Signs of Testicular Cancer

Cancerous Mass

Causes of Testicular Cancer


Each year, there are approximately (8,430) new cases reported of testicular cancer in men. 1- 270 will be diagnosed yearly, and is most common in men between 18- 45.

The exact cause or causes of testicular cancer are still unknown. however there are factors that could increase the risk for testicular cancer which are included but not limited to the following:

1. Abnormal Testicle Development.

2. Exposure to certain chemicals or HIV infection.

3. Family History of Testicular Cancer can also increase the risk.

4. History of undescended testicles.

White males are more likely to develop testicular cancer than African-American males. The odds of a white male is also 2x greater than Asian males to develop testicular cancer.




Types of Testicular Cancers

Seminoma: Slow growing found in men between 30-40. Normally it remains in the testes, however; left untreated it can spread to the lymph nodes if left untreated.

Nonseminoma: Nonseminoma is a more rapid form of cancer, than seminoma, made up of different cell types and are identifiable by the cells themselves.

Stromal tumors: Rare and normally noncancerous there are two types (known as) Leydig Tumors, and Sertoli cell tumors. Leydig releases the hormone called testosterone and Sertoli is where the sperm develops and matures.

Warning Signs

1. A continual Dull ache in the back or lower abdomen.

2. Enlarged testicle or testicles.

3. Discomfort or pain in the testicle or heaviness felt in the scrotum.

4. Lump or swelling in either testicle.

5. Symptoms in other parts of the body such as pelvis, lungs, abdomen, brain.

Seek a physician if there are any warning signs. Early detection is they key to better health and recovery.



Routine Check up

When is the last time you had a routine check up?

  • Recently
  • Last Year
  • Never I am fearful
See results without voting

More by this Author


Comments 49 comments

Rob Jundt profile image

Rob Jundt 7 years ago from Midwest USA

Thank you for shedding light on this topic. As a young 41 year-old male, I understand what you say.

Men are a stubborn bunch. We need to shove pride aside and just do what is best for us and our families.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Rob, I am certainly happy that you agree as my husband has done the same thing, but love and perserverance has pushed him through to get his regualr check ups.:)


Netters profile image

Netters 7 years ago from Land of Enchantment - NM

Great informative hub. Thank you for writing it.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

I certainly hope that the gentleman will pay attention as losing a loved one is a very sad thing. All of us should pay attention and thanks for the comment. :)


Benson Yeung profile image

Benson Yeung 7 years ago from Hong Kong

Thanks for the great advice.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

You are absolutely welcome and I thank you as a Doctor for rading them:)


LouiseKnittel profile image

LouiseKnittel 7 years ago from Ohio

I think that it is great that your pointing this out to many men.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Thank you, I just wish they would adhere to the warnings :(


Sterling Sage profile image

Sterling Sage 7 years ago from California

Thanks. I'd been meaning to look up the signs & symptoms. This is just what I needed!


agvulpes profile image

agvulpes 7 years ago from Australia

AEvans, very good imformation but unfortunatly a lot of men think they are immortal and nothing like this will happen to them.

I hope that they read your Hub and take your advice.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

agvulpes, I do too as many of us would be lost without our men by our side. We are all supposed to gorw old together and if many would understand what they mean to us, then maybe an only maybe will they get their check-ups as well. :)


agvulpes profile image

agvulpes 7 years ago from Australia

AE

"We are all supposed to grow old together and if many would understand what they mean to us,"

How true that statement is, for both men and women.

Maybe if each of us actually told our partners how much we mean to each other, instead of assuming they understand, we would raise our relationships to a whole new level.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

I certainly agree with you 110% :)


Christoph Reilly profile image

Christoph Reilly 7 years ago from St. Louis

Thank you, AEvans, for writing about this important topic in such a factual way. It is definitely something that all men should read and heed. Thank you!


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Christoph, You are welcome and I definitely hope more read, thank you for stopping by.:)


akeejaho profile image

akeejaho 7 years ago from Some where in this beautiful world!

Great article! Great information. Too many times men refuse to admit to carrying pain. (It's a guy thing. Kinda like asking for or reading directions.) I suppose some look at it as not showing a weakness. Some guys, (Okay, a lot of guys) look at themselves as care givers, forgetting the fact that it is difficult to continue in that role when they are, say,....Dead.

Fortunately, for me, my vet gives me a clean bill of health, physically. Thanks for the great Hub!


