All You Need To Know About Strokes - Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment
Strokes are common around people among us. Anyone can get a stroke any time. I don't want to scare you, but it could even be you getting a stroke next time. After a stroke; If acting fast and getting help in time, the recovery can be good with the right treatment, medication and the right rehabilitation.
There's an increase of strokes today, but there are ways to prevent them. I'm hoping that you as the reader of this article can learn something about strokes that you already don't know.
What Is A Stroke?
There are two main types of strokes. Strokes are either caused by a blood clot or a bleeding. The blood clot stroke is called ischemic stroke. What happens is, when the blood clot blocks the blood in the artery to flow to brain, the brain cells in that part of the brain don't get any oxygen. The result of this is the brain cells dying. The second type of stroke that is caused by a bleeding, is called hemorrhagic stroke. Because of the big amount of blood in the brain, the brain cells die in the area where the bleeding occurs.
Ichemic strokes can be devided into embolic strokes and thrombotic strokes.
Embolic strokes – a blood clot forms in the heart or somewhere else in the body. Then the clot travels with the blood through the body and to the brain. It then blocks a blood vessel and causes a stroke.
The ischemic strokes are sometimes a result of the fat and the cholesterol in the blood. The body thinks these are injuries to the blood vessel wall. That's why the body starts trying to heal the wound by building blood clots. These clots can cause a stroke.
Hemorrhagic strokes are caused by a bleeding in the brain. This bleeding can be the result of different disorders. One of the causes can be hypertension, or high blood pressure. Some people are born with weak spots in their brain, called aneurysms. The person often leads a normal life until the aneurysm suddenly breaks and causes a bleeding, or a stroke, in the brain.
How do you know if someone is having a stroke? You can notice it on three different signs or symptoms, and you need to act fast and call the ambulance as soon as you notice one of the symptoms below. If you remember the word "FAST", which are the first letters in the words Face, Arms, Speech and Time, it's easy to know what signs to look for and that you need to act fast. These are the symptoms:
FACE – Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop? There is a sudden numbness or weakness of the face on one side of the body. If the right side of the body is weak, the person has the stroke in the left side of the brain and vice versa.
ARMS – Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm fall down? There is a sudden numbness or weakness in the arm, and also in the leg on one side of the body.
SPEECH – Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange? The person who gets a stroke, suddenly gets confused and can have trouble speaking or understanding. Other symptoms can be trouble seeing, dizziness and the person can have trouble balancing or coordinating. The stroke victim has often a severe headache.
TIME – If you observe any of these signs, call the ambulance immediately!
The emergency telephone numbers: USA: 9-1-1 and Europe: 1-1-2
It's important to know and note what time the person, who's having a stroke, gets the first symptoms. By giving the right medicine within the three first hours, a long-term disability can be reduced, if it's one of the most common strokes.
How To Prevent A Stroke
If you are in the risk zone of getting a stroke, you can always change your way of living and reduce the controllable risk factors for having a stroke. With the right diet and exercise you will have a healthier life. If you are a smoker, you should consider quitting. If you drink much alcohol, you should reduce the intake.
It's also important that you regularly measure your blood pressure. The blood pressure is high if the systolic blood pressure is 140 or higher and the diastolic blood pressure is 90 or higher. The risk of getting a stroke is then increased. Sometimes you might need some medication to lower your risks of getting a stroke. You can work together with your doctor to make a plan that works for you.
The controllable risk factor are high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, high cholesterol, diabetes, atherosclerosis, circulation problems, smoking, alcohol use, physical inactivity and obesity.
Citrus fruit lowers women’s stroke risk
- Citrus fruit lowers women's stroke risk, study shows - The Checkup - The Washington Post
Citrus fruit is so good in so many ways. Now, new research suggests it may also reduce stroke risk, at least in women.
The hubber Vanderleelie gave me a link to the article above. A study shows that especially women are less likely to get ischemic strokes if they increase the intake of citrus fruit.
Strokes In the USA - Recovery
In USA around 85% of the people who get a stroke, survive. The rest will die shortly after getting their stroke. Every 45 minutes a person in the USA get a stroke. Over four million people in the USA have survived a stroke. They are now learning to live with the after-effects of their stroke. The result of a stroke, affects not only the person getting the stroke. The numbers four million do not include all the husbands, wives and children who live with a stroke survivor. After a stroke, a person's life can change dramatically, and both the stroke survivors and their families need to learn how to adapt to the new lifestyle. They need to face a new situation, but it's possible to find solutions that work also in these difficult situations. The whole family are involved with a stroke patient's recovery, and it's often a long process that demands patience and understanding from the people around. Some people recover from stroke, some don't. It depends on the age, the severity of the stroke, and also on the success and timing of the treatment.
As soon as possible after a stroke, the rehabilitation starts. For some patients this can start just two days after the stroke has occurred. When the patient leave the hospital, it's important to continue the rehabilitation. There are different options of rehabilitation depending on how severe the stroke has been. Some people get rehabilitation in the hospital, some at home. After having a big stroke, a patient can have the rehabilitation in a long-term care facility.
The goal with the rehabilitation is to improve the abilities that were lost in the stroke. It's also important to aim for an independent life for the stroke victim. Sometimes the most basic skills need to be learned again. Stroke victims sometimes lose their ability to walk, talk and eat. With the right medication, treatment, motivation and a good rehabilitation, the person can get these abilities back.
American Stroke Association
Learn more about the American Stroke Association and its efforts to reduce death and disability caused by stroke. Also learn about types of stroke, stroke warning signs, how to avoid stroke, find information to enhance the quality of life for stroke
ESO - European Stroke Association
- ESO- the European Stroke Organisation
Key objectives of the ESO include the development of public policies to reduce the number of stroke-associated deaths and the reduction of the global burden caused by stroke throughout Europe. Its membership consists of stroke researchers, national a
World Stroke Organization
The World Stroke Organization (WSO) was established in October 2006 from the merger of the International Stroke Society (ISS) and the World Stroke Federation (WSF), the two lead organizations representing stroke globally. The mission of WSO is to pro
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