Anyone, and yes, that means you and me can develop pathological lying syndrome.
Pathological Lying Syndrome (PLS) is, unfortunately, a very common personality disorder. It is though more common with kids than adults.
I'm a children and adolescent psychiatrist who's been studying personality disorders for quite some time now, and have been working with children and teenagers who have been diagnosed as pathological liars. Before I decided to write this hub, I wrote Pathological Lying in the Search bar of the site to check what I'd get. It seems most of you connect this syndrome with men. That is entirely wrong, since just as many women have this syndrome.
A Pathological Liar... will lie about anything to make his life more interesting. He'll lie about what he ate for dinner last night. He'll lie about what happened at work today. Hell, he'll even lie about what his mom's middle name is! The trick is not to let him fool you, although many of them can't help it. It's usually the environment they grew up in. They may have had to lie so they wouldn't be beaten or they lied because they were simply frightened. Most children will lie, but as we grow up we learn that only the truth shall set us free. When someone grows up in fear or a bad environment they lack self confidence and they may be shy, lack self confidence so they lie over small things or dramatize an event that may have happened to them to impress their peers.
Yes, a pathological liar usually has no self esteem whatsoever $6 or he has a huge ego and is a complete narcissist, and there for feels it's okay to lie about whatever happens to him. Those who have no self esteem feel they need to lie about who they are, often make up a new name, a new family, background and what their favorite food brand is. A pathological liar usually develops the syndrome around the age of 10, but kids become credible around that age. Before the age of 10, children usually cannot lie.
People have been wondering if pathological liars know they are even lying. Probably 80% of pathological liars know they lie. They just don't see how they're hurting other people and they don't see anything wrong with it. You might even say they lack a certain amount of moral conscience. They usually get very angry when caught lying, and are usually trapped in a web of total denial. Pathological Liars are also very often unable to feel sympathy for others and as they get caught lying; they usually lie more to get out of the lying.
You really have to be around a pathological liar a lot to see how his or her mind works. Pathological Liars will never admit to being a chronicle liar, although they will admit they do lie. But don't we all sometimes? The trick is to see when to stop lying and start being serious. Those boundaries are unknown to pathological liars. They will lie and lie and lie some more. Pathological liars are usually very stressed persons, and I can only imagine it's because it's got to be a bitch to remember all those stories they tell to different people, and probably trying to remember which story was told to whom. In the prefrontal cortex of the brain, pathological liars were shown to have 26% more white matter than people with other psychological disorders who didn't lie. White matter has often been associated with the ability to lie. Lower amounts of white matter are typical in the brain of people with autism, who generally cannot lie.
Pathological liars are dishonest people. A pathological liar will, in many cases, cheat on his or her wife ⁄ husband. Beware of those pathological liars, as they may hurt you much more than just with lying. If you know someone who's a pathological liar, get him or her into therapy now. Otherwise, the liar may ruin a lot of lives.
After having read some of the hubs around here, I’ve got to say, study up on pathological liars before you start head-bashing them.
Thank you for reading this J
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