What is MSRA

What is MSRA?

Everyone knows what makes people sick, "It is germs or microbes." These words cover a large variety of organisms some harmless, some useful, and some potentially deadly. Good housekeeping, sanitation, personal hygiene, hand washing, inoculations, and antibiotic medicine can minimize germs and diminish the amount of infections we acquire. Now all to commonly some bacterial infections like MRSA infection has come into the forefront. MRSA is caused by a type of staph bacteria resistant to many of the antibiotics used to treat ordinary staph infections.

Types of Bacteria
Types of Bacteria | Source

About Bacterial Diseases

Bacterial disease are one celled micro organisms of the vegetable family with metabolic processes. There are many families or "tribes" of bacteria. This category of bacteria contains: Anthrax[Wool-sorter Disease], Bacillus[Bacilli], Bacillary Dysentery, Blood Poisoning [Bacteremia or Septicemia}, Botulism, Diphtheria, Leprosy, Pink Eye [Conjunctivitis], Staphylococcus [Staphylococci], Streptococcal Pneumonia ["golden staph" or Staphylococcus Aureua], Streptococci Osteomyelitis, MRSA [Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus }, Trench Mouth ["Vincent's angina," ulceromembranous stomatitis] Tuberculosis, Typhoid Fever, Valley Fever [Coccidioidomycosis], Whooping Cough.[Pertussis] and many others. Most of these varieties require oxygen to exist and reproduce in the form of spores. Staphylococcus infections may become inactive for large periods of time when conditions are unfavorable for their growth. It is important not to allow the home room for staph germs to grow.

Just Less that 2% of the population have MSRA

Do You Know Someone Who has MRSA?

  • Yes
  • No
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Where is MRSA found?

Staphylococcus commonly inhabit the skin and nasal passages and here they can be easily controlled by common antibiotic medicine. Unfortunately, with the worst strains of Staphylococcus, common medicine has little to no affect on this type of infection. MRSA is the result of decades of often unnecessary antibiotic use. For years, antibiotics have been prescribed for colds, flu and other viral infections that don't respond to these drugs. These resistant varieties tend to proliferate even under hospital conditions. MRSA infections usually occur in people who've been in hospitals, nursing homes, or dialysis centers. The disease is known as health care-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA). HA-MRSA infections typically are associated with invasive procedures or devices, such as surgeries, intravenous tubing or artificial joints. At-risk groups for community MRSA include: high school wrestlers, child care workers and people who live in crowded conditions.

Patient with MSRA

Housekeeping & Aseptic Techniques to reduce MSRA

Extreme housekeeping and aseptic techniques help reduce community MRSA epidemics however MRSA can be carried into the home as a misdiagnosed disease. Often, people first think the area is a spider bite [unless a spider is actually seen, the irritation is likely not a spider bite]. Most staph skin infections, including MRSA, appear as a bump or infected area on the skin that might be: Red, Swollen, Painful, Warm to the touch, Full of pus or other drainage, or Accompanied by a fever. Remember community MRSA is spread by skin-to-skin contact. It is a communicable disease however, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, less than 2 percent of the population chronically carry MRSA disease.

Common sense everyday care {.can assist to stop staph germs mentioned above.

  1. Wash your hands before and after eating preferably under running water. Work up a lather with the soap and rub hands vigorously working soap between and under nail beds and fingers. Don't forget to wash above the wrist as well. Wash under water at least 15 seconds, then dry them with a disposable towel and use another disposable towel to turn off the faucet. If running water is not available use a pitcher. Using push pump and or soap requires a wash of these to keep germ at bay.
  2. Personal hygiene - Trim nails [fingers and toes], cover hair when preparing food.
  3. Proper sanitation - dispose of waste in a lined container which can be closed without touching the contents. Pick up soiled matter with folder newspaper or tongs to avoid touching. Use throw away tissue for nasal and throat discharges; do not reuse.
  4. Dirty dishes should be washed promptly to avoid germs.
  5. Taking Inoculations, and Antibiotic Medicine as prescribed by medical professionals. Provide daily or antibiotic medicine only after verifying it has not expired, the pills look correct [proper color and size], be certain that the dose is correct and verify with medical doctor, nurse or pharmacists.
  6. Good housekeeping and Common Sense - if someone in the family is ill launder all washable items and provide outdoor airing of non-washable items such: as mattresses, thick rugs, pillows, and overstuffed toys. Don't forget to wash down room, floors, woodworks, doorknobs, bathroom, and un-upholstered furniture with soap and water and dry in full sun for several hours.
  7. If you have a cut or abrasions clean and covered with sterile, dry bandages until they heal. The pus from infected sores may contain MRSA, and keeping wounds covered will help prevent the bacteria from spreading.
  8. Avoid sharing personal items such as towels, sheets, razors, clothing and athletic equipment. MRSA spreads on contaminated objects as well as through direct contact.
  9. Shower after sporting activity If you have a cut or sore, wash towels and bed linens in a washing machine set to the hottest water setting (with added bleach, if possible) and dry them in a hot dryer. Wash gym and athletic clothes after each wearing.

What to do if you have MSRA

Studies show that about one in three people in the community carry staph bacteria in their nose, usually without illness.

What to do if you have MRSA:

  • Cover your wounds. Keep wounds covered with clean, dry bandages until healed. Follow your doctor’s instructions about proper care of the wound. Pus from infected wounds can contain MRSA so keeping the infection covered will help prevent the spread to others. Bandages and tape can be thrown away with the regular trash.
  • Clean your hands often. You, your family, and others in close contact should wash their hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand rub, especially after changing the bandage or touching the infected wound.
  • Do not share personal items. Personal items include towels, washcloths, razors, clothing, and uniforms.
  • Wash used sheets, towels, and clothes with water and laundry detergent. Use a dryer to dry them completely.
  • Wash clothes according to manufacturer’s instructions on the label.

House Pets can get MSRA

Check your Dog to make sure he or she doesn't get MRSA from you.
Check your Dog to make sure he or she doesn't get MRSA from you.

MSRA is here to stay

In conclusion, MRSA in a healthcare setting can cause severe problems such as bloodstream infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections thus, people who are infected or colonized with MRSA often are placed in contact precautions as a measure to prevent the spread of MRSA.

Visitors and health care workers caring for people in isolation may be required to wear protective garments and must follow strict hand hygiene procedures. Contaminated surfaces and laundry items should be properly disinfected.

Dogs and other pets living in close contact with human MRSA carriers can become colonized with MRSA. Failure to detect and treat these colonized pets can result in recurrent MRSA colonization or infection in humans. Therefore, the risk of pets being the source of unexplained carriage or relapse of infection in humans should be recognized.

Antimicrobial therapy of healthcare workers, MRSA carriers, infected family members, and pets, can eliminate recurrent MRSA. Each should be treated systemically. Topical application of animals is impractical. Thankfully some strains of MRSA still respond to certain antibiotics and in some cases, antibiotics may not be necessary.

Is it MSRA?

Resources

  • SI, Han HR, Shimizu A. Characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dogs in Korea. J Vet Med Sci. 1999;61:1013–8.
  • Lim T, Nie Chong F, O’Brien F, Grubb W. Are all community methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus related? A comparison of their mec regions. Pathology. 2003;35:336–43.
  • Felten A, Grandry B, Lagrange PH, Casin I. Evaluation of three techniques for detection of low-level methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): a disk diffusion method with cefoxitin and moxalactam, the Vitek 2, and the MRSA-screen latex agglutination test. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:2766–71
  • www.cdc.gov/mrsa/pdf/MRSA_ConsumerFactSheet_F.pdf
  • http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/community/enviroment/

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