Seasonal Pollen Allergies

Magnified pollen grains from a variety of common plants including sunflower, morning glory, hollyhock, lily, primrose, and castor bean.
Magnified pollen grains from a variety of common plants including sunflower, morning glory, hollyhock, lily, primrose, and castor bean. | Source

What Are Seasonal Allergies?

Allergies are a very common immune reaction that many people have to substances that are typically considered harmless to most people. People can have allergies to things that they can inhale(smoke, pollen, animal dander, etc.), things that they eat or drink (milk, dairy products, wheat, soy, nuts, etc.), or things that touch their skin (chemicals in lotions, soap, certain metals, latex, etc.).

Pollen is a very common allergen. This type of allergy often comes and goes throughout the year. People with pollen allergies will have worse symptoms during certain times of the year (spring, summer, fall, winter) when certain trees, grasses, weeds, or other plants pollinate. Common symptoms include a stuffy or runny nose or itchy, irritated eyes. This type of allergy is often called hay fever.

I am not a doctor and can not give medical advice. If you have these symptoms or suspect that you may have seasonal pollen allergies, see a doctor.

Sneezing is a common allergy symptom.
Sneezing is a common allergy symptom. | Source

Allergy Symptoms

A true allergic reaction is always caused by the immune system. A typical immune system will respond when someone is exposed to bacteria, viruses, or fungi. The immune system of an allergy sufferer is hyper-sensitive and will also respond to a variety of allergens. Once an allergen is spotted in the body, the immune system will go to work producing histamines and leukotrienes. These chemicals cause a number of unpleasant symptoms. Some possible allergy symptoms are:

  • Itchy, irritated eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Stuffy nose
  • Sinus congestion
  • An increase in asthma symptoms
  • Chest congestion
  • Itchy skin
  • Sneezing
  • Dark circles under your eyes

Where Do Allergies Come From?

Research shows that there is a genetic disposition to allergies. People who have parents with allergies are more likely to have allergies themselves. The interesting thing is that although the tendency for allergies is inherited, the specific allergy is not inherited.

For a pollen allergy to develop, a person must be exposed to that certain type of pollen. The body will decide that it is an invader and prepare an immune response. The next time that that pollen is encountered, the body will be ready with an allergic response.

Moving to a new part of the world may help an allergy sufferer for a while if they leave the area where a certain allergen bearing plant grows. The down side is that pollen allergies often return. Once the body acclimates itself to the local pollen, the allergy symptoms will begin again.

Geography And Pollen Allergies

Plants grow in cycles. At certain times of the year, certain plants will bloom and produce pollen. This pollen is picked up in the wind and shared with the local allergy victims. Allergy seasons will vary by what pollens a person is sensitive to and where that person lives. If you are in the United States, you can get pollen levels by clicking on the links to the right. This information will help you to avoid the outdoors on high pollen days.

Typical Pollen Allergy Seasons In The U.S.A.

Regions
Trees
Grasses
Major Weed Pollen Problem
Other Weeds
Pacific Northwest
February-May
April-October
 
June-September
Northern California
February-May
April-September
April-September (Sagebrush)
March-October
Southern California
February-June
April-October
July-October (Sagebrush)
June-October
North Central U.S.A.
March-May
May-August
August-September (Ragweed)
June-September
Midwest
March-May
May-July
August-October (Ragweed)
July-October
South Central States
December-February (Mountain Cedar), February-April (other trees)
February-August
August-October (Ragweed)
June-October
Northeast
April-May
May-July
Mid-August-September (Ragweed)
May-September
Mid-Atlantic
March-May
May-June
Mid-August-September (Ragweed)
May-September
Southeast
February-May
May-October
August-October (Ragweed)
May-October

What Is Your Worst Allergy Season?

What is your worst month for allergies?

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December
See results without voting
This is a picture of Ragweed.  Ragweed is one of the most common pollen allergies in the united States.  It is estimated that 20% of people living in the U.S. are allergic to this prolific weed.
This is a picture of Ragweed. Ragweed is one of the most common pollen allergies in the united States. It is estimated that 20% of people living in the U.S. are allergic to this prolific weed. | Source

How Colds Are Different From Allergies

Colds and allergies share some of the same annoying symptoms. It can sometimes be difficult to tell if a stuffy nose is due to a cold or if it is due to seasonal pollen allergies. Take a look at this chart to learn how to determine if it is a cold or seasonal allergies.

