Natural Home Remedies To Control High Blood Pressure Or Hypertension

About Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the pressure that the circulating blood exerts on the cell walls of the arteries that carries it. For a person to remain alive and healthy this blood pressure has to be maintained within specific ranges.

There are 2 measurements to blood pressure :

  • Systolic
  • Diastolic

Systolic measurement indicates the blood pressure when the heart is pumping out blood or contracting while diastolic measurement indicates the blood pressure when the heart is not pumping out blood or is relaxing.

The normal ranges for a healthy adult at rest are :

  • Systolic blood pressure ..................100 - 140 mm Hg
  • Diastolic blood pressure .................. 60 - 90 mm Hg

Blood pressure is usually written and spoken of as for example 120/80 which means a systolic over diastolic pressure measured in millimeters (mm) of mercury (Hg).

When the blood pressure is consistently at or over 140/90, the person is said to be suffering from high blood pressure.


Main Complications Of Consistent Elevated Blood Pressure
Main Complications Of Consistent Elevated Blood Pressure | Source

Health Risks Associated With High Blood Pressure

  • Stroke
  • Heart attack or heart failure
  • Rupture & hemorrhage in the artery due to a localised bulge, leading to possible death
  • Kidney failure
  • Diabetes or increased sugar levels
  • Damage to the retina of the eye
  • Reduced life expectancy


Causes Of High Blood Pressure

Various factors come into play in raising the blood pressure. Some of them are:

  • Higher than normal body weight or obesity
  • High sodium intake
  • High alcohol consumption
  • Smoking
  • High saturated fat & total fat diet
  • Junk food
  • Stress & hectic lifesyle


Prevention

Some preventive measures are :

  • Lifestyle changes to reduce stress and reducing hectic activities
  • Low sodium diet including a generous and regular intake of fruits & vegetables
  • Reducing sugar intake
  • Meditation & relaxation - yoga
  • Reducing weight to within normal range
  • Regular physical activity like brisk walking



Some Natural Remedies To Reduce High Blood Pressure

Lemon
Lemon | Source


LEMON

Regular consumption of lemon makes the blood vessels soft and pliable and removes their rigidity. This eases high blood pressure.

It also gives strength to a weak heart and reduces chances of a heart failure. For blood pressure of any type, drink fresh lemon water several times a day.

Drinking warm water, early in the morning, in which juice of 1 lemon has been squeezed, is also beneficial.


amla
amla | Source


AMLA


Eat 1 amla murabba every morning. It helps in reducing blood pressure and also purifies the blood.



Recipe For Amla Murabba



Amla Murabba Recipe


The video alongside shows how amla murabba can be made easily at home. Though the video is in Hindi it has excellent subtitles in English which makes it very easy to correlate it with the demonstration therein.

Bananas
Bananas | Source


BANANAS


They are low in sodium while being high in potassium. These 2 elements are very essential in controlling & regulating high blood pressure. They are free of cholesterol hence bananas do not increase fat.


Tomato
Tomato | Source


TOMATOES


Consuming tomatoes helps in reducing high blood pressure. Be sure to eat it raw and alone. It also helps to control obesity and strengthens the liver.

Carrots
Carrots | Source
Spinach
Spinach | Source


CARROTS AND SPINACH


Take 300 ml carrot juice. Add 125 ml spinach juice to it. It not only helps to regulate all types of blood pressure but is a boon in liver diseases, carbuncles, urinary problems, bronchitis, cancer, glaucoma, coryza & piles



Cucumber
Cucumber | Source


CUCUMBER

Cucumber contains high amounts of potassium. Cucumber juice helps in normalizing both high & low blood pressure.



Potatoes
Potatoes | Source


POTATOES

People with high blood pressure who consume potatoes regularly will benefit by its property of normalizing high blood pressure.

One can boil potatoes, without removing the skin, in water to which some salt has been added. As the skin is on, little salt is absorbed inside. This potato by itself can become a good meal. The magnesium content in potatoes helps in reducing blood pressure.


garlic
garlic | Source
Colocasia
Colocasia | Source


GARLIC

Taking 6 drops of garlic juice mixed with 4 tsp of water twice a day helps in reducing high blood pressure.

Also chewing 4 to 5 cloves of garlic by one who has a feeling of an impending heart attack will prevent the heart from failing. Follow it up with milk in which a couple of cloves of garlic have been boiled.

