Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB)

Causes, Signs, Symptoms

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by tubercle bacillus. These ba­cilli take weeks or months to make one ill. TB is a chronic disease and spreads from adults to children. It can cause disease in any part of the body but harms mostly the lungs. Four common symptoms are

1. Loss of weight

2. Irritability (Child does not eat or run about and play.)

3. Coughs or wheezes

4. Fever that comes and goes Malnourished children

get TB more often. They are more likely to become ill than those who have had BCG {Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine).

Treatment

1. Consult a doctor. Never treat a TB patient for less than one year. Tu­bercle bacilli can become resistant if—

a. you give one drug only.

b. you give too little.

c. the patient takes drugs irregularly.

d. the treatment stops too soon.

2. Feed the child well especially if he or she is underweight.

3. Have the child's stools examined to check presence of hookworms.

4. Examine sputum for presence of blood.

5. Have the chest X-rayed.

6. Prevent TB by BCG vaccine.

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