Ultimate Vitamins A,B,C,D,E & K (Sources and Importance) & Diseases Due to Deficiency

What Are Vitamins?

What are Vitamins?

Vitamins are organic compounds required in small amounts by the organisms and which cannot be synthesized on its own. "MUST BE ATTAINED THROUGH DIET".

IMPORTANT VITAMINS ARE

  1. VITAMIN A
  2. VITAMIN B
  3. VITAMIN C
  4. VITAMIN D
  5. VITAMIN E
  6. VITAMIN K

These are the major vitamins required.

Vitamins are further divided into essential and non essential. They are not responsible for providing energy but play a vital part in various metabolic activities of body.


Vitamin A

Vitamin A (Retinol)

Also called "Retinol, Retinal and four carotene". Its is FAT SOLUBLE vitamin. The recommended dosage is "900micro gram". The deficiency causes "Night Blindness, Keratomalacia and Hyperkeratosis".

Very Important vitamin when it comes to EYES and Vision. Essential to maintain healthy eyes and vision.

High Vitamin A intake reduces chances of Bladder Cancer as well.

Also reduces the risk of bone fracture.

Vitamin A and Caretenoids can reduce the risk of Parkinsons Disease.

The important food sources for this vitamin are

  • Oranges
  • Carrot
  • Vegetables
  • Pumkin
  • Squash
  • Spinach

Vitamin B

Vitamin B (subtypes)

Vitamin B has various subtypes which includes

Vitamin B2

Also called RIBOFLAVIN

Water soluble

Recommended Dosage- 1.3mg

Deficiency causes Ariboflavinosis

  1. Important resources are
  2. Diary Products
  3. Banana
  4. Popcorn
  5. Green Bees
  6. Asparagus


Vitamin B1

Also called THIAMINE

Plays a role in prevention of left ventricular ejection fraction or Congestive Heart Failure, Alzheimers Disease and Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome.

.

Its is WATER soluble

Recommended dose 1.2mg

Deficiency causes - Beri Beri, Wernicke Korsaff Syndrome

Important sources for Vit B1

  1. Rice
  2. Vegetable
  3. Oatmeal
  4. Kale
  5. Cauliflower
  6. Potatoes
  7. Liver
  8. Egg


Vitamin B5

Pantothenic Acid

Water Soluble Vitamin

5.0mg is required daily

Deficiency cause Paresthesia (Numbness)

Sources

1-Meat

2-Vegetables

3-Bananas

4-Borocoli

5-Avocados

Vitamin B3

NIACIN, NIACINAMIDE

It's a water soluble vitamin

recommended dose 16.0mg

Deficiency cause Pellagra

Sources

  1. Meat
  2. Fish
  3. Eggs
  4. Mushrooms
  5. Tree Nuts

Vitamin C

Vitamin B9

FOLIC ACID, FOLINIC ACID

WATER SOLUBLE PROTEIN

400MICRO GRAM

DEFICIENCY CAUSES MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA, DURING PREGNANCY MIGHT CAUSE STILLBIRTH,NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS.

SOURCES

PASTA , BREAD, LEAFY VEGETABLES, CEREAL LIVER


Vitamin B6

Pyridoxine, Pyridoxinamine, Pyridoxil

Water Soluble Vitamin

Recommended Dosage

1.3-1.7mg

Deficiency-Anemina, Peripheral Neuropathy

Sources-Meat, vegetables,Bananas

Vitamin B7

BIOTIN

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMIN

30 MICRO GRAM IS THE DAILY RECOMMENDED DOSAGE

DEFICIENCY CAUSES-DERMATITIS, ENTERITIS

SOURCES--RAW EGG, YOLK , LIVER, PEANUTS, VEGETABLES

healing cancer with Vitamin C

Vitamin C

ASCORBIC ACID

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMIN

RECOMMENDED DOSAGE IS 90 MILLI GRAM

DEFICIENCY CAUSES SCURVY

SOURCES-FRUITS AND VEGETABLES, LIVER


Vitamin D

Vitamin D

CHOLECALIFEROL

This vitamin has been extensively used for the treatment of Osteoporosis.

Recent studies show that it has a positive effect on Cardiovascular system and Lipid profile as well.

It also plays a role in prevention of cancer, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, autism and autoimmune diseases (Delvin et al 2014).

FAT SOLUBLE VITAMIN

5-10 MICRO GRAM DAILY

DEFICIENCY--RICKETS AND OSTEOMALACIA

SOURCES

FISH, EGG, LIVER AND MUSHROOMS


Vitamin B12

CYANOCOBALAMIN

A WATER SOLUBLE VITAMIN

RECOMMENDED DOSAGE 2.4 MICRO GRAM

DEFICIENCY CAUSES

MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA

SOURCES

MEAT AND OTHER ANIMAL PRODUCTS

Vitamin E

TOCOPHEROLS

FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS

15MILLI GRAM

HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA

SOURCES:

VEGETABLES

Vitamin K

Vitamin K

PHYLOQUINONE

FAT SOLUBLE

120 MICRO GRAM

DEFICIENCY CAUSES-- BLEEDING DIATHESIS


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Comments 2 comments

Adeagbo Yeside 4 years ago

Can i take all the vitamins at goal.


Amaechi Emmanuel 4 years ago

Can vitamin k and B work

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