Bob Ewing profile image

Bob Ewing 7 years ago from New Brunswick

I have no fear of doctors or checkups I see mine every three months. good hub.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

akeejaho, I thank you for reading and sharing at least some of the men have the sense to get checked. I wish they all would, and they would be around for their families and friends instead of waiting until it is to late.

Bob, That shows me that you are strong and that you would rather be alive, then be gone. Your wife should be honored and proud that you are a responsible and caring enough to get your routine check-up. :)


billy 7 years ago

I have felt a lump on one of my testicles for monthS. Getting it checked monday. Im 26. And scared to death.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Billy: Always stay positive I understand you are afraid however with technology , testing and results keep your head up, as again you the best thing you did was get it checked and please follow up.:)


SSK 7 years ago

Please change "gentleman" to "gentlemen". It's really annoying.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

SSK: Thank you for the correction and I certainly did change it, I did not have the chance to proofread it again, so thank you it is corrected. :)


wendy_isaiah 7 years ago

My brother in law had testicular cancer. He got surgery and lost one testicle. He has it under control.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

wendy: I am happy to hear the positive results and thanks for sharing your story. :)


Jarn profile image

Jarn 7 years ago from Sebastian, Fl

I was diagnosed with every form of non-seminoma testicular cancer you mentioned this article back in October. I had absolutely no symptoms and it progressed for what docs think was well over a year before it was caught. The only reason that it was diagnosed at all was because of a coincidental benign tumor which swelled up over the course of a month. Scary as it sounds, sometimes the cancer develops in ways that can't be detected save by protein markers and CT Scans. Bummer, I know.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Jarn: I am certainly happy that you are fine after everything you have gone through, hopefully this will be a story that others will pay attention to. :)


Ben Zoltak profile image

Ben Zoltak 6 years ago from Lake Mills, Jefferson County, Wisconsin USA

Thanks for the review AEvans! It's not easy for men to check this, but we all should!!

Ben


AEvans profile image

AEvans 6 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Ben Zoltak: I believe that more men should have this checked, more lives would be saved and I thank you for reading.:)


stars439 profile image

stars439 6 years ago from Louisiana, The Magnolia and Pelican State.

Great hub. You have done us men a great service. You are very thoughtful to help. God Bless you.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 6 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

stars439: You are welcome being married those are things that I always tend to think about. God Bless to you too! :)


Michael Shane profile image

Michael Shane 6 years ago from Gadsden, Alabama

Very imformative! I had a friend in the rodeo's when I was younger that developed this & his pride cost him his life!


AEvans profile image

AEvans 6 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Michael Shane: That is so sad sometimes pride should not get in the way of a man's lfe, we like having you guys around for awhile. :) Love the pic of you and yours it is beautiful! :)


vonnie 5 years ago

thanks for the advice there aren't too many ladies who would step up and shed some light on the situation.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 5 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

vonnie: You are welcome and if I can aide with planting seeds and trying to give knowledge then I know I have not done anything in vane.


Jarn profile image

Jarn 5 years ago from Sebastian, Fl

I was diagnosed in September 2008. Been fighting 4 types of testicular cancer ever since. I did regular checks, but there was no sign. Then, over the course of a month, one testicle swelled up to the size of a plum. Turns out it was a teratoma, a benign tumor. The malignant cancers had been growing for a few years already and made it to just below my lungs via my lymphatic system. I'm a walking zipper now, am suffering from serious long-term chemotherapy effects, and am not even 28 yet.

The doctors tell me that if the teratoma hadn't sprung up, I'd be dead now, instead of just a shadow of who I was. What I'm trying to get across is that self-exams don't catch all testicular cancers. The only way to be sure is to have a pair of blood tests called an alpha-feta protein marker and a beta HcG. They actually look for some of the same enzymes that pregnant women have. They're cheap, extremely effective, and should be done at least once a year. I can't for the life of me understand why doctors don't do them as a matter of course.

Aevans, you've got a plethora of good articles here on an excellent range of topics. Do you write professionally, by chance? Either way, what motivates you to keep up with it? I've been trying for years now, and after a while of no one ever reading them or caring, I can't help but ask myself why I should bother anymore.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 5 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Jarn: You have given great advice. I will also be praying for you and your recovery. You are so young and I wish you all of the best with your health. From what I can see you are a fighter and there needs to be more people in the world who fight! Hope if you have not already wrote about your courage and fight with cancer you will. You are a deacon of light. :)


matt 4 years ago

Hi ive got lower back pain and my lympth nodes in my groin and neck are swollen there not painfull. im getting a tad pain in my left groin aswell!! does this sound like testiculer cancer


AEvans profile image

AEvans 4 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

matt: I would recommend seeking your doctor. It could be a few issues and I am only a nurse so please make an appointment and put your mind at ease. Your doctor will determine what is going on; but if you are as swollen as you state get in as early as next week. Please keep us posted.


