The Benefits of Organic Cotton
Some people totally deny the concept and existence of "organic" plants and products, and often they label those who support organic farmers and products as "fools eager to pay more money for a mediocre product."
I'm not one of those people, and here's why: I'm a scientist, I've done my research, and what I've found is an undeniable connection between toxins, a debilitated ecosystem, and a decrease in human health.
Organic living is simple living without the use of carcinogenic toxins like pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, or man-made fertilizers, etc.
Believe it or not, but the organic method is the way crops and produce have been grown for tens of thousands of years--that is, until recently. All these crazy, carcinogenic chemicals leach into the fruits and vegetables you eat, are ingested in your body, and play a significant role in contributing to the development of diseases like cancer.
What you wear is also important, for it not only is in contact with your skin all day, but it also is directly affecting the ecosystem and Earth around you. Nature, and ecosystems, are interdependent, which is to say that when one species goes out of whack, everything around it is also disrupted (including us.) Using carcinogenic chemicals to produce cotton is unnecessary and harmful.
Once you realize the negative effects on health and the environment, you'll want to switch to organic foods and textiles.
"In the U.S., one-third of a pound of chemicals is needed just to grow enough conventional cotton for a regular T-shirt." -- Catherine Potter, Stanford Graduate School of Business
Uses predators to deter insects
Uses carcinogenic insecticides to deter insects
Crop rotation and organic matter leads to moist, healthy soil
Man-made fertilizers and monocropping leads to soil depletion and the need for intensive irrigation
Healthy soil is balanced naturally and uses beneficial plants and insects to curb weed growth
Aerial spraying of pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides, known to be carcinogenic
Natural defoliation through the use of water management and/or temperature change
Defoliation induced by the use of toxic chemicals
Loom warp fibers are stabilized using double plying or corn starch
Loom warp fibers are stabilized using toxic waxes
Whitened using peroxide
Whitened using chlorine bleach, which releases toxic byproducts into the environment
Soft scour in warm water using soda ash for a pH 7.5
Synthetic surfactants and hot water, sometimes using formaldehyde
Natural or fiber-reactive dyes with low metal and sulfur content
High temperature, with the use of heavy metals and high sulfur content
Natural or low-impact pigments with no heavy metals
Heavy metal pigments leach into water systems, causing environmental destruction
Intitially about 20% more expensive in the short term
Initially about 20% cheaper in the short term
Hazardous Chemicals Used In Commercial Cotton Production
The World Health Organisation classifies pesticides according to acute toxicity, using the LD50 (Lethal Dose 50%) benchmark. LD50 denotes the amount of a chemical required to kill 50% of an exposed population of laboratory rats.
Oral LD50 (Solids | Liquids)
Dermal LD50 (Solids | Liquids)
1a Extremely Hazardous
5mg or below | 20mg or below
10mg or below | 40mg or below
1b Highly Hazardous
5-50mg | 20-200mg
10-100mg | 40-400mg
2 Moderately Hazardous
50-500mg | 200-2000mg
100-1000mg | 400-4000mg
3 Slightly Hazardous
Over 500mg | Over 2000mg
Over 1000mg | Over 4000mg
1a (Extremely Hazardous):
1b (Highly Hazardous):
2 (Moderately Hazardous):
3 (Slightly Hazardous):
- Methylarsonic acid
Acute Symptoms Of Pesticide Poisoning
Headaches, vomiting, tremors, lack of coordination, difficulty breathing or respiratory depression, loss of consciousness, seizures, and death.
Chronic effects of long-term pesticide exposure include impaired memory and concentration, disorientation, severe depression, and confusion.
Commercial Cotton Factoids
Source: Environmental Justice Foundation
- Commercial cotton is responsible for the release of US$2 billion of chemical pesticides each year, within which at least US$819 million are considered toxic enough to be classified as hazardous by the World Health Organisation.
- Between 1% and 3% of agricultural workers worldwide suffer from acute pesticide poisoning with at least 1 million requiring hospitalization each year, according to a report prepared jointly for the FAO, UNEP, and WHO. These figures equate to between 25 million and 77 million agricultural workers worldwide.
- A single drop of the pesticide aldicarb, absorbed through the skin can kill an adult. Aldicarb is commonly used in cotton production and in 2003 almost 1 million kilos was applied to cotton grown in the USA. Aldicarb is also applied to cotton in 25 other countries worldwide.
- Despite being particularly vulnerable to poisoning, child laborers throughout the world risk exposure to hazardous pesticides through participation in cotton production.
- A 2004 study conducted by researchers at the Technical University of Lódz, in Poland, has shown that hazardous pesticides applied during cotton production can also be detected in cotton clothing.
More Information & Where To Buy Organic Cotton Products
Organic cotton products:
- Short Sleeve Women's T-Shirts @ $7, various colors
- Short Sleeve Men's T-Shirts @ $7, various colors
- Kasper Organics clothing for men, women, and kids
- Sckoon Organic Baby Clothing
- Dax Organic Cotton Bedding
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