The Benefits Of Turmeric Or Haldi

Turmeric powder

Source

Origin And General Information

Latin Name : Curcuma longa

Turmeric is also known as Curcumin and Indian Saffron.

It is called Haldi in India

Turmeric is a perennial herbaceous plant native to South Asia including India.

The plant needs good rainfall and hot and humid climate to grow. Waterlogging. however, kills it. Hence proper removal of extra water has to be ensured.

India is the world's largest producer and exporter of turmeric. It grows 90% of the world's turmeric output. Nizamabad in Andhra Pradesh state of India is called the 'Turmeric city' as it is the biggest turmeric producing city in the world as also the most important centre of turmeric trade. Sangli in Maharastra state of India is the 2nd most important trading centre for turmeric in Asia.

Fresh turmeric is used little and root is the part that is used as a spice and mostly in ground form. When ground, turmeric is a bright yellow coloured, warm and bitter flavoured spice.

Turmeric is an integral part of Indian, Asian and Middle Eastern cuisines. Indian cooking uses turmeric in almost every meal.


Turmeric Root

Source

Varieties Of Turmeric

In India, the following famous varieties of turmeric are available.

  • Local haldi, China scented, Red streaked, Alleppy and Thodopuza.

The major varieties of turmeric are:

  • Alleppy finger - from Kerala.This is the variety that is more popular and available in American markets. It has a richer colour and more flavour because of the higher content of curcumin.
  • Nizamabad bulb - from Andhra Pradesh
  • Erode & Salem turmeric - from Tamil Nadu
  • Rajapore & Sangli turmeric - from Maharastra


Turmeric

Source

Uses Of Turmeric

  • Turmeric is used in Asian cuisines and its medicinal usage goes back to over 6000 years.
  • Countries like India, China & Indonesia have been using turmeric in herbal remedies.
  • Turmeric is used in various Indian ceremonies both marriage and religious.
  • It is also used to colour and flavour food. Turmeric is the main ingredient in curry powder.
  • An extract from turmeric is used in brine pickles, some varieties of mayonnaise, non alcoholic drinks, gelatin, cheese and butter.
  • It is used as a dye in the textile industry.
  • Turmeric is also used to spice sauces, pickles, sausages etc.
  • Condiments, cosmetics, dairy products, confectionery, bakery, ice creams, cereal products, manufacture of oils, poultices all use turmeric in some form or the other.

Turmeric Oil

Tumeric oil is extracted from the root by steam distillation. It is a spicy & gingery smelling aromatic oil, yellow to light brown in colour.

  • Turmeric oil is anti inflammatory, anti arthritic and anti oxidant.
  • In aromatherapy, turmeric oil is used to destress and relax.
  • As a massage oil, it is used to relieve muscular pains and aches.
  • Turmeric oil is also used to treat skin infections and wounds.

Precaution

As turmeric oil is very strong, use it sparingly ( about 3 drops to 1 tablespoon of the carrier oil) and preferably mixed with some other oils, like canola oil, grapeseed oil, ginger oil or ylang ylang oil.

Precautions With Turmeric Use

Turmeric use in food on a daily basis or even in every meal thrice a day has been found to be safe. When it comes to using it as a medicine, it is advised to talk to your doctor or health care provider, more so, in the following cases.

  • If you are on a blood thinning drugs like warfarin, clopidogrel, aspirin etc.
  • If you are taking stomach acid reducing drugs like cimetidine, famotidine, ranitidine, omeprazole, lanzoprazole etc.
  • If you are taking drugs for lowering blood sugar.
  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Nutrients In Turmeric

Turmeric has zero cholesterol, is rich in antioxidants and fiber. It is a rich source of Vitamin B6, choline ,niacin, riboflavin. The fresh root is high in vitamin C. It is an excellent source of iron and manganese and a good source of potassium, copper, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc.

Turmeric also contains many phytonutrients and essential oils like termerone, curlone, curumen, cineole and p-cymene.

Nutritional Levels In Turmeric

 
 
 
.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa), Nutritive Value per 100 g
 
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
354 Kcal
17%
Carbohydrates
64.9 g
50%
Protein
7.83 g
14%
Total Fat
9.88 g
33%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
21 g
52.50%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
39 µg
10%
Niacin
5.140 mg
32%
Pyridoxine
1.80 mg
138%
Riboflavin
0.233 mg
18%
Vitamin A
0 IU
0%
Vitamin C
25.9 mg
43%
Vitamin E
3.10 mg
21%
Vitamin K
13.4 µg
11%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
38 mg
2.50%
Potassium
2525 mg
54%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
183 mg
18%
Copper
603 µg
67%
Iron
41.42 mg
517%
Magnesium
193 mg
48%
Manganese
7.83 mg
340%
Phosphorus
268 mg
38%
Zinc
4.35 mg
39.50%
 
 
 

Health Benefits Of Turmeric

The active ingredient in turmeric is curcumin which benefits in a wide number of diseases.

