For most people, no. When your old clouded lenses are removed, the surgeon will implant an optical lens to replace it. It's rather like having contact lenses inside your eye.
Most people will get monovision lenses - which means you'll have one eye that can see distance,and the other eye that is set for reading. It will feel a bit fuzzy at first, but your brain soon gets used to using only one eye at a time!
Some surgeons implant multivision lenses in both eyes, which are the same as multivision lenses in your spectacles. However these are still very new, and need to be implanted with extreme precision, so please make sure your surgeon is highly experienced with them.
Unfortunately some people aren't suitable candidates for either of the above options, and will simply have to settle for a fixed length lens - which will usually be set for distance, so you'll need to wear reading glasses.