The Order of Draw for Blood Tubes - Mobile Phlebotomy and Paramedical Examiner Job Leads

Order of Draw for Blood Tubes

Tubes
Additives
Tests
Yellow
SPS
Blood Culture Tube
Blue
Sodium Citrate
PT,PTT, APTT - All Coagulation Studies
Red
No Additive (Serum tube)
Electrolyte, Lipid Panel, Hepatic Function, Digoxin, Bilirubin, HCG (pregnancy)
Green
Sodium Heparin or Lithium Heparin
Ammonia Level
Lavender
EDTA
CBC, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, ESR - Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Gray
Potassium Oxalate, Sodium Fluoride
All Glucose Studies - Anticoagulant
Note: The order of draw may be a little different, in some hospital settings, as the black top tube, may or may not be used.
Tiger Top Tube/Gold Tube (Polymer Gel) Can be used as Red Tube. This tube is spun around in the centrifuge.
Tiger Top Tube/Gold Tube (Polymer Gel) Can be used as Red Tube. This tube is spun around in the centrifuge.

Remember the order of draw by this:

You, Bring, Really, Good, Lollipops, Girl = Yellow, Blue, Red, Green, Lavender, Gray


Evacuated Collection Tubes

The "evacuated collection tubes" are glass or plastic and differs in length from 65mm - 127mm, the outside diameter of 10mm, 13mm, or 16mm. The mechanism of the rubber stopper on the tube has changed because of the increase of blood and body fluid precautions. The traditional rubber stopper popped as the top was removed to access the specimen. This created an aerosol that could be inhaled or ingested.


Expiration Date on Blood Tubes

Health care professionals have to acknowledge that blood tubes have an expiration date, to indicate when the tube should no longer be used. The tubes are good until the end of the month stamped on the tube. After the expiration date, the vacuum will possibly not fill the tube completely and the additives are not guaranteed to perform as it should. Using tubes past the expiration date affects the specimen and can give questionable results.


Upgrades of Blood Tubes

Tubes made from plastic are now used more commonly in health care settings. Different additives are added to the tubes to improve the quality of the specimen. These "additives" are not anticoagulants or preservatives but are used to improve specimen quality or to accelerate specimen processing. These tubes have a red stopper, red/black stopper, or gold stopper (Hemogard tube), depending on the manufacturer. The glass surface of a glass tube for serum testing will activate clot formation in the tube. Some glass serum tubes have a clot activator added to speed the clotting process. A plastic tube will not activate a clot; therefore a clot activator must be added to each tube during manufacture. This clot activator consists of silica particles on the sides of the tubes that initiate the clotting process.

Serum and plasma tubes can also be purchased with a thixotropic separator gel. This gel is and inert material that undergoes a temporary change in viscosity during centrifugation. It has a density that is intermediate to cells/clot and plasma/serum. When centrifuged, the gel moves up the side of the tube and engulfs the cells/clot, and an interface of gel forms that separates the cells/clot from the plasma/serum.


♥ Also, all blood tubes have a draw line on the tube, but the blue tube must be a full draw. ♥

Glucose Testing

Diabetes mellitus is a complicated disease that may cause more complications for the patient than just an increased blood glucose level. A person with diabetes mellitus often develop blindness (retinopathy), kidney damage (nephropathy), heart disease (cardiovascular disease), and circulatory problems that can result in tissue damage and amputation. Hyperglycemia is the signal that a person might have diabetes mellitus. The American Diabetes Association classifies diabetes as type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and prediabetes.

  • Prediabetes; Prediabetes is when a patient's blood glucose is higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetic.
  • Type 1; The patient with type 1 diabetes is deficient in insulin production by the pancreas or in insulin function.
  • Type 2; 80 - 90% of diabetes patients have type 2 diabetes. Most patients of this type have a normal insulin concentration but lack relative insulin activity.


Fasting Glucose

The first step most physicians take in diagnosis diabetes is to draw a fasting plasma glucose for the patient. If the FPG level is greater than or equal to 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl), the patient is diabetic.


Glucose Tolerance Test

The oral glucose tolerance test (GTT) detects borderline diabetes by measuring the patient's ability to dispose of a large oral intake of glucose.

A few of the factors can affect glucose tolerance and should be controlled before the test is performed. When a GTT is ordered, the patient should omit medications that are known to affect a glucose tolerance, have three days of unrestricted diet, and have unrestricted activity. The test should then be performed in the morning after an 8 - 16 hour fast. The patient should not be allowed coffee or cigarettes and should try to keep anxiety to a minimum.