  • Turmeric benefits in epilepsy and bleeding problems, in various skin diseases and respiratory diseases.
  • Turmeric reduces fevers, diarrhoea, urinary problems, poisoning etc.
  • Ulcers respond well to external application of turmeric. It removes pus and watery discharges like leucorrhoea.
  • Turmeric benefits in detoxifying the liver, regularises cholesterol levels, stimulates digestion, fights allergies and boosts immunity.
  • Turmeric reduces inflammations, makes the blood thin, neutralises free radicals which makes it especially beneficial in arthritic conditions.
  • Turmeric benefits the female reproductive system and uterus, breast milk, increases and purifies the semen.
  • Turmeric improves mental functions and is neuroprotective, reduces insanity, protects in brain affections ,stroke and alzheimer's.
  • Turmeric is also available in capsule form.

Health Benefits Of Turmeric Milk (Haldi Milk)

Uses Of Turmeric In Specific Health Conditions

In Cracks Of Hands & Feet

  • Add salt to reasonably hot water and keep the affected hand or feet dipped in this water for 15 minutes.
  • Grind raw papaya. Add mustard oil about 1/4 th weight of the ground papaya. Also, add 2 tbsp turmeric. Cook this well and make a poultice. Tie it on the affected area. Continue for 2 to 3 days.
  • Add turmeric powder to unboiled milk and massage for preventing cracks. Putting turmeric in the cracks heals them.

For Injuries

  • On sustaining an injury, drink a glass of hot milk to which 1 tsp turmeric has been added. It relieves pain & swelling. A paste of turmeric and water should also be applied on the injury.
  • Take 2 tsp turmeric powder, 4 tsp wheat flour, 1 tsp desi ghee and 1/2 tsp rock salt. Add little water and cook this mixture. After it's done, cool suitably and apply this mixture on the injury.

For Fomenting A Painful Injury Make The Following

In 1/2 lt hot water, add 1/2 tsp rock salt and mix well. Then add 1 tsp turmeric powder. Cover the vessel. When the water is tolerably hot dip a cloth in this water, wring the excess water out and foment the injury.

  • In case of fractures take milk with 1 tsp of turmeric dissolved in it for benefit.
  • Grind 1 onion and add 1 tsp turmeric powder to it. Tie this mix in a cloth. Keep this in sesame oil and heat the oil. When the cloth is warm enough foment the injury. After some time, make a poultice of the mixture and tie on the injury.

In Dental Diseases

  • Mix turmeric, salt and mustard oil. Brush the teeth and gums with this mix daily to strengthen the teeth.
  • Roast turmeric well, then grind it fine. Massage the painful teeth with this for relief from pain.

In Gas

When there is accumulation of gas in the abdomen, swallow a mixture of 5 gms turmeric and salt with hot water.

For Wounds

Mix turmeric in ghee or oil. Heat this. Use this as a warm dressing for the wound to heal faster.

In Cough

Drink a mixture of turmeric powder and salt mixed in hot water. One can also suck a piece of turmeric.
In cases of chronic cough, add 1/4 tsp turmeric powder to 1/2 tsp honey and lick this.
In cough with expectoration, take hot milk to which 1/2 tsp turmeric has been added.

In Asthma & Cough

  • Roast turmeric and grind. Take 1/2 tsp of this turmeric powder and mix with 1 tsp honey. Lick twice a day.
  • Boil 1 tsp turmeric powder in a cup of milk. Drink hot.

For Acne

Take 1/4 tsp turmeric, 1/4 tsp black sesame seeds. Make a paste of these with milk and apply on the face for a few minutes daily.

In Diabetes

In case of frequent urination and excessive thirst, take 8 gms turmeric powder with water twice a day or mix with honey and lick.

In Diarrhoea

Take 1/2 tsp turmeric 3 times daily, with water.

In Burns

Mix 1 tsp Aloe gel in 1 tsp turmeric powder & apply on the burn.

For Anaemia

Take 1 tsp turmeric powder mixed with 1 tsp honey daily.

For Clear Complexion

Mix turmeric powder with water to make a paste. Apply at night. Wash off after 10 minutes.

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements or embarking on a new health regime.

Benefits Of Turmeric

Turmeric-A Natural Cancer Fighter

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly

More by this Author


Comments 28 comments

StephanieBCrosby profile image

StephanieBCrosby 4 years ago from New Jersey

I have seen more and more shows that are promoting the benefits of turmeric. I think I will try to cook with it more at the least. Thanks for the accumulation of information.


sabrani44 profile image

sabrani44 4 years ago

Great hub, looks like you worked really hard on it. My mom used to mix Tumeric in some warm milk and give it to us whenever we had a throat ache, and it very much worked!


lucasaraujo profile image

lucasaraujo 4 years ago from Brasil, Vitoria - ES

Do not imagine that turmeric could be so beneficial. Thank you for sharing your knowledge with us.


kikalina profile image

kikalina 4 years ago from Europe

great information. Thank You


mom101 profile image

mom101 4 years ago

Thank you so much for a valuable hub. The presentation was as close to perfect as it gets while the information described being that of highly helpful.