In heart diseases garlic consumption benefits by removing gas thereby reducing the pressure on the heart. It also strengthens the heart. It also keeps the blood thin, a benefit again for those with heart disease.



COLOCASIA

Colocasia consumption also helps in reducing blood pressure. In heart disease eat at least 25 grams of colocasia vegetable everyday.

Buttermilk
Buttermilk | Source


BUTTERMILK


Regular buttermilk consumption normalises both high and low blood pressure.

It also removes toxins from the body and increases immunity. The best quality buttermilk is derived from cow's milk. Do not consume sour buttermilk.


Honey
Honey | Source


HONEY

People with high blood pressure should consume 1 -2 tsp honey everyday. It has a prssure reducing and calming effect on the blood vessels.

Neem Leaves
Neem Leaves | Source


NEEM

Take 25 grams juice of neem leaves every morning for benefit. At the same time it will benefit in skin diseases and will kill intestinal worms.

Watermelon
Watermelon | Source

WATERMELON

Watermelon seeds contain a compound, cucurbocitrin which widens the blood capillaries. It also has a beneficial effect on the kidneys. Therefore it helps in reducing blood pressure and also reduces swelling around the ankles.

How To Make Juice Of Watermelon Seeds

Take 2 teaspoons watermelon seeds which have been dried in the shade. Crush them manually and put in 1 cup of just boiled water. Keep covered for 1 hour. Then strain this water and drink. Take 4 doses of this everyday.

EFT Technique For High BP

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements or embarking on a new health regime.


Do you have high blood pressure?

See results without voting

Would you prefer natural remedies over modern day medicines to control high blood pressure?

See results without voting

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly

More by this Author


Comments 69 comments

RealHousewife profile image

RealHousewife 4 years ago from St. Louis, MO

This is terrific information and the hub is beautiful! I do not have high bp - my uncle that I care for does. This is really useful to me! I had no idea how many of these foods were good for bp management. And - I eat a lot of the foods above - so there is your proof that it naturally does work. My blood pressure is always great!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

RealHousewife, thanks for your useful input. I hope you could forward this list to those who are interested in trying natural foods for benefit in high BP.

Your ratification is a boost to this hub.

Thanks for the read and appreciation.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

Rajan,

Thanks for publishing this very useful, highly informative, important article.

You never cease to amaze me with the amount of work you put into your Hubs...the research, photographs, videos, formatting, and writing are consistently first rate.

I always learn something new when I read your Hubs. Great job, my friend!


Nare Anthony profile image

Nare Anthony 4 years ago

Thank you very much for the wonderful hub. Gonna show my mom as she has high blood pressure.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Nare, thanks for reading. All these are everyday things that we use in our home and kitchen so it shouldn't be a problem giving anything a try. Thanks for sharing it with you mom.


maggs224 profile image

maggs224 4 years ago from Sunny Spain

I was diagnosed as having high blood pressure at the beginning of last year and have been on medication ever since. I have found this hub very interesting and informative. It is packed with practical and useful information some of which I shall be putting into practice.

I am voting this hub up and hitting some of the buttons on my way out


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

maggs, you can choose any of these natural remedies. They are everyday foods which have the added quality of lowering high BP.

I appreciate your reading and voting. I wish you good health.


rasta1 profile image

rasta1 4 years ago from Jamaica

very encouraging, really interested in this type of information


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

rasta, thanks for reading and leaving your comments.


gout relief profile image

gout relief 4 years ago

What these all have in common seems to be is diet. When I was diagnosed with high blood pressure I got proactive and started to eat right, exercise and lost weight. Two years later my doctor took me off of my blood pressure medicine.


tammyswallow profile image

tammyswallow 4 years ago from North Carolina

Thanks so much for these natural cure ideas. I suffered from high blood pressure when I was pregnant and it was no fun. I can't imagine how difficult it is to live with this on a daily basis. Wonderful hub, well researched, and wonderfully presented!