 
Cold
Allergy
Duration:
3-14 days
Days - months (symptoms will last as long as you are exposed to the allergen)
Time Of Year:
Winter is the most common
Pollen allergies often start in the spring and will continue through fall.
Cough:
Often
Sometimes
Ache:
Sometimes
Never
Fatigue:
Sometimes
Sometimes
Fever:
Rarely
Never
Itchy, Irritated Eyes:
Rarely
Often
Sore Throat:
Often
Sometimes
Stuffy Or Runny Nose:
Often - usually yellow mucus
Often - usually clear mucus

Test Yourself

Sinus Infections And Allergies

Research shows that many people who have allergies are prone to sinus infections. If your symptoms get worse, your drainage turns yellow or green, or you start to get symptoms of an infection such as a fever, there is a good chance that you have a sinus infection. Common symptoms include:

  • Facial pain and pressure
  • Nasal congestion
  • Colored nasal discharge
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Bad breath
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Tooth pain
  • Ear pain
  • Post nasal drip

If you suspect that your allergies may have become a sinus infection, see a doctor.

If you are allergic to Ragweed you may also have an allergic reaction to melons.
If you are allergic to Ragweed you may also have an allergic reaction to melons. | Source

Pollen-Food Allergy Syndrome

Many people with pollen allergies also have troubles with certain foods, especially during allergy season. These reactions can be caused by certain nuts, spices, fruits, and vegetables. Eating these foods may cause stomach upset, hives, swelling of the throat, or even anaphylaxis (a life threatening allergic reaction). This is known as cross reactivity, pollen-food allergy syndrome, or oral allergy syndrome. Proteins in the problem foods are very similar to those in the problematic pollens. An example is ragweed and melons. Many people who are allergic to ragweed will have an allergic reaction to melons. Luckily, for many people, cooked fruits and vegetables will not cause an oral allergy reaction. See the chart below for common problem foods.

If You Are Allergic To:
Birch Tree Pollen
Ragweed Pollen
Grass Pollen
Mugwort Pollen
You May Also Have Problems With:
Apples
Bananas
Tomatoes
Apples
 
Carrots
Melons (cantaloupe, honeydew, watermelon)
 
Carrots
 
Celery
Tomatoes
 
Celery
 
Hazelnuts
 
 
Kiwi fruit
 
Peaches
 
 
Peanuts
 
Pears
 
 
Some spices (caraway seeds, parsley, coriander, anise seeds, fennel seeds)
 
Raw potatoes
 
 
 

How Seasonal Pollen Allergies Are Diagnosed

A health care provider will review the patient's history and symptoms. In some cases, allergy testing will be conducted to get more information. Skin testing is one of the most common means of testing for allergies. In this test, small amounts of allergens will either be scratched onto the skin or injected into the skin. The doctor will then watch for an allergic reaction. If the patient is allergic to the substance, a welt that looks and feels like a bug bite will appear. The larger the welt is, the stronger the allergy is. A few doctors will also test for allergies by using a blood test to measure substances that are common in allergic reactions. Two common substances that are measured using blood work are immunoglobulin E (IgE) and eosinophils, a type of white blood cell.

Medical Professionals That Treat Seasonal Pollen Allergies

If your allergy symptoms are severe or negatively impacting your life, it may be time for a professional. If you suspect that you have allergies and you need help, one of the following medical professionals should be able to assist you in obtaining treatment.

  • Board certified allergist
  • Family doctor
  • Pediatrician
  • Internist
  • General practitioner
  • Nurse practitioner

Allergy injections are one way to treat allergies.  This treatment offers a possibility of a long term cure or long term control of symptoms.
Allergy injections are one way to treat allergies. This treatment offers a possibility of a long term cure or long term control of symptoms. | Source
Nasal saline rinses can clear away mucus and pollen from the nose.
Nasal saline rinses can clear away mucus and pollen from the nose. | Source

Possible Treatments

If you or someone you know is having a severe allergic reaction, call 911 or go to an emergency room.

If you are having ongoing problems that you think may be allergies, talk to a doctor.

If you are just curious as to possible treatments, here are some ideas for you:

Nasal Strips (Breathe Right Strips)

These are available over the counter. They are simply a rigid adhesive strip that is worn on the nose. They pull the nose open to allow additional nasal airflow.

Nasal Saline Rinse

You can use saline to rinse out the nose. This will remove pollen and excess mucus. You can use a powered machine to rinse the nose, a squeeze bottle, or a neti pot. You can mix your own saline or buy it ready made. Saline rinses are very common now. You can find bottles, saline, saline mix, and neti pots in most pharmacies.

Antihistamines

This is a class of drugs that block histamine production in the body. They are fairly inexpensive, available in multiple forms, and available over the counter as well as by prescription. The most common side effect is sleepiness.

  • Over the counter antihistamines such as Benedryl or Zyrtec
  • Prescription antihistamines
  • Antihistamine eye drops (over the counter or prescription)
  • Antihistamine nasal sprays (prescription)
  • Antihistamine creams (over the counter or prescription)

Corticosteroids

This is a common anti inflammatory medication. The down side to this class of drugs is that even small amounts can have large negative impacts on the body like suppressed immune system and weight gain.