Order of Draw Tubes
Order of Draw Tubes

List of Paramedical Exam Companies - Job Leads

For Insurance Exams

  1. Medic Exams, 1888-567-6688 phone
  2. APPS - American Para Professional Systems, 209-340-8700 phone
  3. EMSI branch 774-701, 949-678-5866 phone, 951-352-0083 fax
  4. EMSI # 183, 661-296-5035 phone, 661-296-5564 fax
  5. ExamOne (branch 327), 949-348-2814 phone, 949- 348-9152 phone, 1-800-790-8073 toll free, 949-955-1070 fax
  6. ExamOne corporate, 1-866-795-7110 phone, 1-888-419-3926 phone
  7. IPS National, 503-922-0315 phone, 503-333-5118 phone, 1-877-268-1021 toll free, 1-877-568-3093 fax
  8. Maria Morales, 619-660-0534 phone
  9. Professional Health Examiners, 818-788-3926, 818-788-0090
  10. Superior Mobile Medics, 619-814-0101 phone, 1-866-673-5841 phone, 1800-898-3926 toll free, 1-866-761-1143 fax


Once you establish a business relationship with these Paramedical Exam Companies, you would need to set up a filing system. All patients and exam companies' files should be kept in a mini file cabinet. Also most of the Paramedical Exam Companies hire Independent Contractors "nationally," so it wouldn't matter what state you're in. You can work for them doing exams in your local area or farther. Keep the enthusiasm and know that your phlebotomy skill gets better with time.

© Sabrina A. K.


How to Test for Glucose Blood Levels

More by this Author


19 comments

dichter1993 5 years ago

This is informative. But in the coolest of ways.


Treasuresofheaven profile image

Treasuresofheaven 5 years ago from Michigan

Next time I have blood drawn, I will be looking at the color of the tubes. I like this, thanks for explaining the blood drawing set-up.


Brinafr3sh profile image

Brinafr3sh 5 years ago from West Coast, United States Author

@ Dichter1993 and Treasuresofheaven, thanks for your comments visit again. :)


Antonio Sotelo profile image

Antonio Sotelo 5 years ago from El Paso, Texas

This is an excellent article that can benefit the general public. Keep up the good work.


Brinafr3sh profile image

Brinafr3sh 5 years ago from West Coast, United States Author

@ Antonio Sotelo thanks for commenting, and yes this article will benefit those most who are in the medical field, as I am. :)


Phlebotomy Training 5 years ago

It is a nice and informative post that may be helpful to general public. I want to thank you for this.


Brinafr3sh profile image

Brinafr3sh 5 years ago from West Coast, United States Author

Hi phlebotomy training. Your welcome, I will be updating this page with more useful information. Your welcomed to bookmark this page to your favorites.


Antonio Sotelo 5 years ago

Excellent work Brinafr3sh. You really know your phlebotomy. I am also at Examiner.com as infectious disease examiner. Keep up the good work.


Brinafr3sh profile image

Brinafr3sh 5 years ago from West Coast, United States Author

Hi Antonio, that's good to know. Thank you for commenting.


A student who flunked 4 years ago

Thank you for your time and this is so helpful, you are a cool girl

and should be an instructor.


Christine 4 years ago

What about PST and SST in the acronym? Gold and light green?


Brinafr3sh profile image

Brinafr3sh 4 years ago from West Coast, United States Author

Hi Christine, every healthcare laboratory or clinic might not use gold or light green tubes for the same test that another healthcare place might use them for. As mentioned above in the article; some healthcare groups may use different color tubes than another healthcare group.


vicki 3 years ago

really good information.


Zena 3 years ago

Great information! I am a MA and this just gives me a helpful reminder. Appreciate the wonderful information


Brinafr3sh profile image

Brinafr3sh 3 years ago from West Coast, United States Author

Hi Zena your welcome, no problem. I believe the medical field is one of the best fields to work in.


Bill 16 months ago

How about adding IMS to the job leads since you have their website listed for forms? Just a thought :)

www.imsparamed.com


Brinafr3sh profile image

Brinafr3sh 16 months ago from West Coast, United States Author

Hi, yes I do have IMS for "insurance forms" on the "List of Supplies for Paramedical Examiners" site. Thank you. Here's the IMS Job lead for Paramedical Examiners - http://www.imsparamed.com/Jobs.asp copy and paste your resume' into the experience box. (Also call for a login ID and password). Examiner login.


susan 10 months ago

HI, I am looking for paramedical examiners in Indiana and Michigan and Ohio.....Can email me at Perfectionparamedical@gmail.com

thanks so much


Brinafr3sh profile image

Brinafr3sh 10 months ago from West Coast, United States Author

Thank you Susan from Perfection Paramedical, I hope potential Paramedical Examiners/Phlebotomist email you for a job; in Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan.

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