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA

This is an interesting list of ways to remedy high blood pressure. Some of these products are not available at my local store, but I will add many of the rest to my grocery list!


eye say profile image

eye say 4 years ago from Canada

great info - have passed it onto my husband and hope it helps ... voted up and thanks for posting this!


sandrabusby profile image

sandrabusby 4 years ago from Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA

Rajan, thank you so much for this hub and the information you shared. I am a fan of Ayurvedic medicine and have learned so many things about self-care from it. However, I didn't know about the lemons. I'm putting them on my grocery list today.


alocsin profile image

alocsin 4 years ago from Orange County, CA

Some of the remedies are common in the U.S. but not neem or amla muraba. Is the latter also enjoyed as a fruit or just a medicine? Voting this Up and Interesting.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Gout relief, you have ratified the point stressed in this hub that lifestyle change is a sure way to get well many diseases - blood pressure included.

Thank you so much for sharing this wonderful information. I appreciate your reading and commenting.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Tammy, yes having high BP is no fun since it comes with a "restrictions" tag attached to it. This can only be appreciated by one who experiences it.

I appreciate your visit and comments. Thank you.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Millionaire Tips, these are natural foods so they will not harm one. Thanks for reading, appreciating and including some of them for use.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

eye say, I'm sure this will benefit in more ways than one. Appreciate your stopping by, reading and voting.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

sandrabusby, thanks for giving this hub a read. It's a pleasure to know that you appreciate Ayurveda & natural foods. I've written a hub on the health benefits of lemons as well.

I appreciate your visit and feedback.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Aurelio, Neem I believe does not grow in the U.S. Amla murabba is used as a routine food here. Indian stores in California surely must be stocking Amla murabba.

Thanks for all the votes and the read.


urmilashukla23 profile image

urmilashukla23 4 years ago from Rancho Cucamonga,CA, USA

I never knew that Colocasia vegetable and potato also helps to reduce blood pressure. Great information! Thanks for posting it. Useful and voted up!


KT Banks profile image

KT Banks 4 years ago from Texas

Thanks for writing this. I didn't know that about lemons, which is funny because sometimes I crave them. My husband worries about them harming teeth.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Urmila, thanks for stopping by and reading. I appreciate your votes.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

KT Banks, nice to know you liked the hub. Thanks for appreciating. Glad you stopped by.


barbergirl28 profile image

barbergirl28 4 years ago from Hemet, Ca

I have always had really good blood pressure. Then recently I have been very sick. I got a kidney infection. Well, my doctor decided that one reading of high blood pressure and she was going to put me on high blood pressure medication. Needless to say - it is time to get a new doctor and I am not taking the medicine. However, these are some great remedies to help my blood pressure go down since my illness has naturally caused it to rise! Thanks so much!


Ruchira profile image

Ruchira 4 years ago from United States

Terrific information Rajan. There are so many people I know that suffer from this...fading to the.

Thank you!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

barbergirl, I'm sure you will find some remedies in this list which you would like to try. These are time tested remedies but they would be more effective along with the changes and precautions given herein.

Thanks for reading and leaving your input.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Ruchira, thanks for stopping by. Appreciate your input.


tarajeyaram profile image

tarajeyaram 4 years ago from Wonderland

A great hub indeed. Also, it's unfortunate that many people are still not aware of how serious Hypertension is. Also, when you have your blood pressure measured by a nurse or physician, make sure its not over your clothing and it's above your elbow and close to your shoulder. You will get a good reading that way. Make sure that you are relaxed, have not had coffee or any stimulant that may elevate your bp.

Great hub Rajan. You have done full justice to this topic. It's a very important hub to share. I am glad to follow you.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

tarajeyaram, thanks for sharing these finer aspects in the recording of BP. I appreciate your sparing time to read this hub and comment. Thanks for your kind words.


roc6 profile image

roc6 4 years ago from Cape Town, South Africa

Thanks for a great hub, love all the natural remedies. My dad has high blood pressure so this will be a great help.


Pamela Kinnaird W profile image

Pamela Kinnaird W 4 years ago from Maui and Arizona

This is a terrific hub. I'm putting it on Facebook so my parents can read it. I learned a lot from this hub. I didn't know lemon juice could help lower one's high blood pressure. I had read about lemons being very good against cancer.

Of the other twelve foods you recommend and you explain why -- I had only known of two of them helping fight the fight against high blood pressure. Great hub! Sharing this one -- also voting up and awesome.


Daughter Of Maat profile image

Daughter Of Maat 4 years ago from Rural Central Florida

I had high blood pressure while I was pregnant with my daughter, and it never went away after she was born. I've been on a beta blocker since then. Until now! I lowered my blood pressure from 138/93 (on the beta blocker) to 112/76 (off the beta blocker). My secret was working out daily for at minimum of 90 minutes and switching to a vegan diet.

