All You Need To Know About Strokes - Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment

Enjoy life, but don't drink alcohol too often. Drinking too much alcohol is one of the things that can lead to a stroke.
Enjoy life, but don't drink alcohol too often. Drinking too much alcohol is one of the things that can lead to a stroke. | Source

Strokes are common around people among us. Anyone can get a stroke any time. I don't want to scare you, but it could even be you getting a stroke next time. After a stroke; If acting fast and getting help in time, the recovery can be good with the right treatment, medication and the right rehabilitation.

There's an increase of strokes today, but there are ways to prevent them. I'm hoping that you as the reader of this article can learn something about strokes that you already don't know.



What Is A Stroke?

There are two main types of strokes. Strokes are either caused by a blood clot or a bleeding. The blood clot stroke is called ischemic stroke. What happens is, when the blood clot blocks the blood in the artery to flow to brain, the brain cells in that part of the brain don't get any oxygen. The result of this is the brain cells dying. The second type of stroke that is caused by a bleeding, is called hemorrhagic stroke. Because of the big amount of blood in the brain, the brain cells die in the area where the bleeding occurs.

Ichemic strokes can be devided into embolic strokes and thrombotic strokes.

Embolic strokes – a blood clot forms in the heart or somewhere else in the body. Then the clot travels with the blood through the body and to the brain. It then blocks a blood vessel and causes a stroke.

Thrombotic strokes – a blood clot blocks one ore more veins that supplies blood to the brain. These blood clots usually forms around atherosclerotic plaques.

The ischemic strokes are sometimes a result of the fat and the cholesterol in the blood. The body thinks these are injuries to the blood vessel wall. That's why the body starts trying to heal the wound by building blood clots. These clots can cause a stroke.

Hemorrhagic strokes are caused by a bleeding in the brain. This bleeding can be the result of different disorders. One of the causes can be hypertension, or high blood pressure. Some people are born with weak spots in their brain, called aneurysms. The person often leads a normal life until the aneurysm suddenly breaks and causes a bleeding, or a stroke, in the brain.

F.A.S.T.

How do you know if someone is having a stroke? You can notice it on three different signs or symptoms, and you need to act fast and call the ambulance as soon as you notice one of the symptoms below. If you remember the word "FAST", which are the first letters in the words Face, Arms, Speech and Time, it's easy to know what signs to look for and that you need to act fast. These are the symptoms:

  • FACE – Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop? There is a sudden numbness or weakness of the face on one side of the body. If the right side of the body is weak, the person has the stroke in the left side of the brain and vice versa.

  • ARMS – Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm fall down? There is a sudden numbness or weakness in the arm, and also in the leg on one side of the body.

  • SPEECH – Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange? The person who gets a stroke, suddenly gets confused and can have trouble speaking or understanding. Other symptoms can be trouble seeing, dizziness and the person can have trouble balancing or coordinating. The stroke victim has often a severe headache.

  • TIME – If you observe any of these signs, call the ambulance immediately!

The emergency telephone numbers: USA: 9-1-1 and Europe: 1-1-2

It's important to know and note what time the person, who's having a stroke, gets the first symptoms. By giving the right medicine within the three first hours, a long-term disability can be reduced, if it's one of the most common strokes.



Reduce the intake of fat and sugar.
Reduce the intake of fat and sugar. | Source

How To Prevent A Stroke

You can not always prevent a stroke. The uncontrollable risk factors are age, gender, family history, previous stroke or TIA, fibromuscular dysplacia and PFO.

If you are in the risk zone of getting a stroke, you can always change your way of living and reduce the controllable risk factors for having a stroke. With the right diet and exercise you will have a healthier life. If you are a smoker, you should consider quitting. If you drink much alcohol, you should reduce the intake.

High levels of LDL can increase the risk of having a stroke. A high level of HDL lowers your risk of heart disease and stroke. Make sure you measure your cholesterol levels.

It's also important that you regularly measure your blood pressure. The blood pressure is high if the systolic blood pressure is 140 or higher and the diastolic blood pressure is 90 or higher. The risk of getting a stroke is then increased. Sometimes you might need some medication to lower your risks of getting a stroke. You can work together with your doctor to make a plan that works for you.

The controllable risk factor are high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, high cholesterol, diabetes, atherosclerosis, circulation problems, smoking, alcohol use, physical inactivity and obesity.



Exercise or go out in the woods and pick some berries with your family. Anything that makes your body move, is good for your body. In this picture: My daughter and our kitten Dipsy picking lingonberries just outside our home in fall 2011.
Exercise or go out in the woods and pick some berries with your family. Anything that makes your body move, is good for your body. In this picture: My daughter and our kitten Dipsy picking lingonberries just outside our home in fall 2011. | Source

The hubber Vanderleelie gave me a link to the article above. A study shows that especially women are less likely to get ischemic strokes if they increase the intake of citrus fruit.

Strokes In the USA - Recovery

In USA around 85% of the people who get a stroke, survive. The rest will die shortly after getting their stroke. Every 45 minutes a person in the USA get a stroke. Over four million people in the USA have survived a stroke. They are now learning to live with the after-effects of their stroke. The result of a stroke, affects not only the person getting the stroke. The numbers four million do not include all the husbands, wives and children who live with a stroke survivor. After a stroke, a person's life can change dramatically, and both the stroke survivors and their families need to learn how to adapt to the new lifestyle. They need to face a new situation, but it's possible to find solutions that work also in these difficult situations. The whole family are involved with a stroke patient's recovery, and it's often a long process that demands patience and understanding from the people around. Some people recover from stroke, some don't. It depends on the age, the severity of the stroke, and also on the success and timing of the treatment.



