
1 mg
Potassium
194 mg
77 mg
151 mg
162 mg
Minerals
 
 
 
 
Calcium
39 mg
6 mg
25 mg
29 mg
Copper
60 mcg
 
90 mcg
165 mcg
Iron
1.85 mg
0.28 mg
0.69 mg
0.62 mg
Magnesium
18 mg
6 mg
22 mg
20 mg
Manganese
 
0.336 mg
0.670 mg
0.646 mg
Selenium
0.6 mcg
 
 
0.4 mcg
Zinc
0.12 mg
0.16 mg
0.42 mg
0.53 mg
Phyto-nutrients
 
 
 
 
Carotene-ß
9 mcg
32 mcg
12 mcg
128 mcg
Carotene, α
12 mcg
 
16 mcg
0 mcg
Lutein-zeaxanthin
136 mcg
80 mcg
136 mcg
118 mcg

© 2015 Dr. John Anderson

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Comments 1 comment

aesta1 profile image

aesta1 21 months ago from Ontario, Canada

I love mulberry. When we were children, we would gather them and have a feast. I also like mulberry tea.

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