  • Injections (prescription, fast acting, fairly immediate results, systemic effects)
  • Creams (over the counter or prescription, good for skin symptoms)
  • Nose or Lung inhalers (prescription, more localized and less side effects)
  • Oral (prescription)

Decongestants

Mainly available without a prescription. The pills have two ingredients that are available. The ones with pseudoephedrine are more effective but have amount restrictions and are often found behind a pharmacy counter. They can cause problems with high blood pressure.

Nasal sprays are also available in a number of different medications. These should only be used for up to 3 days due to potential for rebound congestion problems.

Leukotriene Inhibitors

Only available by prescription. These medications block another chemical that causes allergic symptoms. Singulair is a common type of this class of medication. Often used for asthma or nasal congestion.

Allergy Shots (Sometimes Available As Oral Drops)

An allergist can prescribe and perform this treatment. After allergy testing, small amounts of the problematic allergens are mixed up into a liquid. This liquid is injected under the skin (or placed under the tongue). The concentrations of allergens are increased over time to train the body to ignore the problematic allergen.

Prevention

Avoiding pollen is one of the easiest ways to control seasonal pollen allergy. Here are some tips:

  • Avoid going outside early in the morning and at dusk. This is when pollen counts are at their peaks.
  • Keep windows and doors closed during allergy season.
  • Use a filter system to remove any allergens that do enter the home.
  • Wash sheets and pillow cases frequently - every few days if possible.
  • Take a shower before bed and after pollen exposure.
  • Use a face mask when doing yard work or walking outside.
  • Change clothes immediately after finishing outdoor chores.
  • Use a treadmill or indoor bike during allergy season.
  • Use air conditioning.
  • Do not hang clothes outside to dry.
  • Vacuum frequently with an allergy rated vacuum.

Saline Rinses For Seasonal Pollen Allergies - More Information

Saline rinses were mentioned above. They are very helpful for seasonal pollen allergies. You can mix up your own saline at home and use a squeeze bottle or neti pot to get the saline into your nose. It looks funny and sounds odd but is very easy to do. Watch the video and then you can use the following recipe to make your own.

This is for educational purposes only. Your doctor can help you to determine if this will be useful to you and what ingredients to place in your nasal rinse. Sometimes a doctor will prescribe an antibiotic or other additive for your nasal irrigation solution.

Nasal Saline Rinse For Neti Pots And Nasal Irrigation

5 stars from 1 rating of Nasal Saline Rinse For Neti Pots And Nasal Irrigation

Ingredients

  • 1 Cup (8 ounces) Water, bottles, distilled, or filtered to remove impurities and irritants
  • 1/8-1/4 tsp Fine grained salt, use non-iodized, you may need more salt if you use large crystals
  • 1/8-1/4 tsp Baking soda, optional (may help to prevent burning sensation)

Nasal Saline Rinse Instructions

  1. Warm the water so that it is close to body temperature. It should feel warm but not hot.
  2. (Optional) Mix in the salt and baking soda.
  3. Stir mixture until all of the salt and baking soda is dissolved
  4. Pour mixture through the nose using a neti pot, nasal irrigator, or squeeze bottle. These can be purchased at most drug stores.
  5. If it burns, make sure that the water is the right temperature, adjust the salt up or down a bit, add baking soda, adjust the baking soda. If you are really stuffy, it may burn a little more than when your nose isn't irritated. It should only be a minor burning feeling. This feeling should ease as the nose heals.

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Comments 4 comments

dinkan53 profile image

dinkan53 3 years ago from India

One of my friend got allergy problem and he usually feels good and comfortablr during monsoon(rainy) season, as rain will wash down the pollen from the air and help to lessen the severity of allergic symptoms. I think I’ll send him a link to this article. Voted this hub as useful.


Lwelch profile image

Lwelch 3 years ago from USA Author

Thank you so much! Congrats on being my first comment on this hub. Allergy season this year is miserable for me. I am not sure miserable even describes me this year! Monsoon season is likely washing the pollen and dust out of the air. The down side is that I bet mold counts go up at that time of year where you are. If I am lucky I get November-December off. It seems like trees often like to start blooming as early as January around here. Nasal rinses might be a big help to him.


Emanate Presence profile image

Emanate Presence 3 years ago from the Head to the Heart

Very informative. I use a neti pot, actually it is a syringe designed for nasal rinses, and it helps. Would stay away from all drugs and suggest alternative medicine. Thanks for the article.


RichieMogwai profile image

RichieMogwai 3 years ago from Vancouver

Another information-packed hub from you, Lwelch, as always. Keep up the good work. I've shared these with many of my friends who have allergy problems. Luckily, I don't have any. I follow the Inoculation Theory by openly exposing myself to allergens and that's how my body has developed natural defenses I guess, and that includes even lactose intolerance which I triumphed against very recently.

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