Hello and that door leads to a very open room with a few chairs here and there grouped together. Three types of executive functioning, even though related, are psychological, leadership, and learning. One thread running through them all is planning based on past experience applied to a future change.
An executive decides the direction for a company on an or any issue
A child learns knowing it can stand next takes a step
Attributed to the frontal cortex reasoning occurs managing the next step of a cognitive process usually working with memory - working, short term, and long term, postulating a 'what if' (conceive or conceptualize) for 'next', project possibilities, decide the course of action(s)