Vaccine and Screenings for Women

Birth to Age 6 (female)

Preventive Steps to Start Your Child on a Long and Healthy Life

Birth to Age 6 (female)

  • Keep all recommended well-child visits.
  • Have your child receive all childhood vaccines and keep a record of them.
  • Limit the amount of fat and cholesterol intake and emphasize grains, fruits, and vegetables in meals given  to children two and older.
  • Breastfeed if you can. If not, use iron-enriched formulas and foods for infants and toddlers.
  • Lie infant on his/her back for sleeping.
  • Avoid tooth decay - don't put infants to bed with a bottle.
  • Make regular dental visits. Children should see a dentist either within six months after their first tooth emerges through the gum (usually at six to eight months) or by their first birthday. Floss and use fluoride toothpaste daily. Check with your dentist or doctor about the need for additional fluoride and vitamins.
  • If you smoke, quit smoking for your child's health. Exposure to passive smoke is harmful.
  • Always use safety car seats in the back seat for children under five and lap/shoulder belts for children over five years. Selection of appropriate seat is dependent on child's weight.
  • Install and maintain smoke detectors in your home.
  • Use flame-retardant sleepwear.
  • Make sure water heater temperature is set below 120° to 130º degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Keep the poison control number on hand for accidental poisoning.
  • Store drugs, toxic substances, firearms and matches safely.
  • Install guards for windows and stairs.
  • Surround your pool with a fence.
  • Keep emergency phone numbers by the phone.
  • Consider taking CPR training if you are a parent or caretaker.

Screening Recommendations:

Birth to Age 6 (female)

Below is a summary of preventive services recommendations for healthy children with normal risk. Talk with your doctor to find out what preventive services are right for your children and when they should have them. A full list of the most current screening recommendations can be found on the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) website at  http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstfix.htm .  Vaccine schedules change often.  The most current recommendations for vaccines can be found on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website at www.cdc.gov/vaccines. A catch-up vaccine schedule is also available at the CDC website for children who have fallen behind or started late.

SCREENING TEST*

RECOMMENDATIONS

PKU, sickle cell hemoglobinopathies, hypothyroidism

Once--Newborns

Hearing

Once--Newborns before 1 month of age

Vision

Periodically-- 0-5 years of age

Body Mass Index (BMI)

Periodically-- 6-18 years of age

VACCINES**

RECOMMENDATIONS

Hepatitis B

3-4 Doses--1 dose at birth; 1 dose 1-2 months later; 1 dose at 4 months of age1; and 1 dose between 6-18 months of age

Hepatitis A

2 Doses-- 2 doses 6 months apart between 12-23 months of age

Rotavirus

2-3 Doses-- 1 dose each at age 2, 4, and 6 months of age1

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (DTaP)

5 Doses-- 1 dose each at age 2, 4, and 6 months of age; 1 dose between 15-18 months of age; and 1 dose between 4-6 years of age

Inactivated Polio (IPV)

4 Doses-- 1 dose each at age 2 and 4 months of age; 1 dose between 6-18 months of age; and 1 dose between 4-6 years of age

H. Influenzae type b (Hib)

3-4 Doses-- 1 dose each at age 2, 4, and 6 months of age1; and 1 dose between 12-15 months of age

Pneumococcal Conjugate

4 Doses-- 1 dose each at age 2, 4, and 6 months of age; and 1 dose between 12-15 months of age

Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR)

2 Doses-- 1 dose between 12-15 months of age; and 1 dose between 4-6 years of age

Chicken pox (Varicella)

2 Doses-- 1 dose between 12-15 months of age; and 1 dose between 4-6 years of age

Influenza

Every flu season-- Beginning at 6 months of age2

*The preventive health screenings are based on the recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) found online http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstfix.htm as of 2/1/10.

**The vaccine recommendations are based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found online at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines as of 2/1/10.

1 Dependent on vaccine type.

2 All children younger than 9 years of age getting the vaccine for the first time should receive two doses. If only one dose was given in the first year, two doses should be given in the following year. Household/close contacts and out-of-home caregivers of children age 0-59 months and children who have high-risk conditions should also receive the influenza vaccine.

Ages 19 to 39 Years (female)

SCREENING TESTS RECOMMENDATIONS
Blood pressure : Every 2 years-- 18 years of age and older
Body Mass Index (BMI) : Periodically-- 18 years of age and older
Cervical : Every 1-2 years-- Beginning at 21 years of age or earlier if sexually active; if 30 years of age and older, either a Pap smear every 2 to 3 years after 3 consecutive normal results or HPV DNA test plus a Pap smear every 3 years if results of both tests are negative. Talk with your physician to discuss the method of screening that is right for you
Chlamydia : Routinely-- 24 years of age and younger and sexually active
Depression : Routinely-- 18 years of age and older
Alcohol Misuse: Routinely-- 18 years of age and older
Tobacco Use: Routinely-- 18 years of age and older

VACCINES RECOMMENDATIONS
Tetanus-Diphtheria-Pertussis (Td/Tdap) :
1 dose Td every 10 years-- 19 years of age and older; for 19-64 years of age, substitute a single dose of Td booster with Tdap


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