Jks 4 years ago

Im 16 and i've noticed a small hardish lump that has appeared on one of my testicles over the past couple of weeks, it does not cause me any discomfort at all, does it sound like testicular cancer


AEvans profile image

AEvans 4 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Jks: Since you are 16 I would recommend that you sit down with your parents and make them aware of what you have found. It could be a combination of things and if you are a sexually active teenager who is not taking any precautions it could also be an STD. I am only a nurse; but I would recommend being open with your parents and ask them to make an appointment so you can get it checked. It is always best to seek a doctor who can identify the lump and let you know what is happening. :) Wishing you the best and please talk to your parents; don't be alarmed but let Dad or mom know what you have found.


Rob 3 years ago

I am a 66 year old male with low testosterone and have recently found a small lump/mass on my right testicle. About twelve years ago I had a double hernia peration in the groin area and at that time it was discovered my left testicle was all wound up in the hernia. The doctor said he had to do a lot of tugging to free it and ever since the operation the testicle occasionally hangs lower then the other, but no pain. Men have your testosterone checked particularly after 40 and do not be afraid to exam yourself on a regular basdis.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 3 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Rob: Great advice for all of them out there and I hope they listen.


Frank 3 years ago

I'm 32 now and last year at this time I felt some dull pain towards my back along with some reoccurring strange feeling/itch in my right testical. At the time I thought I may have spent too much time In a steam room and damaged kidneys and or had something wrong with testical. My wife ended up insisting i go to the doctor where i got put through the ringer of tests including testical examination, prostate exAm, and X-ray of abdomen. She ended up saying they couldn't find anything wrong. Since that time the dull back pain went away but the occasional testical feeling/itch comes back. I've been aware of testical cancer since Tom green got it in the late 90s and he talked about self exams on his MTV show. At that time I did find a tiny small bump that sent me to the doctor and an eventual ultrasound to tell me nothing was wrong. Obviously I'm the type of person who worries about these things and its possible my head makes extra out of normal everyday aches and pains. I'm to the point that I tell myself there is nothing wrong but if there is anything it will be okay. Not sure what else to do...other than get more frequent check ups. Hah


AEvans profile image

AEvans 3 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Frank: At least you are paying attention and your wife did the right thing by having you go through a ration of tests. Always better to be safe than sorry. Keep up your check-ups and you will live a long time.


Bob 3 years ago

Jarn, I don't want to jump the gun here, but you may have saved my life. I have always been a bit paranoid about cancer with my family history. I decided that I would add the blood tests to my arsenal. They tipped off the doctor that something might be up. After some continued testing they discovered a weird snakelike lump on my testicles that I had known was there, but figured it was the Epididymis (sp). They removed my left testicle last month and I have been in for another scan and they are continuing blood tests. They think I am in the clear already. I have a prosthetic testicle which is just weird weird weird. Still, I literally am walking away from this and it might be because of you. I don't know you, but my deepest thanks from myself and my little one.


AEvans profile image

AEvans 2 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Bob, You are welcome and I am glad that this article is valued to those who take time to read and follow-up with there physicians. So glad you made it through and I wish you many years of happiness and health.


Zooloot.com profile image

Zooloot.com 2 years ago from Europe

I suggest you all watch this TED video about curing cancer with electrical fields. I just made my brother one of these and he now uses it every day. How it works is explained in the video. Oh Hi AEvans (still here ;) good to see you are also :) Must write another hub some time. Oh video link... http://www.ted.com/talks/bill_doyle_treating_cance...


AEvans profile image

AEvans 2 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Zooloot.com: I will be writing another hub/hubs very soon. I have had so much going on but promise to do so and glad that you have shared that valuable information.


Zooloot.com profile image

Zooloot.com 2 years ago from Europe

This should also keep ANYONE who is worried about cancer glued to the screen for a while. http://www.ted.com/playlists/63/a_cure_for_cancer....

Inspiring! And reassuring.

It's always important to fully understand the nature of the beast.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working