Great hub! Voted up and useful!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@ roc6 - I hope this helps. Thanks for reading and appreciating.

@ Pamela - I'm glad you found this useful and thanks for the share & votes. Hope it benefits. Appreciate the kind words.

@ Daughter Of Maat - this is useful and interesting information. You have shown that blood pressure can be reduced without medications and change of lifesyle for sure. I bet a lot many readers would benefit by your input.

Thanks for stopping by. I appreciate your valuable input and the votes.


neeleshkulkarni profile image

neeleshkulkarni 4 years ago from new delhi

Rajan i heard a new version the other day.Blood pressure and diabetes are referred to as life style diseases but what my pathologist told me yesterday is that they are actually symptoms of another factor which is a life style problem- the shortage of vitamin D in the body since we do not expose ourselves to sunlight at all.

He told me that he once tested hundred doctors in a conference and fond that 92 of them were vitamin d deficient !!

sitting in the sun is ok but not when 90% of the body is covered and since sunbathing is anyway out in our country taking supplements is the only way to increase these levels and that results in lower blood pressure too.

appreciate whatever you have said but am only adding to it.


ladeda profile image

ladeda 4 years ago

Excellent Hub! I work in a hospital and all too often I feel that I see patients suffering from polypharmacy (too many medications interacting with each other). Natural remedies are the way to go when possible. Thank you for helping educate others about the many options to promote good health!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Neelesh, yes Vit D deficiency has been found to raise incidences of heart disease, cancers of the breast, prostrate, colon, bladder, ovary, juvenile diabetes, etc as also a lot many other diseases. Studies have shown that exposing the face, arms and hands (the ones that are normally exposed even after wearing clothes) to noon sunlight for just 10 minutes, are sufficient to produce about 10000 IU of Vitamin D. The daily requirement of an adult is incidentally 600 IU. Excess Vitamin D is stored.

As most indians do not use sunscreen and are in the sun for at least this amount of time in a day, we should not be worrying about this aspect. Rather, fast food is becoming our bane and it is the cause of a plethora of health issues along with other lifestyle issues some of which are referred herein.

Incidentally excess sunlight and consequent UV exposure is related to increased cancer incidences as well.

I fully appreciate your observations and input and am glad you pointed it out.

Appreciate your reading and commenting.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

ladeda, too many medicines are ruining our health. The side effects of modern medicines are present whether they manifest themselves or not. Most of us are now turning to the old traditional remedies to set right health issues.

I really appreciate your reading and input.

Thanks for being here.


anusujith profile image

anusujith 4 years ago from Nilambur, Kerala, India

Hi Rajan...good hub and informative.Thank you


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

anusujith, thanks for reading and appreciating.


Robert Erich profile image

Robert Erich 4 years ago from California

Rajan! Every one of your articles that I read is absolutely incredible. You are a very good writer with incredibly useful information. I will certainly be frequenting your hubs more for ways to live a healthy life. This article has been voted up and shared as well!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Robert, thanks for so many accolades. I just try to do my best. I'm glad you find my hubs useful.

Your votes and sharing are much appreciated.

Thank you.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM

You have written an excellent hub that is both interesting and informative. It is very easy to read and understand the definition of high blood pressure and what diastolic and systolic mean. I eat most of these foods everyday, but colocasia, amla murabba, and neem leaves must be native to India. I have never heard of them before or eaten them before. But, thank you for the information; if I ever come by an Indian grocery store, I will look for them. Voted up and interesting!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Suzette, neem & amla are native to India. However, there are many ayurvedic neem and amla products available which can be used. Colocasia saplings are available in the U.S.

I have written hubs on amla and neem which you can read.

Thanks for reading and appreciating.


Peter Geekie profile image

Peter Geekie 4 years ago from Sittingbourne

Thank you Rajan - a useful, well written hub. Many natural foods are helpful in treating modern problems.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Hi Peter. I'm glad you found this hub useful. Natural foods not only help treat everyday health problems but in many cases prevent them from occurring itself. And they are safe as they are naturally used everyday foods.

Thanks for sparing time to read and comment.


Ivona Poyntz profile image

Ivona Poyntz 4 years ago from UK

This is really useful: I have been worried about my aunt recently and will make her read this.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Ivona, hope your aunt tries out the ones that appeal to her along with the medications she is taking. I'm happy you found this useful enough to forward this.