Kris Heeter profile image

Kris Heeter 4 years ago from Indiana

Wow, what a list of uses! I had no idea that it had so many possibilities. I'm curious, how is it used in Indian marriage ceremonies? I've seen pictures from some ceremonies (a friend went back to India to be married) and the ceremonies look incredible!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@ Stephanie, nice to see you once again and thanks for stopping by. I'm sure using tumeric a bit more will benefit along with improving the flavor. Good luck.

@ sabrani, great to know that you are aware of tumeric milk. We use it the first thing whenever we suffer a major injury especially a broken bone. Really helps. Thanks for stopping by.

@ lucasaraujo, welcome here and thanks for leaving your comments.

@ kikalina, thanks for visiting and appreciating.

@ mom101, I'm happy to note that the information was useful to you. Thanks for stopping by and taking time to read and leave a comment.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Hi Kris, great to see you once again. Actually, Turmeric improves the complexion and hence is applied both to the girl and the boy a day prior to the wedding. The ceremony is called Haldi Ceremony.

You can read more at this link http://www.weddingmantras.com/2008/08/06/facts-abo...

Thanks for sparing time to read and leave your comments.

I appreciate your visit.


Better Yourself profile image

Better Yourself 4 years ago from North Carolina

Very interesting and informative - Great job! I've never used turmeric but after learning about the benefits of it in the diet, etc I think it's time to start. Thanks for sharing!


Kris Heeter profile image

Kris Heeter 4 years ago from Indiana

Thanks for the extra information, that's really interesting! I'm in awe of the rich traditions associated with ceremonies there!


hypnosis4u2 profile image

hypnosis4u2 4 years ago from Massachusetts

Yes, it's a magic ingredient few no about. Well writtena dn informative hub.


Debby Bruck profile image

Debby Bruck 4 years ago

Dear Rajan ~ Did I mention this is one of my favorite spices of all time? Although it turns everything yellow, I know it is so good for my health. On the rare occasion I visit an Indian market, I will pick up the fresh herb and it is wonderful in dishes. I have created a video about turmeric. I rated this Useful and appreciate the many formulas given here. Blessings, Debby


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

@ Better Yourself. Thanks for being here and getting motivated to try it out. I'm sure you will like it with better health as a bonus.

@ Kris, you are most welcome. It's great to learn about different cultures.

@ hypnosis4u2, thanks for visiting and appreciating. I'm sure you know quite a bit about turmeric.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Hi Debby, it's a pleasure to read your comments. Indeed the fresh spice has a more subtle and milder flavor than the dried turmeric but it's richer in vit c with all the other benefits being the same.

I would love to see the turmeric video you created.Can you send me the link?

Thanks for all the appreciation and vote. I hope you keep enjoying good health and using turmeric in your food.

I appreciate your valuable inputs.

thanks again.


Lady_E profile image

Lady_E 4 years ago from London, UK

Thanks. This is useful. I use it to cook once in a while but wasn't aware it could be used for baking and also, that it can be found in cosmetic products.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Hi, Lady_E. Thanks for reading and appreciating. Vicco turmeric face cream is a very famous cosmetic cream in India whose main ingredient is turmeric.


nityanandagaurang profile image

nityanandagaurang 4 years ago

rajan ,your hub has covered every aspect of turmeric.with facts and figures your information is quite beneficial for me.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

I'm happy to note that the information is useful to you.

Thank you for reading, nityananada.


jeyaramd profile image

jeyaramd 4 years ago from Mississauga, Ontario

Thanks for this terrific tumeric hub. I did not know that Andhra Pradesh was called Tumeric City. Very interesting. Thanks for all the vital information. You have done thorough research. Always a pleasure to read your health hubs. I wish to have more time to take advantage of these wonderful spices. Thanks so much.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

jeyaramd, thanks for the visit and read. I am glad you found the information useful. I appeciate your comments. Thanks again.


alocsin profile image

alocsin 4 years ago from Orange County, CA

I like the spice, and I believe it's a component of most curries? Fortunately, it's widely available in the U.S., so it's easy to reap the benefits. Voting this Up and Useful.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Alocsin, it is used in curries & most vegetables in India. Apart from this it is an antibacterial and also anytime one suffers an injury, some of it is added to boiled milk and given to drink.

I appreciate your visit and comments. Thanks.


xstatic profile image

xstatic 3 years ago from Eugene, Oregon

Outstanding info here about one of my wife's favorite herbs!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks, Jim. We use turmeric in our daily cooking.


rumanasaiyed profile image

rumanasaiyed 3 years ago from Sharjah, UAE

Hi Mr. Rajan,

I am glad to know so many benefits of a thing (an ingredient) which we use in our daily cooking.

Voting up useful and Shared!


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

Thanks Rumana. Yes haldi is a very important ingredient in our cooking and used very much. Thanks for reading and sharing the hub.


meenakshi 2 profile image

meenakshi 2 2 years ago

Yes amba valid is very wonderful herb. IT is very use ful in various type of diseases &above all its aromatic frangance&taste increases The taste& flavour of Food.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 2 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA. Author

You are right meenakshi. Thanks for stopping by.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working