Eating Disorders in Children
Eating Disorders in Children
What is the mother that when sees her child is unable to eat properly does not stay worried? The children's eating disorder as the name implies, is a problem that affects some children from the stage of lactation.
Definition of Eating Disorder
According to the criterion, the eating disorder can be defined as a persistent deficit in the appropriate manner the child's eating, and results in a loss or difficulty in gaining weight that stays at least 30 days.
Children with eating disorders often show a bad temper control and are often irritable and cry, or at other times they may show shyness or apathy, and in some cases delay in its natural development.
According to experts when the disorder occurs in early childhood, it may be coexisting with difficulties in relationships between children and parents characterized by an aggressive reaction from them when the child refuses to eat.
Understanding the Refusal of Food
During the early childhood eating disorders may arise from the stage of breastfeeding, by refusing breast or bottle milk. Initially only some babies exhibit passivity in front of the breast or bottle by not doing the sucking movements that are necessary for lactation, and after awhile they literally refuse to feed.
Experts say the reasons for the refusal may be physiological, due to the slower flow of milk or a more slow sucking reflex by the child, for example. Or they can occur at the emotional level of the infant due to a negative reaction to anxiety that the mother has, or still in the process of weaning when the child may refuse for food beyond the manifestations of agitation, crying or vomiting.
Therefore, professionals advise women to wean from the breast occurs gradually.
Main Eating Disorders in Children
Experts report that among the most common eating disorders in children are:
Regurgitation - The regurgitation or rumination is the return in throes of a food that was consumed. It's actually a serious difficulty in the process of food that starts from three months of life until six months but can last for long. Regurgitating the food that is digested only partially being ejected by the child's mouth, or is chewed and swallowed it again, which is a more common problem is the re-chewing of food.
Typically, children with these disorders tend to position themselves in a characteristic manner tensing and arching his back with his head back and his protruding jaw making sucking motions with his tongue. When the problem of regurgitation normalizes, the child begins to gain weight, and if that does not occur there may be a deficit in his growth emerging severe dystrophy, malnutrition or dehydration.
Vomiting - The main feature that differentiates vomiting from regurgitation is that in regurgitation there is the volunteer aspect, and in case of vomiting it happens without the intention of the child, as the jet strength the food is expelled through the mouth of the baby due to very strong musculature contractions of his abdomen due to a variety of reasons. Among the most common causes are overeating that is given to babies, or the eagerness with which some of them eat the food, or because of aerophagia which is the intake of air together with the milk when breastfeeding.
According to some local experts in psychology, vomiting can also be a response to emotional problems that the child is experiencing and may represent a fear of losing his mother or an attempt to draw attention to themselves.
Hereditary Metabolic Diseases
Metabolic diseases of hereditary origin are a diverse group of metabolic disorders and in most associated with autosomal recessive inheritance, which usually involve the structures involved in the metabolism of fatty acid degradation, carbohydrate and amino acids.
These disorders present as main feature the storage of organic acids and their derivatives such as urine, blood and other liquid substances found in the human body. The most severe forms of these diseases are known as PA and MMA, where babies have as main clinical manifestations: Lethargy, hypotonia, vomiting, poor feeding, seizures and in severe cases may go into a coma.
So experts recommend that in any case of refusal to eat from children, parents seek immediate medical attention because their children may be suffering from an eating disorder that can develop into a more serious case in the future.