Rosemary Herb, Rosemary Tea, Rosemary Essential Oil - Nutritional And Health Benefits

Rosemary

Latin Name : Rosmarinus officinalis

Rosemary is called "rusmary" in India.

The rosemary plant is native to the Mediterranean and Asia.

Among several other names rosemary is also known as sea rose, Mary's tree, Mary's cloak, dew of the sea, compass plant and anthos.


Rosemary herb

Source

About The Rosemary Plant

Rosemary is a perennial herb that has needle like leaves that are about an inch long and have emit a pine like fragrance. This evergreen herb bears white to pink and purple to blue flowers. The leaves are dark green on top and have a silver colored underside.

The rosemary plant can grow to a height of up to 5 feet though usually it stays around 2 feet high.It grows both in warm and temperate climates but blooms almost constantly in warm areas, and in spring and summer in temperate areas. It is very drought resistant and quite hardy in cool climates.

It grows easily and is pest resistant. Rosemary does best in well drained, neutral to alkaline soils. It can be grown from seeds as well as stem cuttings. Seeds germinate much slower and the percentage of germination is quite low as well. Rosemary can also be propagated by layering and division of roots.

Rosemary has both upright and trailing varieties.

Dried rosemary is produced from leaves of the plant that are cut before flowering commences.

Growing Rosemary

Uses Of Rosemary

In olden times rosemary herb was used symbolically for loyalty, friendship and remembrance. It was often used both weddings and funerals.

Though rosemary is used as a spice it has many medicinal properties as well. Ancient people were well aware of the healing effects of this herb and used it to strengthen memory.

Rosemary leaves are used to roast a variety of meats, fish and flavor soups, stews, sauces and stuffings.

It is used in some household cleaners and air fresheners and also some organic pesticides.

Rosemary is also used as an ornamental plant in gardening and landscaping. It can be planted as a hedge or used as a ground cover or planted as a source of nectar for bees. The plant also repels insects.

Rosemary is also used in food and cosmetic products like soaps, creams, deodorants, shampoos and hair tonics. It is used in non alcoholic beverages as well.


Nutrients In Rosemary

  • The leaves contain several phytonutrients.
  • The flower tops contain rosamarinic acid and other volatile oils, among them are cineol, camphene and borneol.
  • Rosemary is rich in fiber, low in calories and cholesterol free.
  • It contains good amounts of vitamins A & C, and iron.
  • Also contains appreciable amounts of copper, calcium, magnesium, folates, potassium and vitamins B1 & B6.
  • It is low in sodium.

Nutition In Rosemary

 
Rosemary herb (Rosmarinus officinalis), Fresh leaves
 
 
Nutritive value per 100 g.
 
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
131 Kcal
6.50%
Carbohydrates
20.70 g
16%
Protein
3.31 g
6%
Total Fat
5.86 g
20%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
14.10 g
37%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
109 mcg
27%
Niacin
0.912 mg
6%
Pantothenic acid
0.804 mg
16%
Pyridoxine
0.336 mg
26%
Riboflavin
0.152 mg
12%
Thiamin
0.036 mg
3%
Vitamin A
2924 IU
97%
Vitamin C
21.8 mg
36%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
26 mg
2%
Potassium
668 mg
14%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
317 mg
32%
Copper
0.301 mg
33%
Iron
6.65 mg
83%
Magnesium
91 mg
23%
Manganese
0.960 mg
42%
Zinc
0.93 mg
8.50%

Health Benefits Of Rosemary

Ancient civilizations used this herb as an antiseptic and to improve blood flow to the brain. This helped in improving memory. Rosemary was also used as a cleansing agent for the body.

  • Rosemary has anti inflammatory, antifungal, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, nervine, tonic and stimulant properties. An amazing range of benefits!
  • Rosemary improves brain health. It is rich in antioxidants which help in preventing oxidation of the cell membranes and protects them from getting destroyed. This property is especially useful for the brain cells and along with its stimulating properties it helps to boost memory and prevents brain aging. The carnosic acid in rosemary is good for the brain. The cineol in the herb improves brain performance.
  • Rosemary protects the DNA from getting mutated thereby preventing development of tumors and cancer. Rosemary extracts control the growth of ovarian cancer.
  • It improves blood circulation and this provides relief in muscle, nerve and joint pains.
  • The carosic acid component also promotes eye health as it protects against age related macular degeneration. The high levels of vitamin A also promote and maintain healthy vision.
  • Rosemary boosts immunity, relieves stress and inflammation. It also kills bacteria and eliminates infection. It cures skin conditions like eczema, and the antifungal properties prevent yeast growth.
  • It improves oral health and makes the breath fresh. Water in which rosemary has been steeped can be used as a mouth wash.
  • Rosemary helps detoxify the liver and prevents liver damage. It also acts as a diuretic.
  • The rosamarinic acid blocks allergens that trigger allergies like sneezing etc.
  • Rosemary prevents and treats bloating. Dr Oz suggests drinking 3 cups of rosemary iced tea to obtain this benefit. It also treats indigestion and other digestive disorders and also improves digestion.
  • Adding rosemary to meats that are being grilled reduces to a great extent carcinogenic compounds that usually form when meat is grilled. Place rosemary twigs on the grill and then place the meats on top.
  • Rosemary extracts help in protecting the omega-3 fats from getting oxidized. This property can be used in preservation of foods rich in omega-3 fats like fish and prevent fishy flavor as well.
  • The extracts also protect the skin from free radical damage. This property is used in developing cosmetic products for the skin for treating acne and dermatitis.
  • Rosemary stimulates the hair follicles and as a consequence the hair growth is enhanced and also protects against dandruff.

