Sahjan Or Moringa oleifera - Nutrition And Health Benefits

Sahjan Or Moringa oleifera

Moringa oleifera or Sahjan is a medicinal plant that is native to India.

Indian names : Sahjan, drumstick, shinga, seeng, etc.

Common names : Moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, clarifier tree, the miracle tree, tree of life, multipurpose tree etc.

Moringa or sahjan is an awesome tree with incredible nutritional and health benefits and uses.


Sahjan or Moringa Pods

Source

Moringa oleifera Or Sahjan

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moringa treemoringa leaves and rootstockmoringa dry podsmature moringa seeds
moringa tree
moringa tree | Source
moringa leaves and rootstock
moringa leaves and rootstock | Source
moringa dry pods
moringa dry pods | Source
mature moringa seeds
mature moringa seeds | Source

About Sahjan or Moringa Tree


The moringa tree is native to the foothills of the Himalayas of Northwest India. It can grow in tropical to subtropical areas and grows best in dry, sandy soil even thriving in the harshest of soils. Its water requirement is very low but it can also be grown in coastal areas.


India, Africa, Nepal, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Central and South America are among the many other countries where it is cultivated.


Moringa tree is slender and its branches tend to droop. In cultivation the tree is often cut back to a height of 5 -7 feet to make for easy collection of its leaves and pods. Untrimmed sahjan tree can grow to a height of 30-35 feet and lives for 20 years.


Propagation of moringa is by planting about a meter long cuttings but it can also be propagated through seeds. Moringa is a fast growing tree reaching a height of about 9 feet within a year of planting. It starts bearing pods about 6-8 months from planting.


If you live in USDA Hardiness zones 9,10 or 11, you can grow this tree easily in your backyard.


Nutrients In Sahjan or Moringa

Moringa or sahjan is a nutritional dynamite. Consider these facts.

Dry moringa leaves provide gram for gram,

  • 10 times more vitamin A than carrots.
  • 1/2 times more vitamin C than oranges.
  • 17 times more calcium than milk.
  • 15 times more potassium than bananas.
  • 25 times more iron than spinach.
  • 9 times more protein than yogurt.

Fresh moringa leaves provide gram for gram,

  • 3 times more iron than spinach.
  • 2 times more protein than yogurt.
  • 7 times more vitamin C than oranges.
  • 4 times more vitamin A than carrots.
  • 4 times more calcium than milk.
  • 3 times more potassium than bananas.

Moringa or sahjan contains 92 nutrients, 18 amino acids and all the 9 essential amino acids the human body needs. Also,

  • It is a good source of protein with fresh leaves providing 17.5% of the daily requirement per 100 grams.
  • Fresh pods and seeds are a good source of oleic acid.
  • 100 grams of fresh leaves provide more than 250% of the daily requirement of vitamin A.
  • 100 grams of fresh pods provide 235% of the daily vitamin C levels while 100 grams of fresh leaves provide 86% of the daily vitamin C needs.
  • The leaves contain very good levels of several B complex vitamins.
  • The leaves also contain very good levels of minerals iron, magnesium, phosphorus and calcium.

Apart from the plethora of vitamins, minerals and amino acids, moringa contains about 46 antioxidants.

Also, it contains 539 known compounds, which according to Ayurvedic medicine treat almost 300 diseases.


Source

Nutrients In Sahjan Or Moringa

 
Moringa (drumstick) pods and leaves, raw,
 
 
Nutritive value per 100 grams
 
 
Percentages of daily-recommended values are marked in brackets.
 
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient value-Pods
Nutrient value-Leaves
Energy
37 Kcal (2%)
64 Kcal (3%)
Carbohydrates
8.53 g (6.5%)
8.28% (6%)
Protein
2.10 g (4%)
9.40 g (17%)
Total Fat
0.20 g (1%)
1.40% (7%)
Cholesterol
0 mg (0%)
0 mg (0%)
Dietary Fiber
3.2 g (8%)
2.0 g (5%)
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
44 mcg (11%)
40 mcg (10%)
Niacin
0.680 mg (4%)
2.220 mg (14%)
Pyridoxine
0.120 mg (9%)
1.200 mg (92%)
Riboflavin
0.074 mg (6%)
0.660 mg (51%)
Thiamin
0.053 mg (4.5%)
0.257 mg (21.5%)
Vitamin A
74 IU (2.5%)
7564 IU (252%)
Vitamin C
141mg (235%)
51.7 mg (86%)
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
42 mg (3%)
9 mg (0.5%)
Potassium
461 mg (10%)
337 mg (7%)
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
30 mg (3%)
185 mg (18.5%)
Iron
0.36 mg (4.5%)
4.00 mg (50%)
Magnesium
45 mg (11%)
147 mg (37%)
Phosphorus
50 mg (9%)
112 mg (20%)
Selenium
8.2 mcg(15%)
0.9 mcg(1.5%)
Zinc
0.45 mg (4%)
0.60 mg (5%)