Thanks for the read and comment.


peachpurple profile image

peachpurple 4 years ago from Home Sweet Home

I am pleased to have read your hub. This is an excellent hub with so many natural food which could helps us to reduce the chances of high blood pressure. My dad and mom have high blood pressure. They are under medication. Thanks for sharing.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

peachpurple, glad you liked these natural remedies. I hope they are of some aid along with the medications. Glad you stopped by and thanks for appreciating.


phirik profile image

phirik 4 years ago from South Africa

This is very useful information that l believe will be of serious use to anyone with high BP. There are also a number of supplements such as coq10 that can also help


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

phrik, thanks for giving the hub a read and your feedback.


cottageindustry 4 years ago

Excellent information and well presented. I think deep breathing exercises do help tremendously!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

cottageindustry, thanks for reading and sharing your views.


ThriftyBoomer profile image

ThriftyBoomer 4 years ago

This is the first of your hubs that I have read. It's excellent. I watched the video and wished that Indian foods were available here. I'm off to read some more of your hubs. I'm also your newest follower.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

I'm glad you like this hub and the video. Indian stores do sell Indian foods though you may not get all of them in the US.

I appreciate your sparing time to read and comment. Thanks for being my follower.


missolive profile image

missolive 4 years ago from Texas

Hi Rajan, I must have been asleep when this rolled through the HubPages feed. As you know, I am a big fan of natural remedies or foods that will enhance modern medicine. I recently did research and a hub on this very same topic and I am always in awe to see your approach and knowledge with these mutual topics. I'm fascinated by your culture and studies such as ayurvedics. Your background in Botany and Chemistry is definitely a plus.

Of course, the foods easily available in the US and those you have in India are not always the same. I would probably have a hard time locating neem, amla, or colocasia. I do visit the city of Houston, Texas often and they have a large Indian population - perhaps one of their local markets may have these items available. I'll have to check it out on my next visit.

Thanks again for all of these wonderful tips and for the video. I'll be incorporating this hub/link into my, Foods that Lower Blood Pressure hub.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Marisa, I saw this hub of yours a few hours back when I saw it in the feed. I already read and left a comment on the hub. Also, I have included a link to your hub, in my hub. You have offered a very useful and practical guide to taking blood pressure the right way with great pictures.

I realize that a lot many natural foods are not available in the US but you may succeed in finding some wherever there is a concentration of Indian population.

Thanks for incorporating the link in your hub. I appreciate it a lot.


thelyricwriter profile image

thelyricwriter 4 years ago from West Virginia

Rajan, voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting. Very great job on this article and I commend you on your great research and writing. I am 29 years old and I have had high blood pressure for nearly 6 years now. Half of these, I had no clue that they were so beneficial to one's blood pressure. I will be sure to mark this page for future reference and I wish share this on twitter. Awesome work, very educational and useful!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

thelyricwriter, I'm glad to note that you found the information useful. Natural foods work well and without the side effects or fear of overdosing. I'm thankful that you deem this information worthy of bookmarking and appreciate all these beautiful comments.

Thanks for making it here to read and vote as well.


carol7777 profile image

carol7777 4 years ago from Arizona

This is certainly a most informative hub about high blood pressure. You covered all the dietary information and in detail. You left out RESPeRATE. We use it regularly and it keeps blood pressure in normal range. We eat lots of produce which makes up at least 70 percent of our diet. I wrote a hub about the RESPeRATE, My husband's blood pressure dropped from 150/85 to 125/70 after two months. It is remarkable.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Carol, thanks for this very useful input. Appreciate your read and feedback. Glad to know the device helps in reducing BP.


FreezeFrame34 profile image

FreezeFrame34 3 years ago from Charleston SC

Great information! I don't personally have high blood pressure, but I have family members that do. Maybe these remedies can help prevent too? I'll definitely be sharing with others!


younghopes profile image

younghopes 3 years ago from India

Great info and with all these nautral remedies it made an interesting read, shared and voted up


SANDEEP MAGRE 19 months ago

GOOD INFORMATION THANKS A LOT


MANISHA UPRETI 16 months ago

thanks alot for this valuable information

thank u so much


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 16 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Manisha, thanks for reading and I'm glad the information has been of help.


kalavati thakur 10 months ago

nice site....thanks for advice

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working