Tuberculosis (TB) Symptoms, Signs, History, Treatment, Cause, Prevention and control
Tuberculosis is a communicable disease which appears in chronic form. The short form of the name tuberculosis is T.B. This disease is named after the germ tuberculosis bacilli which is the root of this disease. These germs are found in the sputum of the diseased person and milk of the cow suffering from this disease. Tuberculosis mostly affect lungs but sometime it may affect bones,joints,glands and other organs also. In the past, tuberculosis was known as "Phthisis". This is the disease of poor countries. In ancient time, people were very much afraid of this disease. But the invention of enfluensive medicines, economic and development and healthful living have made people fearless.
Tuberculosis may be due to following reasons:
a) Smoking cigarettes
b) Drinking wine
c) Doing hard work but taking non-nutritive diet
d) Living with the diseased people
e) This disease may be inherited from parents to children also
Symptoms of the disease
a) The patient suffers from fever and cough for a long time.
b) The fever usually gets high in the evening.
c) He feels pain in the chest.
d) The patient loses appetite and becomes skinny.
e) The patient gets tired and exhausted in ordinary work.
f) Blood comes out with sputum.
g) There is bleeding from mouth at a late stage.
Prevention and Control
We must pay attention towards following matters for prevention and control of tuberculosis.
a) Our living place should be neat and clean.
b) Everybody should use balanced diet daily.
c) Person suffering from tuberculosis should be kept in separate place.
d) Children should be vaccinated with B.C.G in time.
e) Sputum analysis should be done if a person suffers from cough and fever for a long period.
f) Sputum and excreta of the patient should be burnt.
g) The patient should not be allowed to spit here and there. He should spit in a particular pot covered with a lid.
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