The Health Benefits Of Noni Fruit (Morinda citrifolia) And Noni Juice
Noni is also known by many other names like morinda, Indian mulberry, vomit fruit, hog apple, canary wood, beach mulberry and cheese fruit.
Noni or Morinda is a fruit that has exceptional healing properties. It has been used for more than 2000 years in Polynesia, China, India and other countries for a variety of health conditions.
Over 150 nutraceuticals have been discovered in noni fruit.
Noni Tree - Morinda citrifolia
About Noni Tree
The noni tree is known botanically as Morinda citrifolia. It is native to the regions from Southeast Asia to Australia and can grow in a variety of soils and environmental conditions.
Noni is also known as Indian mulberry, beach mulberry, cheese fruit and great morinda.
Noni tree is a small to medium sized tree that usually grows from 10 to 20 feet high and matures for fruiting in about 18 months. Mostly found both naturally and under cultivation in the tropical regions of the Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia, Philippines and India Noni is used both as a food and medicine.
Noni FruitClick thumbnail to view full-size
The fruit of the Noni tree or Morinda citrifolia is called Noni. The unripe green colored fruit turns yellow as it ripens and then almost white. The noni fruit is somewhat egg shaped but looks like a pineapple with its many eyes. After fertilization, the growing drupes fuse together to form a composite or multiple fruit.
As it matures and ripens it emits a pungent odor and tastes somewhat bitter as well. In ancient times, it was eaten as a famine food, and therefore, many times, has been called a starvation food.
Noni fruit is about 4 to 7 cms long. It has been used by the Polynesians for over 2000 years as a medicine. According to the Indian medicine system Ayurveda also, noni offers many health benefits.
The noni fruit can be eaten raw when ripe and cooked when unripe. The seeds too are roasted and eaten.
Dr. Ralph Heinicke started research on Noni in 1953.
Uses Of Noni Tree And Its Parts
The bark and the roots are used to extract dyes of red and yellow color that are used to make batik and dye fabrics.
The oil extracted from the seeds is used to treat skin inflammations, acne and to maintain skin hydration. It is also used as insect repellant and scalp insecticide.
The wood is used to make canoes, boats and rafts, handles for tools, for light construction material and also as firewood.
The leaves come handy for feeding livestock and silkworms while the fruit is used as pig feed.
21 Reasons To Drink Tahitian Noni Juice Part 1.
21 Reasons To Drink Tahitian Noni Juice Part 2.
Nutrients And Compounds In Noni Fruit
Noni fruit contains a variety of compounds like alkaloids, polysaccharides, scopoletin, lignans, flavonoids, damnacanthal etc.
It also contains vitamins A &C, magnesium, iron, potassium, selenium, zinc, copper and sulfur.
Noni contains a very beneficial alkaloid called Xeronine that increases the assimilation of nutrients in the body.
Noni contains 40 times more xenonine than found in pineapple. It also contains proxeronine. In fact, noni contains over 150 nutraceuticals of which proxeronine, proxeroninaise and xeronine are very important.
The proxeronine combines with proxeroninaise to produce xenonine. Xeronine helps to repair diseased cells and treat and prevent disease.
Xeronine is found in tissues of microorganisms, plants, animals and humans.
21 Reasons To Drink Tahitian Noni Juice Part 3
Some Health Benefits Of Noni
A poultice made of leaves of the noni tree and applied warm on boils helps to break them and provide relief. The leaves can also be applied on inflammatiions, abscesses and cuts for relief.
The crushed fruit is used to treat mouth and gum infections, toothache and sore throat.
The poultice of leaves is also used to relieve stiffness of joints, rheumatic inflammations and pain.
Noni stimulates the immune system and boosts immunity. It also suppresses allergies and controls asthma.
Noni reduces the brain damage in those affected with stroke.
Noni lowers cholesterol and improves levels of HDL. It also lowers blood sugar levels.
The various chemicals like limonene, glycosides, damnacanthol, polysaccharides help to fight cancer and reduce abnormal cells and their growth.
Noni promotes skin health, improves elasticity and prevents free radical damage and has anti aging effects.
Noni has analgesic effects, reduces pain and fever. It promotes longevity.
Noni lowers blood pressure and lowers heart disease incidence.
Make Noni Juice At Home
Making noni juice at home is quite simple.
In a glass jar take a small amount of water and add a ripe noni fruit.
Seal the jar tightly and allow to ferment naturally by letting it sit for a period of a week to 3 months.
Once fully fermented strain through cheesecloth and store in the refrigerator.
As noni juice does not taste good alone, add other fruit juices to make it palatable.
Health Benefits Of Noni Juice
- Noni juice reduces pain, inflammation and joint damage encountered in arthritis.
- Unpasteurised noni juice exhibits anti cancer activity.
- Fermented noni juice lowers LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
- It also reduces blood glucose levels, reduces insulin resistance and provides benefits for type 2 diabetic patients.
- Noni juice's antoxidant property helped to lower total cholesterol, ldl cholesterol and homocysteine levels in heavy smokers who consumed the juice for a month in a study undertaken.
- Its anti obesity activity helps to lower weight as well as adipose tissue weight.
- The juice intake prevents proliferation of Candida and Aspergillus, the causative organisms of fungal infections
- Noni juice helps to combat gout and gout like diseases.
- Fermented noni juice has liver protective effects in diabetes and reduces fatty infiltration of liver and also protects the liver from the damaging effects of toxins.
- It hastens wound healing in diabetes and also boosts immunity levels.
- Noni juice has anti bacterial activity and raises the body's capacity to fight bacteria.
How To Make Noni Juice
Noni tea is prepared from its leaves. It contains enzymes and nutrients that promote health.
Noni tea is used to detoxify the body, improve digestion boost immunity and provide energy to the body.
It provides antioxidants that are valuable in preventing many diseases and preventing free radical damage.
Noni tea is caffeine free yet makes the body and mind alert.
Noni may interfere with medications like warfarin or coumadin and chemotherapy drugs.
Those on low potassium diets like people with liver and kidney problems should avoid consuming noni.
Do not take noni if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Traditionally noni has been used to cause abortions while the safety of noni in breast feeding women is not known.
The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime or practice.
This article is for health information purposes only.
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© 2014 Rajan Singh Jolly
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