Rehabilitation

As soon as possible after a stroke, the rehabilitation starts. For some patients this can start just two days after the stroke has occurred. When the patient leave the hospital, it's important to continue the rehabilitation. There are different options of rehabilitation depending on how severe the stroke has been. Some people get rehabilitation in the hospital, some at home. After having a big stroke, a patient can have the rehabilitation in a long-term care facility.

The goal with the rehabilitation is to improve the abilities that were lost in the stroke. It's also important to aim for an independent life for the stroke victim. Sometimes the most basic skills need to be learned again. Stroke victims sometimes lose their ability to walk, talk and eat. With the right medication, treatment, motivation and a good rehabilitation, the person can get these abilities back.



Do you know anybody who has had a stroke?

See results without voting

More by this Author


Comments 24 comments

lovedoctor926 4 years ago

This is very useful information. Recently, I went to visit someone at the hospital who suffered from an embolic stroke. He told me that he was lucky to be alive because not too many people make it. thanks for sharing.


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Hi lovedoctor926, it is scary that anyone can have a stroke. The older you get the bigger the risk is, but I had a colleague who was only 28 years old when he got a stroke. Recently I heard of a 16 year old boy getting a stroke. Thank you for commenting and sharing your story.


kelleyward 4 years ago

Made, this is an important article. My grandfather had many strokes throughout his life. He didn't drink alcohol but he ate lots of sweets. Thanks for sharing this useful hub!


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 4 years ago from United States

This is an outstanding article on stroke information. As an RN and as my husband had a stoke 6 years ago I am well familiar with the signs and treatment. I think you covered all the important information very well. Voted up and very useful!


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Thank you kelleyward. Some people seem to get strokes several times during life and survive them. I know a man who had his first stroke in his forties and lived another 40 years.


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Hi Pamela99, you probably know much more about strokes than I do, but I think it's good that everybody at least knows what the signs are. Thank you so much for your kind comment and for following me. :)


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 4 years ago from malang-indonesia

Very informative hub. I learn many things about stroke from this hub. Thanks for writing and share with us. Rated up and useful!

Prasetio


billybuc profile image

billybuc 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

I have seen firsthand the effects of stroke on family and friends and the long recovery process that follows. Excellent article my friend, one that should be read by all. We never know when a stroke will happen and it could happen to any of us at any time.


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Thank you Bill. (I had to rewrite this hub and lost the comment you made on my first hub about strokes.) The recovery process can be very long. Sometimes you never recover completely even if you can have a good life living at home. I appreciate you thoughts about stroke.


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Hi Prasetio, a year ago I didn't know much about strokes. Since I started working with old people and study to be a nurse, I needed to learn more about strokes. By writing this hub, I hope the readers can learn a part of what I've learned in the last year. Thank you for commenting and voting!


Deborah Brooks profile image

Deborah Brooks 4 years ago from Brownsville,TX

made this is very useful and interesting. i really like this hub..

thank you for posting we all need to read this.,

voted up

Debbie


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Thank you Deborah, I appreciate your comment very much.


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 4 years ago from Nepal

Though I have met people who have had strokes, I did not know about the causes and prevention.

This hub is useful and informative.


Sunshine625 profile image

Sunshine625 4 years ago from Orlando, FL

Excellent article Made! The information could help someone's life. Strokes don't just happen to "old" people. My friend was 38 when she had a stroke and she was in good overall health.


Vanderleelie profile image

Vanderleelie 4 years ago from New Brunswick, Canada

Very good points about how to tell if someone has suffered a stroke. I read a recent study indicating that women can reduce their risk of ischemic stroke by 19% simply by eating a fresh orange or grapefruit every day - a simple way to practise preventive medicine. Voted up!


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Thank you Vinaya and thank you for sharing.


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Sunshine-Linda, that's so scary. I hope your friend has recovered and is doing fine now. Thank you!


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Hi Vanderleelie, I didn't know that, and that is simple. I know that grapefruits make the blood thinner and you shouldn't eat them if you have medication that also makes your blood thinner. Thank you. I appreciate your comment.


Rolly A Chabot profile image

Rolly A Chabot 4 years ago from Alberta Canada

Morning Made... voted up of course... excellent article...strokes can have devastating effects on all those around the patient. Dad had a stroke several years ago and it was an inspiration to watch him go through the recovery process. His strength and courage carried us all.

Hugs from Canada


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Hi Rolly, if you have a severe stroke, you will never be the same again. I'm sorry for your dad, but it's good that you could see the positive effects of his recovery. Thank you so much for commenting!


Farmer Rachel profile image

Farmer Rachel 4 years ago from Minnesota

This is a very useful and well-written article. Strokes are scary things, and you're right, they can happen to anyone. Women especially should be careful to stay healthy, as women are more likely to have a stroke than men. Voted up!


Made profile image

Made 4 years ago from Finland Author

Thank you, Farmer Rachel. I didn't know it was more usual that women can have a strike. I appreciate that you found this old hub and dusted it off. :)


Thelma Alberts profile image

Thelma Alberts 3 years ago from Germany

This is a very excellent and informative hub. Stroke is a frightful sickness. We will never know if we get this and I hope not. Thanks for letting us know the symptoms and how to avoid it. Voted up and shared.


Made profile image

Made 3 years ago from Finland Author

Thelma Alberts, it's important to know how to prevent a stroke. Thank you so much.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working