Health Benefits Of Sahjan Or Moringa

Moringa or Sahjan has been used in traditional medicine in many countries since centuries, for treating common ailments.

  • The juice from leaves stabilizes blood pressure and reduces anxiety.
  • Moringa leaf juice regulates blood glucose levels.
  • The leaves reduce fever, treat bronchitis, inflammation of mucus membranes, eye and ear infections, diarrhea, dysentery, colitis.
  • Leaves kill intestinal parasites.
  • It increases milk production in breast feeding women, controls anemia.
  • It detoxifies the blood.
  • Moringa has antibiotic, antibacterial and antifungal activity. it is active against a large range of bacteria and fungi, including H.Pylori which causes gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers and is a risk factor for gastric ulcer.
  • Moringa has tumor inhibiting property.
  • Due to the high levels of various nutrients, Moringa prevents and treats malnutrition and therefore, prevents disease and even fights disease.
  • The excellent Vitamin A content of moringa prevents vision problems, boosts immunity, fights infections and prevents pregnancy and lactation related problems.
  • Due to its abundant Vitamin C content, moringa prevents scurvy, high blood pressure, gum problems, etc.
  • Excellent iron levels prevent anemia, fatigue, weakness, decreased appetite, irritability, etc.
  • The good levels of calcium prevents osteoporosis, muscle and nerve damage and abnormal heartbeat and functioning.
  • Moringa has good protein content which helps to prevent weight loss, hair loss, skin problems, edema, weakness, muscle weakness and cramps, sleep problems, anxiety, depression, mood swings, etc.
  • The potassium content prevents high blood pressure, digestive system problems, fatigue, muscular weakness, skin problems, heart problems, ringing in ears, etc.
  • It contains a plethora of antioxidants that provide preventative effect against prostate and skin cancers and is antitumor as well.
  • Due to its anti inflammatory properties, it relieves joint pain, arthritis and rheumatism.
  • The anti viral, anti microbial and anti bacterial property makes it effective against UT infections, syphilis, typhoid, fungus., herpes, HIV AIDS, etc.
  • It treats disorders of the nervous system like migraines, hysteria and epilepsy.
  • It is effective against scorpion and snake bites as it has excellent detoxifying properties.
  • It protects the kidney and liver.
  • It benefits in asthma.
  • Moringa also contains plant hormones, so a spray of moringa leaf extract on plants increases its growth and yield and has been used effectively on commercial cultivation.
  • Moringa seeds not only reduce turbidity and clean the water, but reduce the bacteria as well.

These are some of the health benefits of Moringa or Sahjan.

How to Dry Moringa and Make Green Powder - A New Raw Super Food

Uses of Sahjan or Moringa tree

All parts of the tree have been traditionally used for medicinal purposes, both in Ayurveda and Siddha forms of medicine.

The wood pulp is used for making paper for wrapping, newsprint, printing and writing and the pulp is also suitable for textiles and cellophane manufacturing.

The immature pods of the moringa are edible. In fact, almost all parts, the pods seeds , leaves and flowers, are all edible.

The seeds also yield 30-40% by weight of an edible oil, called Ben oil that is nutritionally equal to olive oil, is sweet and odorless and never goes rancid.

Ben oil can also be used as a bio fuel, for lubricating fine machinery and in the manufacture of perfume and hair care products.

The seed cake can be used as a fertilizer or to purify water. It removes the turbidity from water and is as effective as alum.

The leaves can be eaten as greens in salads in curries, pickles, etc.They can also be dried and eaten. Dried leaf powder does not spoil. They can be used to scrub utensils.

The leaves and young branches are also used as fodder for livestock.The bark is used for tanning and also yields fiber.

Sahjan or Moringa can provide nutritional, medicinal and economical sustenance to the developing countries.


