What is Schizotyal Personality Disorder?

What is it?

Schizotypal Personality Disorder is a mental illness that, in most cases, causes people to act odd and very eccentric. People who have this illness will struggle with having any close relationships, if they do have any at all. They tend to have high anxiety and that leads them to turn inward especially when they are around crowds.

People will sometimes respond incorrectly in social situations. Not exactly sure how to act, they may be highly uncomfortable.

Usually this illness begins in early adulthood and is likely to continue through life although some cases improve with age.


Symptoms include:

*strange thinking, beliefs, and behavior

*belief in special powers such as ESP or a sixth sense

*suspicious and paranoid ideas

* may not have very many friends outside of family

*social anxiety that doesn't improve

*bodily illusions for example phantom pains


Personalities are formed while we are children. We learn to behave the proper way as children and how to act in social environments. It is believed that something went wrong during childhood for a person who has been diagnosed with Schizotypal Personality Disorder. Maybe childhood abuse, lack of a parent, or any other type of stress factors that could play a role in a part of a child's life.

Other Information

People at increased risk of this illness are those who have a relative who has the same illness or has schizophrenia. Those who have experienced neglect as a child are also at an increased risk at being diagnosed. Even experiencing any kind of childhood trauma can result in this illness. If you have a parent who was emotionally detached, that too can increase the risk.

Those who have Schizotypal Personality Disorder are at an increased risk of Schizophrenia, developing Major Depression, or developing anxiety disorders.

Last But Not Least Treatment

When it comes to medications there isn't any specific drug for this illness but a doctor may prescribe an antidepressant or an anti psychotic.

Psychotherapy may be used to help patients build trust in relationships.

Behavior therapy may be used to help patients learn social skills that they often lack. For example appropriate words to use, tone of voice and even facial expressions.

Cognitive therapy may help a patient identify and change distorted thought patterns.

Family therapy may be more effective. It may also help boost up the support system.

Stick Together

When someone you know, or even yourself is diagnosed with this illness it is very difficult. Sometimes all you want to do is give up. And sometimes you'll end up loosing some people that had once been very close to you. Keep in mind that you can also grow and realize how much stronger you are of a person. People are becoming more and more aware of mental illnesses every day. More people are there to support you. You are never alone.

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Comments 11 comments

tendup24 profile image

tendup24 5 years ago

I like it.

stefanwirawan1 profile image

stefanwirawan1 5 years ago from Malaysia

This hub is very informative and good. It help me to differentiates between schizotyal personalitity disorder and schizophrenia.

Cresentmoon2007 profile image

Cresentmoon2007 5 years ago from Caledonia, MI Author

Thank you

suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 5 years ago from Taos, NM

Excellent hub! Very informative. I had no idea this disorder existed. I have heard of schizophrenia and bi-polar disorder, but never this.

We all need to be more empathetic and understanding of those that suffer from these disorders and mental illnesses. These people are not "crazy". No one can help how they came out of the womb and "there, but for the grace of God, go I." Anyone can suffer from these mental problems and yet these people can make contributions to the world and our society.

Thank you for sharing this hub. Very well-written and well done! Voted up!

Cresentmoon2007 profile image

Cresentmoon2007 5 years ago from Caledonia, MI Author

Very true by the quotation there. And I wasn't aware of this illness either until I myself was diagnosed. And Thank you once again. I'm glad that now you are aware of this disorder.

Hunbbel Meer profile image

Hunbbel Meer 5 years ago from Karachi, Pakistan.

Nice summarised information on a very horrible disorder.

I have written a hub about schizophrenia disorder, and as you say that you enjoy writing about mental illness, you may find it interesting that I have also written a fictional love-story about a person suffering from the schizophrenia disorder. The title is "A Lovely Delusion" - you may find it interesting to read.

Voted up and useful. Have a good day.

Cresentmoon2007 profile image

Cresentmoon2007 5 years ago from Caledonia, MI Author

I will have to check it out, thank you for reading.

kittythedreamer profile image

kittythedreamer 5 years ago from the Ether

How wonderful that you've shared such a personal part of your life in an informative hub such as this. Voted up and awesome!

Cresentmoon2007 profile image

Cresentmoon2007 5 years ago from Caledonia, MI Author

Thank you. I'm trying my best to get out information about mental illnesses, even the ones I don't have. But this is indeed one I do have and I struggle with a lot.

Anaya M. Baker profile image

Anaya M. Baker 5 years ago from North Carolina

Thanks for sharing this information, as well as coming forward with your own experience-- not always easy to do. I'd actually never heard of schizotypal, or if I had, I didn't know anything about it. Voted up and useful, thanks:)

Cresentmoon2007 profile image

Cresentmoon2007 5 years ago from Caledonia, MI Author

Thank you Anaya. Not many people do know about it. I had no idea what it was until I was told about it and my psychiatrist explained it to me. Thank you for reading.

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