Male pattern baldness is well heard of. Everyone knows it's where men lose their hair because of genetic problems, but what about alopecia? Most people have no clue and it affects 1% to 2% of humans. Alopecia is, in some ways, just like male pattern baldness. Only alopecia can affect both male and female, every age group and every skin color. It's an autoimmune disorder that attacks hair follicles on humans. The immune system basically thinks that your hair is a virus and it goes out to eliminate the problem, therefore it leads to hair loss. Alopecia has a few different types and they are:
Alopecia areata: This one here only affects the hair on your head. It comes in at first as little patches here and there, and if it gets worse over time, everywhere. This type of Alopecia I have and it's the severe type, meaning that I've reached complete baldness. Alopecia monolocularis: Mono means one, so this Alopecia affects only spot. This is mainly on the head. Alopecia multilocularis: This one affects more than one area. Alopecia barbae: This only affects the beard and facial hair. Alopecia totalis: This where there is nothing at all left on the head. Alopecia Universalis: Affects all the hair on the human body.
The cause for why the immune system does this is unknown and because this disorder does not kill anyone not a lot of research goes into it. Also, there is no way to cure it. There are experimental drugs and steroids, but the risks are sometimes to high. Good news? 50% of people diagnosed with this should grow hair back within a year. 90% of cases should have all hair grown back but it will take more than one year. Only 10% will not grow any hair back.
The worse thing that can happen from having alopecia are the psychological problems that may occur. You may experience depression, anxiety and have problems going to social events because you're afraid someone might see and laugh. If you or someone you know has alopecia assure them that everything is ok and it's no problem.
After all, there are worse things in life than having no hair.
The scalp is the most common site of Alopecia, but any part can be involved. If there are multiple patches on the scalp, it can result in total loss of hair called Alopecia Totalis. Total hair loss from the whole body is called Alopecia Universalis.