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References

  • Fuglie LJ (1999) The Miracle Tree: Moringa oleifera: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Church World Service, Dakar. 68 pp.; revised in 2001 and published as The Miracle Tree: The Multiple Attributes of Moringa, 172 pp
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moringa_oleifera
  • http://www.naturalnews.com/022272_Moringa_medicinal_herbs.html
  • http://allthingsmoringa.com/eBook.pdf
  • http://www.naturalnews.com/037735_moringa_superfood_health_benefits.html
  • http://www.purehealingfoods.com/moringaInfo.php
  • http://www.edlagman.com/moringa/John_Hopkins.pdf
  • http://specnatural.com/?p=313
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3023118/
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17089328
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3586089

How to cook a Moringa (Tree Of Miracles) Leaf Stir Fry

Drumstick Pickle Recipe | Sehjan Pickle Recipe

Drum Stick Curry

Moringa Facial Mask

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Comments 31 comments

old albion profile image

old albion 3 years ago from Lancashire. England.

Hi rajan. Another first class hub from someone with a full and proper grasp of his subject. Well done as usual.

Graham.


billybuc profile image

billybuc 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

Well, they look very much like beans, but I have never heard of them. Once again you teach and advise with an excellent health hub.

Excellent!

Blessings to you

bill


hawaiianodysseus profile image

hawaiianodysseus 3 years ago from Southeast Washington state

Hi, Rajan!

The moringa tree came to Hawai'i when William Hillegrand planted it on his acreage in Honolulu ca. 1860. Although his land later became the renown Foster Botanical Garden, the seeds from his tree, ironically, did not survive. In 1909, Jose Magpoing, a citizen of the Philippines, smuggled seeds from his favorite moringa tree into the islands inside of his guitar. Most of the trees in Hawai'i today are descended from those illegal seeds. : )

Thank you very much for your most interesting article, my friend. Hve a wonderful day! Aloha!

Joe


MsDora profile image

MsDora 3 years ago from The Caribbean

The Moringa is the new wave in my part of the world. I appreciate this information and will share. Thank you.


swathi180 profile image

swathi180 3 years ago

Wonderful hub, I love moringa curry and Dal made with moringa leaves. It is not only tasty but healthy also. Voting up


Kathryn Stratford profile image

Kathryn Stratford 3 years ago from Manchester, Connecticut

Wow, what a nutrient-rich, versatile plant! India seems to be rich in plants that are incredibly healthy. Thanks for sharing this information with us!


wetnosedogs profile image

wetnosedogs 3 years ago from Alabama

Aw. looks like I couldn't grow this in Alabama, but this surely is a great looking tree. And so many benefits! Thanks for the introduction on the superb moringa tree.


bdegiulio profile image

bdegiulio 3 years ago from Massachusetts

Hey rajan. I have never heard of either Moringa or Sahjan. The health benefits and uses are amazing. You continue to impress me with these unique plants that we are not familiar with here in the United States. BTW that pickle recipe looks great. Voted up, shared, etc.....


Vellur profile image

Vellur 3 years ago from Dubai

Great hub. Moringa tastes great and good for health. I did not know it was good for asthma too. Thank you for sharing, voted up.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@Graham-Thanks for appreciating the information. It is always good to see you.

@Bill-Thanks for visiting, my friend. Always a pleasure to see you.

@Joe-that's an interesting bit of news! Were it not for the smuggling of these seeds who knows if this tree would have come to be in Hawaii or not. Good to know this part of history and thanks for sharing.

@Ms.Dora-that's good to learn and thanks for passing this on.

@Swathi-I agree the delectable flavor of curry made with moringa leaves can only be experienced. Thanks for reading.

@Kathryn-Incredible, that's the only way to describe this plant and its benefits. Thanks and your visit is much appreciated.

@wetnosedogs-thanks and good to know you like the appreciation.

Bill-yes, the tree is rightly called a miracle tree. Appreciate your visit and comments. Yes, the pickle is very refreshing.

@Nithya-thanks for appreciating.


peachpurple profile image

peachpurple 3 years ago from Home Sweet Home

why does it looks like French Beans to me? Anyway. glad to have read yr hub. Never heard of this vege. Voted up


Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

Gypsy Rose Lee 3 years ago from Riga, Latvia

Voted up and useful. Thanks for another informative and interesting hub. Never heard of this but I'm willing to try. Great health benefits. Passing this on.


carol7777 profile image

carol7777 3 years ago from Arizona

I am glad to see you can buy this in supplement form...this sounds really nutritious and offers many vitamins and minerals. Great hub..up and pinning.