Availability Of Rosemary

Rosemary is available as :

  • Fresh and dried herb
  • In capsule form
  • In the form of tea, tincture and liquid extract.
  • As an essential oil for external use only.

Rosemary Dose

Whether one takes it as tea or dried herb the daily intake should not be more than 4 to 6 grams per day.

Rosemary oil should never be taken internally as it can be toxic.


Rosemary Precautions

Rosemary in normal doses is safe though some people may develop allergic reactions. It should not be taken by children under 18 years. Pregnant women should not take it as higher doses may lead to miscarriage. Those breastfeeding should also avoid it as a supplement.

Also those with ulcers, ulcerative colitis, epilepsy and Crohn's disease must avoid it.

Large quantity of rosemary leaves can cause vomiting, spasms, coma and pulmonary edema,

Rosemary can interact with blood thinners, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, lithium and drugs used to control diabetes.


Rosemary Essential Oil And Its Benefits

The highest quality rosemary essential oil is obtained when only the flowering tips are harvested from plants in bloom.

Rosemary essential oil is a clear, colorless to pale yellow oil with a minty herbal smell.It is used in aromatherapy.

Rosemary oil acts on the brain, brings clarity of mind and enhances memory. It eliminates brain fag.

The oil relaxes the nerves, migraine and other headaches, neuralgia and other muscle pains and nervous exhaustion.

Rosemary oil is effective for respiratory system problems like asthma, bronchitis, etc.

It is astringent in action and controls sagging of the skin. It relieves congestion, swelling and puffing of the skin.

The oil enhances hair growth and relieves scalp problems like dandruff. It also increases blood circulation to the scalp.

Rosemary oil blends well with peppermint, lavender, citronella, lemongrass and geranium essential oils.


How to Make Rosemary Tea Using Fresh or Dried Rosemary

Rosemary Tea And Its Uses

Rosemary tea is quite simple to prepare. Add 1 tsp of the dried herb to 3 cups of boiling water and let it steep for about 5 minutes. Strain and add some agave for taste.

You may chill this in the refrigerator if you prefer cold tea.

Rosemary tea is a warming and stimulating beverage that relieves headaches, rheumatic pains, and improves blood circulation. It stimulates the digestive system.

When used as a mouth wash it kills bacteria in the mouth and ensures oral health.

Wash scalp with it to eliminate dandruff.

Drink it to clear the brain and thinking, enhance focus and concentration.


Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements or embarking on a new health regime.

References


  • http://www.daff.gov.za/docs/Brochures/prodGuideRosemary.pdfhttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bk-1994-0547.ch001
  • http://www.foodnavigator.com/Science-Nutrition/Oregano-rosemary-extracts-promise-omega-3-preservation
  • http://www.superbherbs.net/Rosemary.htm
  • http://www.phytomedicinejournal.com/medline/record/ivp_02786915_34_449
  • https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/r/rosema17.html
  • http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266370.php
  • http://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/health-benefits-of-rosemary-herb.htm
  • http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/27/rosemary-brain-memory-18-cineole_n_1304250.html
  • http://www.naturalnews.com/041110_rosemary_brain_performace_anti-inflammatory_herbs.html
  • http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/herb/rosemary
  • http://www.organicfacts.net/organic-oils/natural-essential-oils/health-benefits-of-rosemary-oil.html
  • http://www.doctoroz.com/videos/best-herbs-women-over-40
  • http://www.drozfans.com/dr-ozs-advice/dr-oz-rosemary-essential-oil-remedies-rosemary-iced-tea-recipe/
  • http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf0715323
  • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0740002087800059
  • http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13880200701734661
  • http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf049913t
  • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814608001520
  • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874100001847

