It is a condition which occurs in children due to a insult to a brain at some point of time which is not progressive. and it manifest as a motor involvement. Commonly in about 80% these insults occur when the baby is inside the uterus like vascular occlusion, structural abnormality of the brain during formation, genetic problems or congenital infections.
Only about 10% of cases are thought to be due to hypoxic-ischaemic injury which is insults occur during child birth and another 10% are due to postnatal conditions like infection.
About 10% are postnatal in origin. Preterm infants are at a high risk of developing brain damage and causing cerebral palsy.
There are several types like quadriplegic involving all four limbs; diplegic involving two limbs of one side; paraplegic where legs are involved.
Management is mutidisplinary where several aspects child's care should be taken care of .