Suzie HQ profile image

Suzie HQ 3 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

Hi Rajan,

Another great education of an ingredient I have never heard of or come across. What an interesting tree the Moringa is and how beneficial, wow! I was curious to see if it was used in skin recipes with the amount of antioxidants it has and then you have the face mask so question answered! I am curious to see if by any chance, it grows in southern Italy as with it being effective against scorpions and snake bites it would be highly good for us to have!! Thanks Rajan for another brilliant article, votes, shared and pinned!!


beverley byer 3 years ago

Beautifully written with lots of useful info. Thanks.


jainismus profile image

jainismus 3 years ago from Pune, India

As a vegetable, it is very tasty.....


Sonali Singh profile image

Sonali Singh 3 years ago

This has been used in South India for ages. It tastes very good and is full of essential nutrients.


precy anza profile image

precy anza 3 years ago from San Diego

This is one of my veges I like :) We eat both the young fruits and the leaves. And with the health benefits you had mentioned, it's a bonus! ^-^' Up and shared!


moonlake profile image

moonlake 3 years ago from America

I have never hear of Moringa oleifera I learned something new today. Voted up and shared.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

I have heard of moringa only once before. Thanks for all this information. It is good to know of something that is such a superior nutrient.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@peachpurple, it doesn't look like french beans since it is 15 to 18 inches long. Thanks for stopping by.

@Rasma-thanks for reading and sharing it ahead.

@Carol-yes it is a nutritional dynamite. Appreciate the read and sharing.

@Suzie-well, am I glad I did put that video here? Yes and thanks for appreciating. I appreciate all the sharing and votes. Thanks.

@beverly- I'm glad you like the info. Thank you.

@Mahavir-yes, we use it often. Thanks.

@Sonali-you are right. Thanks for reading.

@precy-that's good to hear and thank you for reading and sharing.

@moonlake-thanks and for the sharing too.

@rebecca-glad you have heard about moringa. Your visit is much appreciated.


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Sahjan Or Moringa oleifera , something I had no idea of and the benefits too, a different kind of plant from the Himalayas.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

You are right, Devika. Thanks for commenting.


shiningirisheyes profile image

shiningirisheyes 3 years ago from Upstate, New York

Rajan - My friend! I never heard of this but the benefits only add to what appears to be a delicious and nutritious item. I always learn from you - my Dad always told me how fortunate we are when we continue to learn.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Irish, it's a big wide world out there and yet so small that we can manage to learn so much everyday without moving out of our homes, thanks to the internet. Learning about new things gives us so much satisfaction.

Your dad was so right! I'm fortunate that my hubs provide some new info to you and I always appreciate your visit and comments. Thank you.


agapsikap profile image

agapsikap 3 years ago from Philippines

Hello, rajan! I appreciate this hub. I love moringa oleifera. Glad to have found this hub supported by those informative chart and delicious recipes. I used to mix moringa leaves to my homemade burger patty recipe for a healthy kids snack.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

That's wonderful, agapsikap. Thanks for stopping by.


Paul Kuehn profile image

Paul Kuehn 3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

Rajan,

I can't remember reading or hearing about moringa until seeing this hub. I'll have to see if I can find it here in Thailand considering that it has so many health benefits. This is another one of your awesome well-researched hubs with great photos and videos. Voted up as awesome, useful, and interesting. Sharing with followers and on Facebook. Also Pinning and Tweeting.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks, Paul. This vegetable is commonly found in the Indian vegetable markets. I appreciate your comments and sharing.


Thelma Alberts profile image

Thelma Alberts 3 years ago from Germany

I love moringa fish soup. It´s delicious and healthy, too. Moringa plants are common back or front yard plants in the Philippines. In fact, I have moringa plants in my garden. I discovered the health benefits of this plant just a few months ago while searching some flowers online. I have written about this plant too. Thanks for sharing. Voted up and shared. Have a great day!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Moringa is used a lot in South India to make sambhar, a mixture of lentils and vegetables. It is a versatile as well as a healthy vegetable. I'll be checking out your hub on moringa as well.

Thanks for stopping by, Thelma and appreciate the votes and sharing.

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