Rosemary Stuffed Pork Loin Recipe - Laura Vitale

Focaccia Recipe - Italian Flat Bread with Rosemary and Sea Salt

© 2014 Rajan Singh Jolly

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Comments 18 comments

ologsinquito profile image

ologsinquito 2 years ago from USA

I've always liked the Plant Therapy line of essential oils. They are high quality oils at an excellent price.


heidithorne profile image

heidithorne 2 years ago from Chicago Area

Since I'm more familiar with basil which also has some brain enhancing properties, I didn't know much about rosemary. Thanks for sharing! I'll have to try it out. Voted up, useful and interesting!


billybuc profile image

billybuc 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

Rosemary is one of the first things I learned to grow. Thankfully, it takes very little care and is easy to grow here, or I would have managed to kill it somehow. :) Thanks for the information.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 2 years ago from Nashville Tn.

Thank you rajan for this well done and informative article. It's good to learn about the benefits of Rosemary. I have the essential oil. I will try the tea with agave. Voted up, useful, awesome, interesting and will pin and share.

My best to you - Audrey


Imogen French profile image

Imogen French 2 years ago from Southwest England

Thanks for a really comprehensive guide to rosemary. I have tons of this herb growing in my herb garden, and I love it, but only ever seem to use it with roasted potatoes, or sometimes for decoration as a sweet scented cut flower. The tea sounds good, perhaps I will give it a try.


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 2 years ago

I do love rosemary in teas, the flavor is wonderful. I just picked up a natural clearner with rosemary within the ingredients and it does a wonderful job around the house. Thanks for all the information on the herb.


creativelycc profile image

creativelycc 2 years ago from Maine

This article contains a wealth of excellent information about the benefits of Rosemary. This is the second article I read on rosemary today. I normally use it in cooking but I think I'm going to start drinking it as a tea. Thank you very much!


FlourishAnyway profile image

FlourishAnyway 2 years ago from USA

I was unaware of its health benefits so thank you. Rosemary does smell wonderful. Voted up and more, plus sharing.


AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 2 years ago from California

Such a wonderful hub! We grow it out in the back yard and I use it often in cooking. It is good to know that it is so healthful as well!


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 2 years ago from England

This was fascinating reading rajan, I love rosemary, and have used it for a few years, it is great for rinsing your hair as it really leaves it shiny. I also have a rosemary pillow that helps you to sleep, great read! voted up and shared! nell


vandynegl profile image

vandynegl 2 years ago from Ohio Valley

Great information! I didn't know this much about Rosemary!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 2 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

ologsinquito, you are correct essential oils are very beneficial to health though care is needed while using them as they are very concentrated.

Heidi, thanks and glad you find the info useful.

Bill, rosemary is one of the easiest herbs to grow no doubt. Your visit is always appreciated.

Audrey, I hope you find rosemary tea both tasty and healthy, I appreciate your sharing of the hub. Thanks and have a good day!

Imogen French, glad you like the info. Hope this will be useful to you. Thank you.

Dianna, glad to know the natural cleaner is effective. Thanks for visiting.

creativelycc, I hope you like the rosemary tea. thanks for stopping by, Carrie.

Flourish, thank you.

Audrey, good to know you use this regularly. I much appreciate your visit and comments.

Nell, thanks for adding this piece of info to the hub. It will be useful to others. Thank you.

vandynegl, thanks.


Vellur profile image

Vellur 2 years ago from Dubai

Great detailed information on the Rosemary herb, thank you for sharing.


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 2 years ago from Wales

Another wonderful addition to this superb series rajan. I actually have rosemary growing on our patio but never knew all of this.

You are so knowledgeable and so glad to be sharing in this knowledge.

Enjoy your day my friend.

Eddy.


KimberlyLake profile image

KimberlyLake 2 years ago from California

Very interesting Hub. You really put it together in an engaging format. Voted up and pinned. Thank you, I will be drinking this tea, I had never heard of it.


DDE profile image

DDE 2 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Rosemary is such a wonder plant to me since we have so many growing in our region the ideal climate and can't have enough of it. A well-informed hub of such a useful herb.


precy anza profile image

precy anza 2 years ago from San Diego

Wow, lots of health benefits from rosemary. This is one of those herbs I like brushing off as I love the smell. I think I should start taking rosemary tea for all those good benefits from it. We always use it in fish stuffing along with tomatoes and some other herbs. Thanks for sharing this hub Rajan. Up and shared! :)


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 2 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Nithya, thanks.

Eddy, thanks for your continuous support,

KimberlyLake, hope you find the tea useful. Appreciate your voting and pinning of the hub. Thanks for stopping by.

Devika, thanks for visiting. glad you like the info.

Precy,thanks for your input. The rosemary tea is quite useful as you an see. Thank you for voting it up and sharing it as well.

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